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2 definitions found
 for Kiribati
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: an island republic in the west central Pacific just to the
           south of the equator [syn: Kiribati, Republic of

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Kiribati
                               Background: The Gilbert Islands were granted
                                           self-rule by the UK in 1971 and
                                           complete independence in 1979 under
                                           the new name of Kiribati. The US
                                           relinquished all claims to the
                                           sparsely inhabited Phoenix and Line
                                           Island groups in a 1979 treaty of
                                           friendship with Kiribati.
     Geography Kiribati
                                Location: Oceania, group of 33 coral atolls in
                                          the Pacific Ocean, straddling the
                                          equator; the capital Tarawa is about
                                          one-half of the way from Hawaii to
                                          Australia; note - on 1 January 1995,
                                          Kiribati proclaimed that all of its
                                          territory lies in the same time zone
                                          as its Gilbert Islands group (GMT
                                          +12) even though the Phoenix Islands
                                          and the Line Islands under its
                                          jurisdiction lie on the other side
                                          of the International Date Line
                  Geographic coordinates: 1 25 N, 173 00 E
                          Map references: Oceania
                                    Area: total: 811 sq km
                                          note: includes three island groups -
                                          Gilbert Islands, Line Islands,
                                          Phoenix Islands
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 811 sq km
                      Area - comparative: four times the size of Washington,
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 1,143 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; marine, hot and humid,
                                          moderated by trade winds
                                 Terrain: mostly low-lying coral atolls
                                          surrounded by extensive reefs
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: unnamed location on
                                          Banaba 81 m
                       Natural resources: phosphate (production discontinued
                                          in 1979)
                                Land use: arable land: 0%
                                          permanent crops: 50.68%
                                          other: 49.32% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: typhoons can occur any time, but
                                          usually November to March;
                                          occasional tornadoes; low level of
                                          some of the islands make them very
                                          sensitive to changes in sea level
            Environment - current issues: heavy pollution in lagoon of south
                                          Tarawa atoll due to heavy migration
                                          mixed with traditional practices
                                          such as lagoon latrines and open-pit
                                          dumping; ground water at risk
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous
                                          Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: 21 of the 33 islands are inhabited;
                                          Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati is
                                          one of the three great phosphate
                                          rock islands in the Pacific Ocean -
                                          the others are Makatea in French
                                          Polynesia, and Nauru
     People Kiribati
                              Population: 96,335 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 40.2% (male 19,588;
                                          female 19,092)
                                          15-64 years: 56.6% (male 26,905;
                                          female 27,625)
                                          65 years and over: 3.2% (male 1,339;
                                          female 1,786) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 2.28% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 31.58 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 8.76 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.99 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 52.63 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 60.54 years
                                          female: 63.62 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 57.61 years
                    Total fertility rate: 4.32 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: I-Kiribati (singular and
                                          adjective: I-Kiribati
                           Ethnic groups: predominantly Micronesian with some
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 52%, Protestant
                                          (Congregational) 40%, some Seventh-
                                          Day Adventist, Muslim, Baha'i,
                                          Latter-day Saints, and Church of God
                               Languages: I-Kiribati, English (official)
                                Literacy: definition: NA
                                          total population: NA%
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
     Government Kiribati
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Kiribati
                                          former: Gilbert Islands
                                          note: pronounced kir-ih-bahss
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: Tarawa
                Administrative divisions: 3 units; Gilbert Islands, Line
                                          Islands, Phoenix Islands; note - in
                                          addition, there are 6 districts
                                          (Banaba, Central Gilberts, Line
                                          Islands, Northern Gilberts, Southern
                                          Gilberts, Tarawa) and 21 island
                                          councils - one for each of the
                                          inhabited islands (Abaiang, Abemama,
                                          Aranuka, Arorae, Banaba, Beru,
                                          Butaritari, Kanton, Kiritimati,
                                          Kuria, Maiana, Makin, Marakei,
                                          Nikunau, Nonouti, Onotoa, Tabiteuea,
                                          Tabuaeran, Tamana, Tarawa, Teraina)
                            Independence: 12 July 1979 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 12 July (1979)
                            Constitution: 12 July 1979
                            Legal system: NA
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Teburoro
                                          TITO (since 1 October 1994); Vice
                                          President Beniamina TIINGA (since NA
                                          December 2000); note - the president
                                          is both the chief of state and head
                                          of government
                                          elections: the House of Parliament
                                          chooses the presidential candidates
                                          from among their members and then
                                          those candidates compete in a
                                          general election; president is
                                          elected by popular vote for a four-
                                          year term; election last held 27
                                          November 1998 (next to be held by
                                          November 2002); vice president
                                          appointed by the president
                                          election results: Teburoro TITO
                                          reelected president; percent of vote
                                          - Teburoro TITO 52.3%, Dr. Harry
                                          TONG 45.8%, Amberoti NIKORA 1.9%,
                                          Taberannang TIMEON 0%
                                          cabinet: 12-member Cabinet appointed
                                          by the president from among the
                                          members of the House of Parliament
                                          head of government: President
                                          Teburoro TITO (since 1 October
                                          1994); Vice President Beniamina
                                          TIINGA (since NA December 2000);
                                          note - the president is both the
                                          chief of state and head of
                      Legislative branch: unicameral House of Parliament or
                                          Maneaba Ni Maungatabu (42 seats; 39
                                          elected by popular vote, one ex
                                          officio member - the attorney
                                          general, one appointed to represent
                                          Banaba, and one other; members serve
                                          four-year terms)
                                          elections: last held 23 September
                                          1998 (next to be held by October
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party -
                                          Maneaban Te Mauri Party 14, National
                                          Progressive Party 11, independents
                         Judicial branch: Court of Appeal; High Court; 26
                                          Magistrates' courts; judges at all
                                          levels are appointed by the
           Political parties and leaders: Maneaban Te Mauri Party [Teburoro
                                          TITO]; National Progressive Party
                                          [Teatao TEANNAKI]
                                          note: there is no tradition of
                                          formally organized political parties
                                          in Kiribati; they more closely
                                          resemble factions or interest groups
                                          because they have no party
                                          headquarters, formal platforms, or
                                          party structures
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, FAO, IBRD,
                           participation: ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS,
                                          ILO, IMF, ITU, OPCW, Sparteca, SPC,
                                          SPF, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: Kiribati does not have an embassy in
                                          the US; there is an honorary
                                          consulate in Honolulu
       Diplomatic representation from the the US does not have an embassy in
                                      US: Kiribati; the ambassador to the
                                          Marshall Islands is accredited to
                        Flag description: the upper half is red with a yellow
                                          frigate bird flying over a yellow
                                          rising sun, and the lower half is
                                          blue with three horizontal wavy
                                          white stripes to represent the ocean
     Economy Kiribati
                      Economy - overview: A remote country of 33 scattered
                                          coral atolls, Kiribati has few
                                          national resources. Commercially
                                          viable phosphate deposits were
                                          exhausted at the time of
                                          independence from the UK in 1979.
                                          Copra and fish now represent the
                                          bulk of production and exports. The
                                          economy has fluctuated widely in
                                          recent years. Economic development
                                          is constrained by a shortage of
                                          skilled workers, weak
                                          infrastructure, and remoteness from
                                          international markets. Tourism
                                          provides more than one-fifth of GDP.
                                          The financial sector is at an early
                                          stage of development as is the
                                          expansion of private sector
                                          initiatives. Foreign financial aid,
                                          from UK, Japan, Australia, New
                                          Zealand, and China, is a critical
                                          supplement to GDP, equal to 25%-50%
                                          of GDP in recent years. Remittances
                                          from workers abroad account for more
                                          than $5 million each year.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $79
                                          million (2001 est.), supplemented by
                                          a nearly equal amount from external
                  GDP - real growth rate: 1.5% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $840 (2001
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 30%
                                          industry: 7%
                                          services: 63% (1998 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.5% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 7,870 economically active, not
                                          including subsistence farmers (1985
                       Unemployment rate: 2%; underemployment 70% (1992 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $28.4 million
                                          expenditures: $37.2 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA million (2000 est.)
                              Industries: fishing, handicrafts
       Industrial production growth rate: 0.7% (1991 est.)
                Electricity - production: 7 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 6.51 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: copra, taro, breadfruit, sweet
                                          potatoes, vegetables; fish
                                 Exports: $6 million (f.o.b., 1998)
                   Exports - commodities: copra 62%, coconuts, seaweed, fish
                      Exports - partners: Japan, Bangladesh, US, Australia,
                                          Brazil, Poland (2000)
                                 Imports: $44 million (c.i.f., 1999)
                   Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, machinery and equipment,
                                          miscellaneous manufactured goods,
                      Imports - partners: Australia, Japan, Fiji, Poland, US
                         Debt - external: $10 million (1999 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $15.5 million (1995), largely from
                                          UK and Japan
                                Currency: Australian dollar (AUD)
                           Currency code: AUD
                          Exchange rates: Australian dollars per US dollar -
                                          1.9354 (January 2002), 1.9320
                                          (2001), 1.7173 (2000), 1.5497
                                          (1999), 1.5888 (1998), 1.3439 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: NA
     Communications Kiribati
          Telephones - main lines in use: 3,800 (1999)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: NA
                        Telephone system: general assessment: NA
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
                                          note: Kiribati is being linked to
                                          the Pacific Ocean Cooperative
                                          Telecommunications Network, which
                                          should improve telephone service
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 1
                                          note: the FM and shortwave stations
                                          may be inactive (2002)
                                  Radios: 17,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 1 (not reported to be active) (2002)
                             Televisions: 1,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .ki
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: 1,000 (2000)
     Transportation Kiribati
                                 Railways: 0 km
                                 Highways: total: 670 km
                                           paved: NA km
                                           unpaved: NA km
                                           note: 27 km are paved in South
                                           Tarawa (2001)
                                Waterways: 5 km (small network of canals in
                                           Line Islands)
                        Ports and harbors: Banaba, Betio, English Harbour,
                          Merchant marine: total: 1 ship (1,000 GRT or over)
                                           totaling 1,291 GRT/1,295 DWT
                                           ships by type: passenger/cargo 1
                                           (2002 est.)
                                 Airports: 21 (2001)
            Airports - with paved runways: total: 4
                                           1,524 to 2,437 m: 4 (2001)
          Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 17
                                           914 to 1,523 m: 13
                                           under 914 m: 4 (2001)
     Military Kiribati
                        Military branches: no regular military forces; Police
                                           Force (carries out law enforcement
                                           functions and paramilitary duties;
                                           small police posts are on all
            Military expenditures - dollar $NA
        Military expenditures - percent of NA%
                          Military - note: Kiribati does not have military
                                           forces; defense assistance is
                                           provided by Australia and NZ
     Transnational Issues Kiribati
                                                Disputes - international: none

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