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2 definitions found
 for Faroe Islands
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Faroe Islands
      n 1: a self-governing colony that is a possession of Denmark in
           the Faroe Islands [syn: Faroe Islands, Faeroe Islands,
           Faroes, Faeroes]
      2: a group of 21 volcanic islands in the North Atlantic between
         Iceland and the Shetland Islands [syn: Faroe Islands,
         Faeroe Islands, Faroes, Faeroes]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Faroe Islands
     Introduction Faroe Islands
                              Background: The population of the Faroe Islands
                                          is largely descended from Viking
                                          settlers who arrived in the 9th
                                          century. The islands have been
                                          connected politically to Denmark
                                          since the 14th century. A high
                                          degree of self-government was
                                          attained in 1948.
     Geography Faroe Islands
                                Location: Northern Europe, island group
                                          between the Norwegian Sea and the
                                          North Atlantic Ocean, about one-half
                                          of the way from Iceland to Norway
                  Geographic coordinates: 62 00 N, 7 00 W
                          Map references: Europe
                                    Area: total: 1,399 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km (some lakes and
                                          land: 1,399 sq km
                      Area - comparative: eight times the size of Washington,
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 1,117 km
                         Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200 NM or agreed
                                          boundaries or median line
                                          exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM or
                                          agreed boundaries or median line
                                          territorial sea: 3 NM
                                 Climate: mild winters, cool summers; usually
                                          overcast; foggy, windy
                                 Terrain: rugged, rocky, some low peaks;
                                          cliffs along most of coast
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Slaettaratindur 882 m
                       Natural resources: fish, whales, hydropower
                                Land use: arable land: 2.14%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 97.86% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: NA
            Environment - current issues: NA
                        Geography - note: archipelago of 17 inhabited islands
                                          and one uninhabited island, and a
                                          few uninhabited islets;
                                          strategically located along
                                          important sea lanes in northeastern
                                          Atlantic; precipitous terrain limits
                                          habitation to small coastal lowlands
     People Faroe Islands
                              Population: 46,011 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 22.3% (male 5,149;
                                          female 5,110)
                                          15-64 years: 64% (male 15,650;
                                          female 13,801)
                                          65 years and over: 13.7% (male
                                          2,818; female 3,483) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.74% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 13.74 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 8.69 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 2.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.06 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 6.66 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 78.74 years
                                          female: 82.21 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 75.28 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.27 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Faroese (singular and plural)
                                          adjective: Faroese
                           Ethnic groups: Scandinavian
                               Religions: Evangelical Lutheran
                               Languages: Faroese (derived from Old Norse),
                                Literacy: definition: NA
                                          total population: NA%
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
                                          note: similar to Denmark proper
     Government Faroe Islands
                            Country name: conventional long form: none
                                          conventional short form: Faroe
                                          local short form: Foroyar
                                          local long form: none
                       Dependency status: part of the Kingdom of Denmark;
                                          self-governing overseas
                                          administrative division of Denmark
                                          since 1948
                         Government type: NA
                                 Capital: Torshavn
                Administrative divisions: none (part of the Kingdom of
                                          Denmark; self-governing overseas
                                          administrative division of Denmark);
                                          there are no first-order
                                          administrative divisions as defined
                                          by the US Government, but there are
                                          49 municipalities
                            Independence: none (part of the Kingdom of
                                          Denmark; self-governing overseas
                                          administrative division of Denmark)
                        National holiday: Olaifest, 29 July
                            Constitution: 5 June 1953 (Danish constitution)
                            Legal system: Danish
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Queen MARGRETHE II
                                          of Denmark (since 14 January 1972),
                                          represented by High Commissioner
                                          Birgit KLEIS, chief administrative
                                          officer (since 1 November 2001)
                                          election results: Anfinn KALLSBERG
                                          elected prime minister; percent of
                                          parliamentary vote - 52.8%
                                          note: coalition of People's Party,
                                          Republican Party, and Home Rule
                                          elections: the monarch is
                                          hereditary; high commissioner
                                          appointed by the monarch; following
                                          legislative elections, the leader of
                                          the party that wins the most seats
                                          is usually elected prime minister by
                                          the Faroese Parliament; election
                                          last held 30 April 1998 (next to be
                                          held no later than April 2002)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Anfinn KALLSBERG (since 15 May 1998)
                                          cabinet: Landsstyri appointed by the
                                          prime minister
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Faroese Parliament or
                                          Logting (32 seats; members are
                                          elected by popular vote on a
                                          proportional basis from the seven
                                          constituencies to serve four-year
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA; seats by party - Union
                                          Party 8, Republican Party 8, Social
                                          Democrats 7, People's Party 7,
                                          Independence Party 1, Center Party 1
                                          note: election of 2 seats to the
                                          Danish Parliament was last held on
                                          20 November 2001 (next to be held no
                                          later than November 2005); results -
                                          percent of vote by party - NA; seats
                                          by party - Republican Party 1, Union
                                          Party 1
                                          elections: last held 30 April 2002
                                          (next to be held no later than April
                         Judicial branch: none
           Political parties and leaders: Center Party [Tordur NICALSEN]; Home
                                          Rule Party [Helena Dam a NEYSTABO];
                                          Independence Party [leader NA];
                                          People's Party [Oli BRECKMANN];
                                          Republican Party [Finnabogi
                                          ISAKSON]; Social Democratic Party
                                          [Joannes EIDESGAARD]; Union Party
                                          [Edmund JOENSEN]
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization NC, NIB
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none (self-governing overseas
                                          administrative division of Denmark)
       Diplomatic representation from the none (self-governing overseas
                                      US: administrative division of Denmark)
                        Flag description: white with a red cross outlined in
                                          blue extending to the edges of the
                                          flag; the vertical part of the cross
                                          is shifted toward the hoist side in
                                          the style of the Dannebrog (Danish
     Economy Faroe Islands
                      Economy - overview: The Faroese economy has had a strong
                                          performance since 1994, mostly as a
                                          result of increasing fish landings
                                          and high and stable export prices.
                                          Unemployment is falling and there
                                          are signs of labor shortages in
                                          several sectors. The positive
                                          economic development has helped the
                                          Faroese Home Rule Government produce
                                          increasing budget surpluses which in
                                          turn help to reduce the large public
                                          debt, most of it owed to Denmark.
                                          However, the total dependence on
                                          fishing makes the Faroese economy
                                          extremely vulnerable, and the
                                          present fishing efforts appear in
                                          excess of what is a sustainable
                                          level of fishing in the long term.
                                          Oil finds close to the Faroese area
                                          give hope for deposits in the
                                          immediate Faroese area, which may
                                          eventually lay the basis for a more
                                          diversified economy and thus lessen
                                          dependence on Denmark and Danish
                                          economic assistance. Aided by a
                                          substantial annual subsidy (15% of
                                          GDP) from Denmark, the Faroese have
                                          a standard of living not far below
                                          the Danes and other Scandinavians.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $910
                                          million (2000 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 5% (2000 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $20,000
                                          (2000 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 27%
                                          industry: 11%
                                          services: 62% (1999)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 5.1% (1999)
                             Labor force: 24,250 (October 2000)
             Labor force - by occupation: fishing, fish processing, and
                                          manufacturing 33%, construction and
                                          private services 33%, public
                                          services 34%
                       Unemployment rate: 1% (October 2000)
                                  Budget: revenues: $488 million
                                          expenditures: $484 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $21 million (1999)
                              Industries: fishing, fish processing,
                                          shipbuilding, construction,
       Industrial production growth rate: 8% (1999 est.)
                Electricity - production: 165 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 60.61%
                                          hydro: 39.39%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 153.45 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: milk, potatoes, vegetables; sheep;
                                          salmon, other fish
                                 Exports: $471 million (f.o.b., 1999)
                   Exports - commodities: fish and fish products 94%, stamps,
                                          ships (1999)
                      Exports - partners: Denmark 32%, UK 21%, France 9%,
                                          Germany 7%, Iceland 5%, US 5% (1996)
                                 Imports: $469 million (c.i.f., 1999)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment
                                          29%, consumer goods 36%, raw
                                          materials and semi-manufactures 32%,
                                          fuels, fish and salt (1999)
                      Imports - partners: Denmark 28%, Norway 26%, Germany 7%,
                                          UK 6% Sweden 5%, Iceland 4%, US
                         Debt - external: $64 million (1999)
                Economic aid - recipient: $135 million (annual subsidy from
                                          Denmark) (1999)
                                Currency: Danish krone (DKK)
                           Currency code: DKK
                          Exchange rates: Danish kroner per US dollar - 8.418
                                          (January 2002), 8.323 (2001), 8.083
                                          (2000), 6.976 (1999), 6.701 (1998),
                                          6.604 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Faroe Islands
          Telephones - main lines in use: 24,851 (1999)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 10,761 (1999)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: good
                                          international communications; good
                                          domestic facilities
                                          domestic: digitalization was
                                          completed in 1998; both NMT (analog)
                                          and GSM (digital) mobile telephone
                                          systems are installed
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 1 Orion; 1 fiber-optic
                                          submarine cable to the Shetland
                                          Islands, linking the Faroe Islands
                                          with Denmark and Iceland; fiber-
                                          optic submarine cable connection to
                                          Canada-Europe cable
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 13, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 26,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 3 (plus 43 low-power repeaters)
                                          (September 1995)
                             Televisions: 15,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .fo
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2000)
                          Internet users: 3,000 (2000)
     Transportation Faroe Islands
                                Railways: 0 km
                                Highways: total: 463 km
                                          paved: 454 km
                                          unpaved: 9 km (1999)
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: Torshavn, Klaksvik, Tvoroyri,
                                          Runavik, Fuglafjordhur
                         Merchant marine: total: 7 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 100,951 GRT/139,396 DWT
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Denmark 3, Norway 1,
                                          United Kingdom 1 (2002 est.)
                                          ships by type: cargo 2, petroleum
                                          tanker 2, refrigerated cargo 1, roll
                                          on/roll off 1, short-sea passenger 1
                                Airports: 1 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
     Military Faroe Islands
                       Military branches: no regular indigenous military
                                          forces; small Police Force and Coast
                                          Guard are maintained
           Military expenditures - dollar $NA
       Military expenditures - percent of NA%
                         Military - note: defense is the responsibility of
     Transnational Issues Faroe Islands
                Disputes - international: Faroese are considering proposals
                                          for full independence; Denmark
                                          dispute with Iceland over the Faroe
                                          Islands fisheries median line
                                          boundary of 200 NM; Denmark disputes
                                          with Iceland, the UK, and Ireland
                                          over the Faroe Islands continental
                                          shelf boundary outside 200 NM

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