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4 definitions found
 for Gauge
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Gauge \Gauge\, n. [Written also gage.]
     1. A measure; a standard of measure; an instrument to
        determine dimensions, distance, or capacity; a standard.
        [1913 Webster]
              This plate must be a gauge to file your worm and
              groove to equal breadth by.           --Moxon.
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              There is not in our hands any fixed gauge of minds.
                                                    --I. Taylor.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. Measure; dimensions; estimate.
        [1913 Webster]
              The gauge and dimensions of misery, depression, and
              contempt.                             --Burke.
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     3. (Mach. & Manuf.) Any instrument for ascertaining or
        regulating the dimensions or forms of things; a templet or
        template; as, a button maker's gauge.
        [1913 Webster]
     4. (Physics) Any instrument or apparatus for measuring the
        state of a phenomenon, or for ascertaining its numerical
        elements at any moment; -- usually applied to some
        particular instrument; as, a rain gauge; a steam gauge.
        [1913 Webster]
     5. (Naut.)
        (a) Relative positions of two or more vessels with
            reference to the wind; as, a vessel has the weather
            gauge of another when on the windward side of it, and
            the lee gauge when on the lee side of it.
        (b) The depth to which a vessel sinks in the water.
            [1913 Webster]
     6. The distance between the rails of a railway.
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: The standard gauge of railroads in most countries is
           four feet, eight and one half inches. Wide, or broad,
           gauge, in the United States, is six feet; in England,
           seven feet, and generally any gauge exceeding standard
           gauge. Any gauge less than standard gauge is now called
           narrow gauge. It varies from two feet to three feet six
           [1913 Webster]
     7. (Plastering) The quantity of plaster of Paris used with
        common plaster to accelerate its setting.
        [1913 Webster]
     8. (Building) That part of a shingle, slate, or tile, which
        is exposed to the weather, when laid; also, one course of
        such shingles, slates, or tiles.
        [1913 Webster]
     Gauge of a carriage, car, etc., the distance between the
        wheels; -- ordinarily called the track.
     Gauge cock, a stop cock used as a try cock for ascertaining
        the height of the water level in a steam boiler.
     Gauge concussion (Railroads), the jar caused by a car-wheel
        flange striking the edge of the rail.
     Gauge glass, a glass tube for a water gauge.
     Gauge lathe, an automatic lathe for turning a round object
        having an irregular profile, as a baluster or chair round,
        to a templet or gauge.
     Gauge point, the diameter of a cylinder whose altitude is
        one inch, and contents equal to that of a unit of a given
        measure; -- a term used in gauging casks, etc.
     Gauge rod, a graduated rod, for measuring the capacity of
        barrels, casks, etc.
     Gauge saw, a handsaw, with a gauge to regulate the depth of
        cut. --Knight.
     Gauge stuff, a stiff and compact plaster, used in making
        cornices, moldings, etc., by means of a templet.
     Gauge wheel, a wheel at the forward end of a plow beam, to
        determine the depth of the furrow.
     Joiner's gauge, an instrument used to strike a line
        parallel to the straight side of a board, etc.
     Printer's gauge, an instrument to regulate the length of
        the page.
     Rain gauge, an instrument for measuring the quantity of
        rain at any given place.
     Salt gauge, or Brine gauge, an instrument or contrivance
        for indicating the degree of saltness of water from its
        specific gravity, as in the boilers of ocean steamers.
     Sea gauge, an instrument for finding the depth of the sea.
     Siphon gauge, a glass siphon tube, partly filled with
        mercury, -- used to indicate pressure, as of steam, or the
        degree of rarefaction produced in the receiver of an air
        pump or other vacuum; a manometer.
     Sliding gauge. (Mach.)
        (a) A templet or pattern for gauging the commonly accepted
            dimensions or shape of certain parts in general use,
            as screws, railway-car axles, etc.
        (b) A gauge used only for testing other similar gauges,
            and preserved as a reference, to detect wear of the
            working gauges.
        (c) (Railroads) See Note under Gauge, n., 5.
     Star gauge (Ordnance), an instrument for measuring the
        diameter of the bore of a cannon at any point of its
     Steam gauge, an instrument for measuring the pressure of
        steam, as in a boiler.
     Tide gauge, an instrument for determining the height of the
     Vacuum gauge, a species of barometer for determining the
        relative elasticities of the vapor in the condenser of a
        steam engine and the air.
     Water gauge.
        (a) A contrivance for indicating the height of a water
            surface, as in a steam boiler; as by a gauge cock or
        (b) The height of the water in the boiler.
     Wind gauge, an instrument for measuring the force of the
        wind on any given surface; an anemometer.
     Wire gauge, a gauge for determining the diameter of wire or
        the thickness of sheet metal; also, a standard of size.
        See under Wire.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Gauge \Gauge\ (g[=a]j), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Gauged; p. pr. &
     vb. n. Gauging] [OF. gaugier, F. jauger, cf. OF. gauge
     gauge, measuring rod, F. jauge; of uncertain origin; perh.
     fr. an assumed L. qualificare to determine the qualities of a
     thing (see Qualify); but cf. also F. jalon a measuring
     stake in surveying, and E. gallon.] [Written also gage.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. To measure or determine with a gauge.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. To measure or to ascertain the contents or the capacity
        of, as of a pipe, barrel, or keg.
        [1913 Webster]
     3. (Mech.) To measure the dimensions of, or to test the
        accuracy of the form of, as of a part of a gunlock.
        [1913 Webster]
              The vanes nicely gauged on each side. --Derham.
        [1913 Webster]
     4. To draw into equidistant gathers by running a thread
        through it, as cloth or a garment.
        [1913 Webster]
     5. To measure the capacity, character, or ability of; to
        estimate; to judge of.
        [1913 Webster]
              You shall not gauge me
              By what we do to-night.               --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a measuring instrument for measuring and indicating a
           quantity such as the thickness of wire or the amount of
           rain etc. [syn: gauge, gage]
      2: accepted or approved instance or example of a quantity or
         quality against which others are judged or measured or
         compared [syn: gauge, standard of measurement]
      3: the distance between the rails of a railway or between the
         wheels of a train
      4: the thickness of wire
      5: diameter of a tube or gun barrel [syn: bore, gauge,
         caliber, calibre]
      v 1: judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or
           time); "I estimate this chicken to weigh three pounds"
           [syn: estimate, gauge, approximate, guess, judge]
      2: rub to a uniform size; "gauge bricks"
      3: determine the capacity, volume, or contents of by measurement
         and calculation; "gauge the wine barrels"
      4: measure precisely and against a standard; "the wire is
      5: adapt to a specified measurement; "gauge the instruments"
      6: mix in specific proportions; "gauge plaster"

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  168 Moby Thesaurus words for "gauge":
     Johansson block, T square, adjust, amount, amplitude, appraise,
     appreciate, area, assay, assess, barometer, basis, benchmark,
     bigness, body, breadth, bulk, calculate, caliber, calibrate,
     caliper, calipers, call, canon, capacity, catalog, categorize,
     chain, check, check a parameter, class, classify, compass, compute,
     coverage, criterion, degree, depth, determine, dial, diameter,
     dimension, dimensions, dipstick, divide, dividers, enlarge,
     estimate, evaluate, example, expanse, expansion, extension, extent,
     factor, fathom, feeler gauge, figure, foot rule, form an estimate,
     gage, gauge block, gauger, girth, give an appreciation, goniometer,
     grade, gradiometer, graduate, graduated scale, greatness, group,
     guess, guide, guideline, height, identify, instrument, judge,
     largeness, length, level, limit, line, litmus test, log, log line,
     magnitude, make an estimation, mark, mass, match, measure,
     measurement, measurer, mensurate, mete, meter, meterstick,
     micrometer, model, norm, octant, pace, parameter, pattern, plumb,
     plumb rule, prize, probe, proportion, proportions, protractor,
     quadrant, quantify, quantity, quantize, radius, range, rank, rate,
     reach, reading, readout, reckon, rod, rule, ruler, scale, scope,
     sector, set square, sextant, sift, size, size up, sort, sort out,
     sound, span, spirit level, spread, square, standard, step, survey,
     take a reading, tape, tape measure, tapeline, test, theodolite,
     thrash out, touchstone, transit, transit theodolite, triangulate,
     try square, type, valuate, value, vernier, vernier caliper, volume,
     weigh, width, winnow, yardstick

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