The DICT Development Group

Search for:
Search type:

Database copyright information
Server information

6 definitions found
 for Greece
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Gree \Gree\, n.; pl. Grees (gr[=e]z); obs. plurals Greece
     (gr[=e]s) Grice (gr[imac]s or gr[=e]s), Grise, Grize
     (gr[imac]z or gr[=e]z), etc. [OF. gr['e], F. grade. See
     A step.
     [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Greece \Greece\, n. pl.
     See Gree a step. [Obs.]
     [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a republic in southeastern Europe on the southern part of
           the Balkan peninsula; known for grapes and olives and olive
           oil [syn: Greece, Hellenic Republic, Ellas]
      2: ancient Greece; a country of city-states (especially Athens
         and Sparta) that reached its peak in the fifth century BCE

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary :

     orginally consisted of the four provinces of Macedonia, Epirus,
     Achaia, and Peleponnesus. In Acts 20:2 it designates only the
     Roman province of Macedonia. Greece was conquered by the Romans
     B.C. 146. After passing through various changes it was erected
     into an independent monarchy in 1831.
       Moses makes mention of Greece under the name of Javan (Gen.
     10:2-5); and this name does not again occur in the Old Testament
     till the time of Joel (3:6). Then the Greeks and Hebrews first
     came into contact in the Tyrian slave-market. Prophetic notice
     is taken of Greece in Dan. 8:21.
       The cities of Greece were the special scenes of the labours of
     the apostle Paul.

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Greece
                              Background: Greece achieved its independence
                                          from the Ottoman Empire in 1829.
                                          During the second half of the 19th
                                          century and the first half of the
                                          20th century, it gradually added
                                          neighboring islands and territories
                                          with Greek-speaking populations.
                                          Following the defeat of Communist
                                          rebels in 1949, Greece joined NATO
                                          in 1952. A military dictatorship,
                                          which in 1967 suspended many
                                          political liberties and forced the
                                          king to flee the country, lasted
                                          seven years. Democratic elections in
                                          1974 and a referendum created a
                                          parliamentary republic and abolished
                                          the monarchy; Greece joined the
                                          European Community or EC in 1981
                                          (which became the EU in 1992).
     Geography Greece
                                Location: Southern Europe, bordering the
                                          Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the
                                          Mediterranean Sea, between Albania
                                          and Turkey
                  Geographic coordinates: 39 00 N, 22 00 E
                          Map references: Europe
                                    Area: total: 131,940 sq km
                                          water: 1,140 sq km
                                          land: 130,800 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Alabama
                         Land boundaries: total: 1,228 km
                                          border countries: Albania 282 km,
                                          Bulgaria 494 km, Turkey 206 km, The
                                          Former Yugoslav Republic of
                                          Macedonia 246 km
                               Coastline: 13,676 km
                         Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200-m depth or to
                                          the depth of exploitation
                                          territorial sea: 6 NM
                                 Climate: temperate; mild, wet winters; hot,
                                          dry summers
                                 Terrain: mostly mountains with ranges
                                          extending into the sea as peninsulas
                                          or chains of islands
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Mount Olympus 2,917 m
                       Natural resources: bauxite, lignite, magnesite,
                                          petroleum, marble, hydropower
                                Land use: arable land: 22.12%
                                          permanent crops: 8.47%
                                          other: 69.41% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 14,220 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: severe earthquakes
            Environment - current issues: air pollution; water pollution
              Environment - international party to: Air Pollution, Air
                              agreements: Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air
                                          Pollution-Sulphur 94, Antarctic-
                                          Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-
                                          Marine Living Resources,
                                          Biodiversity, Climate Change,
                                          Desertification, Endangered Species,
                                          Environmental Modification,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea,
                                          Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban,
                                          Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
                                          Pollution, Tropical Timber 83,
                                          Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: Air
                                          Pollution-Persistent Organic
                                          Pollutants, Air Pollution-Volatile
                                          Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty,
                                          Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
                        Geography - note: strategic location dominating the
                                          Aegean Sea and southern approach to
                                          Turkish Straits; a peninsular
                                          country, possessing an archipelago
                                          of about 2,000 islands
     People Greece
                              Population: 10,645,343 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 14.8% (male 814,605;
                                          female 765,613)
                                          15-64 years: 67.1% (male 3,579,945;
                                          female 3,564,068)
                                          65 years and over: 18.1% (male
                                          851,087; female 1,070,025) (2002
                  Population growth rate: 0.2% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 9.82 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 9.79 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 1.96 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.97 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 6.25 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 78.74 years
                                          female: 81.48 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 76.17 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.34 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.16% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 8,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: less than 100 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Greek(s)
                                          adjective: Greek
                           Ethnic groups: Greek 98%, other 2%
                                          note: the Greek Government states
                                          there are no ethnic divisions in
                               Religions: Greek Orthodox 98%, Muslim 1.3%,
                                          other 0.7%
                               Languages: Greek 99% (official), English,
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 97%
                                          male: 98.5%
                                          female: 96% (1999)
     Government Greece
                            Country name: conventional long form: Hellenic
                                          conventional short form: Greece
                                          local short form: Ellas or Ellada
                                          former: Kingdom of Greece
                                          local long form: Elliniki
                         Government type: parliamentary republic; monarchy
                                          rejected by referendum 8 December
                                 Capital: Athens
                Administrative divisions: 51 prefectures (nomoi, singular -
                                          nomos)and 1 autonomous region*;
                                          Agion Oros* (Mt. Athos), Achaia,
                                          Aitolia kai Akarmania, Argolis,
                                          Arkadia, Arta, Attiki, Chalkidiki,
                                          Chanion, Chios, Dodekanisos, Drama,
                                          Evros, Evrytania, Evvoia, Florina,
                                          Fokidos, Fthiotis, Grevena, Ileia,
                                          Imathia, Ioannina, Irakleion,
                                          Karditsa, Kastoria, Kavala,
                                          Kefallinia, Kerkyra, Kilkis,
                                          Korinthia, Kozani, Kyklades,
                                          Lakonia, Larisa, Lasithi, Lefkas,
                                          Lesvos, Magnisia, Messinia, Pella,
                                          Pieria, Preveza, Rethynnis, Rodopi,
                                          Samos, Serrai, Thesprotia,
                                          Thessaloniki, Trikala, Voiotia,
                                          Xanthi, Zakynthos
                            Independence: 1829 (from the Ottoman Empire)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 25 March (1821)
                            Constitution: 11 June 1975; amended March 1986 and
                                          April 2001
                            Legal system: based on codified Roman law;
                                          judiciary divided into civil,
                                          criminal, and administrative courts
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President
                                          Konstandinos (Kostis) STEPHANOPOULOS
                                          (since 10 March 1995)
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          Parliament for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 8 February 2000
                                          (next to be held by NA February
                                          2005); prime minister appointed by
                                          the president
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Konstandinos SIMITIS (since 19
                                          January 1996)
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          president on the recommendation of
                                          the prime minister
                                          election results: Konstandinos
                                          STEPHANOPOULOS reelected president;
                                          percent of Parliament vote - 90%
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament or Vouli ton
                                          Ellinon (300 seats; members are
                                          elected by direct popular vote to
                                          serve four-year terms)
                                          elections: elections last held 9
                                          April 2000 (next to be held by NA
                                          April 2004)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - PASOK 43.8%, ND 42.7%, KKE
                                          5.5%, Coalition of the Left and
                                          Progress 3.2%; seats by party -
                                          PASOK 158, ND 125, KKE 11, Coalition
                                          of the Left and Progress 6; note -
                                          seats by party as of January 2002 -
                                          PASOK 156, ND 122, KKE 11, Coalition
                                          of the Left and Progress 6,
                                          independents 5
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Judicial Court; Special
                                          Supreme Tribunal; all judges
                                          appointed for life by the president
                                          after consultation with a judicial
           Political parties and leaders: Coalition of the Left and Progress
                                          (Synaspismos) [Nikolaos
                                          KONSTANDOPOULOS]; Communist Party of
                                          Greece or KKE [Aleka PAPARIGA]; New
                                          Democracy or ND (conservative)
                                          [Konstandinos KARAMANLIS];
                                          Panhellenic Socialist Movement or
                                          PASOK [Konstandinos SIMITIS]
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization Australia Group, BIS, BSEC, CCC, CE,
                           participation: CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EIB, EMU, EU,
                                          FAO, G- 6, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC,
                                          ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC,
                                          IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol,
                                          IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, NAM
                                          (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS
                                          (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA,
                                          UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO,
                                          UNIKOM, UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK,
                                          UNOMIG, UPU, WEU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO,
                                          WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador
                                          Alexandros PHILON; note - expected
                                          to be replaced by Yeorgios
                                          SAVVAIDHIS in 2002
                                          consulate(s): Atlanta, Houston, and
                                          New Orleans
                                          consulate(s) general: Boston,
                                          Chicago, Los Angeles, New York, and
                                          San Francisco
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 939-5824
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 939-5800
                                          chancery: 2221 Massachusetts Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20008
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Thomas
                                      US: J. MILLER
                                          embassy: 91 Vassilissis Sophias
                                          Boulevard, GR-10160 Athens
                                          mailing address: PSC 108, APO AE
                                          telephone: [30] (10) 721-2951
                                          FAX: [30] (10) 645-6282
                                          consulate(s) general: Thessaloniki
                        Flag description: nine equal horizontal stripes of
                                          blue alternating with white; there
                                          is a blue square in the upper hoist-
                                          side corner bearing a white cross;
                                          the cross symbolizes Greek
                                          Orthodoxy, the established religion
                                          of the country
     Economy Greece
                      Economy - overview: Greece has a mixed capitalist
                                          economy with the public sector
                                          accounting for about half of GDP.
                                          Tourism is a key industry, providing
                                          a large portion of GDP and foreign
                                          exchange earnings. Greece is a major
                                          beneficiary of EU aid, equal to
                                          about 3.3% of GDP. The economy has
                                          improved steadily over the last few
                                          years, as the government tightened
                                          policy in the run-up to Greece's
                                          entry into the EU's Economic and
                                          Monetary Union (EMU) on 1 January
                                          2001. Major challenges remaining
                                          include the reduction of
                                          unemployment and further
                                          restructuring of the economy,
                                          including privatizing several state
                                          enterprises, undertaking social
                                          security reforms, overhauling the
                                          tax system, and minimizing
                                          bureaucratic inefficiencies.
                                          Economic growth is forecast at 3%-
                                          3.5% in 2002.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $189.7
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 3.7% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $17,900
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 8.3%
                                          industry: 27.3%
                                          services: 64.4% (1998)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 3%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 25.3% (1993 est.)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 32.7 (1993)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.4% (2001)
                             Labor force: 4.32 million (1999 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: industry 21%, agriculture 20%,
                                          services 59% (2000 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 11% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $45 billion
                                          expenditures: $47.6 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (1998 est.)
                              Industries: tourism; food and tobacco
                                          processing, textiles; chemicals,
                                          metal products; mining, petroleum
       Industrial production growth rate: 7% (2000 est.)
                Electricity - production: 49.581 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 91.53%
                                          hydro: 6.6%
                                          other: 1.87% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 46.099 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 1.74 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 1.729 billion kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: wheat, corn, barley, sugar beets,
                                          olives, tomatoes, wine, tobacco,
                                          potatoes; beef, dairy products
                                 Exports: $12.5 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Exports - commodities: food and beverages, manufactured
                                          goods, petroleum products,
                                          chemicals, textiles
                      Exports - partners: EU 44% (Germany 12%, Italy 9%, UK
                                          6%), US 5% (2000)
                                 Imports: $30.3 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery, transport equipment,
                                          fuels, chemicals
                      Imports - partners: EU 59% (Germany 13%, Italy 13%,
                                          France 7%, Netherlands 6%, UK 5%),
                                          US 3% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $57 billion (2000 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $5.4 billion from EU (1997 est.)
                                Currency: euro (EUR); drachma (GRD)
                                          note: on 1 January 1999, the
                                          European Monetary Union introduced
                                          the euro as a common currency to be
                                          used by financial institutions of
                                          member countries; on 1 January 2002,
                                          the euro became the sole currency
                                          for everyday transactions within the
                                          member countries
                           Currency code: EUR; GRD
                          Exchange rates: euros per US dollar - 1.1324
                                          (January 2002), 1.1175 (2001);
                                          drachmae per US dollar - 380.21
                                          (December 2000), 365.40 (2000),
                                          305.65 (1999), 295.53 (1998), 273.06
                                          note: in January 2001, the drachma
                                          became a participating currency
                                          within the Eurosystem, and the euro
                                          market rate became applicable to all
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Greece
          Telephones - main lines in use: 5.431 million (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 937,700 (1997)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: adequate, modern
                                          networks reach all areas; good
                                          mobile telephone and international
                                          domestic: microwave radio relay
                                          trunk system; extensive open wire
                                          connections; submarine cable to
                                          offshore islands
                                          international: tropospheric scatter;
                                          8 submarine cables; satellite earth
                                          stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic
                                          Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean), 1
                                          Eutelsat, and 1 Inmarsat (Indian
                                          Ocean region)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 26, FM 88, shortwave 4 (1998)
                                  Radios: 5.02 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 36 (plus 1,341 low-power repeaters);
                                          also two stations in the US Armed
                                          Forces Radio and Television Service
                             Televisions: 2.54 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .gr
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 27 (2000)
                          Internet users: 1.33 million (1999)
     Transportation Greece
                                Railways: total: 2,571 km
                                          standard gauge: 1,565 km 1.435-
                                          m gauge (36 km electrified)
                                          narrow gauge: 961 km 1.000-m gauge;
                                          22 km 0.750-m gauge (a rack-type
                                          railway for steep grades)
                                          dual gauge: 23 km combined 1.435-
                                          m and 1.000-m gauges (three rail
                                          system) (2001 est.)
                                Highways: total: 117,000 km
                                          paved: 107,406 km (including 470 km
                                          of expressways)
                                          unpaved: 9,594 km (1996)
                               Waterways: 80 km
                                          note: system consists of three
                                          coastal canals including the Corinth
                                          Canal (6 km) which crosses the
                                          Isthmus of Corinth connecting the
                                          Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic
                                          Gulf and shortens the sea voyage
                                          from the Adriatic to Peiraiefs
                                          (Piraeus) by 325 km; there are also
                                          three unconnected rivers
                               Pipelines: crude oil 26 km; petroleum products
                                          547 km
                       Ports and harbors: Alexandroupolis, Elefsis, Irakleion
                                          (Crete), Kavala, Kerkyra, Chalkis,
                                          Igoumenitsa, Lavrion, Patrai,
                                          Peiraiefs (Piraeus), Thessaloniki,
                         Merchant marine: total: 802 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 27,998,523 GRT/49,458,125
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Ireland 1, Japan 1,
                                          Liberia 1, Norway 1, Panama 2,
                                          Russia 1, Saudi Arabia 1, United
                                          Kingdom 1 (2002 est.)
                                          ships by type: bulk 294, cargo 54,
                                          chemical tanker 25, combination bulk
                                          7, combination ore/oil 5, container
                                          45, liquefied gas 7, multi-
                                          functional large-load carrier 1,
                                          passenger 13, petroleum tanker 265,
                                          refrigerated cargo 3, roll on/roll
                                          off 23, short-sea passenger 54,
                                          specialized tanker 4, vehicle
                                          carrier 2
                                Airports: 79 (note - new Athens airport at
                                          Spafa opened in March 2001) (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 65
                                          over 3,047 m: 6
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 15
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 16
                                          under 914 m: 9 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 19
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 14
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 4
                                          under 914 m: 10 (2001)
                               Heliports: 4 (2001)
     Military Greece
                       Military branches: Hellenic Army, Hellenic Navy,
                                          Hellenic Air Force, Police, National
        Military manpower - military age: 21 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 2,668,872 (2002
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 2,034,192 (2002
                                 service: est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 77,976 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $6.12 billion (FY99/00 est.)
       Military expenditures - percent of 4.91% (FY99/00 est.)
     Transnational Issues Greece
                Disputes - international: Greece and Turkey have resumed
                                          discussions to resolve their complex
                                          maritime, air, territorial, and
                                          boundary disputes in the Aegean Sea;
                                          Cyprus question with Turkey; dispute
                                          with The Former Yugoslav Republic of
                                          Macedonia over its name
                           Illicit drugs: a gateway to Europe for traffickers
                                          smuggling cannabis and heroin from
                                          the Middle East and Southwest Asia
                                          to the West and precursor chemicals
                                          to the East; some South American
                                          cocaine transits or is consumed in

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Greece, NY -- U.S. Census Designated Place in New York
     Population (2000):    14614
     Housing Units (2000): 6170
     Land area (2000):     4.331068 sq. miles (11.217414 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    4.331068 sq. miles (11.217414 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            30279
     Located within:       New York (NY), FIPS 36
     Location:             43.209112 N, 77.700341 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     14616
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
      Greece, NY

Contact=webmaster@dict.org Specification=RFC 2229