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4 definitions found
 for Greenland
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Greenland \Greenland\ prop. n.
     An island situated between the Atlantic and Arctic Oceans,
     the largest island in the world; it is a Danish territory.
     [WordNet 1.5]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: the largest island in the world; lies between the North
           Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean; a self-governing province of
           Denmark [syn: Greenland, Gronland, Kalaallit Nunaat]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Greenland
                              Background: The world's largest non-continental
                                          island, about 84% ice-capped,
                                          Greenland was granted self-
                                          government in 1978 by the Danish
                                          parliament. The law went into effect
                                          the following year. Denmark
                                          continues to exercise control of
                                          Greenland's foreign affairs.
     Geography Greenland
                                Location: Northern North America, island
                                          between the Arctic Ocean and the
                                          North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of
                  Geographic coordinates: 72 00 N, 40 00 W
                          Map references: Arctic Region
                                    Area: total: 2,166,086 sq km
                                          land: 2,166,086 sq km (410,449 sq km
                                          ice-free, 1,755,637 sq km ice-
                                          covered) (est.)
                      Area - comparative: slightly more than three times the
                                          size of Texas
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 44,087 km
                         Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200 NM or agreed
                                          boundaries or median line
                                          exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM or
                                          agreed boundaries or median line
                                          territorial sea: 3 NM
                                 Climate: arctic to subarctic; cool summers,
                                          cold winters
                                 Terrain: flat to gradually sloping icecap
                                          covers all but a narrow,
                                          mountainous, barren, rocky coast
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Gunnbjorn 3,700 m
                       Natural resources: zinc, lead, iron ore, coal,
                                          molybdenum, gold, platinum, uranium,
                                          fish, seals, whales, hydropower,
                                          possible oil and gas
                                Land use: arable land: 0%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 100% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: continuous permafrost over northern
                                          two-thirds of the island
            Environment - current issues: protection of the arctic
                                          environment; preservation of the
                                          Inuit traditional way of life,
                                          including whaling and seal hunting
                        Geography - note: dominates North Atlantic Ocean
                                          between North America and Europe;
                                          sparse population confined to small
                                          settlements along coast, but close
                                          to one-quarter of the population
                                          lives in the capital, Nuuk; world's
                                          second largest ice cap
     People Greenland
                              Population: 56,376 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 26.3% (male 7,561;
                                          female 7,284)
                                          15-64 years: 68.1% (male 20,880;
                                          female 17,489)
                                          65 years and over: 5.6% (male 1,442;
                                          female 1,720) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.03% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 16.27 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 7.61 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -8.37 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.19 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.13 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 17.28 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 68.69 years
                                          female: 72.32 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 65.13 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.43 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 100 (1999)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Greenlander(s)
                                          adjective: Greenlandic
                           Ethnic groups: Greenlander 88% (Inuit and
                                          Greenland-born whites), Danish and
                                          others 12% (January 2000)
                               Religions: Evangelical Lutheran
                               Languages: Greenlandic (East Inuit), Danish,
                                Literacy: definition: NA
                                          total population: NA%
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
                                          note: similar to Denmark proper
     Government Greenland
                            Country name: conventional long form: none
                                          conventional short form: Greenland
                                          local short form: Kalaallit Nunaat
                                          local long form: none
                       Dependency status: part of the Kingdom of Denmark;
                                          self-governing overseas
                                          administrative division of Denmark
                                          since 1979
                         Government type: parliamentary democracy within a
                                          constitutional monarchy
                                 Capital: Nuuk (Godthab)
                Administrative divisions: 3 districts (landsdele); Avannaa
                                          (Nordgronland), Tunu (Ostgronland),
                                          Kitaa (Vestgronland)
                                          note: there are 18 municipalities in
                            Independence: none (part of the Kingdom of
                                          Denmark; self-governing overseas
                                          administrative division of Denmark
                                          since 1979)
                                          note: foreign affairs is the
                                          responsibility of Denmark, but
                                          Greenland actively participates in
                                          international agreements relating to
                        National holiday: June 21 (longest day)
                            Constitution: 5 June 1953 (Danish constitution)
                            Legal system: Danish
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Queen MARGRETHE II
                                          of Denmark (since 14 January 1972),
                                          represented by High Commissioner
                                          Gunnar MARTENS (since NA 1995)
                                          note: government coalition - Siumut
                                          and Atasuut Party
                                          election results: Jonathan MOTZFELDT
                                          reelected prime minister; percent of
                                          parliamentary vote - 57.3%
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Jonathan MOTZFELDT (since 19
                                          September 1997)
                                          cabinet: Home Rule Government is
                                          elected by the Parliament
                                          (Landstinget) on the basis of the
                                          strength of parties
                                          elections: the monarchy is
                                          hereditary; high commissioner
                                          appointed by the monarch; prime
                                          minister is elected by Parliament
                                          (usually the leader of the majority
                                          party); election last held 16
                                          February 1999 (next to be held NA
                                          February 2003)
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament or Landstinget
                                          (31 seats; members are elected by
                                          popular vote on the basis of
                                          proportional representation to serve
                                          four-year terms)
                                          note: two representatives were
                                          elected to the Danish Parliament or
                                          Folketing on 20 November 2001 (next
                                          to be held no later than November
                                          2005); percent of vote by party -
                                          NA%; seats by party - Siumut 1,
                                          Inuit Ataqatigiit 1
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - Siumut 35.2%, Inuit
                                          Ataqatigiit 22.1%, Atassut Party
                                          25.2%, Candidate's League 12.3%,
                                          independent 5.2%; seats by party -
                                          Siumut 11, Atassut 8, Inuit
                                          Ataqatigiit 7, Candidate List 4,
                                          independent 1
                                          elections: last held on 16 February
                                          1999 (next to be held by NA February
                         Judicial branch: High Court or Landsret (appeals can
                                          be made to the Ostre Landsret or
                                          Eastern Division of the High Court
                                          or Supreme Court in Copenhagen)
           Political parties and leaders: Akulliit Party [Bjarne KREUTZMANN];
                                          Atassut Party (Solidarity, a
                                          conservative party favoring
                                          continuing close relations with
                                          Denmark) [Daniel SKIFTE]; Inuit
                                          Ataqatigiit or IA (Eskimo
                                          Brotherhood, a leftist party
                                          favoring complete independence from
                                          Denmark rather than home rule)
                                          [Josef MOTZFELDT]; Issituup (Polar
                                          Party) [Nicolai HEINRICH];
                                          Kattusseqatigiit (Candidate List, an
                                          independent right-of-center party
                                          with no official platform [leader
                                          NA]; Siumut (Forward Party, a social
                                          democratic party advocating more
                                          distinct Greenlandic identity and
                                          greater autonomy from Denmark) [Hans
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization NC, NIB
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none (self-governing overseas
                                          administrative division of Denmark)
       Diplomatic representation from the none (self-governing overseas
                                      US: administrative division of Denmark)
                        Flag description: two equal horizontal bands of white
                                          (top) and red with a large disk
                                          slightly to the hoist side of center
                                          - the top half of the disk is red,
                                          the bottom half is white
     Economy Greenland
                      Economy - overview: The economy remains critically
                                          dependent on exports of fish and
                                          substantial support from the Danish
                                          Government, which supplies about
                                          half of government revenues. The
                                          public sector, including publicly
                                          owned enterprises and the
                                          municipalities, plays the dominant
                                          role in the economy. Despite several
                                          interesting hydrocarbon and minerals
                                          exploration activities, it will take
                                          several years before production can
                                          materialize. Tourism is the only
                                          sector offering any near-term
                                          potential, and even this is limited
                                          due to a short season and high
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $1.1
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: NA%
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $20,000
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NA%
                                          industry: NA%
                                          services: NA%
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.6% (1999 est.)
                             Labor force: 24,500 (1999 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 10% (2000 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $646 million
                                          expenditures: $629 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $85 million (1999)
                              Industries: fish processing (mainly shrimp and
                                          Greenland halibut), handicrafts,
                                          hides and skins, small shipyards,
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 250 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          note: Greenland is shifting its
                                          electricity production from fossil
                                          fuel to hydroelectric power
                                          production (2000)
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0%
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 232.5 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: forage crops, garden and greenhouse
                                          vegetables; sheep, reindeer; fish
                                 Exports: $264 million (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Exports - commodities: fish and fish products 94% (prawns
                      Exports - partners: EU (mainly Denmark) 85%, Japan 8%,
                                          US 2% (1999)
                                 Imports: $349 million (c.i.f., 2000)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment,
                                          manufactured goods, food, petroleum
                      Imports - partners: EU (mostly Denmark), Norway, US,
                         Debt - external: $25 million (1999)
                Economic aid - recipient: $380 million subsidy from Denmark
                                Currency: Danish krone (DKK)
                           Currency code: DKK
                          Exchange rates: Danish kroner per US dollar - 8.418
                                          (January 2002), 8.323 (2001), 8.083
                                          (2000), 6.976 (1999), 6.701 (1998),
                                          6.604 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Greenland
          Telephones - main lines in use: 25,617 (yearend 1999)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 12,676 (yearend 1999)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: adequate
                                          domestic and international service
                                          provided by satellite, cables and
                                          microwave radio relay; totally
                                          digitalized in 1995
                                          domestic: microwave radio relay and
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 12 Intelsat, 1 Eutelsat,
                                          2 Americom GE-2 (all Atlantic Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 5, FM 12, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 30,000 (1998 est.)
           Television broadcast stations: 1 publicly-owned station, some local
                                          low-power stations, and three AFRTS
                                          (US Air Force) stations (1997)
                             Televisions: 30,000 (1998 est.)
                   Internet country code: .gl
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: 17,800 (2001)
     Transportation Greenland
                                Railways: 0 km
                                Highways: total: 150 km
                                          paved: 60 km
                                          unpaved: 90 km
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: Aasiaat (Egedesminde), Ilulissat
                                          (Jakobshavn), Kangerlussuaq,
                                          Nanortalik, Narsarsuaq, Nuuk
                                          (Godthab), Qaqortoq (Julianehab),
                                          Sisimiut (Holsteinsborg), Tasiilaq
                                          (March 2001)
                         Merchant marine: total: 2 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 3,289 GRT/1,500 DWT
                                          ships by type: cargo 1, passenger 1,
                                          includes a foreign-owned ship
                                          registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Denmark 1 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 15 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 9
                                          over 3,047 m: 1
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1
                                          under 914 m: 5 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 6
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 3
                                          under 914 m: 2 (2001)
     Military Greenland
                            Military - note: defense is the responsibility of
     Transnational Issues Greenland
                                                Disputes - international: none

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Greenland, AR -- U.S. city in Arkansas
     Population (2000):    907
     Housing Units (2000): 361
     Land area (2000):     2.732719 sq. miles (7.077710 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.007561 sq. miles (0.019582 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    2.740280 sq. miles (7.097292 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            28660
     Located within:       Arkansas (AR), FIPS 05
     Location:             35.994749 N, 94.180699 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):    
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
      Greenland, AR

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