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2 definitions found
 for East Timor
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  East Timor
      n 1: a former Portuguese colony that was annexed by Indonesia in
           1976; voted for independence from Indonesia in 1999 and in
           May 2002 became an independent nation

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  East Timor
     Introduction East Timor
                              Background: The Portuguese colony of Timor
                                          declared itself independent from
                                          Portugal on 28 November 1975 and was
                                          invaded and occupied by Indonesian
                                          forces nine days later. It was
                                          subsequently incorporated into
                                          Indonesia in July 1976 as the
                                          province of Timor Timur. A so-called
                                          campaign of pacification followed,
                                          during which time an estimated
                                          100,000 to 250,000 individuals lost
                                          their lives. On 30 August 1999, in a
                                          UN-supervised popular referendum,
                                          the people of Timor Timur voted for
                                          independence from Indonesia. On 20
                                          May 2002, East Timor was
                                          internationally recognized as an
                                          independent state and the world's
                                          newest democracy.
     Geography East Timor
                                Location: Southeastern Asia, northwest of
                                          Australia in the Lesser Sunda
                                          Islands at the eastern end of the
                                          Indonesian archipelago; note - East
                                          Timor includes the eastern half of
                                          the island of Timor, the Oecussi
                                          (Ambeno) region on the northwest
                                          portion of the island of Timor, and
                                          the islands of Pulau Atauro and
                                          Pulau Jaco
                  Geographic coordinates: 8 50 S, 125 55 E
                          Map references: Southeast Asia
                                    Area: total: 15,007 sq km
                                          land: NA sq km
                                          water: NA sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Connecticut
                         Land boundaries: total: 228 km
                                          border countries: Indonesia 228 km
                               Coastline: 706 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: NA NM
                                          extended fishing zone: NA NM
                                          territorial sea: NA NM
                                          exclusive fishing zone: NA NM
                                          continental shelf: NA NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: NA NM
                                 Climate: tropical; hot, humid; distinct rainy
                                          and dry seasons
                                 Terrain: mountainous
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Timor Sea, Savu Sea,
                                          and Banda Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Foho Tatamailau 2,963
                       Natural resources: gold, petroleum, natural gas,
                                          manganese, marble
                                Land use: arable land: NA%
                                          other: NA%
                                          permanent crops: NA%
                          Irrigated land: 1,065 sq km (est.)
                         Natural hazards: floods and landslides are common;
                                          earthquakes, tsunamis, tropical
            Environment - current issues: widespread use of slash and burn
                                          agriculture has led to deforestation
                                          and soil erosion
              Environment - international NA
                        Geography - note: Timor is the Malay word for
                                          "Orient"; the island of Timor is
                                          part of the Malay Archipelago and is
                                          the largest and easternmost of the
                                          Lesser Sunda Islands
     People East Timor
                              Population: 952,618 (July 2002 est.)
                                          note: other estimates range as low
                                          as 800,000 (2002 est.)
                           Age structure: NA
                  Population growth rate: 7.26% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 28.07 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 6.52 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 51.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: NA
                   Infant mortality rate: 51.99 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 64.85 years
                                          male: 62.64 years
                                          female: 67.17 years (2002 est.)
                    Total fertility rate: 3.88 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Timorese
                                          adjective: Timorese
                           Ethnic groups: Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian),
                                          Papuan, small Chinese minority
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 90%, Muslim 4%,
                                          Protestant 3%, Hindu 0.5%, Buddhist,
                                          Animist (1992 est.)
                               Languages: Tetum (official), Portuguese
                                          (official), Indonesian, English
                                          note: there are a total of about 16
                                          indigenous languages, of which
                                          Tetum, Galole, Mambae, and Kemak are
                                          spoken by significant numbers of
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 48% (2001)
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
     Government East Timor
                            Country name: conventional long form: Democratic
                                          Republic of East Timor
                                          conventional short form: East Timor
                                          local short form: Timor Lorosa'e
                                          [Tetum]; Timor-Leste [Portuguese]
                                          former: Portuguese Timor
                                          local long form: Republika
                                          Demokratika Timor Lorosa'e [Tetum];
                                          Republica Democratica de Timor-Leste
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: Dili
                Administrative divisions: 13 administrative districts; Aileu,
                                          Ainaro, Baucau, Bobonaro (Maliana),
                                          Cova-Lima (Suai), Dili, Ermera,
                                          Lautem (Los Palos), Liquica,
                                          Manatuto, Manufahi (Same), Oecussi
                                          (Ambeno), Viqueque
                            Independence: 28 November 1975 (date of
                                          proclamation of independence from
                                          Portugal); note - 20 May 2002 is the
                                          official date of international
                                          recognition of East Timor's
                                          independence from Indonesia
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 28 November (1975)
                            Constitution: 22 March 2002 (based on the
                                          Portuguese model)
                            Legal system: NA
                                Suffrage: 17 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Jose
                                          Alexander GUSMAO (since 20 May
                                          2002); note - the president plays a
                                          largely symbolic role but is able to
                                          veto some legislation
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Mari Bin Amude ALKATIRI (since 20
                                          May 2002)
                                          cabinet: Council of State
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 14 April 2002
                                          (next to be held NA April 2007);
                                          following legislative elections, the
                                          leader of the majority party or
                                          majority coalition is usually
                                          appointed prime minister by the
                                          election results: Jose Alexander
                                          GUSMAO elected president; percent of
                                          vote - Jose Alexander GUSMAO 82.7%,
                                          Francisco Xavier do Amaral 17.3%
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National Parliament
                                          (number of seats can vary, minimum
                                          requirement of 52 and a maximum of
                                          65 seats; members elected by popular
                                          vote to serve five-year terms); note
                                          - for its first term of office, the
                                          National Parliament is comprised of
                                          88 members on an exceptional basis
                                          elections: last held 30 August 2001
                                          (next to be held NA August 2006)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - FRETILIN 57.37%, PD 8.72%,
                                          PSD 8.18%, ASDT 7.84%, UDT 2.36%,
                                          PNT 2.21%, KOTA 2.13%, PPT 2.01%,
                                          PDC 1.98%, PST 1.78%, independents/
                                          other 5.42%; seats by party -
                                          FRETILIN 55, PD 7, PSD 6, ASDT 6,
                                          PDC 2, UDT 2, KOTA 2, PNT 2, PPT 2,
                                          UDC/PDC 1, PST 1, PL 1, independent
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Justice, one judge
                                          appointed by the National Parliament
                                          and the rest appointed by the
                                          Superior Council for the Judiciary
           Political parties and leaders: Associacao Social-Democrata
                                          Timorense or ASDT [Francisco Xavier
                                          do AMARAL]; Christian Democratic
                                          Party of Timor or PDC [Antonio
                                          XIMENES]; Christian Democratic Union
                                          of Timor or UDC [Vicente da Silva
                                          GUTERRES]; Democratic Pary or PD
                                          [Fernando de ARAUJO]; Maubere
                                          Democratic Party or PDM [leader NA];
                                          People's Party of Timor or PPT
                                          [Jacob XAVIER]; Revolutionary Front
                                          of Independent East Timor or
                                          FRETILIN [Lu OLO]; Social Democrat
                                          Party of East Timor or PSD [Mario
                                          CARRASCALAO]; Socialist Party of
                                          Timor or PST [leader NA]; Sons of
                                          the Mountain Warriors (also known as
                                          Association of Timorese Heroes) or
                                          KOTA [Clementino dos Reis AMARAL];
                                          Timor Democratic Union or UDT [Joao
                                          CARRASCALAO]; Timor Labor Party or
                                          TRABALHISTA [Paulo Freitas DA
                                          SILVA]; Timorese Nationalist Party
                                          or PNT [Abilio ARAUJO]; Timorese
                                          Popular Democratic Association or
                                          APODETI [Frederico Almeida Santos
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization IBRD, IMF
                           participation: note: UN membership is expected in
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador
                                          (vacant); Charge d'Affaires
                                          Constancio PINTO
                                          chancery: NA
                                          consulate(s) general: NA
                                          FAX: NA
                                          telephone: NA
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador
                                      US: (vacant)
                                          embassy: Farol district, Dili
                                          mailing address: NA
                                          telephone: (670) 390 324 684
                                          FAX: (670) 390 313 206
                        Flag description: red, with a black isosceles triangle
                                          (based on the hoist side)
                                          superimposed on a slightly longer
                                          yellow arrowhead that extends to the
                                          center of the flag; there is a white
                                          star in the center of the black
     Economy East Timor
                      Economy - overview: In late 1999, about 70% of the
                                          economic infrastructure of East
                                          Timor was laid waste by Indonesian
                                          troops and anti-independence
                                          militias, and 260,000 people fled
                                          westward. Over the next three years,
                                          however, a massive international
                                          program, manned by 5,000
                                          peacekeepers (8,000 at peak) and
                                          1,300 police officers, led to
                                          substantial reconstruction in both
                                          urban and rural areas. By mid-2002,
                                          all but about 50,000 of the refugees
                                          had returned. The country faces
                                          great challenges in continuing the
                                          rebuilding of infrastructure and the
                                          strengthening of the infant civil
                                          administration. One promising long-
                                          term project would be development of
                                          oil resources in nearby waters.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $415
                                          million (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 18% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $500 (2001
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 25.4%
                                          industry: 17.2%
                                          services: 57.4% (2001)
           Population below poverty line: 42% (2002 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
     Distribution of family income - Gini 38
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA%
                             Labor force: NA
             Labor force - by occupation: NA
                       Unemployment rate: 50% (including underemployment)
                                  Budget: revenues: $NA
                                          expenditures: $NA
                              Industries: printing, soap manufacturing,
                                          handicrafts, woven cloth
       Industrial production growth rate: 8.5%
                Electricity - production: NA kWh
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0%
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: NA kWh
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh
                  Agriculture - products: coffee, rice, maize, cassava, sweet
                                          potatoes, soybeans, cabbage,
                                          mangoes, bananas, vanilla
                                 Exports: $8 million (2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: coffee, sandalwood, marble; note -
                                          the potential for oil and vanilla
                      Exports - partners: NA
                                 Imports: $237 million (2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: NA
                      Imports - partners: NA
                         Debt - external: $NA
                Economic aid - recipient: $2.2 billion (1999-2002 est.)
                                Currency: US dollar (USD)
                           Currency code: USD
                             Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June
     Communications East Timor
                    Telephones - main lines in use: NA
                      Telephones - mobile cellular: NA
                                  Telephone system: NA
                          Radio broadcast stations: AM NA, FM NA, shortwave NA
                                            Radios: NA
                     Television broadcast stations: NA
                                       Televisions: NA
                             Internet country code: .tp
                 Internet Service Providers (ISPs): NA
                                    Internet users: NA
     Transportation East Timor
                                            Railways: 0 km
                                            Highways: total: 3,800 km
                                                      paved: 428 km
                                                      unpaved: 3,372 km (1995)
                                           Waterways: NA
                                           Pipelines: NA
                                   Ports and harbors: NA
                                     Merchant marine: total: NA
                                                      ships by type: NA
                                            Airports: 8 (2001)
                       Airports - with paved runways: total: 3
                                                      2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                                      1,524 to 2,427 m: 1
                                                      914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
                     Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 5
                                                      914 to 1,523 m: 3
                                                      under 914 m: 2 (2001)
                                           Heliports: 1 (2001)
     Military East Timor
                        Military branches: the East Timor Defense Force or
                                           FALINTIL-FDTL comprises a light-
                                           infantry Army and a small Naval
                                           component; note - plans are to
                                           develop a force of 1,500 active
                                           personnel and 1,500 reserve
                                           personnel over the next five years
         Military manpower - military age: 18-21 years of age
         Military manpower - availability: NA
      Military manpower - fit for military NA
              Military manpower - reaching NA
                    military age annually:
            Military expenditures - dollar $4.4 million (FY03)
        Military expenditures - percent of NA%
     Transnational Issues East Timor
                Disputes - international: East Timor-Indonesia Boundary
                                          Committee meets to survey and
                                          delimit land boundary; Indonesia
                                          seeks resolution of East Timor
                                          refugees in Indonesia; Australia-
                                          East Timor-Indonesia are working to
                                          resolve maritime boundary and
                                          sharing of seabed resources in
                                          "Timor Gap"
                           Illicit drugs: NA

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