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3 definitions found
 for Liechtenstein
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Liechtenstein \Liechtenstein\ prop. n.
     a small principality in central Europe.
     [WordNet 1.5]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a small landlocked principality (constitutional monarchy)
           in central Europe located in the Alps between Austria and
           Switzerland [syn: Liechtenstein, Principality of

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Liechtenstein
                              Background: The Principality of Liechtenstein
                                          was established within the Holy
                                          Roman Empire in 1719; it became a
                                          sovereign state in 1806. Until the
                                          end of World War I, it was closely
                                          tied to Austria, but the economic
                                          devastation caused by that conflict
                                          forced Liechtenstein to conclude a
                                          customs and monetary union with
                                          Switzerland. Since World War II (in
                                          which Liechtenstein remained
                                          neutral) the country's low taxes
                                          have spurred outstanding economic
                                          growth. However, shortcomings in
                                          banking regulatory oversight have
                                          resulted in concerns about the use
                                          of the financial institutions for
                                          money laundering.
     Geography Liechtenstein
                                Location: Central Europe, between Austria and
                  Geographic coordinates: 47 10 N, 9 32 E
                          Map references: Europe
                                    Area: total: 160 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 160 sq km
                      Area - comparative: about 0.9 times the size of
                                          Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: total: 76 km
                                          border countries: Austria 35 km,
                                          Switzerland 41 km
                               Coastline: 0 km (doubly landlocked)
                         Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
                                 Climate: continental; cold, cloudy winters
                                          with frequent snow or rain; cool to
                                          moderately warm, cloudy, humid
                                 Terrain: mostly mountainous (Alps) with Rhine
                                          Valley in western third
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Ruggeller Riet 430 m
                                          highest point: Grauspitz 2,599 m
                       Natural resources: hydroelectric potential, arable land
                                Land use: arable land: 25%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 75% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: NA
            Environment - current issues: NA
              Environment - international party to: Air Pollution, Air
                              agreements: Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air
                                          Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-
                                          Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile
                                          Organic Compounds, Biodiversity,
                                          Climate Change, Desertification,
                                          Endangered Species, Hazardous
                                          Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection,
                                          signed, but not ratified: Air
                                          Pollution-Persistent Organic
                                          Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Law of the Sea
                        Geography - note: along with Uzbekistan, one of only
                                          two doubly landlocked countries in
                                          the world; variety of microclimatic
                                          variations based on elevation
     People Liechtenstein
                              Population: 32,842 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 18.3% (male 3,003;
                                          female 3,001)
                                          15-64 years: 70.5% (male 11,530;
                                          female 11,639)
                                          65 years and over: 11.2% (male
                                          1,494; female 2,175) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.94% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 11.24 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 6.76 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 4.93 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.01 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.95 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 4.92 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 79.1 years
                                          female: 82.74 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 75.47 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.5 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Liechtensteiner(s)
                                          adjective: Liechtenstein
                           Ethnic groups: Alemannic 87.5%, Italian, Turkish,
                                          and other 12.5%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 80%, Protestant 7.4%,
                                          unknown 7.7%, other 4.9% (1996)
                               Languages: German (official), Alemannic dialect
                                Literacy: definition: age 10 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 100%
                                          male: 100%
                                          female: 100% (1981 est.)
     Government Liechtenstein
                            Country name: conventional long form: Principality
                                          of Liechtenstein
                                          conventional short form:
                                          local short form: Liechtenstein
                                          local long form: Fuerstentum
                         Government type: hereditary constitutional monarchy
                                 Capital: Vaduz
                Administrative divisions: 11 communes (Gemeinden, singular -
                                          Gemeinde); Balzers, Eschen, Gamprin,
                                          Mauren, Planken, Ruggell, Schaan,
                                          Schellenberg, Triesen, Triesenberg,
                            Independence: 23 January 1719 Imperial
                                          Principality of Liechtenstein
                                          established; 12 July 1806
                                          established independence from the
                                          Holy Roman Empire
                        National holiday: Assumption Day, 15 August
                            Constitution: 5 October 1921
                            Legal system: local civil and penal codes; accepts
                                          compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with
                                Suffrage: 20 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Prince HANS ADAM II
                                          (since 13 November 1989, assumed
                                          executive powers 26 August 1984);
                                          Heir Apparent Prince ALOIS, son of
                                          the monarch (born 11 June 1968)
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                                          hereditary; following legislative
                                          elections, the leader of the
                                          majority party in the Diet is
                                          usually appointed the head of
                                          government by the monarch and the
                                          leader of the largest minority party
                                          in the Diet is usually appointed the
                                          deputy head of government by the
                                          cabinet: Cabinet elected by the
                                          Diet, confirmed by the monarch
                                          head of government: Head of
                                          Government Otmar HASLER (since 5
                                          April 2001) and Deputy Head of
                                          Government Rita KIEBER-BECK (since 5
                                          April 2001)
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Diet or Landtag (25
                                          seats; members are elected by
                                          direct, popular vote under
                                          proportional representation to serve
                                          four-year terms)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - FBP 49.90%, VU 41.35%, FL
                                          8.71%; seats by party - FBP 13, VU
                                          11, FL 1
                                          elections: last held 11 February
                                          2001 (next to be held by NA 2005)
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Oberster
                                          Gerichtshof; Superior Court or
           Political parties and leaders: Fatherland Union or VU [Heinz
                                          FROMMELT]; Progressive Citizens'
                                          Party or FBP [Johannes MATT]; The
                                          Free List or FL [Dr. Pepo FRICK,
                                          Karin JENNY, Rene HASLER]
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization CE, EBRD, ECE, EFTA, IAEA, ICRM,
                           participation: IFRCS, Interpol, IOC, ITU, OPCW,
                                          OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UPU, WCL, WHO
                                          (observer), WIPO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Claudia
                                          chancery: 633 Third Avenue, 27th
                                          floor, New York, NY 10017
                                          telephone: [1] (212) 599-0220
                                          FAX: [1] (212) 599-0064
       Diplomatic representation from the the US does not have an embassy in
                                      US: Liechtenstein, but the US Ambassador
                                          to Switzerland is also accredited to
                        Flag description: two equal horizontal bands of blue
                                          (top) and red with a gold crown on
                                          the hoist side of the blue band
     Economy Liechtenstein
                      Economy - overview: Despite its small size and limited
                                          natural resources, Liechtenstein has
                                          developed into a prosperous, highly
                                          industrialized, free-enterprise
                                          economy with a vital financial
                                          service sector and living standards
                                          on a par with the urban areas of its
                                          large European neighbors. Low
                                          business taxes - the maximum tax
                                          rate is 18% - and easy incorporation
                                          rules have induced 73,700 holding or
                                          so-called letter box companies to
                                          establish nominal offices in
                                          Liechtenstein, providing 30% of
                                          state revenues. The country
                                          participates in a customs union with
                                          Switzerland and uses the Swiss franc
                                          as its national currency. It imports
                                          more than 90% of its energy
                                          requirements. Liechtenstein has been
                                          a member of the European Economic
                                          Area (an organization serving as a
                                          bridge between European Free Trade
                                          Association (EFTA) and EU) since May
                                          1995. The government is working to
                                          harmonize its economic policies with
                                          those of an integrated Europe.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $730
                                          million (1998 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: NA%
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $23,000
                                          (1998 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NA%
                                          industry: NA%
                                          services: NA%
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1% (2001)
                             Labor force: 22,891 of which 13,847 are
                                          foreigners; 8,231 commute from
                                          Austria and Switzerland to work each
             Labor force - by occupation: industry, trade, and building 45%,
                                          services 53%, agriculture, fishing,
                                          forestry, and horticulture 2% (1997
                       Unemployment rate: 1.8% (February 1999)
                                  Budget: revenues: $424.2 million
                                          expenditures: $414.1 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (1998 est.)
                              Industries: electronics, metal manufacturing,
                                          textiles, ceramics, pharmaceuticals,
                                          food products, precision
                                          instruments, tourism
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: NA%
                                          other: NA%
                                          hydro: NA%
                                          nuclear: NA%
               Electricity - consumption: NA kWh
                   Electricity - exports: NA kWh
                   Electricity - imports: NA kWh
                  Agriculture - products: wheat, barley, corn, potatoes;
                                          livestock, dairy products
                                 Exports: $2.47 billion (1996)
                   Exports - commodities: small specialty machinery, dental
                                          products, stamps, hardware, pottery
                      Exports - partners: EU and EFTA countries 60.57%
                                          (Switzerland 15.7%) (1995)
                                 Imports: $917.3 million (1996)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery, metal goods, textiles,
                                          foodstuffs, motor vehicles
                      Imports - partners: EU countries, Switzerland (1996)
                         Debt - external: $0 (1996)
                Economic aid - recipient: none
                                Currency: Swiss franc (CHF)
                           Currency code: CHF
                          Exchange rates: Swiss francs per US dollar - 1.6668
                                          (January 2002), 1.6876 (2001),
                                          1.6888 (2000), 1.5022 (1999), 1.4498
                                          (1998), 1.4513 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Liechtenstein
          Telephones - main lines in use: 20,000 (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: NA
                        Telephone system: general assessment: automatic
                                          telephone system
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: linked to Swiss
                                          networks by cable and microwave
                                          radio relay
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 4, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 21,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: NA (linked to Swiss networks) (1997)
                             Televisions: 12,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .li
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 44 (Liechtenstein and Switzerland)
                          Internet users: NA
     Transportation Liechtenstein
                                Railways: total: 18.5 km
                                          standard gauge: 18.5 km 1.435-
                                          m gauge (electrified)
                                          note: owned, operated, and included
                                          in statistics of Austrian Federal
                                          Railways (2001)
                                Highways: total: 250 km
                                          paved: 250 km
                                          unpaved: 0 km
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: none
                                Airports: none (2001)
     Military Liechtenstein
                             Military - note: defense is the responsibility of
     Transnational Issues Liechtenstein
                Disputes - international: Liechtenstein's royal family claims
                                          restitution for 1,600 sq km of land
                                          in the Czech Republic confiscated in
                           Illicit drugs: multilateral organizations engaged
                                          in issuing international guidelines
                                          for financial sector oversight found
                                          gaps in Liechtenstein's financial
                                          services controls that made it
                                          vulnerable to money laundering, but
                                          Liechtenstein has become less
                                          attractive as a haven for illicit
                                          funds, based on implementation in
                                          2001 of new anti-money-laundering
                                          legislation and improved mutual
                                          legal assistance cooperation with
                                          other countries

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