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2 definitions found
 for Judgment seat
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Judgment \Judg"ment\, n. [OE. jugement, F. jugement, LL.
     judicamentum, fr. L. judicare. See Judge, v. i.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. The act of judging; the operation of the mind, involving
        comparison and discrimination, by which a knowledge of the
        values and relations of things, whether of moral
        qualities, intellectual concepts, logical propositions, or
        material facts, is obtained; as, by careful judgment he
        avoided the peril; by a series of wrong judgments he
        forfeited confidence.
        [1913 Webster]
              I oughte deme, of skilful jugement,
              That in the salte sea my wife is deed. --Chaucer.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. The power or faculty of performing such operations (see
        1); esp., when unqualified, the faculty of judging or
        deciding rightly, justly, or wisely; good sense; as, a man
        of judgment; a politician without judgment.
        [1913 Webster]
              He shall judge thy people with righteousness and thy
              poor with judgment.                   --Ps. lxxii.
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              Hernia. I would my father look'd but with my eyes.
              Theseus. Rather your eyes must with his judgment
              look.                                 --Shak.
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     3. The conclusion or result of judging; an opinion; a
        [1913 Webster]
              She in my judgment was as fair as you. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
              Who first his judgment asked, and then a place.
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     4. The act of determining, as in courts of law, what is
        conformable to law and justice; also, the determination,
        decision, or sentence of a court, or of a judge; the
        mandate or sentence of God as the judge of all.
        [1913 Webster]
              In judgments between rich and poor, consider not
              what the poor man needs, but what is his own. --Jer.
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              Most heartily I do beseech the court
              To give the judgment.                 --Shak.
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     5. (Philos.)
        (a) That act of the mind by which two notions or ideas
            which are apprehended as distinct are compared for the
            purpose of ascertaining their agreement or
            disagreement. See 1. The comparison may be threefold:
            (1) Of individual objects forming a concept. (2) Of
            concepts giving what is technically called a judgment.
            (3) Of two judgments giving an inference. Judgments
            have been further classed as analytic, synthetic, and
        (b) That power or faculty by which knowledge dependent
            upon comparison and discrimination is acquired. See 2.
            [1913 Webster]
                  A judgment is the mental act by which one thing
                  is affirmed or denied of another. --Sir W.
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                  The power by which we are enabled to perceive
                  what is true or false, probable or improbable,
                  is called by logicians the faculty of judgment.
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     6. A calamity regarded as sent by God, by way of recompense
        for wrong committed; a providential punishment. "Judgments
        are prepared for scorners." --Prov. xix. 29. "This
        judgment of the heavens that makes us tremble." --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
     7. (Theol.) The final award; the last sentence.
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: Judgment, abridgment, acknowledgment, and lodgment are
           in England sometimes written, judgement, abridgement,
           acknowledgement, and lodgement.
           [1913 Webster]
     Note: Judgment is used adjectively in many self-explaining
           combinations; as, judgment hour; judgment throne.
           [1913 Webster]
     Judgment day (Theol.), the last day, or period when final
        judgment will be pronounced on the subjects of God's moral
     Judgment debt (Law), a debt secured to the creditor by a
        judge's order.
     Judgment hall, a hall where courts are held.
     Judgment seat, the seat or bench on which judges sit in
        court; hence, a court; a tribunal. "We shall all stand
        before the judgment seat of Christ." --Rom. xiv. 10.
     Judgment summons (Law), a proceeding by a judgment creditor
        against a judgment debtor upon an unsatisfied judgment.
        [1913 Webster]
     Arrest of judgment. (Law) See under Arrest, n.
     Judgment of God, a term formerly applied to extraordinary
        trials of secret crimes, as by arms and single combat, by
        ordeal, etc.; it being imagined that God would work
        miracles to vindicate innocence. See under Ordeal.
     Syn: Discernment; decision; determination; award; estimate;
          criticism; taste; discrimination; penetration; sagacity;
          intelligence; understanding. See Taste.
          [1913 Webster]

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary :

  Judgment seat
     (Matt. 27:19), a portable tribunal (Gr. bema) which was placed
     according as the magistrate might direct, and from which
     judgment was pronounced. In this case it was placed on a
     tesselated pavement, probably in front of the procurator's
     residence. (See GABBATHA.)

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