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2 definitions found
 for Dominican Republic
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Dominican Republic
      n 1: a republic in the West Indies; located on the eastern two-
           thirds of the island of Hispaniola

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Dominican Republic
     Introduction Dominican Republic
                               Background: A legacy of unsettled, mostly
                                           nonrepresentative, rule for much of
                                           the 20th century was brought to an
                                           end in 1996 when free and open
                                           elections ushered in a new
     Geography Dominican Republic
                                Location: Caribbean, eastern two-thirds of the
                                          island of Hispaniola, between the
                                          Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic
                                          Ocean, east of Haiti
                  Geographic coordinates: 19 00 N, 70 40 W
                          Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
                                    Area: total: 48,730 sq km
                                          land: 48,380 sq km
                                          water: 350 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly more than twice the size of
                                          New Hampshire
                         Land boundaries: total: 360 km
                                          border countries: Haiti 360 km
                               Coastline: 1,288 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          territorial sea: 6 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200 NM or to the
                                          edge of the continental margin
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: tropical maritime; little seasonal
                                          temperature variation; seasonal
                                          variation in rainfall
                                 Terrain: rugged highlands and mountains with
                                          fertile valleys interspersed
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Lago Enriquillo -46 m
                                          highest point: Pico Duarte 3,175 m
                       Natural resources: nickel, bauxite, gold, silver
                                Land use: arable land: 21.08%
                                          permanent crops: 9.92%
                                          other: 69% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 2,590 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: lies in the middle of the hurricane
                                          belt and subject to severe storms
                                          from June to October; occasional
                                          flooding; periodic droughts
            Environment - current issues: water shortages; soil eroding into
                                          the sea damages coral reefs;
                                          deforestation; Hurricane Georges
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine
                                          Dumping, Marine Life Conservation,
                                          Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer
                                          Protection, Ship Pollution
                                          signed, but not ratified: Law of the
                        Geography - note: shares island of Hispaniola with
                                          Haiti (eastern two-thirds is the
                                          Dominican Republic, western one-
                                          third is Haiti)
     People Dominican Republic
                              Population: 8,721,594 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 33.7% (male 1,503,344;
                                          female 1,439,157)
                                          15-64 years: 61.3% (male 2,720,308;
                                          female 2,621,539)
                                          65 years and over: 5% (male 206,556;
                                          female 230,690) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.61% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 24.4 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 4.68 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -3.59 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.03 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 33.41 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 73.68 years
                                          female: 75.91 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 71.57 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.94 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 2.8% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 130,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 4,900 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Dominican(s)
                                          adjective: Dominican
                           Ethnic groups: white 16%, black 11%, mixed 73%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 95%
                               Languages: Spanish
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 82.1%
                                          male: 82%
                                          female: 82.2% (1995 est.)
     Government Dominican Republic
                            Country name: conventional long form: Dominican
                                          conventional short form: none
                                          local long form: Republica
                                          local short form: none
                         Government type: representative democracy
                                 Capital: Santo Domingo
                Administrative divisions: 29 provinces (provincias, singular -
                                          provincia) and 1 district*
                                          (distrito); Azua, Baoruco, Barahona,
                                          Dajabon, Distrito Nacional*, Duarte,
                                          Elias Pina, El Seibo, Espaillat,
                                          Hato Mayor, Independencia, La
                                          Altagracia, La Romana, La Vega,
                                          Maria Trinidad Sanchez, Monsenor
                                          Nouel, Monte Cristi, Monte Plata,
                                          Pedernales, Peravia, Puerto Plata,
                                          Salcedo, Samana, Sanchez Ramirez,
                                          San Cristobal, San Juan, San Pedro
                                          de Macoris, Santiago, Santiago
                                          Rodriguez, Valverde
                            Independence: 27 February 1844 (from Haiti)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 27 February (1844)
                            Constitution: 28 November 1966
                            Legal system: based on French civil codes
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal and
                                          compulsory; married persons
                                          regardless of age
                                          note: members of the armed forces
                                          and police cannot vote
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Rafael
                                          Hipolito MEJIA Dominguez (since 16
                                          August 2000); Vice President
                                          Milagros ORTIZ-BOSCH (since 16
                                          August 2000); note - the president
                                          is both the chief of state and head
                                          of government
                                          head of government: President Rafael
                                          Hipolito MEJIA Dominguez (since 16
                                          August 2000); Vice President
                                          Milagros ORTIZ-BOSCH (since 16
                                          August 2000); note - the president
                                          is both the chief of state and head
                                          of government
                                          cabinet: Cabinet nominated by the
                                          elections: president and vice
                                          president elected on the same ticket
                                          by popular vote for four-year terms;
                                          election last held 16 May 2000 (next
                                          to be held NA May 2004)
                                          election results: Raphael Hipolito
                                          MEJIA Dominguez elected president;
                                          percent of vote - Rafael Hipolito
                                          MEJIA Dominguez (PRD) 49.87%, Danilo
                                          MEDINA (PLD) 24.95%, Joaquin
                                          BALAGUER (PRSC) 24.6%
                      Legislative branch: bicameral National Congress or
                                          Congreso Nacional consists of the
                                          Senate or Senado (30 seats; members
                                          are elected by popular vote to serve
                                          four-year terms) and the Chamber of
                                          Deputies or Camara de Diputados (149
                                          seats; members are elected by
                                          popular vote to serve four-year
                                          elections: Senate - last held 16 May
                                          1998 (next to be held NA May 2002);
                                          Chamber of Deputies - last held 16
                                          May 1998 (next to be held NA May
                                          election results: Senate - percent
                                          of vote by party - NA%; seats by
                                          party - PRD 24, PLD 3, PRSC 3;
                                          Chamber of Deputies - percent of
                                          vote by party - NA%; seats by party
                                          - PRD 83, PLD 49, PRSC 17
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Corte Suprema
                                          (judges are elected by a Council
                                          made up of members of the
                                          legislative and executive branches
                                          with the president presiding)
           Political parties and leaders: Dominican Liberation Party or PLD
                                          [Leonel FERNANDEZ Reyna]; Dominican
                                          Revolutionary Party or PRD [Hatuey
                                          DE CAMPS]; Social Christian
                                          Reformist Party or PRSC [Joaquin
                                          BALAGUER Ricardo]
            Political pressure groups and Collective of Popular Organizations
                                 leaders: or COP
               International organization ACP, Caricom (observer), ECLAC, FAO,
                           participation: G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU,
                                          ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO,
                                          ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM,
                                          ISO (subscriber), ITU, LAES, LAIA
                                          (observer), NAM (observer), OAS,
                                          OPANAL, OPCW (signatory), PCA, RG,
                                          UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIK,
                                          UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO,
                                          WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Hugo
                                          GUILIANI Cury
                                          consulate(s): Houston, Jacksonville,
                                          Mobile, and Ponce (Puerto Rico)
                                          consulate(s) general: Boston,
                                          Chicago, Mayaguez (Puerto Rico),
                                          Miami, New Orleans, New York,
                                          Philadelphia, San Francisco, and San
                                          Juan (Puerto Rico)
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 265-8057
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 332-6280
                                          chancery: 1715 22nd Street NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20008
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Hans H.
                                      US: HERTELL
                                          embassy: corner of Calle Cesar
                                          Nicolas Penson and Calle Leopoldo
                                          Navarro, Santo Domingo
                                          mailing address: Unit 5500, APO AA
                                          telephone: [1] (809) 221-7121
                                          FAX: [1] (809) 686-7437
                        Flag description: a centered white cross that extends
                                          to the edges divides the flag into
                                          four rectangles - the top ones are
                                          blue (hoist side) and red, and the
                                          bottom ones are red (hoist side) and
                                          blue; a small coat of arms is at the
                                          center of the cross
     Economy Dominican Republic
                      Economy - overview: The Dominican economy experienced
                                          dramatic growth over the last
                                          decade, even though the economy was
                                          hit hard by Hurricane Georges in
                                          1998. Although the country has long
                                          been viewed primarily as an exporter
                                          of sugar, coffee, and tobacco, in
                                          recent years the service sector has
                                          overtaken agriculture as the
                                          economy's largest employer, due to
                                          growth in tourism and free trade
                                          zones. The country suffers from
                                          marked income inequality; the
                                          poorest half of the population
                                          receives less than one-fifth of GNP,
                                          while the richest 10% enjoy 40% of
                                          national income. A US $500 million
                                          foreign bond issue in September 2001
                                          will contribute to increased public
                                          investment spending.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $50
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 1.5% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $5,800
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 11.1%
                                          industry: 34.1%
                                          services: 54.8% (2000)
           Population below poverty line: 25% (1999 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 1.6%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 39.6% (1989)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 47.4 (1998)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 5% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 2.3 million - 2.6 million
             Labor force - by occupation: services and government 58.7%,
                                          industry 24.3%, agriculture 17%
                                          (1998 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 15% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $2.9 billion
                                          expenditures: $3.2 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $1.1 billion (2001 est.)
                              Industries: tourism, sugar processing,
                                          ferronickel and gold mining,
                                          textiles, cement, tobacco
       Industrial production growth rate: 2% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 9.475 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 87.21%
                                          hydro: 12.53%
                                          other: 0.26% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 8,812.029 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: sugarcane, coffee, cotton, cocoa,
                                          tobacco, rice, beans, potatoes,
                                          corn, bananas; cattle, pigs, dairy
                                          products, beef, eggs
                                 Exports: $5.5 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: ferronickel, sugar, gold, silver,
                                          coffee, cocoa, tobacco, meats,
                                          consumer goods
                      Exports - partners: US 87.3%, Netherlands 1.1%, Canada
                                          0.7%, France 0.7% (2000 est.)
                                 Imports: $8.7 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, petroleum, cotton and
                                          fabrics, chemicals and
                      Imports - partners: US 60.5%, Japan 10.4%, Mexico 4.7%,
                                          Venezuela 3% (2000 est.)
                         Debt - external: $5.4 billion (2001 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $239.6 million (1995)
                                Currency: Dominican peso (DOP)
                           Currency code: DOP
                          Exchange rates: Dominican pesos per US dollar -
                                          17.310 (January 2002), 16.952
                                          (2001), 16.415 (2000), 16.033
                                          (1999), 15.267 (1998), 14.265 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Dominican Republic
          Telephones - main lines in use: 709,000 (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 130,149 (1997)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: NA
                                          domestic: relatively efficient
                                          system based on islandwide microwave
                                          radio relay network
                                          international: 1 coaxial submarine
                                          cable; satellite earth station - 1
                                          Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 120, FM 56, shortwave 4 (1998)
                                  Radios: 1.44 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 25 (1997)
                             Televisions: 770,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .do
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 24 (2000)
                          Internet users: 25,000 (1999)
     Transportation Dominican Republic
                                Railways: total: 757 km
                                          standard gauge: 375 km 1.435-m gauge
                                          (Central Romana Railroad)
                                          miscellaneous gauge: 240 km operated
                                          by sugar companies in various gauges
                                          (0.558-m, 0.762-m, 1.067-m gauges)
                                          (2000 est.)
                                          narrow gauge: 142 km 0.762-m gauge
                                          (Dominican Republic Government
                                Highways: total: 12,600 km
                                          paved: 6,224 km
                                          unpaved: 6,376 km (1996)
                               Waterways: none
                               Pipelines: crude oil 96 km; petroleum products
                                          8 km
                       Ports and harbors: Barahona, La Romana, Manzanillo,
                                          Puerto Plata, San Pedro de Macoris,
                                          Santo Domingo
                         Merchant marine: total: 1 ship (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 1,587 GRT/1,165 DWT
                                          ships by type: cargo 1 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 29 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 13
                                          over 3,047 m: 3
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 3
                                          under 914 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 16
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 4
                                          under 914 m: 10 (2001)
     Military Dominican Republic
                         Military branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, National
          Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
          Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 2,323,088 (2002
       Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 1,455,887 (2002
                                   service: est.)
      Military manpower - reaching military males: 87,404 (2002 est.)
                              age annually:
             Military expenditures - dollar $180 million (FY98)
         Military expenditures - percent of 1.1% (FY98)
     Transnational Issues Dominican Republic
                Disputes - international: none
                           Illicit drugs: transshipment point for South
                                          American drugs destined for the US
                                          and Europe; has become a
                                          transshipment point for ecstasy from
                                          the Netherlands and Belgium destined
                                          for US and Canada

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