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3 definitions found
 for Ghana
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Ghana \Gha"na\ (g[aum]"n[.a]) prop. n.
     A country in Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic
     Ocean, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo, with Burkina Faso
     bordering on the north, with a population of 17,698,271 (July
     1996 est), and a total area of 238,540 sq km. The government
     is a constitutional democracy, and the capital city is Accra.
     Note: It has a tropical climate, being warm and comparatively
           dry along the southeast coast, hot and humid in
           southwest and hot and dry in the north. Its terrain is
           mostly low plains with a dissected plateau in the
           south-central area.
           The official language is English, and several African
           languages are spoken, including Akan, Moshi-Dagomba,
           Ewe, and Ga. The population is comprised 99.8% of black
           Africans and 0.2% European and other nationalities. The
           major tribes are: Akan 44%, Moshi-Dagomba 16%, Ewe 13%,
           and Ga 8%. The religious composition is 38% indigenous
           beliefs, 30% Muslim, 24% Christian and 8% others.
           The unit of currency is the new cedi; 1 new cedi (C) =
           100 pesewas. The exchange rates for the cedi were: new
           cedis per US$1 - 1,246.11 (September 1995), 956.71
           (1994), 649.06 (1993), 437.09 (1992), 367.83 (1991).
           Navigable waterways include the Volta, Ankobra, and
           Tano Rivers, providing 168 km of perennial navigation
           for launches and lighters. --CIA Factbook 1996

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a republic in West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea; "Ghana was
           colonized as the Gold Coast by the British" [syn: Ghana,
           Republic of Ghana, Gold Coast]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Ghana
                              Background: Formed from the merger of the
                                          British colony of the Gold Coast and
                                          the Togoland trust territory, Ghana
                                          in 1957 became the first country in
                                          colonial Africa to gain its
                                          independence. A long series of coups
                                          resulted in the suspension of the
                                          constitution in 1981 and the banning
                                          of political parties. A new
                                          constitution, restoring multiparty
                                          politics, was approved in 1992. Lt.
                                          Jerry RAWLINGS, head of state since
                                          1981, won presidential elections in
                                          1992 and 1996, but was
                                          constitutionally prevented from
                                          running for a third term in 2000. He
                                          was succeeded by John KUFUOR.
     Geography Ghana
                                Location: Western Africa, bordering the Gulf
                                          of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and
                  Geographic coordinates: 8 00 N, 2 00 W
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 239,460 sq km
                                          land: 230,940 sq km
                                          water: 8,520 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Oregon
                         Land boundaries: total: 2,094 km
                                          border countries: Burkina Faso 549
                                          km, Cote d'Ivoire 668 km, Togo 877
                               Coastline: 539 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; warm and comparatively dry
                                          along southeast coast; hot and humid
                                          in southwest; hot and dry in north
                                 Terrain: mostly low plains with dissected
                                          plateau in south-central area
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Mount Afadjato 880 m
                       Natural resources: gold, timber, industrial diamonds,
                                          bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber,
                                Land use: arable land: 15.82%
                                          permanent crops: 7.47%
                                          other: 76.71% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 110 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: dry, dusty, northeastern harmattan
                                          winds occur from January to March;
            Environment - current issues: recurrent drought in north severely
                                          affects agricultural activities;
                                          deforestation; overgrazing; soil
                                          erosion; poaching and habitat
                                          destruction threatens wildlife
                                          populations; water pollution;
                                          inadequate supplies of potable water
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Environmental Modification,
                                          Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban,
                                          Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
                                          Pollution, Tropical Timber 83,
                                          Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: Marine
                                          Life Conservation
                        Geography - note: Lake Volta is the world's largest
                                          artificial lake
     People Ghana
                              Population: 20,244,154
                                          note: estimates for this country
                                          explicitly take into account the
                                          effects of excess mortality due to
                                          AIDS; this can result in lower life
                                          expectancy, higher infant mortality
                                          and death rates, lower population
                                          and growth rates, and changes in the
                                          distribution of population by age
                                          and sex than would otherwise be
                                          expected (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 40.4% (male 4,116,600;
                                          female 4,063,654)
                                          15-64 years: 56.1% (male 5,625,397;
                                          female 5,723,786)
                                          65 years and over: 3.5% (male
                                          338,352; female 376,365) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.7% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 28.08 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 10.31 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -0.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.99 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 55.64 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 57.06 years
                                          female: 58.51 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 55.66 years
                    Total fertility rate: 3.69 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 3.6% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 340,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 33,000 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Ghanaian(s)
                                          adjective: Ghanaian
                           Ethnic groups: black African 98.5% (major tribes -
                                          Akan 44%, Moshi-Dagomba 16%, Ewe
                                          13%, Ga 8%, Gurma 3%, Yoruba 1%),
                                          European and other 1.5% (1998)
                               Religions: indigenous beliefs 21%, Muslim 16%,
                                          Christian 63%
                               Languages: English (official), African
                                          languages (including Akan, Moshi-
                                          Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga)
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          male: 75.9%
                                          female: 53.5% (1995 est.)
                                          total population: 64.5%
                           People - note: there are 9,500 Liberians, 2,000
                                          Sierra Leoneans, and 1,000 Togolese
                                          refugees residing in Ghana (2002)
     Government Ghana
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Ghana
                                          former: Gold Coast
                         Government type: constitutional democracy
                                 Capital: Accra
                Administrative divisions: 10 regions; Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo,
                                          Central, Eastern, Greater Accra,
                                          Northern, Upper East, Upper West,
                                          Volta, Western
                            Independence: 6 March 1957 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 6 March (1957)
                            Constitution: new constitution approved 28 April
                            Legal system: based on English common law and
                                          customary law; has not accepted
                                          compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President John
                                          Agyekum KUFUOR (since 7 January
                                          2001); Vice President Alhaji Aliu
                                          MAHAMA (since 7 January 2001); note
                                          - the president is both the chief of
                                          state and head of government
                                          head of government: President John
                                          Agyekum KUFUOR (since 7 January
                                          2001); Vice President Alhaji Aliu
                                          MAHAMA (since 7 January 2001); note
                                          - the president is both the chief of
                                          state and head of government
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers;
                                          president nominates members subject
                                          to approval by Parliament
                                          elections: president and vice
                                          president elected on the same ticket
                                          by popular vote for four-year terms;
                                          election last held 7 and 28 December
                                          2000 (next to be held NA December
                                          election results: John Agyekum
                                          KUFUOR elected president in runoff
                                          election; percent of vote - John
                                          KUFUOR 56.4%, John Atta MILLS 43.6%
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament (200 seats;
                                          members are elected by direct,
                                          popular vote to serve four-year
                                          elections: last held 7 December 2000
                                          (next to be held NA December 2004)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - NPP
                                          100, NDC 92, PNC 3, CPP 1,
                                          independents 4
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court
           Political parties and leaders: Convention People's Party or CPP
                                          [Nii Noi DOWUONA, general
                                          secretary]; Every Ghanaian Living
                                          Everywhere or EGLE [Owuraku AMOFA,
                                          chairman]; Great Consolidated
                                          Popular Party or GCPP [Dan LARTY];
                                          National Convention Party or NCP
                                          [Sarpong KUMA-KUMA]; National
                                          Democratic Congress or NDC [Dr.
                                          Huudu YAHAYA, general secretary];
                                          New Patriotic Party or NPP [Samuel
                                          Arthur ODOI-SYKES]; People's
                                          Convention Party or PCP [P. K.
                                          DONKOH-AYIFI, acting chairman];
                                          People's Heritage Party or PHP
                                          [Emmanuel Alexander ERSKINE];
                                          People's National Convention or PNC
                                          [Edward MAHAMA]; Reform Party
                                          [Kyeretwie OPUKU, general secretary]
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization ABEDA, ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA,
                           participation: ECOWAS, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD,
                                          ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD,
                                          IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol,
                                          IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU,
                                          MINURSO, MONUC, NAM, OAS (observer),
                                          OAU, OPCW, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD,
                                          UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNIKOM,
                                          UNITAR, UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOP,
                                          UNMOT, UNU, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO,
                                          WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Alan J.
                                          consulate(s) general: New York
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 686-4527
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 686-4520
                                          chancery: 3512 International Drive
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20008
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Nancy
                                      US: J. POWELL
                                          embassy: 6th and 10th Lanes, 798/
                                          1 Osu, Accra
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 194,
                                          telephone: [233] (21) 776601, 776602
                                          FAX: [233] (21) 775747
                        Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of red
                                          (top), yellow, and green with a
                                          large black five-pointed star
                                          centered in the yellow band; uses
                                          the popular pan-African colors of
                                          Ethiopia; similar to the flag of
                                          Bolivia, which has a coat of arms
                                          centered in the yellow band
     Economy Ghana
                      Economy - overview: Well endowed with natural resources,
                                          Ghana has roughly twice the per
                                          capita output of the poorer
                                          countries in West Africa. Even so,
                                          Ghana remains heavily dependent on
                                          international financial and
                                          technical assistance. Gold, timber,
                                          and cocoa production are major
                                          sources of foreign exchange. The
                                          domestic economy continues to
                                          revolve around subsistence
                                          agriculture, which accounts for 36%
                                          of GDP and employs 60% of the work
                                          force, mainly small landholders.
                                          Excessively expansionary monetary
                                          and fiscal policy prior to the 2000
                                          elections led to accelerating
                                          inflation in early 2001. A depressed
                                          cocoa market and continued weak
                                          growth in non-traditional exports
                                          led to disappointing growth in 2001.
                                          Ghana opted for debt relief under
                                          the Heavily Indebted Poor Country
                                          (HIPC) program in 2002.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $39.4
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 3% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,980
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 36%
                                          industry: 25%
                                          services: 39% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 31.4% (1992 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 2.4%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 29.5% (1998)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 39.6 (1998)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 25% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 9 million (2000 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 60%, industry 15%,
                                          services 25% (1999 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 20% (1997 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $1.603 billion
                                          expenditures: $1.975 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2001 est.)
                              Industries: mining, lumbering, light
                                          manufacturing, aluminum smelting,
                                          food processing
       Industrial production growth rate: 3.8% (2000 est.)
                Electricity - production: 5.92 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 30.41%
                                          hydro: 69.59%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 5.484 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 422 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 400 million kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: cocoa, rice, coffee, cassava
                                          (tapioca), peanuts, corn, shea nuts,
                                          bananas; timber
                                 Exports: $1.94 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Exports - commodities: gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite,
                                          aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds
                      Exports - partners: Togo, UK, Italy, Netherlands,
                                          Germany, US, France (1998)
                                 Imports: $2.83 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Imports - commodities: capital equipment, petroleum,
                      Imports - partners: UK, Nigeria, US, Germany, Italy,
                                          Spain (1998)
                         Debt - external: $5.96 billion (2001 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $6.9 billion (1999)
                                Currency: cedi (GHC)
                           Currency code: GHC
                          Exchange rates: cedis per US dollar - 7,195 (January
                                          2002), 7,170.76 (2001), 5,455.06
                                          (2000), 2,669.30 (1999), 2,314.15
                                          (1998), 2,050.17 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Ghana
          Telephones - main lines in use: 240,000 (2001)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 150,000 (2001)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: poor to fair
                                          system; Internet accessible; many
                                          rural communities not yet connected;
                                          expansion of services is underway
                                          domestic: primarily microwave radio
                                          relay; wireless local loop has been
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 4 Intelsat (Atlantic
                                          Ocean); microwave radio relay link
                                          to Panaftel system connects Ghana to
                                          its neighbors
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 49, shortwave 3 (2001)
                                  Radios: 12.5 million (2001)
           Television broadcast stations: 10 (2001)
                             Televisions: 1.9 million (2001)
                   Internet country code: .gh
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 12 (2000)
                          Internet users: 200,000 (2002)
     Transportation Ghana
                                Railways: total: 953 km
                                          narrow gauge: 953 km 1.067-m gauge;
                                          undergoing major rehabilitation
                                          (2001 est.)
                                Highways: total: 38,940 km
                                          paved: 9,346 km (including 30 km of
                                          unpaved: 29,594 km (2001)
                               Waterways: 1,293 km
                                          note: Volta, Ankobra, and Tano
                                          Rivers provide 168 km of perennial
                                          navigation for launches and
                                          lighters; Lake Volta provides 1,125
                                          km of arterial and feeder waterways
                               Pipelines: 0 km
                       Ports and harbors: Takoradi, Tema
                         Merchant marine: total: 7 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 16,450 GRT/22,097 DWT
                                          ships by type: petroleum tanker 2,
                                          refrigerated cargo 5
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Brazil 1, Saint Vincent
                                          and the Grenadines 1, Spain 1 (2002
                                Airports: 12 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 7
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 5
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 2
                                          under 914 m: 2 (2001)
     Military Ghana
                         Military branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, National
                                            Police Force
          Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
          Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 5,045,355 (2002
       Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 2,799,292 (2002
                                   service: est.)
      Military manpower - reaching military males: 213,237 (2002 est.)
                              age annually:
             Military expenditures - dollar $35.2 million (FY01)
         Military expenditures - percent of 0.7% (FY01)
     Transnational Issues Ghana
                Disputes - international: none
                           Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis for the
                                          international drug trade; major
                                          transit hub for Southwest and
                                          Southeast Asian heroin and, to a
                                          lesser extent, South American
                                          cocaine destined for Europe and the

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