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3 definitions found
 for Djibouti
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Djibouti \Djibouti\ prop. n. (Geography)
     The capital city of Djibouti. Population (2000) = 395,000.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: port city on the Gulf of Aden; the capital and largest city
           of Djibouti [syn: Djibouti, capital of Djibouti]
      2: a country in northeastern Africa on the Somali peninsula;
         formerly under French control but became independent in 1997
         [syn: Djibouti, Republic of Djibouti, Afars and Issas]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Djibouti
                              Background: The French Territory of the Afars
                                          and the Issas became Djibouti in
                                          1977. A peace accord in 1994 ended a
                                          three-year uprising by Afars rebels.
     Geography Djibouti
                                Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf
                                          of Aden and the Red Sea, between
                                          Eritrea and Somalia
                  Geographic coordinates: 11 30 N, 43 00 E
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 23,000 sq km
                                          water: 20 sq km
                                          land: 22,980 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Massachusetts
                         Land boundaries: total: 516 km
                                          border countries: Eritrea 109 km,
                                          Ethiopia 349 km, Somalia 58 km
                               Coastline: 314 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: desert; torrid, dry
                                 Terrain: coastal plain and plateau separated
                                          by central mountains
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Lac Assal -155 m
                                          highest point: Moussa Ali 2,028 m
                       Natural resources: geothermal areas
                                Land use: arable land: 0%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 100% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 10 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: earthquakes; droughts; occasional
                                          cyclonic disturbances from the
                                          Indian Ocean bring heavy rains and
                                          flash floods
            Environment - current issues: inadequate supplies of potable
                                          water; desertification; endangered
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer
                                          Protection, Ship Pollution
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: strategic location near world's
                                          busiest shipping lanes and close to
                                          Arabian oilfields; terminus of rail
                                          traffic into Ethiopia; mostly
                                          wasteland; Lac Assal (Lake Assal) is
                                          the lowest point in Africa
     People Djibouti
                              Population: 472,810 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 42.6% (male 100,903;
                                          female 100,420)
                                          15-64 years: 54.5% (male 135,409;
                                          female 122,209)
                                          65 years and over: 2.9% (male 7,220;
                                          female 6,649) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 2.59% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 40.33 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 14.43 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 1.09 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.06 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 99.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 51.6 years
                                          female: 53.52 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 49.73 years
                    Total fertility rate: 5.64 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 11.75% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 37,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 4,400 (2002 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Djiboutian(s)
                                          adjective: Djiboutian
                           Ethnic groups: Somali 60%, Afar 35%, French, Arab,
                                          Ethiopian, and Italian 5%
                               Religions: Muslim 94%, Christian 6%
                               Languages: French (official), Arabic
                                          (official), Somali, Afar
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 46.2%
                                          male: 60.3%
                                          female: 32.7% (1995 est.)
     Government Djibouti
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Djibouti
                                          former: French Territory of the
                                          Afars and Issas, French Somaliland
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: Djibouti
                Administrative divisions: 5 districts (cercles, singular -
                                          cercle); 'Ali Sabih, Dikhil,
                                          Djibouti, Obock, Tadjoura
                            Independence: 27 June 1977 (from France)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 27 June (1977)
                            Constitution: multiparty constitution approved by
                                          referendum 4 September 1992
                            Legal system: based on French civil law system,
                                          traditional practices, and Islamic
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal adult
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Ismail
                                          Omar GUELLEH (since 8 May 1999)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          DILEITA Mohamed Dileita (since 4
                                          March 2001)
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          responsible to the president
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a six-year term;
                                          election last held 9 April 1999
                                          (next to be held December 2002);
                                          prime minister appointed by the
                                          election results: Ismail Omar
                                          GUELLEH elected president; percent
                                          of vote - Ismail Omar GUELLEH 74.4%,
                                          IDRIS Moussa Ahmed 25.6%
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Chamber of Deputies or
                                          Chambre des Deputes (65 seats;
                                          members elected by popular vote for
                                          five-year terms)
                                          elections: last held 19 December
                                          1997 (next to be held NA December
                                          election results: percent of vote -
                                          NA%; seats - RPP 64, FRUD 11; note -
                                          RPP (the ruling party) dominated the
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme
           Political parties and leaders: Democratic National Party or PND
                                          [ADEN Robleh Awaleh]; Democratic
                                          Renewal Party or PRD [Abdillahi
                                          HAMARITEH]; Front pour la
                                          Restauration de l'Unite Democratique
                                          or FRUD [Ali Mohamed DAOUD];
                                          People's Progress Assembly or RPP
                                          (governing party) [Ismail Omar
            Political pressure groups and Movement for Unity and Democracy or
                                 leaders: MUD
               International organization ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF,
                           participation: ECA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU,
                                          ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS,
                                          IGAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC,
                                          ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW
                                          (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
                                          UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WToO,
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador ROBLE
                                          Olhaye Oudine
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 331-0302
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 331-0270
                                          chancery: Suite 515, 1156 15th
                                          Street NW, Washington, DC 20005
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Donald
                                      US: YAMAMOTO
                                          embassy: Plateau du Serpent,
                                          Boulevard Marechal Joffre, Djibouti
                                          mailing address: B. P. 185, Djibouti
                                          telephone: [253] 35 39 95
                                          FAX: [253] 35 39 40
                        Flag description: two equal horizontal bands of light
                                          blue (top) and light green with a
                                          white isosceles triangle based on
                                          the hoist side bearing a red five-
                                          pointed star in the center
     Economy Djibouti
                      Economy - overview: The economy is based on service
                                          activities connected with the
                                          country's strategic location and
                                          status as a free trade zone in
                                          northeast Africa. Two-thirds of the
                                          inhabitants live in the capital
                                          city, the remainder being mostly
                                          nomadic herders. Scanty rainfall
                                          limits crop production to fruits and
                                          vegetables, and most food must be
                                          imported. Djibouti provides services
                                          as both a transit port for the
                                          region and an international
                                          transshipment and refueling center.
                                          It has few natural resources and
                                          little industry. The nation is,
                                          therefore, heavily dependent on
                                          foreign assistance to help support
                                          its balance of payments and to
                                          finance development projects. An
                                          unemployment rate of 50% continues
                                          to be a major problem. Inflation is
                                          not a concern, however, because of
                                          the fixed tie of the franc to the US
                                          dollar. Per capita consumption
                                          dropped an estimated 35% over the
                                          last seven years because of
                                          recession, civil war, and a high
                                          population growth rate (including
                                          immigrants and refugees). Faced with
                                          a multitude of economic
                                          difficulties, the government has
                                          fallen in arrears on long-term
                                          external debt and has been
                                          struggling to meet the stipulations
                                          of foreign aid donors. Another
                                          factor limiting growth is the
                                          negative impact on port activity now
                                          that Ethiopia has more trade route
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $586
                                          million (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 0% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,400
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 3%
                                          industry: 10%
                                          services: 87% (2001 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 50% (2001 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 282,000
             Labor force - by occupation: NA%
                       Unemployment rate: 50% (2000 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $135 million
                                          expenditures: $182 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (1999 est.)
                              Industries: construction, agricultural
       Industrial production growth rate: 3% (1996 est.)
                Electricity - production: 180 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 167.4 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: fruits, vegetables; goats, sheep,
                                 Exports: $260 million (f.o.b., 1999 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: reexports, hides and skins, coffee
                                          (in transit)
                      Exports - partners: Somalia 53%, Yemen 23%, Ethiopia 5%
                                 Imports: $440 million (f.o.b., 1999 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: foods, beverages, transport
                                          equipment, chemicals, petroleum
                      Imports - partners: France 13%, Ethiopia 12%, Italy 9%,
                                          Saudi Arabia 6%, UK 6% (1998)
                         Debt - external: $366 million (2002 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $36 million (2001)
                                Currency: Djiboutian franc (DJF)
                           Currency code: DJF
                          Exchange rates: Djiboutian francs per US dollar -
                                          177.721 (fixed rate since 1973)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Djibouti
           Telephones - main lines in use: 10,000 (2002)
             Telephones - mobile cellular: NA (2002)
                         Telephone system: general assessment: telephone
                                           facilities in the city of Djibouti
                                           are adequate as are the microwave
                                           radio relay connections to outlying
                                           areas of the country
                                           domestic: microwave radio relay
                                           international: submarine cable to
                                           Jiddah, Suez, Sicily, Marseilles,
                                           Colombo, and Singapore; satellite
                                           earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Indian
                                           Ocean) and 1 Arabsat; Medarabtel
                                           regional microwave radio relay
                                           telephone network
                 Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 0 (2001)
                                   Radios: 52,000 (1997)
            Television broadcast stations: 1 (2002)
                              Televisions: 28,000 (1997)
                    Internet country code: .dj
        Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                           Internet users: 1,400 (2000)
     Transportation Djibouti
                                 Railways: total: 100 km (Djibouti segment of
                                           the Addis Ababa-Djibouti railroad)
                                           narrow gauge: 100 km 1.000-m gauge
                                           note: Djibouti and Ethiopia plan to
                                           revitalize the century-old railroad
                                           that links their capitals by 2003
                                           (2001 est.)
                                 Highways: total: 2,890 km
                                           paved: 364 km
                                           unpaved: 2,526 km (1996)
                                Waterways: none
                        Ports and harbors: Djibouti
                                 Airports: 12 (2001)
            Airports - with paved runways: total: 2
                                           over 3,047 m: 1
                                           2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2001)
          Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 10
                                           1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
                                           914 to 1,523 m: 5
                                           under 914 m: 3 (2001)
     Military Djibouti
                       Military branches: Djibouti National Army (including
                                          Navy and Air Force)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 110,221 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 64,940 (2002 est.)
           Military expenditures - dollar $26.5 million (FY01)
       Military expenditures - percent of 4.4% (FY01)
     Transnational Issues Djibouti
                Disputes - international: Djibouti maintains economic ties and
                                          border accords with "Somaliland"
                                          leadership while politically
                                          supporting the Somali Transitional
                                          National Government in Mogadishu

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