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 for Jarvis Island
From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Jarvis Island
     Introduction Jarvis Island
                              Background: First discovered by the British in
                                          1821, the uninhabited island was
                                          annexed by the US in 1858, but
                                          abandoned in 1879 after tons of
                                          guano had been removed. The UK
                                          annexed the island in 1889, but
                                          never carried out plans for further
                                          exploitation. The US occupied and
                                          reclaimed the island in 1935.
                                          Abandoned after World War II, the
                                          island is currently a National
                                          Wildlife Refuge administered by the
                                          US Department of the Interior; a day
                                          beacon is situated near the middle
                                          of the west coast.
     Geography Jarvis Island
                                Location: Oceania, island in the South Pacific
                                          Ocean, about half way between Hawaii
                                          and the Cook Islands
                  Geographic coordinates: 0 22 S, 160 03 W
                          Map references: Oceania
                                    Area: total: 4.5 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 4.5 sq km
                      Area - comparative: about eight times the size of The
                                          Mall in Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 8 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; scant rainfall, constant
                                          wind, burning sun
                                 Terrain: sandy, coral island surrounded by a
                                          narrow fringing reef
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: unnamed location 7 m
                       Natural resources: guano (deposits worked until late
                                          1800s), terrestrial and aquatic
                                Land use: arable land: 0%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 100% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: the narrow fringing reef surrounding
                                          the island poses a maritime hazard
            Environment - current issues: no natural fresh water resources
                        Geography - note: sparse bunch grass, prostrate vines,
                                          and low-growing shrubs; primarily a
                                          nesting, roosting, and foraging
                                          habitat for seabirds, shorebirds,
                                          and marine wildlife
     People Jarvis Island
                              Population: uninhabited
                                          note: Millersville settlement on
                                          western side of island occasionally
                                          used as a weather station from 1935
                                          until World War II, when it was
                                          abandoned; reoccupied in 1957 during
                                          the International Geophysical Year
                                          by scientists who left in 1958;
                                          public entry is by special-use
                                          permit from US Fish and Wildlife
                                          Service only and generally
                                          restricted to scientists and
                                          educators; visited annually by US
                                          Fish and Wildlife Service (July 2002
                  Population growth rate: NA
     Government Jarvis Island
                            Country name: conventional long form: none
                                          conventional short form: Jarvis
                       Dependency status: unincorporated territory of the US;
                                          administered from Washington, DC, by
                                          the Fish and Wildlife Service of the
                                          US Department of the Interior as
                                          part of the National Wildlife Refuge
                            Legal system: the laws of the US, where
                                          applicable, apply
                        Flag description: the flag of the US is used
     Economy Jarvis Island
                                      Economy - overview: no economic activity
     Transportation Jarvis Island
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: none; offshore anchorage only; note
                                          - there is one small boat landing
                                          area in the middle of the west coast
                                          and another near the southwest
                                          corner of the island
                   Transportation - note: there is a day beacon near the
                                          middle of the west coast
     Military Jarvis Island
                         Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the
                                          US; visited annually by the US Coast
     Transnational Issues Jarvis Island
                                                Disputes - international: none

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