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2 definitions found
 for Kuwait
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a seaport on the Persian Gulf and capital of Kuwait [syn:
           Kuwait, Kuwait City, Koweit, capital of Kuwait]
      2: an Arab kingdom in Asia on the northwestern coast of the
         Persian Gulf; a major source of petroleum [syn: Kuwait,
         State of Kuwait, Koweit]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Kuwait
                              Background: Kuwait was attacked and overrun by
                                          Iraq on 2 August 1990. Following
                                          several weeks of aerial bombardment,
                                          a US-led UN coalition began a ground
                                          assault on 23 February 1991 that
                                          completely liberated Kuwait in four
                                          days. Kuwait has spent more than $5
                                          billion to repair oil infrastructure
                                          damaged during 1990-91.
     Geography Kuwait
                                Location: Middle East, bordering the Persian
                                          Gulf, between Iraq and Saudi Arabia
                  Geographic coordinates: 29 30 N, 45 45 E
                          Map references: Middle East
                                    Area: total: 17,820 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 17,820 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey
                         Land boundaries: total: 462 km
                                          border countries: Iraq 240 km, Saudi
                                          Arabia 222 km
                               Coastline: 499 km
                         Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: dry desert; intensely hot summers;
                                          short, cool winters
                                 Terrain: flat to slightly undulating desert
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
                                          highest point: unnamed location 306
                       Natural resources: petroleum, fish, shrimp, natural gas
                                Land use: arable land: 0.34%
                                          permanent crops: 0.06%
                                          other: 99.61% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 60 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: sudden cloudbursts are common from
                                          October to April; they bring heavy
                                          rain which can damage roads and
                                          houses; sandstorms and dust storms
                                          occur throughout the year, but are
                                          most common between March and August
            Environment - current issues: limited natural fresh water
                                          resources; some of world's largest
                                          and most sophisticated desalination
                                          facilities provide much of the
                                          water; air and water pollution;
              Environment - international party to: Climate Change,
                              agreements: Desertification, Environmental
                                          Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law
                                          of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone
                                          Layer Protection
                                          signed, but not ratified:
                                          Biodiversity, Endangered Species,
                                          Marine Dumping
                        Geography - note: strategic location at head of
                                          Persian Gulf
     People Kuwait
                              Population: 2,111,561
                                          note: includes 1,159,913 non-
                                          nationals (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 28.3% (male 304,200;
                                          female 292,900)
                                          15-64 years: 69.2% (male 934,115;
                                          female 527,331)
                                          65 years and over: 2.5% (male
                                          34,106; female 18,909) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 3.33%
                                          note: this rate reflects a return to
                                          pre-Gulf crisis immigration of
                                          expatriates (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 21.84 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 2.46 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 13.88 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.77 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 1.8 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.52 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 10.87 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.46 years
                                          male: 75.56 years
                                          female: 77.39 years (2002 est.)
                    Total fertility rate: 3.14 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.12% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Kuwaiti(s)
                                          adjective: Kuwaiti
                           Ethnic groups: Kuwaiti 45%, other Arab 35%, South
                                          Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7%
                               Religions: Muslim 85% (Sunni 70%, Shi'a 30%),
                                          Christian, Hindu, Parsi, and other
                               Languages: Arabic (official), English widely
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 78.6%
                                          male: 82.2%
                                          female: 74.9% (1995 est.)
     Government Kuwait
                            Country name: conventional long form: State of
                                          conventional short form: Kuwait
                                          local short form: Al Kuwayt
                                          local long form: Dawlat al Kuwayt
                         Government type: nominal constitutional monarchy
                                 Capital: Kuwait
                Administrative divisions: 5 governorates (muhafazat, singular
                                          - muhafazah); Al Ahmadi, Al
                                          Farwaniyah, Al 'Asimah, Al Jahra',
                            Independence: 19 June 1961 (from UK)
                        National holiday: National Day, 25 February (1950)
                            Constitution: approved and promulgated 11 November
                            Legal system: civil law system with Islamic law
                                          significant in personal matters; has
                                          not accepted compulsory ICJ
                                Suffrage: adult males who have been
                                          naturalized for 30 years or more or
                                          have resided in Kuwait since before
                                          1920 and their male descendants at
                                          age 21
                                          note: only 10% of all citizens are
                                          eligible to vote; in 1996,
                                          naturalized citizens who do not meet
                                          the pre-1920 qualification but have
                                          been naturalized for 30 years were
                                          eligible to vote for the first time
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Amir JABIR al-Ahmad
                                          al-Jabir Al Sabah (since 31 December
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          and Crown Prince SAAD al-Abdallah
                                          al-Salim Al Sabah (since 8 February
                                          1978); First Deputy Prime Minister
                                          SABAH al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah
                                          (since 17 October 1992); Deputy
                                          Prime Ministers JABIR MUBARAK al-
                                          Hamud Al Sabah (since NA) and
                                          MUHAMMAD KHALID al-Hamed Al Sabah
                                          (since NA)
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the prime minister and
                                          approved by the monarch
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                                          hereditary; prime minister and
                                          deputy prime ministers appointed by
                                          the monarch
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or
                                          Majlis al-Umma (50 seats; members
                                          elected by popular vote to serve
                                          four-year terms)
                                          elections: last held 3 July 1999
                                          (next to be held NA 2003)
                                          election results: percent of vote -
                                          NA%; seats - independents 50; note -
                                          all cabinet ministers are also ex
                                          officio members of the National
                         Judicial branch: High Court of Appeal
           Political parties and leaders: none; formation of political parties
                                          is illegal
            Political pressure groups and several political groups act as de
                                 leaders: facto parties: Bedouins, merchants,
                                          Sunni and Shi'a activists, and
                                          secular leftists and nationalists
               International organization ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, BDEAC,
                           participation: CAEU, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GCC,
                                          IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA,
                                          IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF,
                                          IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM,
                                          OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD,
                                          UNESCO, UNIDO, UNITAR, UPU, WFTU,
                                          WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Sheikh
                                          Salem Abdullah Al Jaber AL SABAH
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 966-0517
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 966-0702
                                          chancery: 2940 Tilden Street NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20008
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Richard
                                      US: H. JONES
                                          embassy: Bayan, near the Bayan
                                          palace, Kuwait City
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 77 Safat,
                                          13001 Safat, Kuwait Unit 69000, APO
                                          AE 09880-9000
                                          telephone: [965] 539-5307, ext. 2240
                                          FAX: [965] 538-0282
                        Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of
                                          green (top), white, and red with a
                                          black trapezoid based on the hoist
     Economy Kuwait
                      Economy - overview: Kuwait is a small, rich, relatively
                                          open economy with proved crude oil
                                          reserves of 94 billion barrels - 10%
                                          of world reserves. Petroleum
                                          accounts for nearly half of GDP, 90%
                                          of export revenues, and 75% of
                                          government income. Kuwait's climate
                                          limits agricultural development.
                                          Consequently, with the exception of
                                          fish, it depends almost wholly on
                                          food imports. About 75% of potable
                                          water must be distilled or imported.
                                          Higher oil prices put the FY99/00
                                          budget into a $2 billion surplus.
                                          The FY00/01 budget covers only nine
                                          months because of a change in the
                                          fiscal year. The budget for FY01/02
                                          envisioned higher expenditures for
                                          salaries, construction, and other
                                          general categories. Kuwait continues
                                          its discussions with foreign oil
                                          companies to develop fields in the
                                          northern part of the country.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $30.9
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 4% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $15,100
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: industry: 60%
                                          services: 39.7%
                                          agriculture: 0.3% (2000)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.7% (2001)
                             Labor force: 1.3 million (1998 est.)
                                          note: 68% of the population in the
                                          15-64 age group is non-national
                                          (July 1998 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture NA%, industry NA%,
                                          services NA%
                       Unemployment rate: 1.8% (official 1996 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $11.5 billion
                                          expenditures: $17.2 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (FY01/02)
                              Industries: petroleum, petrochemicals,
                                          desalination, food processing,
                                          construction materials
       Industrial production growth rate: 1% (1997 est.)
                Electricity - production: 31.2 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 29.016 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: practically no crops; fish
                                 Exports: $16.2 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: oil and refined products,
                      Exports - partners: Japan 23%, US 14%, South Korea 13%,
                                          Singapore 7%, Netherlands 6%,
                                          Pakistan 6%, Indonesia 4%, UK 2%
                                 Imports: $7.4 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: food, construction materials,
                                          vehicles and parts, clothing
                      Imports - partners: US 12%, Japan 8%, UK 8%, Germany 7%,
                                          China 5%, France 4%, Australia 3%,
                                          Netherlands 2% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $6.9 billion (2000 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: NA
                                Currency: Kuwaiti dinar (KD)
                           Currency code: KWD
                          Exchange rates: Kuwaiti dinars per US dollar -
                                          0.3075 (January 2002), 0.3066,
                                          (2001), 0.3067 (2000), 0.3044
                                          (1999), 0.3047 (1998), 0.3033 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
     Communications Kuwait
          Telephones - main lines in use: 412,000 (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 210,000 (1997)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: the quality of
                                          service is excellent
                                          domestic: new telephone exchanges
                                          provide a large capacity for new
                                          subscribers; trunk traffic is
                                          carried by microwave radio relay,
                                          coaxial cable, open wire, and fiber-
                                          optic cable; a cellular telephone
                                          system operates throughout Kuwait,
                                          and the country is well supplied
                                          with pay telephones
                                          international: coaxial cable and
                                          microwave radio relay to Saudi
                                          Arabia; linked to Bahrain, Qatar,
                                          UAE via the Fiber-Optic Gulf (FOG)
                                          cable; satellite earth stations - 3
                                          Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean, 2 Indian
                                          Ocean), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic Ocean),
                                          and 2 Arabsat
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 6, FM 11, shortwave 1 (1998)
                                  Radios: 1.175 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 13 (plus several satellite channels)
                             Televisions: 875,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .kw
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 3 (2000)
                          Internet users: 165,000 (2001)
     Transportation Kuwait
                                Railways: 0 km
                                Highways: total: 4,450 km
                                          paved: 3,590 km
                                          unpaved: 860 km (1999 est.)
                               Waterways: none
                               Pipelines: crude oil 877 km; petroleum products
                                          40 km; natural gas 165 km
                       Ports and harbors: Ash Shu'aybah, Ash Shuwaykh, Kuwait,
                                          Mina' 'Abd Allah, Mina' al Ahmadi,
                                          Mina' Su'ud
                         Merchant marine: total: 38 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 2,274,515 GRT/3,627,835 DWT
                                          ships by type: bulk 1, cargo 1,
                                          container 6, liquefied gas 6,
                                          livestock carrier 5, petroleum
                                          tanker 19
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Monaco 1, Saudi Arabia
                                          1 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 7 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 3
                                          over 3,047 m: 1
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 2 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 4
                                          under 914 m: 3 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                               Heliports: 3 (2001)
     Military Kuwait
                       Military branches: Army, Navy, Air Force (including Air
                                          Defense Force), National Police
                                          Force, National Guard, Coast Guard
        Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 812,059 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 486,906 (2002 est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 18,309 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $1,967.3 million (FY01)
                                  figure: note: Kuwait is changing its fiscal
                                          year; the above figure is for July-
                                          March 2001; future budget years will
                                          be April-March annually
       Military expenditures - percent of 5.5% (FY01)
     Transnational Issues Kuwait
                 Disputes - international: in November 1994, Iraq formally
                                           accepted the UN-demarcated border
                                           with Kuwait which had been spelled
                                           out in Security Council Resolutions
                                           687 (1991), 773 (1993), and 883
                                           (1993); this formally ends earlier
                                           claims to Kuwait and to Bubiyan and
                                           Warbah islands, although the Iraqi
                                           Government continues periodic
                                           rhetorical challenges

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