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2 definitions found
 for Fiji
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: an independent state within the British Commonwealth
           located on the Fiji Islands [syn: Fiji, Republic of

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Fiji
                              Background: Fiji became independent in 1970,
                                          after nearly a century as a British
                                          colony. Democratic rule was
                                          interrupted by two military coups in
                                          1987, caused by concern over a
                                          government perceived as dominated by
                                          the Indian community (descendants of
                                          contract laborers brought to the
                                          islands by the British in the 19th
                                          century). A 1990 constitution
                                          favored native Melanesian control of
                                          Fiji, but led to heavy Indian
                                          emigration; the population loss
                                          resulted in economic difficulties,
                                          but ensured that Melanesians became
                                          the majority. Amendments enacted in
                                          1997 made the constitution more
                                          equitable. Free and peaceful
                                          elections in 1999 resulted in a
                                          government led by an Indo-Fijian,
                                          but a coup in May of 2000 ushered in
                                          a prolonged period of political
                                          turmoil. Parliamentary elections
                                          held in August 2001 provided Fiji
                                          with a democratically elected
                                          government and gave a mandate to the
                                          government of Prime Minister
                                          Laisenia QARASE.
     Geography Fiji
                                Location: Oceania, island group in the South
                                          Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of
                                          the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
                  Geographic coordinates: 18 00 S, 175 00 E
                          Map references: Oceania
                                    Area: total: 18,270 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 18,270 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 1,129 km
                         Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200-m depth or to
                                          the depth of exploitation;
                                          rectilinear shelf claim added
                                 Climate: tropical marine; only slight
                                          seasonal temperature variation
                                 Terrain: mostly mountains of volcanic origin
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Tomanivi 1,324 m
                       Natural resources: timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore
                                          oil potential, hydropower
                                Land use: arable land: 10.95%
                                          permanent crops: 4.65%
                                          other: 84.4% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 30 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: cyclonic storms can occur from
                                          November to January
            Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification,
                                          Endangered Species, Law of the Sea,
                                          Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear
                                          Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection,
                                          Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: includes 332 islands of which
                                          approximately 110 are inhabited
     People Fiji
                              Population: 856,346 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 32.5% (male 141,757;
                                          female 136,198)
                                          15-64 years: 63.8% (male 273,658;
                                          female 273,100)
                                          65 years and over: 3.7% (male
                                          14,648; female 16,985) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.41% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 23.2 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 5.72 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -3.35 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.01 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 13.72 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 68.56 years
                                          female: 71.11 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 66.13 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.83 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.07% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 85 (2000 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Fijian(s)
                                          adjective: Fijian
                           Ethnic groups: Fijian 51% (predominantly Melanesian
                                          with a Polynesian admixture), Indian
                                          44%, European, other Pacific
                                          Islanders, overseas Chinese, and
                                          other 5% (1998 est.)
                               Religions: Christian 52% (Methodist 37%, Roman
                                          Catholic 9%), Hindu 38%, Muslim 8%,
                                          other 2%
                                          note: Fijians are mainly Christian,
                                          Indians are Hindu, and there is a
                                          Muslim minority (1986)
                               Languages: English (official), Fijian,
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 92.5%
                                          male: 90%
                                          female: 95% (1999 est.)
     Government Fiji
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          the Fiji Islands
                                          conventional short form: Fiji
                         Government type: republic
                                          note: military coup leader Maj. Gen.
                                          Sitiveni RABUKA formally declared
                                          Fiji a republic on 6 October 1987
                                 Capital: Suva
                Administrative divisions: 4 divisions and 1 dependency*;
                                          Central, Eastern, Northern, Rotuma*,
                            Independence: 10 October 1970 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, second Monday of
                                          October (1970)
                            Constitution: promulgated on 25 July 1990 and
                                          amended on 25 July 1997 to allow
                                          nonethnic Fijians greater say in
                                          government and to make multiparty
                                          government mandatory; entered into
                                          force 28 July 1998; note - the May
                                          1999 election was the first test of
                                          the amended constitution and
                                          introduced open voting - not
                                          racially prescribed - for the first
                                          time at the national level
                            Legal system: based on British system
                                Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Ratu
                                          Josefa ILOILOVATU Uluivuda (since NA
                                          2000); Vice President Jope SENILOLI
                                          (since NA 2000)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Laisenia QARASE (since 10 September
                                          2000); Deputy Prime Minister Ratu
                                          Epeli NAILATIKAU (since NA 2000)
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          prime minister from among the
                                          members of Parliament and is
                                          responsible to Parliament; note -
                                          there is also a Presidential Council
                                          that advises the president on
                                          matters of national importance and a
                                          Great Council of Chiefs which
                                          consists of the highest ranking
                                          members of the traditional chiefly
                                          elections: president elected by the
                                          Great Council of Chiefs for a five-
                                          year term; prime minister appointed
                                          by the president
                                          election results: Ratu Josefa
                                          ILOILOVATU Uluivuda elected
                                          president by the Great Council of
                                          Chiefs; percent of vote - NA%
                      Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament consists of the
                                          Senate (34 seats; 24 appointed by
                                          the Great Council of Chiefs, nine
                                          appointed by the president, and one
                                          appointed by the council of Rotuma)
                                          and the House of Representatives (71
                                          seats; 23 reserved for ethnic
                                          Fijians, 19 reserved for ethnic
                                          Indians, three reserved for other
                                          ethnic groups, one reserved for the
                                          council of Rotuma constituency
                                          encompassing the whole of Fiji, and
                                          25 open seats; members serve five-
                                          year terms)
                                          elections: House of Representatives
                                          - last held 25 August, 2 September,
                                          19 September 2001 (next to be held
                                          NA September 2006)
                                          election results: House of
                                          Representatives - percent of vote by
                                          party - FLP 34.8%, SDL 26%, NFP
                                          10.1%, MV 9.9%, independents 2.7%,
                                          other 16.5%; seats by party - SDL
                                          32, FLP 27, MV 6, NFP 1,
                                          independents 2, other 3
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court (judges are appointed
                                          by the president); Court of Appeal;
                                          High Court; Magistrates' Courts
           Political parties and leaders: Bai Kei Viti Party or BKV [Ratu
                                          Tevita MOMOEDONU]; Christian
                                          Democrat Alliance or VLV [leader
                                          NA]; Conservative Alliance Party/
                                          Matanitu Vanua or MV [Ratu Rakuita
                                          VAKALALABURE]; Dodonu Ni Taukei
                                          Party or DNT [leader NA]; Fiji Labor
                                          Party or FLP [Mahendra CHAUDRHRY];
                                          Fijian Association Party of FAP [Adi
                                          Kuini SPEED]; Fijian Political Party
                                          or SVT (primarily Fijian) [Felipe
                                          BOLE]; General Voters Party or GHP
                                          [leader NA]; Girmit Heritage Party
                                          or GHP [leader NA]; Justice and
                                          Freedom Party or AIM [leader NA];
                                          Lio 'On Famor Rotuma Party or LFR
                                          [leader NA]; National Federation
                                          Party or NFP (primarily Indian)
                                          [Attar SINGH]; Nationalist Vanua
                                          Tako Lavo Party or NVTLP [Samisoni
                                          BOLATAGICI]; New Labor Unity Party
                                          or NLUP [Tupeni BABA]; Party of
                                          National Unity or PANU [leader NA];
                                          Party of the Truth or POTT [leader
                                          NA]; United Fiji Party/Sogosogo
                                          Duavata ni Lewenivanua or SDL
                                          [Laisenia QARASE]; United General
                                          Party or UGP [Mick BEDDOES]
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization ACP, AsDB, C, CCC, CP, ESCAP, FAO,
                           participation: G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA,
                                          IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF,
                                          IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO
                                          (subscriber), ITU, OPCW, PCA,
                                          Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD,
                                          UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNIKOM,
                                          UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNTAET, UPU, WFTU,
                                          WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Anare
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 337-1996
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 337-8320
                                          chancery: Suite 240, 2233 Wisconsin
                                          Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20007
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador
                                      US: (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Ronald
                                          K. McMULLEN
                                          embassy: 31 Loftus Street, Suva
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 218, Suva
                                          telephone: [679] 314466
                                          FAX: [679] 300081
                        Flag description: light blue with the flag of the UK
                                          in the upper hoist-side quadrant and
                                          the Fijian shield centered on the
                                          outer half of the flag; the shield
                                          depicts a yellow lion above a white
                                          field quartered by the cross of
                                          Saint George featuring stalks of
                                          sugarcane, a palm tree, bananas, and
                                          a white dove
     Economy Fiji
                      Economy - overview: Fiji, endowed with forest, mineral,
                                          and fish resources, is one of the
                                          most developed of the Pacific island
                                          economies, though still with a large
                                          subsistence sector. Sugar exports
                                          and a growing tourist industry -
                                          with 300,000 to 400,000 tourists
                                          annually - are the major sources of
                                          foreign exchange. Sugar processing
                                          makes up one-third of industrial
                                          activity. Long-term problems include
                                          low investment and uncertain
                                          property rights. The political
                                          turmoil in Fiji has had a severe
                                          impact with the economy shrinking by
                                          2.8% in 2000 and growing by only 1%
                                          in 2001. The Fiji Visitor's Bureau
                                          expects visitor arrivals to reach
                                          pre-coup levels during 2002. The
                                          government's ability to manage its
                                          budget - which is expected to run a
                                          net deficit of 6% in 2002 - will
                                          depend upon a return of political
                                          stability and investor confidence.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $4.4
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 1% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $5,200
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 17%
                                          industry: 25%
                                          services: 58% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 25.5% (1990-91)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3% (2000 est.)
                             Labor force: 137,000 (1999)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture, including subsistence
                                          agriculture 70% (2001 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 7.6% (1999)
                                  Budget: revenues: $427.9 million
                                          expenditures: $531.4 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2000 est.)
                              Industries: tourism, sugar, clothing, copra,
                                          gold, silver, lumber, small cottage
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 515 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 18.06%
                                          hydro: 81.94%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 478.95 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: sugarcane, coconuts, cassava
                                          (tapioca), rice, sweet potatoes,
                                          bananas; cattle, pigs, horses,
                                          goats; fish
                                 Exports: $572 million (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Exports - commodities: sugar, garments, gold, timber, fish,
                                          molasses, coconut oil
                      Exports - partners: Australia 24.9%, US 20.8%, UK 14.4%,
                                          Japan 5.1%, other Pacific island
                                          countries 5.0%, NZ 3.6% (2000)
                                 Imports: $833 million (c.i.f., 2000)
                   Imports - commodities: manufactured goods, machinery and
                                          transport equipment, petroleum
                                          products, food, chemicals
                      Imports - partners: Australia 46.2%, NZ 13.1%, Singapore
                                          6.6%, Japan 4.5%, Hong Kong 3.8%, US
                                          3.2%, Taiwan 3.0% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $162.7 million (1999)
                Economic aid - recipient: $40.3 million (1995)
                                Currency: Fijian dollar (FJD)
                           Currency code: FJD
                          Exchange rates: Fijian dollars per US dollar -
                                          2.2934 (January 2002), 2.2766
                                          (2001), 2.1286 (2000), 1.9696
                                          (1999), 1.9868 (1998), 1.4437 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Fiji
          Telephones - main lines in use: 80,901 (1999)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 5,200 (1997)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: modern local,
                                          interisland, and international
                                          (wire/radio integrated) public and
                                          special-purpose telephone,
                                          telegraph, and teleprinter
                                          facilities; regional radio
                                          communications center
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: access to important
                                          cable links between US and Canada as
                                          well as between NZ and Australia;
                                          satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat
                                          (Pacific Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 13, FM 40, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 541,476 (1999)
           Television broadcast stations: NA
                             Televisions: 88,110 (1999)
                   Internet country code: .fj
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2000)
                          Internet users: 7,500 (2000)
     Transportation Fiji
                                Railways: total: 597 km
                                          narrow gauge: 597 km 0.610-m gauge
                                          note: belongs to the government-
                                          owned Fiji Sugar Corporation (1995)
                                Highways: total: 3,440 km
                                          paved: 1,692 km
                                          unpaved: 1,748 km (1996)
                               Waterways: 203 km
                                          note: 122 km navigable by motorized
                                          craft and 200-metric-ton barges
                       Ports and harbors: Lambasa, Lautoka, Levuka, Malau,
                                          Savusavu, Suva, Vuda
                         Merchant marine: total: 6 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 11,870 GRT/14,787 DWT
                                          ships by type: chemical tanker 2,
                                          passenger 1, petroleum tanker 1,
                                          roll on/roll off 1, specialized
                                          tanker 1, includes some foreign-
                                          owned ships registered here as a
                                          flag of convenience: Australia 1,
                                          Singapore 4 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 27 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 3
                                          over 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 24
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 5
                                          under 914 m: 18 (2001)
     Military Fiji
                       Military branches: Republic of Fiji Military Forces
                                          (RFMF), includes ground forces,
                                          naval division
        Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 231,649 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 127,384 (2002 est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 9,471 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $35 million (FY00)
       Military expenditures - percent of 2.2% (FY00)
     Transnational Issues Fiji
                                                Disputes - international: none

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