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2 definitions found
 for Liberia
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a republic in West Africa; established in 1822 by Americans
           as a way to free negro slaves [syn: Liberia, Republic of

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Liberia
                              Background: Seven years of civil strife were
                                          brought to a close in 1996 when free
                                          and open presidential and
                                          legislative elections were held.
                                          President TAYLOR now holds strong
                                          executive power with no real
                                          political opposition. The years of
                                          fighting coupled with the flight of
                                          most businesses have disrupted
                                          formal economic activity. A still
                                          unsettled domestic security
                                          situation has slowed the process of
                                          rebuilding the social and economic
                                          structure of this war-torn country.
                                          In 2001, the UN imposed sanctions on
                                          Liberian diamonds along with an army
                                          embargo and a travel ban on
                                          government officials for Liberia's
                                          support of the rebel insurgency in
                                          Sierra Leone.
     Geography Liberia
                                Location: Western Africa, bordering the North
                                          Atlantic Ocean, between Cote
                                          d'Ivoire and Sierra Leone
                  Geographic coordinates: 6 30 N, 9 30 W
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 111,370 sq km
                                          water: 15,050 sq km
                                          land: 96,320 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Tennessee
                         Land boundaries: total: 1,585 km
                                          border countries: Guinea 563 km,
                                          Cote d'Ivoire 716 km, Sierra Leone
                                          306 km
                               Coastline: 579 km
                         Maritime claims: territorial sea: 200 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; hot, humid; dry winters
                                          with hot days and cool to cold
                                          nights; wet, cloudy summers with
                                          frequent heavy showers
                                 Terrain: mostly flat to rolling coastal
                                          plains rising to rolling plateau and
                                          low mountains in northeast
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Mount Wuteve 1,380 m
                       Natural resources: iron ore, timber, diamonds, gold,
                                Land use: arable land: 1.97%
                                          permanent crops: 2.08%
                                          other: 95.95% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 30 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: dust-laden harmattan winds blow from
                                          the Sahara (December to March)
            Environment - current issues: tropical rain forest deforestation;
                                          soil erosion; loss of biodiversity;
                                          pollution of coastal waters from oil
                                          residue and raw sewage
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity,
                              agreements: Desertification, Endangered Species,
                                          Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer
                                          Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical
                                          Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
                                          signed, but not ratified: Climate
                                          Change, Environmental Modification,
                                          Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping,
                                          Marine Life Conservation
                        Geography - note: facing the Atlantic Ocean, the
                                          coastline is characterized by
                                          lagoons, mangrove swamps, and river-
                                          deposited sandbars; the inland
                                          grassy plateau supports limited
     People Liberia
                              Population: 3,288,198 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 43.3% (male 714,563;
                                          female 709,582)
                                          15-64 years: 53.2% (male 854,324;
                                          female 894,753)
                                          65 years and over: 3.5% (male
                                          57,925; female 57,051) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.91% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 45.95 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 16.05 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -10.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          note: by the end of 1999, all
                                          Liberian refugees who had fled the
                                          domestic strife were assumed to have
                                          returned (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 1.02 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.98 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 130.21 deaths/1,000 live births
                                          (2002 est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 51.8 years
                                          female: 53.33 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 50.33 years
                    Total fertility rate: 6.29 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 9% (2001 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 125,000 (2001 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 13,000 (2001 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Liberian(s)
                                          adjective: Liberian
                           Ethnic groups: indigenous African tribes 95%
                                          (including Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru,
                                          Grebo, Mano, Krahn, Gola, Gbandi,
                                          Loma, Kissi, Vai, and Bella),
                                          Americo-Liberians 2.5% (descendants
                                          of immigrants from the US who had
                                          been slaves), Congo People 2.5%
                                          (descendants of immigrants from the
                                          Caribbean who had been slaves)
                               Religions: indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian
                                          40%, Muslim 20%
                               Languages: English 20% (official), some 20
                                          ethnic group languages, of which a
                                          few can be written and are used in
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 38.3%
                                          male: 53.9%
                                          female: 22.4% (1995 est.)
                                          note: these figures are increasing
                                          because of the improving school
     Government Liberia
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Liberia
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: Monrovia
                Administrative divisions: 15 counties; Bomi, Bong, Gparbolu,
                                          Grand Bassa, Grand Cape Mount, Grand
                                          Gedeh, Grand Kru, Lofa, Margibi,
                                          Maryland, Montserrado, Nimba, River
                                          Cess, River Gee, Sinoe
                            Independence: 26 July 1847
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 26 July (1847)
                            Constitution: 6 January 1986
                            Legal system: dual system of statutory law based
                                          on Anglo-American common law for the
                                          modern sector and customary law
                                          based on unwritten tribal practices
                                          for indigenous sector
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Charles
                                          Ghankay TAYLOR (since 2 August
                                          1997); note - the president is both
                                          the chief of state and head of
                                          head of government: President
                                          Charles Ghankay TAYLOR (since 2
                                          August 1997); note - the president
                                          is both the chief of state and head
                                          of government
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          president and confirmed by the
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a six-year term
                                          (renewable); election last held 19
                                          July 1997 (next to be held NA July
                                          election results: Charles Ghankay
                                          TAYLOR elected president; percent of
                                          vote - Charles Ghankay TAYLOR (NPP)
                                          75.3%, Ellen Johnson SIRLEAF (UP)
                                          9.6%, Alhaji KROMAH (ALCOP) 4%,
                                          other 11.1%
                      Legislative branch: bicameral National Assembly consists
                                          of the Senate (26 seats; members
                                          elected by popular vote to serve
                                          nine-year terms) and the House of
                                          Representatives (64 seats; members
                                          elected by popular vote to serve
                                          six-year terms)
                                          elections: Senate - last held 19
                                          July 1997 (next to be held NA 2006);
                                          House of Representatives - last held
                                          19 July 1997 (next to be held NA
                                          election results: Senate - percent
                                          of vote by party - NA%; seats by
                                          party - NPP 21, UP 3, ALCOP 2; House
                                          of Representatives - percent of vote
                                          by party - NA%; seats by party - NPP
                                          49, UP 7, ALCOP 3, Alliance of
                                          Political Parties 2, UPP 2, LPP 1;
                                          note - the Alliance of Political
                                          Parties was a coalition of the LAP
                                          and the Liberia Unification Party or
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court
           Political parties and leaders: All Liberia Coalition Party or ALCOP
                                          [David KORTIE]; Free Democratic
                                          Party or FDP [George BORWAH];
                                          Liberian Action Party or LAP [C.
                                          Gyude BRYANT]; Liberian National
                                          Union or LINU [Victor MOMOH];
                                          Liberian People's Party or LPP
                                          [Koffa NAGBE]; National Democratic
                                          Party of Liberia or NDPL [Isaac D.
                                          DIKENAH]; National Patriotic Party
                                          or NPP [Cyril ALLEN] - governing
                                          party; People's Progressive Party or
                                          PPP [Weah A. WEAH]; Reformation
                                          Alliance Party or RAP [James
                                          THOMAS]; True Whig Party or TWP
                                          [Rudolph SHERMAN]; United People's
                                          Party or UPP [Wesley JOHNSON]; Unity
                                          Party or UP [Charles Clarke]
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization ACP, AfDB, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-
                           participation: 77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM,
                                          IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF,
                                          IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, NAM,
                                          OAU, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD,
                                          UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO,
                                          WIPO, WMO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador William
                                          V. S. BULL
                                          consulate(s) general: New York
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 723-0437
                                          chancery: 5201 16th Street NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20011
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador
                                      US: Bismarck MYRICK
                                          embassy: 111 United Nations Drive,
                                          P. O. Box 10-0098, Mamba Point,
                                          mailing address: use embassy street
                                          telephone: [231] 226-370 through
                                          FAX: [231] 226-148
                        Flag description: 11 equal horizontal stripes of red
                                          (top and bottom) alternating with
                                          white; there is a white five-pointed
                                          star on a blue square in the upper
                                          hoist-side corner; the design was
                                          based on the US flag
     Economy Liberia
                      Economy - overview: A civil war in 1989-96 destroyed
                                          much of Liberia's economy,
                                          especially the infrastructure in and
                                          around Monrovia. Many businessmen
                                          fled the country, taking capital and
                                          expertise with them. Some returned;
                                          many will not return. Richly endowed
                                          with water, mineral resources,
                                          forests, and a climate favorable to
                                          agriculture, Liberia had been a
                                          producer and exporter of basic
                                          products, while local manufacturing,
                                          mainly foreign owned, had been small
                                          in scope. The democratically elected
                                          government, installed in August
                                          1997, inherited massive
                                          international debts and currently
                                          relies on revenues from its maritime
                                          registry and timber industry to
                                          provide the bulk of its foreign
                                          exchange earnings. The restoration
                                          of the infrastructure and the
                                          raising of incomes in this ravaged
                                          economy depend on the implementation
                                          of sound macro- and micro-economic
                                          policies of the new government,
                                          including the encouragement of
                                          foreign investment. Recent growth
                                          has been from a low base, and
                                          continued growth will require major
                                          policy successes and containment of
                                          armed rebellion.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $3.6
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 5% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,100
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 60%
                                          industry: 10%
                                          services: 30% (2001 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 80%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 8% (2001 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 70%, industry 8%,
                                          services 22% (2000 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 70%
                                  Budget: revenues: $85.4 million
                                          expenditures: $90.5 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2000 est.)
                              Industries: rubber processing, palm oil
                                          processing, timber, diamonds
       Industrial production growth rate: NA
                Electricity - production: 450 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 418.5 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: rubber, coffee, cocoa, rice, cassava
                                          (tapioca), palm oil, sugarcane,
                                          bananas; sheep, goats; timber
                                 Exports: $55 million (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: rubber, timber, iron, diamonds,
                                          cocoa, coffee
                      Exports - partners: Belgium 38.5%, Germany 17.6%, Italy
                                          6.0%, US 5.8% (2000)
                                 Imports: $170 million (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: fuels, chemicals, machinery,
                                          transportation equipment,
                                          manufactured goods; rice and other
                      Imports - partners: France 29.1%, South Korea 20.6%,
                                          Japan 15.8%, Singapore 8.4% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $2.1 billion (2000 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $94 million (1999)
                                Currency: Liberian dollar (LRD)
                           Currency code: LRD
                          Exchange rates: Liberian dollars per US dollar -
                                          46.0400 (December 2001), 48.5833
                                          (2001), 40.9525 (2000), 41.9025
                                          (1999), 41.5075 (1998), 1.0000
                                          (officially fixed rate 1940-97);
                                          market exchange rate: Liberian
                                          dollars per US dollar - 40 (December
                                          1998), 50 (October 1995)
                                          note: until December 1997, rates
                                          were based on a fixed relationship
                                          with the US dollar; beginning in
                                          January 1998, rates are market
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Liberia
          Telephones - main lines in use: 6,700 (2000)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 0 (1998)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: telephone and
                                          telegraph service via microwave
                                          radio relay network; main center is
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 7, shortwave 2 (2001)
                                  Radios: 790,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 1 (plus four low-power repeaters)
                             Televisions: 70,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .lr
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2001)
                          Internet users: 500 (2000)
     Transportation Liberia
                                Railways: total: 490 km (328 km single-track)
                                          standard gauge: 345 km 1.435-m gauge
                                          note: in 1989, Liberia had three
                                          rail systems owned and operated by
                                          foreign steel and financial
                                          interests in conjunction with the
                                          Liberian Government; one of these,
                                          the Lamco Railroad, closed in 1989
                                          after iron ore production ceased;
                                          the other two were shut down by the
                                          civil war; large sections of the
                                          rail lines have been dismantled;
                                          approximately 60 km of railroad
                                          track was exported for scrap (2001)
                                          narrow gauge: 145 km 1.067-m gauge
                                Highways: total: 10,600 km
                                          paved: 657 km
                                          unpaved: 9,943 km
                                          note: there is major deterioration
                                          on all highways due to heavy rains
                                          and lack of maintenance (1996 est.)
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: Buchanan, Greenville, Harper,
                         Merchant marine: total: 1,513 ships (1,000 GRT or
                                          over) totaling 51,912,244 GRT/
                                          79,297,046 DWT
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Argentina 9, Australia
                                          2, Austria 15, Belgium 9, Brazil 5,
                                          Canada 4, Cayman Islands 1, Chile 7,
                                          China 39, Croatia 11, Denmark 4,
                                          Ecuador 1, Estonia 1, Germany 437,
                                          Greece 154, Hong Kong 69, India 5,
                                          Indonesia 1, Israel 1, Italy 5,
                                          Japan 90, Latvia 20, Man, Isle of 5,
                                          Monaco 56, Netherlands 12, New
                                          Zealand 1, Nigeria 1, Norway 103,
                                          Pakistan 1, Portugal 5, Russia 66,
                                          Saudi Arabia 21, Singapore 20,
                                          Slovenia 1, South Africa 1, South
                                          Korea 10, Spain 2, Sweden 9,
                                          Switzerland 17, Taiwan 29, Turkey 3,
                                          Ukraine 4, United Arab Emirates 12,
                                          United Kingdom 39, United States
                                          113, Uruguay 3, Vietnam 1 (2002
                                          ships by type: barge carrier 3, bulk
                                          313, cargo 89, chemical tanker 167,
                                          combination bulk 16, combination
                                          ore/oil 32, container 318, liquefied
                                          gas 99, multi-functional large-load
                                          carrier 4, passenger 23, petroleum
                                          tanker 302, refrigerated cargo 69,
                                          roll on/roll off 20, short-sea
                                          passenger 3, specialized tanker 13,
                                          vehicle carrier 42
                                Airports: 47 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 2
                                          over 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 45
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 6
                                          under 914 m: 35 (2001)
     Military Liberia
                       Military branches: Army, Navy, Air Force
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 729,469 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 393,028 (2002 est.)
           Military expenditures - dollar $7.8 million (FY01)
       Military expenditures - percent of 1.3% (FY01)
     Transnational Issues Liberia
                Disputes - international: rebels and refugees contribute to
                                          border instabilities with Sierra
                           Illicit drugs: transshipment point for Southeast
                                          and Southwest Asian heroin and South
                                          American cocaine for the European
                                          and US markets

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