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2 definitions found
 for Guinea-Bissau
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a republic on the northwestern coast of Africa; recognized
           as independent by Portugal in 1974 [syn: Guinea-Bissau,
           Republic of Guinea-Bissau, Guine-Bissau, Portuguese

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Guinea-Bissau
                              Background: In 1994, 20 years after independence
                                          from Portugal, the country's first
                                          multiparty legislative and
                                          presidential elections were held. An
                                          army uprising that triggered a
                                          bloody civil war in 1998, created
                                          hundreds of thousands of displaced
                                          persons. The president was ousted by
                                          a military junta in May 1999. An
                                          interim government turned over power
                                          in February 2000 when opposition
                                          leader Kumba YALA took office
                                          following two rounds of transparent
                                          presidential elections. Guinea-
                                          Bissau's transition back to
                                          democracy will be complicated by its
                                          crippled economy devastated in the
                                          civil war.
     Geography Guinea-Bissau
                                Location: Western Africa, bordering the North
                                          Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and
                  Geographic coordinates: 12 00 N, 15 00 W
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 36,120 sq km
                                          water: 8,120 sq km
                                          land: 28,000 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly less than three times the
                                          size of Connecticut
                         Land boundaries: total: 724 km
                                          border countries: Guinea 386 km,
                                          Senegal 338 km
                               Coastline: 350 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; generally hot and humid;
                                          monsoonal-type rainy season (June to
                                          November) with southwesterly winds;
                                          dry season (December to May) with
                                          northeasterly harmattan winds
                                 Terrain: mostly low coastal plain rising to
                                          savanna in east
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: unnamed location in
                                          the northeast corner of the country
                                          300 m
                       Natural resources: fish, timber, phosphates, bauxite,
                                          unexploited deposits of petroleum
                                Land use: arable land: 10.67%
                                          permanent crops: 1.78%
                                          other: 87.55% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 170 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may
                                          reduce visibility during dry season;
                                          brush fires
            Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion;
                                          overgrazing; overfishing
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Law of the Sea, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: this small country is swampy along
                                          its western coast and low-lying
                                          further inland
     People Guinea-Bissau
                              Population: 1,345,479 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 41.9% (male 281,394;
                                          female 282,641)
                                          15-64 years: 55.2% (male 353,755;
                                          female 388,968)
                                          65 years and over: 2.9% (male
                                          17,130; female 21,591) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 2.23% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 38.95 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 15.05 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -1.62 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.94 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 108.54 deaths/1,000 live births
                                          (2002 est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 49.8 years
                                          female: 52.2 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 47.47 years
                    Total fertility rate: 5.13 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 2.5% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 14,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 1,300 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Guinean (s)
                                          adjective: Guinean
                           Ethnic groups: African 99% (Balanta 30%, Fula 20%,
                                          Manjaca 14%, Mandinga 13%, Papel
                                          7%), European and mulatto less than
                               Religions: indigenous beliefs 50%, Muslim 45%,
                                          Christian 5%
                               Languages: Portuguese (official), Crioulo,
                                          African languages
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 34%
                                          male: 50%
                                          female: 18% (2000 est.)
     Government Guinea-Bissau
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Guinea-
                                          local short form: Guine-Bissau
                                          local long form: Republica da Guine-
                                          former: Portuguese Guinea
                         Government type: republic, multiparty since mid-1991
                                 Capital: Bissau
                Administrative divisions: 9 regions (regioes, singular -
                                          regiao); Bafata, Biombo, Bissau,
                                          Bolama, Cacheu, Gabu, Oio, Quinara,
                                          Tombali; note - Bolama may have been
                                          renamed Bolama/Bijagos
                            Independence: 24 September 1973 (unilaterally
                                          declared by Guinea-Bissau); 10
                                          September 1974 (recognized by
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 24 September
                            Constitution: 16 May 1984, amended 4 May 1991, 4
                                          December 1991, 26 February 1993, 9
                                          June 1993, and 1996
                            Legal system: NA
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Kumba YALA
                                          (since 18 February 2000)
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 28 November 1999
                                          and 16 January 2000 (next to be held
                                          NA 2004); prime minister appointed
                                          by the president after consultation
                                          with party leaders in the
                                          election results: Kumba YALA elected
                                          president; percent of vote, second
                                          ballot - Kumba YALA (PRS) 72%, Malan
                                          Bacai SANHA (PAIGC) 28%
                                          cabinet: NA
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Alamara Intchia NHASSE (since 7
                                          December 2001)
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National People's
                                          Assembly or Assembleia Nacional
                                          Popular (100 seats; members are
                                          elected by popular vote to serve a
                                          maximum of four years)
                                          elections: last held 28 November
                                          1999 (next to be held NA 2003)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - PRS
                                          37, RGB 27, PAIGC 25, 11 remaining
                                          seats went to 5 of the remaining 10
                                          parties that fielded candidates
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Supremo Tribunal da
                                          Justica (consists of nine justices
                                          who are appointed by the president
                                          and serve at his pleasure; final
                                          court of appeals in criminal and
                                          civil cases); Regional Courts (one
                                          in each of nine regions; first court
                                          of appeals for Sectoral Court
                                          decisions; hear all felony cases and
                                          civil cases valued at over $1,000);
                                          24 Sectoral Courts (judges are not
                                          necessarily trained lawyers; they
                                          hear civil cases under $1,000 and
                                          misdemeanor criminal cases)
           Political parties and leaders: African Party for the Independence
                                          of Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde or
                                          PAIGC [Francisco BENANTE]; Front for
                                          the Liberation and Independence of
                                          Guinea or FLING [Francois MENDY];
                                          Guinea-Bissau Resistance-Ba Fata
                                          Movement or RGB-MB [Helder Vaz
                                          LOPES]; Guinean Civic Forum or FCG
                                          [Antonieta Rosa GOMES];
                                          International League for Ecological
                                          Protection or LIPE [Alhaje Bubacar
                                          DJALO, president]; National Union
                                          for Democracy and Progress or UNDP
                                          [Abubacer BALDE, secretary general];
                                          Party for Democratic Convergence or
                                          PCD [Victor MANDINGA]; Social
                                          Renovation Party or PRS [Kumba
                                          YALA]; Union for Change or UM [Jorge
                                          MANDINGA, president, Dr. Anne SAAD,
                                          secretary general]; United Social
                                          Democratic Party or PUSD [Victor
                                          Sau'de MARIA]
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization ACCT, ACP, AfDB, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO,
                           participation: FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM,
                                          IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO,
                                          IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU,
                                          NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW (signatory), UN,
                                          UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WADB
                                          (regional), WAEMU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO,
                                          WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador
                                          (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Henrique
                                          Adriano DA SILVA
                                          chancery: c/o P. O. Box 33813,
                                          Washington, DC 20033-3813
                                          telephone: [1] (301) 947-3958
                                          FAX: [1] (391) 947-3958
       Diplomatic representation from the the US Embassy suspended operations
                                      US: on 14 June 1998 in the midst of
                                          violent conflict between forces
                                          loyal to then President VIEIRA and
                                          military-led junta; for the time
                                          being, US embassy Dakar is
                                          responsible for covering Guinea-
                                          Bissau: [221] 823-4296
                        Flag description: two equal horizontal bands of yellow
                                          (top) and green with a vertical red
                                          band on the hoist side; there is a
                                          black five-pointed star centered in
                                          the red band; uses the popular pan-
                                          African colors of Ethiopia
     Economy Guinea-Bissau
                      Economy - overview: One of the 10 poorest countries in
                                          the world, Guinea-Bissau depends
                                          mainly on farming and fishing.
                                          Cashew crops have increased
                                          remarkably in recent years, and the
                                          country now ranks sixth in cashew
                                          production. Guinea-Bissau exports
                                          fish and seafood along with small
                                          amounts of peanuts, palm kernels,
                                          and timber. Rice is the major crop
                                          and staple food. However,
                                          intermittent fighting between
                                          Senegalese-backed government troops
                                          and a military junta destroyed much
                                          of the country's infrastructure and
                                          caused widespread damage to the
                                          economy in 1998; the civil war led
                                          to a 28% drop in GDP that year, with
                                          partial recovery in 1999-2001.
                                          Before the war, trade reform and
                                          price liberalization were the most
                                          successful part of the country's
                                          structural adjustment program under
                                          IMF sponsorship. The tightening of
                                          monetary policy and the development
                                          of the private sector had also begun
                                          to reinvigorate the economy. Because
                                          of high costs, the development of
                                          petroleum, phosphate, and other
                                          mineral resources is not a near-term
                                          prospect. However, unexploited
                                          offshore oil reserves could provide
                                          much-needed revenue in the long run.
                                          The inequality of income
                                          distribution is one of the most
                                          extreme in the world. The government
                                          and international donors continue to
                                          work out plans to forward economic
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $1.2
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 7.2% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $900 (2001
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 54%
                                          industry: 15%
                                          services: 31% (1997 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 0.5%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 42.4% (1991)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 5% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 480,000
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 82% (2000 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: NA%
                                  Budget: revenues: $NA
                                          expenditures: $NA, including capital
                                          expenditures of $NA
                              Industries: agricultural products processing,
                                          beer, soft drinks
       Industrial production growth rate: 2.6% (1997 est.)
                Electricity - production: 60 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 55.8 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: rice, corn, beans, cassava
                                          (tapioca), cashew nuts, peanuts,
                                          palm kernels, cotton; timber; fish
                                 Exports: $80 million (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: cashew nuts 70%, shrimp, peanuts,
                                          palm kernels, sawn lumber
                      Exports - partners: India 51.4%, Italy 2.7%, South Korea
                                          2.0%, Belgium 2.0% (2000)
                                 Imports: $55.2 million (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, machinery and transport
                                          equipment, petroleum products
                      Imports - partners: Portugal 30%, Senegal 14.6%,
                                          Thailand 8.5%, China 5.7% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $931 million (1999 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $115.4 million (1995)
                                Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine
                                          franc (XOF); note - responsible
                                          authority is the Central Bank of the
                                          West African States; previously the
                                          Guinea-Bissau peso (GWP) was used
                           Currency code: XOF; GWP
                          Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine
                                          francs (XOF) per US dollar - 742.79
                                          (January 2002), 733.04 (2001),
                                          711.98 (2000), 615.70 (1999), 589.95
                                          (1998), 583.67 (1997)
                                          note: as of 1 May 1997, Guinea-
                                          Bissau adopted the XOF franc as the
                                          national currency; since 1 January
                                          1999, the XOF franc is pegged to the
                                          euro at a rate of 655.957 XOF francs
                                          per euro
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Guinea-Bissau
           Telephones - main lines in use: 10,000 (2001)
             Telephones - mobile cellular: NA
                         Telephone system: general assessment: small system
                                           domestic: combination of microwave
                                           radio relay, open-wire lines,
                                           radiotelephone, and cellular
                                           international: NA
                 Radio broadcast stations: AM 1 (transmitter out of service),
                                           FM 4, shortwave 0 (2002)
                                   Radios: 49,000 (1997)
            Television broadcast stations: NA (1997)
                              Televisions: NA
                    Internet country code: .gw
        Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2002)
                           Internet users: 1,500 (1999)
     Transportation Guinea-Bissau
                                   Railways: 0 km
                                   Highways: total: 4,400 km
                                             paved: 453 km
                                             unpaved: 3,947 km (1996)
                                  Waterways: several rivers are accessible to
                                             coastal shipping
                          Ports and harbors: Bissau, Buba, Cacheu, Farim
                            Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                   Airports: 28 (2001)
              Airports - with paved runways: total: 3
                                             over 3,047 m: 1
                                             1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                             914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
            Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 25
                                             1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                             914 to 1,523 m: 4
                                             under 914 m: 20 (2001)
     Military Guinea-Bissau
                       Military branches: People's Revolutionary Armed Force
                                          (FARP; includes Army, Navy, and Air
                                          Force), paramilitary force
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 313,573 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 178,404 (2002 est.)
           Military expenditures - dollar $5.6 million (FY01)
       Military expenditures - percent of 2.8% (FY01)
     Transnational Issues Guinea-Bissau
                Disputes - international: Senegalese separatists disrupt legal
                                          border trade with smuggling, cattle
                                          rustling, and other illegal

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