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2 definitions found
 for Guam
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: the largest and southernmost island in the Marianas which
           is administered as a territory of the United States; it was
           ceded by Spain to the United States in 1898 [syn: Guam,

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Guam
                              Background: Guam was ceded to the US by Spain in
                                          1898. Captured by the Japanese in
                                          1941, it was retaken by the US three
                                          years later. The military
                                          installation on the island is one of
                                          the most strategically important US
                                          bases in the Pacific.
     Geography Guam
                                Location: Oceania, island in the North Pacific
                                          Ocean, about three-quarters of the
                                          way from Hawaii to the Philippines
                  Geographic coordinates: 13 28 N, 144 47 E
                          Map references: Oceania
                                    Area: total: 549 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 549 sq km
                      Area - comparative: three times the size of Washington,
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 125.5 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical marine; generally warm and
                                          humid, moderated by northeast trade
                                          winds; dry season from January to
                                          June, rainy season from July to
                                          December; little seasonal
                                          temperature variation
                                 Terrain: volcanic origin, surrounded by coral
                                          reefs; relatively flat coralline
                                          limestone plateau (source of most
                                          fresh water), with steep coastal
                                          cliffs and narrow coastal plains in
                                          north, low hills in center,
                                          mountains in south
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Mount Lamlam 406 m
                       Natural resources: fishing (largely undeveloped),
                                          tourism (especially from Japan)
                                Land use: arable land: 10.91%
                                          permanent crops: 10.91%
                                          other: 78.18% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: frequent squalls during rainy
                                          season; relatively rare, but
                                          potentially very destructive
                                          typhoons (June - December)
            Environment - current issues: extirpation of native bird
                                          population by the rapid
                                          proliferation of the brown tree
                                          snake, an exotic, invasive species
                        Geography - note: largest and southernmost island in
                                          the Mariana Islands archipelago;
                                          strategic location in western North
                                          Pacific Ocean
     People Guam
                              Population: 160,796 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 35.1% (male 29,706;
                                          female 26,813)
                                          15-64 years: 58.6% (male 49,457;
                                          female 44,697)
                                          65 years and over: 6.3% (male 5,070;
                                          female 5,053) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.99% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 24.09 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 4.24 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.14 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 1 male(s)/female
                                          total population: 1.1 male(s)/female
                                          (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 6.58 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 78.11 years
                                          female: 80.72 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 75.81 years
                    Total fertility rate: 3.73 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Guamanian(s)
                                          adjective: Guamanian
                           Ethnic groups: Chamorro 37%, Filipino 26%, white
                                          10%, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and
                                          other 27%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 85%, other 15% (1999
                               Languages: English, Chamorro, Japanese
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 99%
                                          male: 99%
                                          female: 99% (1990 est.)
     Government Guam
                            Country name: conventional long form: Territory of
                                          conventional short form: Guam
                                          local long form: Guahan
                       Dependency status: organized, unincorporated territory
                                          of the US with policy relations
                                          between Guam and the US under the
                                          jurisdiction of the Office of
                                          Insular Affairs, US Department of
                                          the Interior
                         Government type: NA
                                 Capital: Hagatna (Agana)
                Administrative divisions: none (territory of the US)
                            Independence: none (territory of the US)
                        National holiday: Discovery Day, first Monday in March
                            Constitution: Organic Act of 1 August 1950
                            Legal system: modeled on US; US federal laws apply
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal; US
                                          citizens, but do not vote in US
                                          presidential elections
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President George W.
                                          BUSH of the US (since 20 January
                                          2001); Vice President Richard B.
                                          CHENEY (since 20 January 2001)
                                          election results: Carl GUTIERREZ
                                          reelected governor; percent of vote
                                          - Carl GUTIERREZ (Democrat) 53.2%,
                                          Joseph ADA (Republican) 46.8%
                                          elections: US president and vice
                                          president elected on the same ticket
                                          for a four-year term; governor and
                                          lieutenant governor elected on the
                                          same ticket by popular vote for
                                          four-year terms; election last held
                                          3 November 1998 (next to be held 5
                                          November 2002)
                                          head of government: Governor Carl
                                          GUTIERREZ (since 8 November 1994)
                                          and Lieutenant Governor Madeleine
                                          BORDALLO (since 8 November 1994)
                                          cabinet: executive departments;
                                          heads appointed by the governor with
                                          the consent of the Guam legislature
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Legislature (15 seats;
                                          members are elected by popular vote
                                          to serve two-year terms)
                                          elections: last held 7 November 2000
                                          (next to be held 5 November 2002)
                                          note: Guam elects one nonvoting
                                          delegate to the US House of
                                          Representatives; election last held
                                          7 November 2000 (next to be held 5
                                          November 2002); results - Robert
                                          UNDERWOOD was reelected as delegate;
                                          percent of vote by party - NA%;
                                          seats by party - Democratic Party 1
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party -
                                          Republican Party 8, Democratic Party
                         Judicial branch: Federal District Court (judge is
                                          appointed by the president);
                                          Territorial Superior Court (judges
                                          appointed for eight-year terms by
                                          the governor)
           Political parties and leaders: Democratic Party (party of Governor
                                          GUTIERREZ) [leader NA]; Republican
                                          Party (controls the legislature)
                                          [leader NA]
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization ESCAP (associate), Interpol
                           participation: (subbureau), IOC, SPC
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none (territory of the US)
       Diplomatic representation from the none (territory of the US)
                        Flag description: territorial flag is dark blue with a
                                          narrow red border on all four sides;
                                          centered is a red-bordered, pointed,
                                          vertical ellipse containing a beach
                                          scene, outrigger canoe with sail,
                                          and a palm tree with the word GUAM
                                          superimposed in bold red letters; US
                                          flag is the national flag
     Economy Guam
                      Economy - overview: The economy depends on US military
                                          spending, tourism, and the export of
                                          fish and handicrafts. Total US
                                          grants, wage payments, and
                                          procurement outlays amounted to $1
                                          billion in 1998. Over the past 20
                                          years, the tourist industry has
                                          grown rapidly, creating a
                                          construction boom for new hotels and
                                          the expansion of older ones. More
                                          than 1 million tourists visit Guam
                                          each year. The industry has recently
                                          suffered setbacks because of the
                                          continuing Japanese slowdown; the
                                          Japanese normally make up almost 90%
                                          of the tourists. Most food and
                                          industrial goods are imported. Guam
                                          faces the problem of building up the
                                          civilian economic sector to offset
                                          the impact of military downsizing.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $3.2
                                          billion (2000 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: NA%
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $21,000
                                          (2000 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NA%
                                          industry: 15% (1993)
                                          services: NA%
           Population below poverty line: 23% (2001 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 0% (1999 est.)
                             Labor force: 60,000 (2000 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: federal and territorial government
                                          26%, private 74% (trade 24%, other
                                          services 40%, industry 10%) (2000
                       Unemployment rate: 15% (2000 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $420 million
                                          expenditures: $431 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2000 est.)
                              Industries: US military, tourism, construction,
                                          transshipment services, concrete
                                          products, printing and publishing,
                                          food processing, textiles
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 825 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 767.25 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: fruits, copra, vegetables; eggs,
                                          pork, poultry, beef
                                 Exports: $75.7 million (f.o.b., 1999 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: mostly transshipments of refined
                                          petroleum products; construction
                                          materials, fish, food and beverage
                      Exports - partners: US 25%
                                 Imports: $203 million (f.o.b., 1999 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: petroleum and petroleum products,
                                          food, manufactured goods
                      Imports - partners: US 23%, Japan 19%
                         Debt - external: $NA
                Economic aid - recipient: Guam receives large transfer
                                          payments from the US Federal
                                          Treasury ($143 million in 1997) into
                                          which Guamanians pay no income or
                                          excise taxes; under the provisions
                                          of a special law of Congress, the
                                          Guam Treasury, rather than the US
                                          Treasury, receives federal income
                                          taxes paid by military and civilian
                                          Federal employees stationed in Guam
                                Currency: US dollar (USD)
                           Currency code: USD
                          Exchange rates: the US dollar is used
                             Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September
     Communications Guam
          Telephones - main lines in use: 84,134 (1998)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 55,000 (1998)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: modern system,
                                          integrated with US facilities for
                                          direct dialing, including free use
                                          of 800 numbers
                                          domestic: modern digital system,
                                          including cellular mobile service
                                          and local access to the Internet
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 2 Intelsat (Pacific
                                          Ocean); submarine cables to US and
                                          Japan (Guam is a trans-Pacific
                                          communications hub for MCI, Sprint,
                                          AT&T, IT&E, and GTE, linking the US
                                          and Asia)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 4, FM 7, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 221,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 5 (1997)
                             Televisions: 106,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .gu
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 20 (2000)
                          Internet users: 5,000 (2000)
     Transportation Guam
                                Railways: 0 km
                                Highways: total: 885 km
                                          paved: 675 km
                                          unpaved: 210 km
                                          note: there are also 685 km of roads
                                          classified non-public, including
                                          roads located on federal government
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: Apra Harbor
                         Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 5 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 4
                                          over 3,047 m: 2
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 1
                                          under 914 m: 1 (2001)
     Military Guam
                         Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the
     Transnational Issues Guam
                                                Disputes - international: none

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