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2 definitions found
 for Czech Republic
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Czech Republic
      n 1: a landlocked republic in central Europe; separated from
           Slovakia in 1993

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Czech Republic
     Introduction Czech Republic
                              Background: After World War II, Czechoslovakia
                                          fell within the Soviet sphere of
                                          influence. In 1968, an invasion by
                                          Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts
                                          of the country's leaders to
                                          liberalize party rule and create
                                          "socialism with a human face." Anti-
                                          Soviet demonstrations the following
                                          year ushered in a period of harsh
                                          repression. With the collapse of
                                          Soviet authority in 1989,
                                          Czechoslovakia regained its freedom
                                          through a peaceful "Velvet
                                          Revolution." On 1 January 1993, the
                                          country underwent a "velvet divorce"
                                          into its two national components,
                                          the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Now
                                          a member of NATO, the Czech Republic
                                          has moved toward integration in
                                          world markets, a development that
                                          poses both opportunities and risks.
     Geography Czech Republic
                                Location: Central Europe, southeast of Germany
                  Geographic coordinates: 49 45 N, 15 30 E
                          Map references: Europe
                                    Area: total: 78,866 sq km
                                          water: 1,590 sq km
                                          land: 77,276 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than South Carolina
                         Land boundaries: total: 1,881 km
                                          border countries: Austria 362 km,
                                          Germany 646 km, Poland 658 km,
                                          Slovakia 215 km
                               Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
                         Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
                                 Climate: temperate; cool summers; cold,
                                          cloudy, humid winters
                                 Terrain: Bohemia in the west consists of
                                          rolling plains, hills, and plateaus
                                          surrounded by low mountains; Moravia
                                          in the east consists of very hilly
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Elbe River 115 m
                                          highest point: Snezka 1,602 m
                       Natural resources: hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay,
                                          graphite, timber
                                Land use: arable land: 40%
                                          permanent crops: 3.04%
                                          other: 56.96% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 240 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: flooding
            Environment - current issues: air and water pollution in areas of
                                          northwest Bohemia and in northern
                                          Moravia around Ostrava present
                                          health risks; acid rain damaging
              Environment - international party to: Air Pollution, Air
                              agreements: Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air
                                          Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-
                                          Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile
                                          Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty,
                                          Biodiversity, Climate Change,
                                          Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol,
                                          Desertification, Endangered Species,
                                          Environmental Modification,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea,
                                          Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer
                                          Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: Air
                                          Pollution-Persistent Organic
                                          Pollutants, Antarctic-Environmental
                        Geography - note: landlocked; strategically located
                                          astride some of oldest and most
                                          significant land routes in Europe;
                                          Moravian Gate is a traditional
                                          military corridor between the North
                                          European Plain and the Danube in
                                          central Europe
     People Czech Republic
                              Population: 10,256,760 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 15.7% (male 828,273;
                                          female 786,617)
                                          15-64 years: 70.3% (male 3,605,766;
                                          female 3,603,058)
                                          65 years and over: 14% (male
                                          551,852; female 881,194) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: -0.07% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 9.08 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 10.76 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0.96 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.63 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.95 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 5.46 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.95 years
                                          female: 78.65 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 71.46 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.18 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.04% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 2,200 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: less than 100 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Czech(s)
                                          adjective: Czech
                           Ethnic groups: Czech 81.2%, Moravian 13.2%, Slovak
                                          3.1%, Polish 0.6%, German 0.5%,
                                          Silesian 0.4%, Roma 0.3%, Hungarian
                                          0.2%, other 0.5% (1991)
                               Religions: atheist 39.8%, Roman Catholic 39.2%,
                                          Protestant 4.6%, Orthodox 3%, other
                               Languages: Czech
                                Literacy: definition: NA
                                          total population: 99.9% (1999 est.)
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
     Government Czech Republic
                            Country name: conventional long form: Czech
                                          conventional short form: Czech
                                          local short form: Ceska Republika
                                          local long form: Ceska Republika
                         Government type: parliamentary democracy
                                 Capital: Prague
                Administrative divisions: 13 regions (kraje, singular - kraj)
                                          and 1 capital city* (hlavni mesto);
                                          Jihocesky Kraj, Jihomoravsky Kraj,
                                          Karlovarsky Kraj, Kralovehradecky
                                          Kraj, Liberecky Kraj,
                                          Moravskoslezsky Kraj, Olomoucky
                                          Kraj, Pardubicky Kraj, Plzensky
                                          Kraj, Praha*, Stredocesky Kraj,
                                          Ustecky Kraj, Vysocina, Zlinsky Kraj
                            Independence: 1 January 1993 (Czechoslovakia split
                                          into the Czech Republic and
                        National holiday: Czech Founding Day, 28 October
                            Constitution: ratified 16 December 1992; effective
                                          1 January 1993
                            Legal system: civil law system based on Austro-
                                          Hungarian codes; has not accepted
                                          compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; legal
                                          code modified to bring it in line
                                          with Organization on Security and
                                          Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)
                                          obligations and to expunge Marxist-
                                          Leninist legal theory
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Vaclav
                                          HAVEL (since 2 February 1993)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Milos ZEMAN (since 17 July 1998);
                                          Deputy Prime Ministers Vladimir
                                          SPIDLA (since 22 July 1998), Pavel
                                          RYCHETSKY (since 22 July 1998), Jan
                                          KAVAN (since 8 December 1999)
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          president on the recommendation of
                                          the prime minister
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          Parliament for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 20 January 1998
                                          (next to be held NA January 2003);
                                          prime minister appointed by the
                                          election results: Vaclav HAVEL
                                          reelected president; Vaclav HAVEL
                                          received 47 of 81 votes in the
                                          Senate and 99 out of 200 votes in
                                          the Chamber of Deputies (second
                                          round of voting)
                      Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament or Parlament
                                          consists of the Senate or Senat (81
                                          seats; members are elected by
                                          popular vote to serve six-year
                                          terms; one-third elected every two
                                          years) and the Chamber of Deputies
                                          or Poslanecka Snemovna (200 seats;
                                          members are elected by popular vote
                                          to serve four-year terms)
                                          elections: Senate - last held 12 and
                                          19 November 2000 (next to be held NA
                                          November 2002); Chamber of Deputies
                                          - last held 19-20 June 1998 (next to
                                          be held by NA June 2002)
                                          election results: Senate - percent
                                          of vote by party - NA%; seats by
                                          party - KDU-CSL 28, ODS 22, CSSD 15,
                                          ODA 7, US 4, KSCM 3, independents 2;
                                          Chamber of Deputies - percent of
                                          vote by party - CSSD 32.3%, ODS
                                          27.7%, KSCM 11%, KDU-CSL 9.0%, US
                                          8.6%; seats by party - CSSD 74, ODS
                                          63, KSCM 24, KDU-CSL 20, US 18, CSNS
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court; Constitutional Court;
                                          chairman and deputy chairmen are
                                          appointed by the president for a 10-
                                          year term
           Political parties and leaders: Christian and Democratic Union-
                                          Czechoslovak People's Party or KDU-
                                          CSL [Cyril SVOBODA, chairman]; Civic
                                          Democratic Alliance or ODA [Michael
                                          ZANTOVSKY, chairman]; Civic
                                          Democratic Party or ODS [Vaclav
                                          KLAUS, chairman]; Communist Party of
                                          Bohemia and Moravia or KSCM
                                          [Miroslav GREBENICEK, chairman];
                                          Communist Party of Czechoslovakia or
                                          KSC [Miroslav STEPAN, chairman];
                                          Czech National Social Party of CSNS
                                          [Jan SULA, chairman]; Czech Social
                                          Democratic Party or CSSD [Milos
                                          ZEMAN, chairman]; Democratic Union
                                          or DEU [Ratibor MAJZLIK, chairman];
                                          Freedom Union or US [Hana MARVANOVA,
                                          chairman]; Quad Coalition [Karel
                                          KUHNL, chairman] (includes KDU-CSL,
                                          US, ODA, DEU); Republicans of
                                          Miroslav SLADEK or RMS [Miroslav
                                          SLADEK, chairman]
            Political pressure groups and Czech-Moravian Confederation of
                                 leaders: Trade Unions [Richard FALBR]
               International organization ACCT (observer), Australia Group,
                           participation: BIS, CCC, CE, CEI, CERN, EAPC, EBRD,
                                          ECE, EU (applicant), FAO, IAEA,
                                          IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA,
                                          IEA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO,
                                          Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MONUC,
                                          NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer),
                                          OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN,
                                          UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO,
                                          UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOP, UNMOT,
                                          UNOMIG, UPU, WCL, WEU (associate),
                                          WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Martin
                                          consulate(s) general: Los Angeles
                                          and New York
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 966-8540
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 363-6315
                                          chancery: 3900 Spring of Freedom
                                          Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Craig
                                      US: R. STAPLETON
                                          embassy: Trziste 15, 118 #01 Prague
                                          mailing address: use embassy street
                                          telephone: [420] (2) 5753-0663
                                          FAX: [420] (2) 5753-0583
                        Flag description: two equal horizontal bands of white
                                          (top) and red with a blue isosceles
                                          triangle based on the hoist side
                                          (identical to the flag of the former
     Economy Czech Republic
                      Economy - overview: Basically one of the most stable and
                                          prosperous of the post-Communist
                                          states, the Czech Republic has been
                                          recovering from recession since mid-
                                          1999. Growth in 2000-01 was led by
                                          exports to the EU, especially
                                          Germany, and foreign investment,
                                          while domestic demand is reviving.
                                          Uncomfortably high fiscal and
                                          current account deficits could be
                                          future problems. Unemployment is
                                          gradually declining as job creation
                                          continues in the rebounding economy;
                                          inflation is up to 4.7% but still
                                          moderate. The EU put the Czech
                                          Republic just behind Poland and
                                          Hungary in preparations for
                                          accession, which will give further
                                          impetus and direction to structural
                                          reform. Moves to complete banking,
                                          telecommunications, and energy
                                          privatization will add to foreign
                                          investment, while intensified
                                          restructuring among large
                                          enterprises and banks and
                                          improvements in the financial sector
                                          should strengthen output growth.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $147.9
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 3.4% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $14,400
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 5%
                                          industry: 41%
                                          services: 54% (2000)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 4.3%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 22.4% (1996)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 26 (1996)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4.7% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 5.203 million (1999 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 5%, industry 40%,
                                          services 55% (2000 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 8.5% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $16.7 billion
                                          expenditures: $18 billion, including
                                          capital expenditures of $NA (2001
                              Industries: metallurgy, machinery and equipment,
                                          motor vehicles, glass, armaments
       Industrial production growth rate: 7.2% (2001)
                Electricity - production: 69.589 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 77.75%
                                          hydro: 2.5%
                                          other: 1.2% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 18.55%
               Electricity - consumption: 54.701 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 18.74 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 8.725 billion kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: wheat, potatoes, sugar beets, hops,
                                          fruit; pigs, poultry
                                 Exports: $32.7 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Exports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment
                                          44%, intermediate manufactures 25%,
                                          chemicals 7%, raw materials and fuel
                                          7% (2000)
                      Exports - partners: Germany 40.4%, Slovakia 7.7%,
                                          Austria 6.0%, Poland 5.4%, UK 4.3%
                                 Imports: $37.4 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment
                                          40%, intermediate manufactures 21%,
                                          raw materials and fuels 13%,
                                          chemicals 11% (2000)
                      Imports - partners: Germany 26.7%, Russia 6.4%, Slovakia
                                          6.0%, Italy 5.2%, Austria 4.9%
                         Debt - external: $24.6 billion (2001)
                Economic aid - recipient: $NA
                                Currency: Czech koruna (CZK)
                           Currency code: CZK
                          Exchange rates: koruny per US dollar - 36.325
                                          (January 2002), 38.035 (2001),
                                          38.598 (2000), 34.569 (1999), 32.281
                                          (1998), 31.698 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Czech Republic
          Telephones - main lines in use: 3.869 million (2000)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 4.346 million (2000)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: privatization
                                          and modernization of the Czech
                                          telecommunication system got a late
                                          start but is advancing steadily;
                                          growth in the use of mobile cellular
                                          telephones is particularly vigorous
                                          domestic: 86% of exchanges now
                                          digital; existing copper subscriber
                                          systems now being enhanced with
                                          Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
                                          (ADSL) equipment to accommodate
                                          Internet and other digital signals;
                                          trunk systems include fiber-optic
                                          cable and microwave radio relay
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 2 Intersputnik (Atlantic
                                          and Indian Ocean regions), 1
                                          Intelsat, 1 Eutelsat, 1 Inmarsat, 1
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 31, FM 304, shortwave 17 (2000)
                                  Radios: 3,159,134 (December 2000)
           Television broadcast stations: 150 (plus 1,434 repeaters) (2000)
                             Televisions: 3,405,834 (December 2000)
                   Internet country code: .cz
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): more than 300 (2000)
                          Internet users: 1.1 million (2001)
     Transportation Czech Republic
                                Railways: total: 9,444 km
                                          standard gauge: 9,350 km 1.435-
                                          m gauge (2,843 km electrified; 1,929
                                          km double-track)
                                          narrow gauge: 94 km 0.760-m gauge
                                          (2000 est.)
                                Highways: total: 55,432 km
                                          paved: 55,432 km (including 499 km
                                          of expressways)
                                          unpaved: 0 km (2000)
                               Waterways: 303 km
                                          note: (the Labe (Elbe) is the
                                          principal river) (2000)
                               Pipelines: natural gas 3,550 km (2000)
                       Ports and harbors: Decin, Prague, Usti nad Labem
                                Airports: 121 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 44
                                          over 3,047 m: 2
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 10
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 2
                                          under 914 m: 17 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 13
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 77
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 28
                                          under 914 m: 48 (2001)
                               Heliports: 1 (2001)
     Military Czech Republic
                         Military branches: Army, Air and Air Defense Forces,
                                            Territorial Defense Force
          Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
          Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 2,637,128 (2002
       Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 2,012,779 (2002
                                   service: est.)
      Military manpower - reaching military males: 69,393 (2002 est.)
                              age annually:
             Military expenditures - dollar $1,190.2 million (FY01)
         Military expenditures - percent of 2.1% (FY01)
     Transnational Issues Czech Republic
                Disputes - international: Liechtenstein's royal family claims
                                          restitution for 1,600 sq km of land
                                          in the Czech Republic confiscated in
                                          1918; individual Sudeten German
                                          claims for restitution of property
                                          confiscated in connection with their
                                          expulsion after World War II;
                                          Austria has minor dispute with Czech
                                          Republic over the Temelin nuclear
                                          power plant and post-World War II
                                          treatment of German-speaking
                           Illicit drugs: transshipment point for Southwest
                                          Asian heroin and minor transit point
                                          for Latin American cocaine to
                                          Western Europe; producer of
                                          synthetic drugs for local and
                                          regional markets

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