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2 definitions found
 for El Salvador
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  El Salvador
      n 1: a republic on the Pacific coast of Central America [syn:
           El Salvador, Republic of El Salvador, Salvador]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  El Salvador
     Introduction El Salvador
                              Background: El Salvador achieved independence
                                          from Spain in 1821 and from the
                                          Central American Federation in 1839.
                                          A 12-year civil war, which cost
                                          about 75,000 lives, was brought to a
                                          close in 1992 when the government
                                          and leftist rebels signed a treaty
                                          that provided for military and
                                          political reforms.
     Geography El Salvador
                                Location: Middle America, bordering the North
                                          Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and
                  Geographic coordinates: 13 50 N, 88 55 W
                          Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
                                    Area: total: 21,040 sq km
                                          water: 320 sq km
                                          land: 20,720 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Massachusetts
                         Land boundaries: total: 545 km
                                          border countries: Guatemala 203 km,
                                          Honduras 342 km
                               Coastline: 307 km
                         Maritime claims: territorial sea: 200 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; rainy season (May to
                                          October); dry season (November to
                                          April); tropical on coast; temperate
                                          in uplands
                                 Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow coastal
                                          belt and central plateau
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Cerro El Pital 2,730
                       Natural resources: hydropower, geothermal power,
                                          petroleum, arable land
                                Land use: arable land: 27.27%
                                          permanent crops: 12.11%
                                          other: 60.62% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 360 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: known as the Land of Volcanoes;
                                          frequent and sometimes very
                                          destructive earthquakes and volcanic
                                          activity; extremely susceptible to
            Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; water
                                          pollution; contamination of soils
                                          from disposal of toxic wastes
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification,
                                          Endangered Species, Hazardous
                                          Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone
                                          Layer Protection, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: Law of the
                        Geography - note: smallest Central American country
                                          and only one without a coastline on
                                          Caribbean Sea
     People El Salvador
                              Population: 6,353,681 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 37.4% (male 1,211,156;
                                          female 1,162,317)
                                          15-64 years: 57.5% (male 1,735,744;
                                          female 1,922,395)
                                          65 years and over: 5.1% (male
                                          144,864; female 177,205) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.83% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 28.3 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 6.1 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -3.88 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.95 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 27.58 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 70.32 years
                                          female: 74.11 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 66.72 years
                    Total fertility rate: 3.29 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.6% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 25,000 (2000 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 1,300 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Salvadoran(s)
                                          adjective: Salvadoran
                           Ethnic groups: mestizo 90%, Amerindian 1%, white 9%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 83%
                                          note: there is extensive activity by
                                          Protestant groups throughout the
                                          country; by the end of 1992, there
                                          were an estimated 1 million
                                          Protestant evangelicals in El
                               Languages: Spanish, Nahua (among some
                                Literacy: definition: age 10 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 71.5%
                                          male: 73.5%
                                          female: 69.8% (1995 est.)
     Government El Salvador
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          El Salvador
                                          conventional short form: El Salvador
                                          local short form: El Salvador
                                          local long form: Republica de El
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: San Salvador
                Administrative divisions: 14 departments (departamentos,
                                          singular - departamento);
                                          Ahuachapan, Cabanas, Chalatenango,
                                          Cuscatlan, La Libertad, La Paz, La
                                          Union, Morazan, San Miguel, San
                                          Salvador, Santa Ana, San Vicente,
                                          Sonsonate, Usulutan
                            Independence: 15 September 1821 (from Spain)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 15 September
                            Constitution: 23 December 1983
                            Legal system: based on civil and Roman law, with
                                          traces of common law; judicial
                                          review of legislative acts in the
                                          Supreme Court; accepts compulsory
                                          ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Francisco
                                          FLORES Perez (since 1 June 1999);
                                          Vice President Carlos QUINTANILLA
                                          Schmidt (since 1 June 1999); note -
                                          the president is both the chief of
                                          state and head of government
                                          head of government: President
                                          Francisco FLORES Perez (since 1 June
                                          1999); Vice President Carlos
                                          QUINTANILLA Schmidt (since 1 June
                                          1999); note - the president is both
                                          the chief of state and head of
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          selected by the president
                                          elections: president and vice
                                          president elected on the same ticket
                                          by popular vote for five-year terms;
                                          election last held 7 March 1999
                                          (next to be held NA March 2004)
                                          election results: Francisco FLORES
                                          Perez elected president; percent of
                                          vote - Francisco FLORES (ARENA) 52%,
                                          Facundo GUARDADO (FMLN) 29%, Ruben
                                          ZAMORA (CD) 7.5%, other (no
                                          individual above 3%) 11.5%
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Assembly or
                                          Asamblea Legislativa (84 seats;
                                          members are elected by direct,
                                          popular vote to serve three-year
                                          elections: last held 12 March 2000
                                          (next to be held NA March 2003)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - ARENA 36.1%, FMLN 35.14%,
                                          PCN 8.76%, PDC 7.08%, CD 5.32%, PAN
                                          3.75%, USC 1.47%, PLD 1.29%; seats
                                          by party - ARENA 28, FMLN 31, PCN
                                          14, PDC 5, CD 3, PAN 1, independent
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Corte Suprema
                                          (judges are selected by the
                                          Legislative Assembly)
           Political parties and leaders: Christian Democratic Party or PDC
                                          [Rene AGUILUZ]; Democratic
                                          Convergence or CD (includes PSD,
                                          MNR, MPSC) [Ruben ZAMORA, secretary
                                          general]; Democratic Party or PD
                                          [Jorge MELENDEZ]; Farabundo Marti
                                          National Liberation Front or FMLN
                                          [Fabio CASTILLO]; Liberal Democratic
                                          Party or PLD [Kirio Waldo SALGADO,
                                          president]; National Action Party or
                                          PAN [Gustavo Rogelio SALINAS,
                                          secretary general]; National
                                          Conciliation Party or PCN [Ciro CRUZ
                                          Zepeda, president]; National
                                          Republican Alliance or ARENA [Walter
                                          ARAUJO]; Social Christian Union or
                                          USC (formed by the merger of
                                          Christian Social Renewal Party or
                                          PRSC and Unity Movement or MU)
                                          [Abraham RODRIGUEZ, president]
            Political pressure groups and labor organizations - Electrical
                                 leaders: Industry Union of El Salvador or
                                          SIES; Federation of the Construction
                                          Industry, Similar Transport and
                                          other activities, or FESINCONTRANS;
                                          National Confederation of Salvadoran
                                          Workers or CNTS; National Union of
                                          Salvadoran Workers or UNTS; Port
                                          Industry Union of El Salvador or
                                          SIPES; Salvadoran Union of Ex-
                                          Petrolleros and Peasant Workers or
                                          USEPOC; Salvadoran Workers Central
                                          or CTS; Workers Union of Electrical
                                          Corporation or STCEL; business
                                          organizations - National Association
                                          of Small Enterprise or ANEP;
                                          Salvadoran Assembly Industry
                                          Association or ASIC; Salvadoran
                                          Industrial Association or ASI
               International organization BCIE, CACM, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB,
                           participation: IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA,
                                          IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO,
                                          Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO
                                          (correspondent), ITU, LAES, LAIA
                                          (observer), MINURSO, NAM (observer),
                                          OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN,
                                          UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL,
                                          WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Rene
                                          Antonio LEON Rodriguez
                                          consulate(s) general: Boston,
                                          Chicago, Dallas, Houston, Los
                                          Angeles, Miami, New York, and San
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 265-9671
                                          chancery: 2308 California Street NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20008
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Rose M.
                                      US: LIKINS
                                          embassy: Final Boulevard Santa
                                          Elenal, Antiguo Cuscatlan, La
                                          Libertad, San Salvador
                                          mailing address: Unit 3116, APO AA
                                          telephone: [503] 278-4444
                                          FAX: [503] 278-6011
                        Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of blue
                                          (top), white, and blue with the
                                          national coat of arms centered in
                                          the white band; the coat of arms
                                          features a round emblem encircled by
                                          the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR
                                          EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL; similar to
                                          the flag of Nicaragua, which has a
                                          different coat of arms centered in
                                          the white band - it features a
                                          triangle encircled by the words
                                          REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on top and
                                          AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom; also
                                          similar to the flag of Honduras,
                                          which has five blue stars arranged
                                          in an X pattern centered in the
                                          white band
     Economy El Salvador
                      Economy - overview: El Salvador is a struggling Central
                                          American economy which has been
                                          suffering from a weak tax collection
                                          system, factory closings, the
                                          aftermaths of Hurricane Mitch of
                                          1998 and the devastating earthquakes
                                          of early 2001, and weak world coffee
                                          prices. On the bright side, in
                                          recent years inflation has fallen to
                                          single digit levels, and total
                                          exports have grown substantially.
                                          The trade deficit has been offset by
                                          remittances (an estimated $1.6
                                          billion in 2000) from Salvadorans
                                          living abroad and by external aid.
                                          As of 1 January 2001, the US dollar
                                          was made legal tender alongside the
                                          colon. Growth in 2002 will depend
                                          largely on the speed of recovery in
                                          the US.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $28.4
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 1.4% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $4,600
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 10%
                                          industry: 30%
                                          services: 60% (2000)
           Population below poverty line: 48% (1999 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 1.4%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 39.3% (2001)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 50.8 (1997)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.8% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 2.35 million (1999)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 30%, industry 15%,
                                          services 55% (1999 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 10% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $2.1 billion
                                          expenditures: $2.5 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2001 est.)
                              Industries: food processing, beverages,
                                          petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer,
                                          textiles, furniture, light metals
       Industrial production growth rate: 3% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 3.69 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 42.3%
                                          hydro: 35.5%
                                          other: 22.2% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 4.07 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 112 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 750 million kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: coffee, sugar, corn, rice, beans,
                                          oilseed, cotton, sorghum; shrimp;
                                          beef, dairy products
                                 Exports: $2.9 billion (2001)
                   Exports - commodities: offshore assembly exports, coffee,
                                          sugar, shrimp, textiles, chemicals,
                      Exports - partners: US 65%, Guatemala 11%, Honduras 8%,
                                          EU 5% (2000)
                                 Imports: $5 billion (2001)
                   Imports - commodities: raw materials, consumer goods,
                                          capital goods, fuels, foodstuffs,
                                          petroleum, electricity
                      Imports - partners: US 50%, Guatemala 10%, EU 7%, Mexico
                                          5%, (2000)
                         Debt - external: $4.9 billion (2001 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: total $252 million; $57 million from
                                          US (1999 est.)
                                Currency: Salvadoran colon (SVC); US dollar
                           Currency code: SVC; USD
                          Exchange rates: Salvadoran colones per US dollar -
                                          8.750 (fixed since January 2001),
                                          8.755 (fixed rate since 1993)
                                          note: since January 2001 the US
                                          dollar has also become legal tender;
                                          the exchange rate has been fixed at
                                          8.75 colones per US dollar
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications El Salvador
          Telephones - main lines in use: 380,000 (1998)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 40,163 (1997)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: NA
                                          domestic: nationwide microwave radio
                                          relay system
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic
                                          Ocean); connected to Central
                                          American Microwave System
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 61 (plus 24 repeaters), FM 30,
                                          shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 2.75 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 5 (1997)
                             Televisions: 600,000 (1990)
                   Internet country code: .sv
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 4 (2000)
                          Internet users: 40,000 (2000)
     Transportation El Salvador
                                Railways: total: 562 km
                                          narrow gauge: 562 km 0.914-m gauge
                                          note: length of operational route is
                                          reduced to 283 km by disuse and lack
                                          of maintenance (2001 est.)
                                Highways: total: 10,029 km
                                          paved: 1,986 km (including 327 km of
                                          unpaved: 8,043 km (1997)
                               Waterways: Rio Lempa partially navigable
                       Ports and harbors: Acajutla, Puerto Cutuco, La
                                          Libertad, La Union, Puerto El
                         Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 83 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 4
                                          over 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 79
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 17
                                          under 914 m: 62 (2001)
                               Heliports: 1 (2001)
     Military El Salvador
                       Military branches: Army, Navy (FNES), Air Force
        Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 1,500,712 (2002
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 951,715 (2002 est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 68,103 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $112 million (FY99)
       Military expenditures - percent of 0.7% (FY99)
     Transnational Issues El Salvador
                Disputes - international: El Salvador claims tiny Conejo
                                          Island off Honduras in the Golfo de
                                          Fonseca; many of the "bolsones"
                                          (disputed areas) along the El
                                          Salvador-Honduras boundary remain
                                          undemarcated despite ICJ
                                          adjudication in 1992; with respect
                                          to the maritime boundary in the
                                          Golfo de Fonseca, the ICJ referred
                                          to the line determined by the 1900
                                          Honduras-Nicaragua Mixed Boundary
                                          Commission and advised that some
                                          tripartite resolution among El
                                          Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua
                                          likely would be required
                           Illicit drugs: transshipment point for cocaine;
                                          small amounts of marijuana produced
                                          for local consumption; domestic
                                          cocaine abuse on the rise

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