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5 definitions found
 for India
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  India \In"di*a\, n. [See Indian.]
     A country in Southern Asia; the two peninsulas of Hither and
     Farther India; in a restricted sense, Hither India, or
     [1913 Webster]
     India ink, a nearly black pigment brought chiefly from
        China, used for water colors. It is in rolls, or in
        square, and consists of lampblack or ivory black and
        animal glue. Called also China ink. The true India ink
        is sepia. See Sepia.
     India matting, floor matting made in China, India, etc.,
        from grass and reeds; -- also called Canton matting or
        China matting.
     India paper, a variety of Chinese paper, of smooth but not
        glossy surface, used for printing from engravings,
        woodcuts, etc.
     India proof (Engraving), a proof impression from an
        engraved plate, taken on India paper.
     India rubber. See Caoutchouc.
     India-rubber tree (Bot.), any tree yielding caoutchouc, but
        especially the East Indian Ficus elastica, often
        cultivated for its large, shining, elliptical leaves.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a republic in the Asian subcontinent in southern Asia;
           second most populous country in the world; achieved
           independence from the United Kingdom in 1947 [syn: India,
           Republic of India, Bharat]

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary :

     occurs only in Esther 1:1 and 8:9, where the extent of the
     dominion of the Persian king is described. The country so
     designated here is not the peninsula of Hindustan, but the
     country surrounding the Indus, the Punjab. The people and the
     products of India were well known to the Jews, who seem to have
     carried on an active trade with that country (Ezek. 27:15, 24).

From Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary (late 1800's) :

  India, praise; law

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction India
                              Background: The Indus Valley civilization, one
                                          of the oldest in the world, goes
                                          back at least 5,000 years. Aryan
                                          tribes from the northwest invaded
                                          about 1500 B.C.; their merger with
                                          the earlier inhabitants created the
                                          classical Indian culture. Arab
                                          incursions starting in the 8th
                                          century and Turkish in 12th were
                                          followed by European traders
                                          beginning in the late 15th century.
                                          By the 19th century, Britain had
                                          assumed political control of
                                          virtually all Indian lands.
                                          Nonviolent resistance to British
                                          colonialism under Mohandas GANDHI
                                          and Jawaharlal NEHRU led to
                                          independence in 1947. The
                                          subcontinent was divided into the
                                          secular state of India and the
                                          smaller Muslim state of Pakistan. A
                                          third war between the two countries
                                          in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan
                                          becoming the separate nation of
                                          Bangladesh. Fundamental concerns in
                                          India include the ongoing dispute
                                          with Pakistan over Kashmir, massive
                                          overpopulation, environmental
                                          degradation, extensive poverty, and
                                          ethnic and religious strife, all
                                          this despite impressive gains in
                                          economic investment and output.
     Geography India
                                Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian
                                          Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between
                                          Burma and Pakistan
                  Geographic coordinates: 20 00 N, 77 00 E
                          Map references: Asia
                                    Area: total: 3,287,590 sq km
                                          land: 2,973,190 sq km
                                          water: 314,400 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly more than one-third the
                                          size of the US
                         Land boundaries: total: 14,103 km
                                          border countries: Bangladesh 4,053
                                          km, Bhutan 605 km, Burma 1,463 km,
                                          China 3,380 km, Nepal 1,690 km,
                                          Pakistan 2,912 km
                               Coastline: 7,000 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200 NM or to the
                                          edge of the continental margin
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: varies from tropical monsoon in
                                          south to temperate in north
                                 Terrain: upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in
                                          south, flat to rolling plain along
                                          the Ganges, deserts in west,
                                          Himalayas in north
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Kanchenjunga 8,598 m
                       Natural resources: coal (fourth-largest reserves in the
                                          world), iron ore, manganese, mica,
                                          bauxite, titanium ore, chromite,
                                          natural gas, diamonds, petroleum,
                                          limestone, arable land
                                Land use: arable land: 54.35%
                                          permanent crops: 2.66%
                                          other: 42.99% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 590,000 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: droughts; flash floods, as well as
                                          widespread and destructive flooding
                                          from monsoonal rains; severe
                                          thunderstorms; earthquakes
            Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion;
                                          overgrazing; desertification; air
                                          pollution from industrial effluents
                                          and vehicle emissions; water
                                          pollution from raw sewage and runoff
                                          of agricultural pesticides; tap
                                          water is not potable throughout the
                                          country; huge and growing population
                                          is overstraining natural resources
              Environment - international party to: Antarctic-Environmental
                              agreements: Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living
                                          Resources, Antarctic Treaty,
                                          Biodiversity, Climate Change,
                                          Desertification, Endangered Species,
                                          Environmental Modification,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea,
                                          Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer
                                          Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical
                                          Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94,
                                          Wetlands, Whaling
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: dominates South Asian subcontinent;
                                          near important Indian Ocean trade
     People India
                              Population: 1,045,845,226 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 32.7% (male 175,858,386;
                                          female 165,724,901)
                                          15-64 years: 62.6% (male
                                          338,957,463; female 316,063,497)
                                          65 years and over: 4.7% (male
                                          24,975,465; female 24,265,514) (2002
                  Population growth rate: 1.51% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 23.79 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 8.62 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -0.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 1.03 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.07 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 61.47 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 63.23 years
                                          female: 63.93 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 62.55 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.98 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.7% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 3.7 million (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 310,000 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Indian(s)
                                          adjective: Indian
                           Ethnic groups: Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%,
                                          Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)
                               Religions: Hindu 81.3%, Muslim 12%, Christian
                                          2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other groups
                                          including Buddhist, Jain, Parsi 2.5%
                               Languages: English enjoys associate status but
                                          is the most important language for
                                          national, political, and commercial
                                          communication; Hindu is the national
                                          language and primary tongue of 30%
                                          of the people; there are 14 other
                                          official languages: Bengali, Telugu,
                                          Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati,
                                          Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi,
                                          Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and
                                          Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular
                                          variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely
                                          throughout northern India but is not
                                          an official language
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 52%
                                          male: 65.5%
                                          female: 37.7% (1995 est.)
     Government India
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: India
                         Government type: federal republic
                                 Capital: New Delhi
                Administrative divisions: 28 states and 7 union territories*;
                                          Andaman and Nicobar Islands*, Andhra
                                          Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam,
                                          Bihar, Chandigarh*, Chhattisgarh,
                                          Dadra and Nagar Haveli*, Daman and
                                          Diu*, Delhi*, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana,
                                          Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir,
                                          Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala,
                                          Lakshadweep*, Madhya Pradesh,
                                          Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya,
                                          Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa,
                                          Pondicherry*, Punjab, Rajasthan,
                                          Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura,
                                          Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, West
                            Independence: 15 August 1947 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Republic Day, 26 January (1950)
                            Constitution: 26 January 1950
                            Legal system: based on English common law; limited
                                          judicial review of legislative acts;
                                          accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction,
                                          with reservations
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Abdul
                                          KALAM (since 26 July 2002); Vice
                                          President (vacant)
                                          elections: president elected by an
                                          electoral college consisting of
                                          elected members of both houses of
                                          Parliament and the legislatures of
                                          the states for a five-year term;
                                          election last held NA July 2002
                                          (next to be held NA July 2007); vice
                                          president elected by both houses of
                                          Parliament for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 16 August 1997
                                          (next to be held NA August 2002);
                                          prime minister elected by
                                          parliamentary members of the
                                          majority party following legislative
                                          elections; election last held NA
                                          October 1999 (next to be held NA
                                          October 2004)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Atal Bihari VAJPAYEE (since 19 March
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the president on the
                                          recommendation of the prime minister
                                          election results: Kocheril Raman
                                          NARAYANAN elected president; percent
                                          of electoral college vote - NA%;
                                          Krishnan KANT elected vice
                                          president; percent of Parliament
                                          vote - NA%; Atal Bihari VAJPAYEE
                                          elected prime minister; percent of
                                          vote - NA%
                      Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament or Sansad
                                          consists of the Council of States or
                                          Rajya Sabha (a body consisting of
                                          not more than 250 members, up to 12
                                          of which are appointed by the
                                          president, the remainder are chosen
                                          by the elected members of the state
                                          and territorial assemblies; members
                                          serve six-year terms) and the
                                          People's Assembly or Lok Sabha (545
                                          seats; 543 elected by popular vote,
                                          2 appointed by the president;
                                          members serve five-year terms)
                                          elections: People's Assembly - last
                                          held 5 September through 3 October
                                          1999 (next to be held NA 2004)
                                          election results: People's Assembly
                                          - percent of vote by party - BJP
                                          alliance 40.8%, Congress (I)
                                          alliance 33.8%, other 25.4%; seats
                                          by party - BJP alliance 304,
                                          Congress (I) alliance 134, other 107
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court (judges are appointed
                                          by the president and remain in
                                          office until they reach the age of
           Political parties and leaders: All India Anna Dravida Munnetra
                                          Kazhagam or AIADMK [C. Jayalalitha
                                          JAYARAM]; All India Forward Bloc or
                                          AIFB, [D. BISWAS (general
                                          secretary)]; Asom Gana Parishad
                                          [Brindaban GOSWAMI]; Bahujan Samaj
                                          Party or BSP [MAYAWATI]; Bharatiya
                                          Janata Party or BJP [Jana
                                          KRISNAMURTHY]; Biju Janata Dal or
                                          BJD [Naveen PATNAIK]; Communist
                                          Party of India or CPI [Ardhendu
                                          Bhushan BARDHAN]; Communist Party of
                                          India/Marxist-Leninist or CPI/ML
                                          [Dipankar BHATTACHARYA]; Congress
                                          (I) Party [Sonia GANDHI]; Dravida
                                          Munnetra Kazagham or DMK (a regional
                                          party in Tamil Nadu) [M.
                                          KARUNANIDHI]; Indian National League
                                          [Suliaman SAITH]; Janata Dal
                                          (Secular) [H. D. Deve GOWDA]; Janata
                                          Dal (United) or JDU [Sharad YADAV];
                                          Kerala Congress (Mani faction) [K.
                                          M. MANI]; Marumalarchi Dravida
                                          Munnetra Kazhagam or MDMK [VAIKO];
                                          Muslim League [G. M. BANATWALA];
                                          Nationalist Congress Party or NCP
                                          [Sharad PAWAR]; Rashtriya Janata Dal
                                          or RJD [Laloo Prasad YADAV];
                                          Revolutionary Socialist Party or RSP
                                          [Abani ROY]; Samajwadi Party or SP
                                          [Mulayam Singh YADAV]; Shiromani
                                          Akali Dal [G. S. TOHRA]; Shiv Sena
                                          [Bal THACKERAY]; Tamil Maanila
                                          Congress [G. K. VASAN]; Telugu Desam
                                          Party or TDP [Chandrababu NAIDU];
                                          Trinamool Congress [Mamata BANERJEE]
            Political pressure groups and numerous religious or militant/
                                 leaders: chauvinistic organizations,
                                          including Vishwa Hindu Parishad,
                                          Bajrang Dal, and Rashtriya
                                          Swayamsevak Sangh; various
                                          separatist groups seeking greater
                                          communal and/or regional autonomy,
                                          including the All Parties Hurriyat
               International organization AfDB, ARF (dialogue partner), AsDB,
                           participation: ASEAN (dialogue partner), BIS, C,
                                          CCC, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G- 6, G-15, G-
                                          19, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO,
                                          ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA
                                          (observer), IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO,
                                          ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM
                                          (observer), ISO, ITU, MIPONUH,
                                          MONUC, NAM, OAS (observer), OPCW,
                                          PCA, SAARC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
                                          UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNIKOM, UNMEE,
                                          UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOVIC, UNU, UPU,
                                          WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO,
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Lalit
                                          consulate(s) general: Chicago,
                                          Houston, New York, and San Francisco
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 483-3972
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 939-7000
                                          chancery: 2107 Massachusetts Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20008; note -
                                          Embassy located at 2536
                                          Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington,
                                          DC 20008
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Robert
                                      US: D. BLACKWILL (nominated March 2001)
                                          embassy: Shantipath, Chanakyapuri,
                                          New Delhi 110021
                                          mailing address: use embassy street
                                          telephone: [91] (11) 419-8000
                                          FAX: [91] (11) 419-0017
                                          consulate(s) general: Chennai
                                          (Madras), Kolkata (Calcutta), Mumbai
                        Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of
                                          orange (top), white, and green with
                                          a blue chakra (24-spoked wheel)
                                          centered in the white band; similar
                                          to the flag of Niger, which has a
                                          small orange disk centered in the
                                          white band
     Economy India
                      Economy - overview: India's economy encompasses
                                          traditional village farming, modern
                                          agriculture, handicrafts, a wide
                                          range of modern industries, and a
                                          multitude of support services. About
                                          a quarter of the population is too
                                          poor to be able to afford an
                                          adequate diet. India's international
                                          payments position remained strong in
                                          2001 with adequate foreign exchange
                                          reserves, and moderately
                                          depreciating nominal exchange rates.
                                          Growth in manufacturing output has
                                          slowed, and electricity shortages
                                          continue in many regions. India has
                                          large numbers of well-educated
                                          people skilled in English language;
                                          India is a major exporter of
                                          software services and software
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $2.5
                                          trillion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 5% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $2,500
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 25%
                                          industry: 26%
                                          services: 49% (2001)
           Population below poverty line: 25% (2001 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 3.5%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 33.5% (1997)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 37.8 (1997)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.5% (2000 est.)
                             Labor force: 406 million (1999)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 60%, services 23%,
                                          industry 17% (1999)
                       Unemployment rate: 4.4% (1999)
                                  Budget: revenues: $48.3 billion
                                          expenditures: $78.2 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $13.5 billion (FY01/02 est.)
                              Industries: textiles, chemicals, food
                                          processing, steel, transportation
                                          equipment, cement, mining,
                                          petroleum, machinery, software
       Industrial production growth rate: 4.3% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 547.12 billion kWh (FY 2000-01,
                                          utilities only) (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 83.4%
                                          hydro: 13.85%
                                          other: 0.18% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 2.57%
               Electricity - consumption: 509.89 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 321 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 1.385 billion kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute,
                                          tea, sugarcane, potatoes; cattle,
                                          water buffalo, sheep, goats,
                                          poultry; fish
                                 Exports: $44.5 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Exports - commodities: textile goods, gems and jewelry,
                                          engineering goods, chemicals,
                                          leather manufactures
                      Exports - partners: US 22.8%, Hong Kong 5.8%, Japan
                                          5.3%, UK 5.3%, Germany 4.6% (2000)
                                 Imports: $53.8 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: crude oil, machinery, gems,
                                          fertilizer, chemicals
                      Imports - partners: Benelux 8.5%, US 8%, UK 6.2%, Japan
                                          5.7%, Saudi Arabia 4.6% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $100.3 billion (end-March 2001)
                Economic aid - recipient: $2.9 billion (FY98/99)
                                Currency: Indian rupee (INR)
                           Currency code: INR
                          Exchange rates: Indian rupees per US dollar - 48.336
                                          (January 2002), 47.186 (2001),
                                          44.942 (2000), 43.055 (1999), 41.259
                                          (1998), 36.313 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
     Communications India
          Telephones - main lines in use: 27.7 million (October 2000)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 2.93 million (November 2000)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: mediocre
                                          service; local and long distance
                                          service provided throughout all
                                          regions of the country, with
                                          services primarily concentrated in
                                          the urban areas; major objective is
                                          to continue to expand and modernize
                                          long-distance network to keep pace
                                          with rapidly growing number of local
                                          subscriber lines; steady improvement
                                          is taking place with the recent
                                          admission of private and private-
                                          public investors, but, with
                                          telephone density at about two for
                                          each 100 persons and a waiting list
                                          of over 2 million, demand for main
                                          line telephone service will not be
                                          satisfied for a very long time
                                          domestic: local service is provided
                                          by microwave radio relay and coaxial
                                          cable, with open wire and obsolete
                                          electromechanical and manual
                                          switchboard systems still in use in
                                          rural areas; starting in the 1980s,
                                          a substantial amount of digital
                                          switch gear has been introduced for
                                          local and long-distance service;
                                          long-distance traffic is carried
                                          mostly by coaxial cable and low-
                                          capacity microwave radio relay;
                                          since 1985 significant trunk
                                          capacity has been added in the form
                                          of fiber-optic cable and a domestic
                                          satellite system with 254 earth
                                          stations; mobile cellular service is
                                          provided in four metropolitan cities
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 8 Intelsat (Indian Ocean)
                                          and 1 Inmarsat (Indian Ocean
                                          region); nine gateway exchanges
                                          operating from Mumbai (Bombay), New
                                          Delhi, Kolkata (Calcutta), Chennai
                                          (Madras), Jalandhar, Kanpur,
                                          Gaidhinagar, Hyderabad, and
                                          Ernakulam; 4 submarine cables -
                                          LOCOM linking Chennai (Madras) to
                                          Penang; Indo-UAE-Gulf cable linking
                                          Mumbai (Bombay) to Al Fujayrah, UAE;
                                          India-SEA-ME-WE-3, SEA-ME-WE-2 with
                                          landing sites at Cochin and Mumbai
                                          (Bombay); Fiber-Optic Link Around
                                          the Globe (FLAG) with landing site
                                          at Mumbai (Bombay) (2000)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 153, FM 91, shortwave 68 (1998)
                                  Radios: 116 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 562 (of which 82 stations have 1 kW
                                          or greater power and 480 stations
                                          have less than 1 kW of power) (1997)
                             Televisions: 63 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .in
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 43 (2000)
                          Internet users: 5 million (2001)
     Transportation India
                                Railways: total: 63,693 km (13,771 km
                                          broad gauge: 45,103 km 1.676-m gauge
                                          narrow gauge: 15,178 km 1.000-
                                          m gauge; 3,105 km 0.762-m gauge; 307
                                          km 0.610-m gauge (2001)
                                Highways: total: 3,319,644 km
                                          paved: 1,517,077 km
                                          unpaved: 1,802,567 km (1996)
                               Waterways: 16,180 km
                                          note: 3,631 km navigable by large
                               Pipelines: crude oil 3,005 km; petroleum
                                          products 2,687 km; natural gas 1,700
                                          km (1995)
                       Ports and harbors: Chennai (Madras), Cochin, Jawaharal
                                          Nehru, Kandla, Kolkata (Calcutta),
                                          Mumbai (Bombay), Vishakhapatnam
                         Merchant marine: total: 319 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 6,325,284 GRT/10,581,459
                                          ships by type: bulk 115, cargo 80,
                                          chemical tanker 16, combination bulk
                                          1, combination ore/oil 3, container
                                          13, liquefied gas 9, passenger/cargo
                                          5, petroleum tanker 74, short-sea
                                          passenger 2, specialized tanker 1
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: China 1, United Arab
                                          Emirates 10, United Kingdom 1 (2002
                                Airports: 335 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 234
                                          over 3,047 m: 14
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 48
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 75
                                          under 914 m: 17 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 80
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 101
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 7
                                          under 914 m: 52 (2001)
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 41
                               Heliports: 18 (2001)
     Military India
                       Military branches: Army, Navy (including naval air
                                          arm), Air Force, Strategic Nuclear
                                          Command (SNC), Coast Guard, various
                                          security or paramilitary forces
                                          (including Border Security Force,
                                          Assam Rifles, Rashtriya Rifles,
                                          National Security Guards, Indo-
                                          Tibetan Border Police, Special
                                          Frontier Force, Ladakh Scouts,
                                          Central Reserve Police Force,
                                          Central Industrial Security Force,
                                          Railway Protection Force, Defense
                                          Security Corps, and Indian Reserve
        Military manpower - military age: 17 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 285,729,565 (2002
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 167,599,380 (2002
                                 service: est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 10,879,384 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $12,079.7 million (FY01)
       Military expenditures - percent of 2.5% (FY01)
     Transnational Issues India
                Disputes - international: discussions with Bangladesh remain
                                          stalled to delimit a small section
                                          of river boundary, demarcate and
                                          fence off the entire boundary,
                                          exchange 162 minuscule enclaves, and
                                          allocate divided villages while
                                          skirmishes, illegal trafficking, and
                                          violence along the border continue;
                                          Bangladesh has protested India's
                                          attempts to fence off high traffic
                                          sections of the porous boundary;
                                          dispute with Bangladesh over New
                                          Moore/South Talpatty Island in the
                                          Bay of Bengal; much of the rugged,
                                          militarized boundary with China is
                                          in dispute but talks to resolve the
                                          least contested middle sector
                                          resumed in 2001; with Pakistan,
                                          armed stand-off over the status and
                                          sovereignty of Kashmir continues;
                                          dispute with Pakistan over terminus
                                          of Rann of Kutch prevents extension
                                          of a maritime boundary; water-
                                          sharing problems with Pakistan
                                          persist over the Indus River (Wular
                                          Barrage); Joint Border Committee
                                          formed with Nepal in 2001 is
                                          intended to resolve 53 disputed
                                          sections of boundary covering an
                                          area of 720 sq km
                           Illicit drugs: world's largest producer of licit
                                          opium for the pharmaceutical trade,
                                          but an undetermined quantity of
                                          opium is diverted to illicit
                                          international drug markets; transit
                                          country for illicit narcotics
                                          produced in neighboring countries;
                                          illicit producer of hashish and

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