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4 definitions found
 for Jamaica
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Jamaica \Ja*mai"ca\, n.
     One of the West Indian islands.
     [1913 Webster]
     Jamaica ginger, a variety of ginger, called also white
        ginger, prepared in Jamaica from the best roots, which
        are deprived of their epidermis and dried separately.
     Jamaica pepper, allspice.
     Jamaica rose (Bot.), a West Indian melastomaceous shrub
        ({Blakea trinervis), with showy pink flowers.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a country on the island of Jamaica; became independent of
           England in 1962; much poverty; the major industry is
      2: an island in the West Indies to the south of Cuba and to the
         west of Haiti

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Jamaica
                              Background: Jamaica gained full independence
                                          within the British Commonwealth in
                                          1962. Deteriorating economic
                                          conditions during the 1970s led to
                                          recurrent violence and a dropoff in
                                          tourism. Elections in 1980 saw the
                                          democratic socialists voted out of
                                          office. Subsequent governments have
                                          been open market oriented. Political
                                          violence marred elections during the
     Geography Jamaica
                                Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean
                                          Sea, south of Cuba
                  Geographic coordinates: 18 15 N, 77 30 W
                          Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
                                    Area: total: 10,991 sq km
                                          land: 10,831 sq km
                                          water: 160 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Connecticut
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 1,022 km
                         Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200 NM or to edge
                                          of the continental margin
                                          contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; hot, humid; temperate
                                 Terrain: mostly mountains, with narrow,
                                          discontinuous coastal plain
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Blue Mountain Peak
                                          2,256 m
                       Natural resources: bauxite, gypsum, limestone
                                Land use: arable land: 16.07%
                                          permanent crops: 9.23%
                                          other: 74.7% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 250 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: hurricanes (especially July to
            Environment - current issues: heavy rates of deforestation;
                                          coastal waters polluted by
                                          industrial waste, sewage, and oil
                                          spills; damage to coral reefs; air
                                          pollution in Kingston results from
                                          vehicle emissions
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification,
                                          Endangered Species, Law of the Sea,
                                          Marine Dumping, Marine Life
                                          Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban,
                                          Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
                                          Pollution, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: strategic location between Cayman
                                          Trench and Jamaica Channel, the main
                                          sea lanes for the Panama Canal
     People Jamaica
                              Population: 2,680,029 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 29.1% (male 399,249;
                                          female 380,864)
                                          15-64 years: 64.1% (male 858,433;
                                          female 859,174)
                                          65 years and over: 6.8% (male
                                          81,321; female 100,988) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.56% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 17.74 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 5.45 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -6.65 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1 male(s)/female
                                          (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 13.71 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 75.64 years
                                          female: 77.73 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 73.65 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.05 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.71% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 9,900 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 650 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Jamaican(s)
                                          adjective: Jamaican
                           Ethnic groups: black 90.9%, East Indian 1.3%, white
                                          0.2%, Chinese 0.2%, mixed 7.3%,
                                          other 0.1%
                               Religions: Protestant 61.3% (Church of God
                                          21.2%, Baptist 8.8%, Anglican 5.5%,
                                          Seventh-Day Adventist 9%,
                                          Pentecostal 7.6%, Methodist 2.7%,
                                          United Church 2.7%, Brethren 1.1%,
                                          Jehovah's Witness 1.6%, Moravian
                                          1.1%), Roman Catholic 4%, other,
                                          including some spiritual cults 34.7%
                               Languages: English, patois English
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over has ever
                                          attended school
                                          total population: 85%
                                          male: 80.8%
                                          female: 89.1% (1995 est.)
     Government Jamaica
                            Country name: conventional long form: none
                                          conventional short form: Jamaica
                         Government type: constitutional parliamentary
                                 Capital: Kingston
                Administrative divisions: 14 parishes; Clarendon, Hanover,
                                          Kingston, Manchester, Portland,
                                          Saint Andrew, Saint Ann, Saint
                                          Catherine, Saint Elizabeth, Saint
                                          James, Saint Mary, Saint Thomas,
                                          Trelawny, Westmoreland
                            Independence: 6 August 1962 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, first Monday in
                                          August (1962)
                            Constitution: 6 August 1962
                            Legal system: based on English common law; has not
                                          accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II
                                          (since 6 February 1952), represented
                                          by Governor General Sir Howard Felix
                                          COOKE (since 1 August 1991)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Percival James PATTERSON (since 30
                                          March 1992) and Deputy Prime
                                          Minister Seymour MULLINGS (since NA
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          governor general on the advice of
                                          the prime minister
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                                          hereditary; governor general
                                          appointed by the monarch on the
                                          recommendation of the prime
                                          minister; prime minister and deputy
                                          prime minister appointed by the
                                          governor general
                      Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament consists of the
                                          Senate (a 21-member body appointed
                                          by the governor general on the
                                          recommendations of the prime
                                          minister and the leader of the
                                          opposition; ruling party is
                                          allocated 13 seats, and the
                                          opposition is allocated eight seats)
                                          and the House of Representatives (60
                                          seats; members are elected by
                                          popular vote to serve five-year
                                          elections: last held 18 December
                                          1997 (next to be held by March 2002)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - PNP
                                          50, JLP 10
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court (judges appointed by
                                          the governor general on the advice
                                          of the prime minister); Court of
           Political parties and leaders: Jamaica Labor Party or JLP [Edward
                                          SEAGA]; National Democratic Movement
                                          or NDM [Bruce GOLDING]; People's
                                          National Party or PNP [Percival
                                          James PATTERSON]
            Political pressure groups and New Beginnings Movement or NBM;
                                 leaders: Rastafarians (black religious/racial
                                          cultists, pan-Africanists)
               International organization ACP, C, Caricom, CCC, CDB, ECLAC,
                           participation: FAO, G-15, G-19, G-77, IADB, IAEA,
                                          IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD, IFC,
                                          IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol,
                                          IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, LAES,
                                          NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD,
                                          UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO,
                                          WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Seymour
                                          consulate(s) general: Miami and New
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 452-0081
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 452-0660
                                          chancery: 1520 New Hampshire Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20036
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Sue
                                      US: McCourt COBB
                                          embassy: Jamaica Mutual Life Center,
                                          2 Oxford Road, 3rd floor, Kingston 5
                                          mailing address: use embassy street
                                          telephone: [1] (876) 929-4850
                                          through 4859
                                          FAX: [1] (876) 926-6743
                        Flag description: diagonal yellow cross divides the
                                          flag into four triangles - green
                                          (top and bottom) and black (hoist
                                          side and outer side)
     Economy Jamaica
                      Economy - overview: The economy, which depends heavily
                                          on tourism and bauxite, has been
                                          stagnant since 1995. After five
                                          years of recession, the economy grew
                                          0.8% in 2000 and 1.1% in 2001, but
                                          the global economic slowdown,
                                          particularly in the United States
                                          after the 11 September terrorist
                                          attacks, has stunted the economic
                                          recovery. Serious problems include:
                                          high interest rates; increased
                                          foreign competition; a pressured,
                                          sometimes sliding, exchange rate; a
                                          widening merchandise trade deficit;
                                          and a growing internal debt, the
                                          result of government bailouts to
                                          various ailing sectors of the
                                          economy, particularly the financial
                                          sector. Depressed economic
                                          conditions have led to increased
                                          civil unrest, including a mounting
                                          crime rate. Jamaica's medium-term
                                          prospects will depend upon
                                          encouraging investment, maintaining
                                          a competitive exchange rate, selling
                                          off reacquired firms, and
                                          implementing proper fiscal and
                                          monetary policies.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $9.8
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 1.1% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $3,700
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 7%
                                          industry: 28%
                                          services: 65% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 34.2% (1992 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 2.9%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 28.9% (1996)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 36.4 (1996)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 6.9% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 1.13 million (1998)
             Labor force - by occupation: services 60%, agriculture 21%,
                                          industry 19% (1998)
                       Unemployment rate: 16% (2000 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $2.23 billion
                                          expenditures: $2.56 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $232.5 million (FY99/00 est.)
                              Industries: tourism, bauxite, textiles, food
                                          processing, light manufactures, rum,
                                          cement, metal, paper, chemical
       Industrial production growth rate: -2% (2000 est.)
                Electricity - production: 6.74 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 89.44%
                                          hydro: 3.22%
                                          other: 7.34% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 6.27 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: sugarcane, bananas, coffee, citrus,
                                          potatoes, vegetables; poultry,
                                          goats, milk
                                 Exports: $1.6 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: alumina, bauxite; sugar, bananas,
                      Exports - partners: US 35.7%, EU (excluding UK) 15.9%,
                                          UK 13%, Canada 10.5% (1999)
                                 Imports: $3.1 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment,
                                          construction materials, fuel, food,
                                          chemicals, fertilizers
                      Imports - partners: US 47.8%, Caricom countries 12.4%,
                                          Latin America 7.2%, EU (excluding
                                          UK) 4.7% (1999)
                         Debt - external: $5.2 billion (2001 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $102.7 million (1995)
                                Currency: Jamaican dollar (JMD)
                           Currency code: JMD
                          Exchange rates: Jamaican dollars per US dollar -
                                          47.277 (December 2001), 45.996
                                          (2001), 42.701 (2000), 39.044
                                          (1999), 36.550 (1998), 35.404 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
     Communications Jamaica
           Telephones - main lines in use: 353,000 (1996)
             Telephones - mobile cellular: 54,640 (1996)
                         Telephone system: general assessment: fully automatic
                                           domestic telephone network
                                           domestic: NA
                                           international: satellite earth
                                           stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic
                                           Ocean); 3 coaxial submarine cables
                 Radio broadcast stations: AM 10, FM 13, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                   Radios: 1.215 million (1997)
            Television broadcast stations: 7 (1997)
                              Televisions: 460,000 (1997)
                    Internet country code: .jm
        Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 21 (2000)
                           Internet users: 60,000 (2000)
     Transportation Jamaica
                                Railways: total: 272 km
                                          standard gauge: 272 km 1.435-
                                          m gauge; note - 207 km, belonging to
                                          the Jamaica Railway Corporation,
                                          were in common carrier service but
                                          are no longer operational; the
                                          remaining track is privately owned
                                          and used to transport bauxite (2000)
                                Highways: total: 19,000 km
                                          paved: 13,433 km
                                          unpaved: 5,567 km (1997)
                               Waterways: none
                               Pipelines: petroleum products 10 km
                       Ports and harbors: Alligator Pond, Discovery Bay,
                                          Kingston, Montego Bay, Ocho Rios,
                                          Port Antonio, Rocky Point, Port
                                          Esquivel (Longswharf)
                         Merchant marine: total: 1 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 21,954 GRT/25,250 DWT
                                          ships by type: petroleum tanker 1,
                                          includes some foreign-owned ships
                                          registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Latvia 2, United States
                                          2 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 35 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 11
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 3
                                          under 914 m: 5 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 24
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 2
                                          under 914 m: 22 (2001)
     Military Jamaica
                       Military branches: Jamaica Defense Force (including
                                          Ground Forces, Coast Guard, and Air
                                          Wing), Jamaica Constabulary Force
        Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 747,043 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 523,550 (2002 est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 27,729 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $30 million (FY95/96 est.)
       Military expenditures - percent of NA%
     Transnational Issues Jamaica
                Disputes - international: none
                           Illicit drugs: major transshipment point for
                                          cocaine from South America to North
                                          America and Europe; illicit
                                          cultivation of cannabis; government
                                          has an active manual cannabis
                                          eradication program; corruption is a
                                          major concern

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Jamaica, IA -- U.S. city in Iowa
     Population (2000):    237
     Housing Units (2000): 114
     Land area (2000):     0.457414 sq. miles (1.184698 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    0.457414 sq. miles (1.184698 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            39225
     Located within:       Iowa (IA), FIPS 19
     Location:             41.846494 N, 94.307442 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     50128
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
      Jamaica, IA

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