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2 definitions found
 for Honduras
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a republic in Central America; achieved independence from
           Spain in 1821; an early center of Mayan culture [syn:
           Honduras, Republic of Honduras]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Honduras
                              Background: Part of Spain's vast empire in the
                                          New World, Honduras became an
                                          independent nation in 1821. After
                                          two and one-half decades of mostly
                                          military rule, a freely elected
                                          civilian government came to power in
                                          1982. During the 1980s, Honduras
                                          proved a haven for anti-Sandinista
                                          contras fighting the Marxist
                                          Nicaraguan Government and an ally to
                                          Salvadoran Government forces
                                          fighting against leftist guerrillas.
     Geography Honduras
                                Location: Middle America, bordering the
                                          Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and
                                          Nicaragua and bordering the North
                                          Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador
                                          and Nicaragua
                  Geographic coordinates: 15 00 N, 86 30 W
                          Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
                                    Area: total: 112,090 sq km
                                          land: 111,890 sq km
                                          water: 200 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Tennessee
                         Land boundaries: total: 1,520 km
                                          border countries: Guatemala 256 km,
                                          El Salvador 342 km, Nicaragua 922 km
                               Coastline: 820 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          continental shelf: natural extension
                                          of territory or to 200 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: subtropical in lowlands, temperate
                                          in mountains
                                 Terrain: mostly mountains in interior, narrow
                                          coastal plains
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Cerro Las Minas 2,870
                       Natural resources: timber, gold, silver, copper, lead,
                                          zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal,
                                          fish, hydropower
                                Land use: arable land: 15.15%
                                          permanent crops: 3.13%
                                          other: 81.72% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 760 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: frequent, but generally mild,
                                          earthquakes; extremely susceptible
                                          to damaging hurricanes and floods
                                          along the Caribbean coast
            Environment - current issues: urban population expanding;
                                          deforestation results from logging
                                          and the clearing of land for
                                          agricultural purposes; further land
                                          degradation and soil erosion
                                          hastened by uncontrolled development
                                          and improper land use practices such
                                          as farming of marginal lands; mining
                                          activities polluting Lago de Yojoa
                                          (the country's largest source of
                                          fresh water) as well as several
                                          rivers and streams with heavy metals
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification,
                                          Endangered Species, Hazardous
                                          Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine
                                          Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone
                                          Layer Protection, Ship Pollution,
                                          Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber
                                          94, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: has only a short Pacific coast but a
                                          long Caribbean shoreline, including
                                          the virtually uninhabited eastern
                                          Mosquito Coast
     People Honduras
                              Population: 6,560,608
                                          note: estimates for this country
                                          explicitly take into account the
                                          effects of excess mortality due to
                                          AIDS; this can result in lower life
                                          expectancy, higher infant mortality
                                          and death rates, lower population
                                          and growth rates, and changes in the
                                          distribution of population by age
                                          and sex than would otherwise be
                                          expected (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 41.8% (male 1,400,778;
                                          female 1,340,834)
                                          15-64 years: 54.6% (male 1,774,619;
                                          female 1,806,568)
                                          65 years and over: 3.6% (male
                                          112,100; female 125,709) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 2.34% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 31.21 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 5.74 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -2.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1 male(s)/female
                                          (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 30.48 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 68.77 years
                                          female: 70.51 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 67.11 years
                    Total fertility rate: 4.03 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 1.92% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 63,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 4,200 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Honduran(s)
                                          adjective: Honduran
                           Ethnic groups: mestizo (mixed Amerindian and
                                          European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black
                                          2%, white 1%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant
                               Languages: Spanish, Amerindian dialects
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 74%
                                          male: 74%
                                          female: 74.1% (1999)
     Government Honduras
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Honduras
                                          local short form: Honduras
                                          local long form: Republica de
                         Government type: democratic constitutional republic
                                 Capital: Tegucigalpa
                Administrative divisions: 18 departments (departamentos,
                                          singular - departamento); Atlantida,
                                          Choluteca, Colon, Comayagua, Copan,
                                          Cortes, El Paraiso, Francisco
                                          Morazan, Gracias a Dios, Intibuca,
                                          Islas de la Bahia, La Paz, Lempira,
                                          Ocotepeque, Olancho, Santa Barbara,
                                          Valle, Yoro
                            Independence: 15 September 1821 (from Spain)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 15 September
                            Constitution: 11 January 1982, effective 20
                                          January 1982; amended 1995
                            Legal system: rooted in Roman and Spanish civil
                                          law with increasing influence of
                                          English common law; recent judicial
                                          reforms include abandoning
                                          Napoleonic legal codes in favor of
                                          the oral adversarial system; accepts
                                          ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Ricardo
                                          (Joest) MADURO (since 27 January
                                          2002); First Vice President Vicente
                                          WILLIAMS Agasse (since 27 January
                                          2002); Second Vice President Armida
                                          Villela Maria DE LOPEZ Contreras
                                          (since 27 January 2002); Third Vice
                                          President Alberto DIAZ Lobo (since
                                          27 January 2002); note - the
                                          president is both the chief of state
                                          and head of government
                                          head of government: President
                                          Ricardo (Joest) MADURO (since 27
                                          January 2002); First Vice President
                                          Vicente WILLIAMS Agasse (since 27
                                          January 2002); Second Vice President
                                          Armida Villela Maria DE LOPEZ
                                          Contreras (since 27 January 2002);
                                          Third Vice President Alberto DIAZ
                                          Lobo (since 27 January 2002); note -
                                          the president is both the chief of
                                          state and head of government
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a four-year term;
                                          election last held 25 November 2001
                                          (next to be held NA November 2005)
                                          election results: Ricardo (Joest)
                                          MADURO (PN) elected president -
                                          52.2%, Raphael PINEDA Ponce (PL)
                                          44.3%, others 3.5%
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National Congress or
                                          Congreso Nacional (128 seats;
                                          members are elected proportionally
                                          to the number of votes their party's
                                          presidential candidate receives to
                                          serve four-year terms)
                                          elections: last held 25 November
                                          2001 (next to be held NA November
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA; seats by party - PN 61,
                                          PL 55, PUD 5, PDC 4, PINU-SD 3
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Justice or Corte
                                          Suprema de Justicia (judges are
                                          elected for seven-year terms by the
                                          National Congress)
           Political parties and leaders: Christian Democratic Party or PDC
                                          [Dr. Hernan CORRALES Padilla];
                                          Democratic Unification Party or PUD
                                          [leader NA]; Liberal Party or PL
                                          [Roberto MICHELETTI Bain]; National
                                          Innovation and Unity Party-Social
                                          Democratic Party or PINU-SD [Olban
                                          F. VALLADARES]; National Party of
                                          Honduras or PN [Raphael CALLEJAS]
            Political pressure groups and Committee for the Defense of Human
                                 leaders: Rights in Honduras or CODEH;
                                          Confederation of Honduran Workers or
                                          CTH; Coordinating Committee of
                                          Popular Organizations or CCOP;
                                          General Workers Confederation or
                                          CGT; Honduran Council of Private
                                          Enterprise or COHEP; National
                                          Association of Honduran Campesinos
                                          or ANACH; National Union of
                                          Campesinos or UNC; Popular Bloc or
                                          BP; United Federation of Honduran
                                          Workers or FUTH
               International organization BCIE, CACM, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB,
                           participation: IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD,
                                          IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol,
                                          IOC, IOM, ISO (subscriber), ITU,
                                          LAES, LAIA (observer), MINURSO, NAM,
                                          OAS, OPANAL, OPCW (signatory), PCA,
                                          RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU,
                                          WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO,
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Mario
                                          Miguel CANAHUATI
                                          honorary consulate(s): Boston,
                                          Detroit, Jacksonville, and St. Louis
                                          consulate(s) general: Chicago,
                                          Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New
                                          Orleans, New York, Phoenix, San
                                          Francisco, San Juan (Puerto Rico),
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 966-9751
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 966-7702
                                          chancery: Suite 4-M, 3007 Tilden
                                          Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Frank
                                      US: ALMAGUER
                                          embassy: Avenida La Paz, Apartado
                                          Postal No. 3453, Tegucigalpa
                                          mailing address: American Embassy,
                                          APO AA 34022, Tegucigalpa
                                          telephone: [504] 238-5114, 236-9320
                                          FAX: [504] 236-9037
                        Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of blue
                                          (top), white, and blue with five
                                          blue five-pointed stars arranged in
                                          an X pattern centered in the white
                                          band; the stars represent the
                                          members of the former Federal
                                          Republic of Central America - Costa
                                          Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala,
                                          Honduras, and Nicaragua; similar to
                                          the flag of El Salvador, which
                                          features a round emblem encircled by
                                          the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR
                                          EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL centered in
                                          the white band; also similar to the
                                          flag of Nicaragua, which features a
                                          triangle encircled by the word
                                          REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on top and
                                          AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom,
                                          centered in the white band
     Economy Honduras
                      Economy - overview: Honduras, one of the poorest
                                          countries in the Western Hemisphere
                                          with an extraordinarily unequal
                                          distribution of income, is banking
                                          on expanded trade privileges under
                                          the Enhanced Caribbean Basin
                                          Initiative and on debt relief under
                                          the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries
                                          (HIPC) initiative. While the country
                                          has met most of its macroeconomic
                                          targets, it failed to meet the IMF's
                                          goals to liberalize its energy and
                                          telecommunications sectors. Growth
                                          remains dependent on the status of
                                          the US economy, its major trading
                                          partner, on commodity prices,
                                          particularly coffee, and on
                                          containment of the recent rise in
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $17
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 2.1% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $2,600
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 18%
                                          industry: 32%
                                          services: 50% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 53% (1993 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 0.4%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 44.3% (1997)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 59 (1997)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 9.7% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 2.3 million (1997 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 34%, industry 21%,
                                          services 45% (2001 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 28% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $607 million
                                          expenditures: $411.9 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $106 million (1999 est.)
                              Industries: sugar, coffee, textiles, clothing,
                                          wood products
       Industrial production growth rate: 4% (1999 est.)
                Electricity - production: 3.573 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 36.89%
                                          hydro: 63.11%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 3.593 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 5 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 275 million kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: bananas, coffee, citrus; beef;
                                          timber; shrimp
                                 Exports: $2 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: coffee, bananas, shrimp, lobster,
                                          meat; zinc, lumber
                      Exports - partners: US 39.9%, El Salvador 9.2%, Germany
                                          7.9%, Belgium 5.8%, Guatemala 5.4%
                                 Imports: $2.7 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment,
                                          industrial raw materials, chemical
                                          products, fuels, foodstuffs
                      Imports - partners: US 46.1%, Guatemala 8.2%, El
                                          Salvador 6.6%, Mexico 4.7%, Japan
                                          4.6% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $5.6 billion (2001)
                Economic aid - recipient: $557.8 million (1999)
                                Currency: lempira (HNL)
                           Currency code: HNL
                          Exchange rates: lempiras per US dollar - 16.0256
                                          (January 2002), 15.9197 (2001),
                                          15.1407 (2000), 14.5039 (1999),
                                          13.8076 (1998), 13.0942 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Honduras
           Telephones - main lines in use: 234,000 (1997)
             Telephones - mobile cellular: 14,427 (1997)
                         Telephone system: general assessment: inadequate
                                           domestic: NA
                                           international: satellite earth
                                           stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic
                                           Ocean); connected to Central
                                           American Microwave System
                 Radio broadcast stations: AM 241, FM 53, shortwave 12 (1998)
                                   Radios: 2.45 million (1997)
            Television broadcast stations: 11 (plus 17 repeaters) (1997)
                              Televisions: 570,000 (1997)
                    Internet country code: .hn
        Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 8 (2000)
                           Internet users: 40,000 (2000)
     Transportation Honduras
                                Railways: total: 595 km
                                          narrow gauge: 318 km 1.067-m gauge;
                                          277 km 0.914-m gauge (2000)
                                Highways: total: 15,400 km
                                          paved: 3,126 km
                                          unpaved: 12,274 km (1999 est.)
                               Waterways: 465 km (navigable by small craft)
                       Ports and harbors: La Ceiba, Puerto Castilla, Puerto
                                          Cortes, San Lorenzo, Tela, Puerto
                         Merchant marine: total: 284 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 749,243 GRT/846,942 DWT
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Argentina 1, Bahrain 1,
                                          Belize 1, British Virgin Islands 1,
                                          Bulgaria 1, China 8, Costa Rica 1,
                                          Cyprus 1, Egypt 6, El Salvador 1,
                                          Germany 1, Greece 18, Hong Kong 3,
                                          Indonesia 2, Italy 1, Japan 7,
                                          Lebanon 4, Liberia 4, Maldives 2,
                                          Marshall Islands 1, Mexico 1,
                                          Nigeria 1, Norway 1, Panama 14,
                                          Philippines 1, Romania 2, Russia 1,
                                          Saint Kitts and Nevis 3, Saint
                                          Vincent and the Grenadines 1,
                                          Singapore 24, South Korea 12, Spain
                                          1, Syria 1, Taiwan 4, Tanzania 1,
                                          Trinidad and Tobago 1, Turkey 2,
                                          Turks and Caicos Islands 1, United
                                          Arab Emirates 6, United Kingdom 1,
                                          United States 5, Vanuatu 1, Vietnam
                                          1, Virgin Islands (UK) 1 (2002 est.)
                                          ships by type: bulk 20, cargo 166,
                                          chemical tanker 5, container 6,
                                          livestock carrier 1, passenger 3,
                                          passenger/cargo 3, petroleum tanker
                                          54, refrigerated cargo 12, roll on/
                                          roll off 8, short-sea passenger 4,
                                          specialized tanker 1, vehicle
                                          carrier 1
                                Airports: 117 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 12
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 3
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 3
                                          under 914 m: 4 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 105
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 20
                                          under 914 m: 83 (2001)
     Military Honduras
                       Military branches: Army, Navy (including marines), Air
        Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 1,563,174 (2002
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 930,718 (2002 est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 72,335 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $35 million (FY99)
       Military expenditures - percent of 0.6% (FY99)
     Transnational Issues Honduras
                Disputes - international: Honduras claims Sapodilla Cays off
                                          the coast of Belize; El Salvador
                                          disputes tiny Conejo Island off
                                          Honduras in the Golfo de Fonseca;
                                          many of the "bolsones" (disputed
                                          areas) along the El Salvador-
                                          Honduras boundary remain
                                          undemarcated despite ICJ
                                          adjudication in 1992; with respect
                                          to the maritime boundary in the
                                          Golfo de Fonseca, the ICJ referred
                                          to the line determined by the 1900
                                          Honduras-Nicaragua Mixed Boundary
                                          Commission and advised a tripartite
                                          resolution among El Salvador,
                                          Honduras, and Nicaragua; Nicaragua
                                          filed a claim against Honduras in
                                          1999 and against Colombia in 2001 at
                                          the ICJ over disputed maritime
                                          boundary involving 50,000 sq km in
                                          the Caribbean Sea, including the
                                          Archipelago de San Andres y
                                          Providencia and Quita Sueno Bank
                           Illicit drugs: transshipment point for drugs and
                                          narcotics; illicit producer of
                                          cannabis, cultivated on small plots
                                          and used principally for local
                                          consumption; corruption is a major
                                          problem; vulnerable to money

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