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1 definition found
 for Kingman Reef
From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Kingman Reef
     Introduction Kingman Reef
                              Background: The US annexed the reef in 1922. Its
                                          sheltered lagoon served as a way
                                          station for flying boats on Hawaii-
                                          to-American Samoa flights during the
                                          late 1930s. There is no flora on the
                                          reef, which is frequently awash, but
                                          it does support an abundant and
                                          diverse marine fauna. In 2001, the
                                          waters surrounding the reef were
                                          designated a National Wildlife
     Geography Kingman Reef
                                Location: Oceania, reef in the North Pacific
                                          Ocean, about half way between Hawaii
                                          and American Samoa
                  Geographic coordinates: 6 24 N, 162 24 W
                          Map references: Oceania
                                    Area: total: 1 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 1 sq km
                      Area - comparative: about 1.7 times the size of The Mall
                                          in Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 3 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical, but moderated by
                                          prevailing winds
                                 Terrain: low and nearly level
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: unnamed location 1 m
                       Natural resources: terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
                                Land use: arable land: 0%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 100% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: wet or awash most of the time,
                                          maximum elevation of about 1 meter
                                          makes Kingman Reef a maritime hazard
            Environment - current issues: none
                        Geography - note: barren coral atoll with deep
                                          interior lagoon; closed to the
     People Kingman Reef
                                      Population: uninhabited (July 2002 est.)
                          Population growth rate: NA
     Government Kingman Reef
                            Country name: conventional long form: none
                                          conventional short form: Kingman
                       Dependency status: unincorporated territory of the US;
                                          administered from Washington, DC, by
                                          the US Fish and Wildlife Service of
                                          the Department of the Interior
                                          note: on 1 September 2000, the
                                          Department of the Interior accepted
                                          restoration of its administrative
                                          jurisdiction over Kingman Reef from
                                          the Department of the Navy;
                                          Executive Order 3223 signed 18
                                          January 2001 established Kingman
                                          Reef National Wildlife Refuge to be
                                          administered by the Director, US
                                          Fish and Wildlife Service; this
                                          refuge is managed to protect the
                                          terrestrial and aquatic wildlife of
                                          Kingman Reef out to the 12-nautical-
                                          mile territorial sea limit
                            Legal system: the laws of the US, where
                                          applicable, apply
                        Flag description: the flag of the US is used
     Economy Kingman Reef
                                      Economy - overview: no economic activity
     Transportation Kingman Reef
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: none; offshore anchorage only
                                Airports: lagoon was used as a halfway station
                                          between Hawaii and American Samoa by
                                          Pan American Airways for flying
                                          boats in 1937 and 1938
     Military Kingman Reef
                         Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the
     Transnational Issues Kingman Reef
                                                Disputes - international: none

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