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2 definitions found
 for Guatemala
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a republic in Central America; achieved independence from
           Spain in 1821; noted for low per capita income and
           illiteracy; politically unstable [syn: Guatemala,
           Republic of Guatemala]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Guatemala
                              Background: Guatemala was freed of Spanish
                                          colonial rule in 1821. During the
                                          second half of the 20th century, it
                                          experienced a variety of military
                                          and civilian governments as well as
                                          a 36-year guerrilla war. In 1996,
                                          the government signed a peace
                                          agreement formally ending the
                                          conflict, which had led to the death
                                          of more than 100,000 people and had
                                          created some 1 million refugees.
     Geography Guatemala
                                Location: Middle America, bordering the
                                          Caribbean Sea, between Honduras and
                                          Belize and bordering the North
                                          Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador
                                          and Mexico
                  Geographic coordinates: 15 30 N, 90 15 W
                          Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
                                    Area: total: 108,890 sq km
                                          water: 460 sq km
                                          land: 108,430 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Tennessee
                         Land boundaries: total: 1,687 km
                                          border countries: Belize 266 km, El
                                          Salvador 203 km, Honduras 256 km,
                                          Mexico 962 km
                               Coastline: 400 km
                         Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200-m depth or to
                                          the depth of exploitation
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; hot, humid in lowlands;
                                          cooler in highlands
                                 Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow coastal
                                          plains and rolling limestone plateau
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Volcan Tajumulco
                                          4,211 m
                       Natural resources: petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish,
                                          chicle, hydropower
                                Land use: arable land: 12.54%
                                          permanent crops: 5.03%
                                          other: 82.43% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 1,250 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: numerous volcanoes in mountains,
                                          with occasional violent earthquakes;
                                          Caribbean coast extremely
                                          susceptible to hurricanes and other
                                          tropical storms
            Environment - current issues: deforestation in the Peten
                                          rainforest; soil erosion; water
              Environment - international party to: Antarctic Treaty,
                              agreements: Biodiversity, Climate Change,
                                          Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol,
                                          Desertification, Endangered Species,
                                          Environmental Modification,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea,
                                          Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban,
                                          Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
                                          Pollution, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-
                                          Environmental Protocol
                        Geography - note: no natural harbors on west coast
     People Guatemala
                              Population: 13,314,079 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 41.8% (male 2,841,486;
                                          female 2,725,343)
                                          15-64 years: 54.5% (male 3,629,363;
                                          female 3,630,273)
                                          65 years and over: 3.7% (male
                                          227,369; female 260,245) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 2.57% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 34.17 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 6.67 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -1.79 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.01 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 44.55 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 66.85 years
                                          female: 69.66 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 64.16 years
                    Total fertility rate: 4.51 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 1.38% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 73,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 3,600 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Guatemalan(s)
                                          adjective: Guatemalan
                           Ethnic groups: Mestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish or
                                          assimilated Amerindian - in local
                                          Spanish called Ladino),
                                          approximately 55%, Amerindian or
                                          predominantly Amerindian,
                                          approximately 43%, whites and others
                               Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant,
                                          indigenous Mayan beliefs
                               Languages: Spanish 60%, Amerindian languages
                                          40% (more than 20 Amerindian
                                          languages, including Quiche,
                                          Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna,
                                          and Xinca)
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 63.6%
                                          male: 68.7%
                                          female: 58.5% (2000 est.)
     Government Guatemala
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Guatemala
                                          local short form: Guatemala
                                          local long form: Republica de
                         Government type: constitutional democratic republic
                                 Capital: Guatemala
                Administrative divisions: 22 departments (departamentos,
                                          singular - departamento); Alta
                                          Verapaz, Baja Verapaz,
                                          Chimaltenango, Chiquimula, El
                                          Progreso, Escuintla, Guatemala,
                                          Huehuetenango, Izabal, Jalapa,
                                          Jutiapa, Peten, Quetzaltenango,
                                          Quiche, Retalhuleu, Sacatepequez,
                                          San Marcos, Santa Rosa, Solola,
                                          Suchitepequez, Totonicapan, Zacapa
                            Independence: 15 September 1821 (from Spain)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 15 September
                            Constitution: 31 May 1985, effective 14 January
                                          1986; note - suspended 25 May 1993
                                          by former President SERRANO;
                                          reinstated 5 June 1993 following
                                          ouster of president; amended
                                          November 1993
                            Legal system: civil law system; judicial review of
                                          legislative acts; has not accepted
                                          compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal (active
                                          duty members of the armed forces may
                                          not vote)
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Alfonso
                                          Antonio PORTILLO Cabrera (since 14
                                          January 2000); Vice President Juan
                                          Francisco REYES Lopez (since 14
                                          January 2000); note - the president
                                          is both the chief of state and head
                                          of government
                                          head of government: President
                                          Alfonso Antonio PORTILLO Cabrera
                                          (since 14 January 2000); Vice
                                          President Juan Francisco REYES Lopez
                                          (since 14 January 2000); note - the
                                          president is both the chief of state
                                          and head of government
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the president
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a four-year term;
                                          election last held 7 November 1999;
                                          runoff held 26 December 1999 (next
                                          to be held NA November 2003)
                                          election results: Alfonso Antonio
                                          PORTILLO Cabrera elected president;
                                          percent of vote - Alfonso Antonio
                                          PORTILLO Cabrera (FRG) 68%, Oscar
                                          BERGER Perdomo (PAN) 32%
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Congress of the Republic
                                          or Congreso de la Republica (113
                                          seats; members are elected by
                                          popular vote to serve four-year
                                          elections: last held 7 November 1999
                                          (next to be held NA November 2003)
                                          note: for the 7 November 1999
                                          election, the number of
                                          congressional seats increased to 113
                                          from 80
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - FRG
                                          63, PAN 37, ANN 9, DCG 2, UD/LOV 1,
                                          PLP 1
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Justice or Corte
                                          Suprema de Justicia (thirteen
                                          members serve concurrent five-year
                                          terms and elect a president of the
                                          Court each year from among their
                                          number; the president of the Supreme
                                          Court of Justice also supervises
                                          trial judges around the country, who
                                          are named to five-year terms);
                                          Constitutional Court or Corte de
                                          Constitutcionalidad (five judges are
                                          elected for concurrent five-year
                                          terms by Congress, each serving one
                                          year as president of the
                                          Constitutional Court; one is elected
                                          by Congress, one elected by the
                                          Supreme Court of Justice, one
                                          appointed by the President, one
                                          elected by Superior Counsel of
                                          Universidad San Carlos de Guatemala,
                                          and one by Colegio de Abogados)
           Political parties and leaders: Authentic Integral Development or
                                          DIA [Jorge Luis ORTEGA]; Democratic
                                          Union or UD [Jose Luis CHEA
                                          Urruela]; Green Party or LOV [Jose
                                          ASTURIAS Rudecke]; Guatemalan
                                          Christian Democracy or DCG [Vinicio
                                          CEREZO Arevalo]; Guatemalan National
                                          Revolutionary Unity or URNG [Pablo
                                          MONSANTO, also known as Jorge SOTO];
                                          Guatemalan Republican Front or FRG
                                          [Efrain RIOS Montt]; New Nation
                                          Alliance or ANN [leader NA], which
                                          includes the URNG; National
                                          Advancement Party or PAN [Leonel
                                          LOPEZ Rodas]; Progressive Liberator
                                          Party or PLP [Acisclo VALLADARES
            Political pressure groups and Agrarian Owners Group or UNAGRO;
                                 leaders: Alliance Against Impunity or AAI;
                                          Committee for Campesino Unity or
                                          CUC; Coordinating Committee of
                                          Agricultural, Commercial,
                                          Industrial, and Financial
                                          Associations or CACIF; Mutual
                                          Support Group or GAM
               International organization BCIE, CACM, CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-24,
                           participation: G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU,
                                          ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO,
                                          ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM,
                                          ISO (correspondent), ITU, LAES, LAIA
                                          (observer), NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW
                                          (signatory), PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD,
                                          UNESCO, UNIDO, UNU, UPU, WCL, WFTU,
                                          WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Ariel
                                          RIVERA Irias
                                          chancery: 2220 R Street NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20008
                                          consulate(s) general: Chicago,
                                          Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New
                                          York, and San Francisco
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 745-1908
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 745-4952
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador
                                      US: Prudence BUSHNELL
                                          embassy: 7-01 Avenida Reforma, Zone
                                          10, Guatemala City
                                          mailing address: APO AA 34024
                                          telephone: [502] 331-1541/55
                                          FAX: [502] 334-8477
                        Flag description: three equal vertical bands of light
                                          blue (hoist side), white, and light
                                          blue with the coat of arms centered
                                          in the white band; the coat of arms
                                          includes a green and red quetzal
                                          (the national bird) and a scroll
                                          bearing the inscription LIBERTAD 15
                                          DE SEPTIEMBRE DE 1821 (the original
                                          date of independence from Spain) all
                                          superimposed on a pair of crossed
                                          rifles and a pair of crossed swords
                                          and framed by a wreath
     Economy Guatemala
                      Economy - overview: The agricultural sector accounts for
                                          about one-fourth of GDP, two-thirds
                                          of exports, and half of the labor
                                          force. Coffee, sugar, and bananas
                                          are the main products. Former
                                          President ARZU (1996-2000) worked to
                                          implement a program of economic
                                          liberalization and political
                                          modernization. The 1996 signing of
                                          the peace accords, which ended 36
                                          years of civil war, removed a major
                                          obstacle to foreign investment. In
                                          1998, Hurricane Mitch caused
                                          relatively little damage to
                                          Guatemala compared to its neighbors.
                                          Ongoing challenges include
                                          increasing government revenues,
                                          negotiating further assistance from
                                          international donors, and increasing
                                          the efficiency and openness of both
                                          government and private financial
                                          operations. Despite low
                                          international prices for Guatemala's
                                          main commodities, the economy grew
                                          by 3% in 2000 and 2.3% in 2001.
                                          Guatemala, along with Honduras and
                                          El Salvador, recently concluded a
                                          free trade agreement with Mexico and
                                          has moved to protect international
                                          property rights. However, the
                                          PORTILLO administration has
                                          undertaken a review of
                                          privatizations under the previous
                                          administration, thereby creating
                                          some uncertainty among investors.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $48.3
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 2.3% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $3,700
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 23%
                                          industry: 20%
                                          services: 57% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 60% (2000 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 1.6%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 46% (1998)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 55.8 (1998)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 7.6% (2001)
                             Labor force: 4.2 million (1999 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 50%, industry 15%,
                                          services 35% (1999 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 7.5% (1999 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $2.1 billion
                                          expenditures: $2.5 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2000 est.)
                              Industries: sugar, textiles and clothing,
                                          furniture, chemicals, petroleum,
                                          metals, rubber, tourism
       Industrial production growth rate: 4.1% (1999)
                Electricity - production: 5.929 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 50.35%
                                          hydro: 44.54%
                                          other: 5.11% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 4.797 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 840 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 123 million kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: sugarcane, corn, bananas, coffee,
                                          beans, cardamom; cattle, sheep,
                                          pigs, chickens
                                 Exports: $2.9 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Exports - commodities: coffee, sugar, bananas, fruits and
                                          vegetables, cardamom, meat, apparel,
                                          petroleum, electricity
                      Exports - partners: US 57%, El Salvador 8.7%, Costa Rica
                                          3.7%, Nicaragua 2.8%, Germany 2.6%
                                 Imports: $4.9 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: fuels, machinery and transport
                                          equipment, construction materials,
                                          grain, fertilizers, electricity
                      Imports - partners: US 35.2%, Mexico 12.6%, South Korea
                                          7.9%, El Salvador 6.4%, Venezuela
                                          3.9% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $4.5 billion (2001 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $212 million (1995)
                                Currency: quetzal (GTQ), US dollar (USD),
                                          others allowed
                           Currency code: GTQ; USD
                          Exchange rates: quetzales per US dollar - 8.0165
                                          (January 2002), 7.8586 (2001),
                                          7.7632 (2000), 7.3856 (1999), 6.3947
                                          (1998), 6.0653 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Guatemala
          Telephones - main lines in use: 665,061 (June 2000)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 663,296 (September 2000)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: fairly modern
                                          network centered in the city of
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: connected to Central
                                          American Microwave System; satellite
                                          earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 130, FM 487, shortwave 15 (2000)
                                  Radios: 835,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 26 (plus 27 repeaters) (1997)
                             Televisions: 1.323 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .gt
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 5 (2000)
                          Internet users: 65,000 (2000)
     Transportation Guatemala
                                Railways: total: 884 km
                                          narrow gauge: 884 km 0.914-m gauge
                                          note: much of the railway is
                                          inoperable (2001 est.)
                                Highways: total: 13,856 km
                                          paved: 4,370 km (including 140 km of
                                          unpaved: 9,486 km (1998)
                               Waterways: 990 km
                                          note: 260 km navigable year round;
                                          additional 730 km navigable during
                                          highwater season
                               Pipelines: crude oil 275 km
                       Ports and harbors: Champerico, Puerto Barrios, Puerto
                                          Quetzal, San Jose, Santo Tomas de
                         Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 475 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 11
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 3
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 4
                                          under 914 m: 2 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 464
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 9
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 123
                                          under 914 m: 331 (2001)
     Military Guatemala
                        Military branches: Army, Navy (includes Marines), Air
         Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
         Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 3,186,894 (2002
      Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 2,080,504 (2002
                                  service: est.)
     Military manpower - reaching military males: 140,358 (2002 est.)
                             age annually:
            Military expenditures - dollar $120 million (FY99)
        Military expenditures - percent of 0.6% (FY99)
     Transnational Issues Guatemala
                Disputes - international: the "Line of Adjacency", established
                                          as an agreed limit in 2000 to check
                                          squatters settling in Belize,
                                          remains in place while OAS assists
                                          states to resolve Guatemalan
                                          territorial claims in Belize and
                                          Guatemalan maritime access to the
                                          Caribbean Sea
                           Illicit drugs: transit country for cocaine and
                                          heroin; minor producer of illicit
                                          opium poppy and cannabis for mostly
                                          domestic consumption; proximity to
                                          Mexico makes Guatemala a major
                                          staging area for drugs (cocaine and
                                          heroin shipments); money laundering
                                          is a serious problem; corruption is
                                          a major problem

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