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3 definitions found
 for Croatia
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Croatia \Croatia\ n.
     a Slavic-speaking country on the Adriatic, part of the Balkan
     region. It was formerly part of Yugoslavia.
     [WordNet 1.5 +PJC]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a republic in the western Balkans in south-central Europe
           in the eastern Adriatic coastal area; formerly part of the
           Habsburg monarchy and Yugoslavia; became independent in
           1991 [syn: Croatia, Republic of Croatia, Hrvatska]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Croatia
                              Background: In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and
                                          Slovenes formed a kingdom known
                                          after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following
                                          World War II, Yugoslavia became an
                                          independent communist state under
                                          the strong hand of Marshal TITO.
                                          Although Croatia declared its
                                          independence from Yugoslavia in
                                          1991, it took four years of
                                          sporadic, but often bitter, fighting
                                          before occupying Serb armies were
                                          mostly cleared from Croatian lands.
                                          Under UN supervision the last Serb-
                                          held enclave in eastern Slavonia was
                                          returned to Croatia in 1998.
     Geography Croatia
                                Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the
                                          Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and
                                          Herzegovina and Slovenia
                  Geographic coordinates: 45 10 N, 15 30 E
                          Map references: Europe
                                    Area: total: 56,542 sq km
                                          water: 128 sq km
                                          land: 56,414 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than West Virginia
                         Land boundaries: total: 2,185 km
                                          border countries: Bosnia and
                                          Herzegovina 932 km, Hungary 329 km,
                                          Yugoslavia 254 km, Slovenia 670 km
                               Coastline: 5,835 km (mainland 1,777 km, islands
                                          4,058 km)
                         Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200-m depth or to
                                          the depth of exploitation
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: Mediterranean and continental;
                                          continental climate predominant with
                                          hot summers and cold winters; mild
                                          winters, dry summers along coast
                                 Terrain: geographically diverse; flat plains
                                          along Hungarian border, low
                                          mountains and highlands near
                                          Adriatic coastline and islands
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Dinara 1,830 m
                       Natural resources: oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade
                                          iron ore, calcium, natural asphalt,
                                          silica, mica, clays, salt,
                                Land use: arable land: 23.55%
                                          permanent crops: 2.24%
                                          other: 74.21% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 30 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: destructive earthquakes
            Environment - current issues: air pollution (from metallurgical
                                          plants) and resulting acid rain is
                                          damaging the forests; coastal
                                          pollution from industrial and
                                          domestic waste; landmine removal and
                                          reconstruction of infrastructure
                                          consequent to 1992-95 civil strife
              Environment - international party to: Air Pollution, Air
                              agreements: Pollution-Sulphur 94, Biodiversity,
                                          Climate Change, Desertification,
                                          Endangered Species, Hazardous
                                          Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine
                                          Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone
                                          Layer Protection, Ship Pollution,
                                          signed, but not ratified: Air
                                          Pollution-Persistent Organic
                                          Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto
                        Geography - note: controls most land routes from
                                          Western Europe to Aegean Sea and
                                          Turkish Straits
     People Croatia
                              Population: 4,390,751 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 18.3% (male 411,847;
                                          female 390,797)
                                          15-64 years: 66.3% (male 1,461,305;
                                          female 1,448,973)
                                          65 years and over: 15.4% (male
                                          252,970; female 424,859) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.12% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 12.8 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 11.31 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 9.72 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.6 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.94 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 7.06 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.13 years
                                          female: 77.96 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 70.52 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.93 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.02% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 350 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: less than 100 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Croat(s), Croatian(s)
                                          adjective: Croatian
                           Ethnic groups: Croat 78.1%, Serb 12.2%, Bosniak
                                          0.9%, Hungarian 0.5%, Slovene 0.5%,
                                          Czech 0.4%, Albanian 0.3%,
                                          Montenegrin 0.3%, Roma 0.2%, others
                                          6.6% (1991)
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 76.5%, Orthodox
                                          11.1%, Muslim 1.2%, Protestant 0.4%,
                                          others and unknown 10.8% (1991)
                               Languages: Croatian 96%, other 4% (including
                                          Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak,
                                          and German)
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 97%
                                          male: 99%
                                          female: 95% (1991 est.)
     Government Croatia
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Croatia
                                          local short form: Hrvatska
                                          local long form: Republika Hrvatska
                         Government type: presidential/parliamentary democracy
                                 Capital: Zagreb
                Administrative divisions: 20 counties (zupanije, zupanija -
                                          singular) and 1 city* (grad -
                                          singular); Bjelovarsko-Bilogorska
                                          Zupanija, Brodsko-Posavska Zupanija,
                                          Dubrovacko-Neretvanska Zupanija,
                                          Istarska Zupanija, Karlovacka
                                          Zupanija, Koprivnicko-Krizevacka
                                          Zupanija, Krapinsko-Zagorska
                                          Zupanija, Licko-Senjska Zupanija,
                                          Medimurska Zupanija, Osjecko-
                                          Baranjska Zupanija, Pozesko-
                                          Slavonska Zupanija, Primorsko-
                                          Goranska Zupanija, Sibensko-Kninska
                                          Zupanija, Sisacko-Moslavacka
                                          Zupanija, Splitsko-Dalmatinska
                                          Zupanija, Varazdinska Zupanija,
                                          Viroviticko-Podravska Zupanija,
                                          Vukovarsko-Srijemska Zupanija,
                                          Zadarska Zupanija, Zagreb*,
                                          Zagrebacka Zupanija
                            Independence: 25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia)
                        National holiday: Statehood Day, 25 June (1991)
                            Constitution: adopted on 22 December 1990
                            Legal system: based on civil law system
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal (16 years
                                          of age, if employed)
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Stjepan
                                          (Stipe) MESIC (since 18 February
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Ivica RACAN (since 27 January 2000);
                                          Deputy Prime Ministers Goran GRANIC
                                          (since 27 January 2000), Zeljka
                                          ANTUNOVIC (since 27 January 2000),
                                          Slavko LINIC (since 27 January 2000)
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers named
                                          by the prime minister and approved
                                          by the House of Representatives
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 7 February 2000
                                          (next to be held NA 2005); prime
                                          minister nominated by the president
                                          in line with the balance of power in
                                          the Assembly
                                          note: government coalition - SDP,
                                          HSLS, HSS, LP, HNS; a fifth party,
                                          the Istrian Democratic Assembly
                                          (IDS), withdrew in June 2001
                                          election results: Stjepan MESIC
                                          elected president; percent of vote -
                                          Stjepan MESIC (HNS) 56%, Drazen
                                          BUDISA (HSLS) 44%
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Assembly or Sabor (151
                                          seats; members elected by popular
                                          vote to serve four-year terms); note
                                          - House of Counties was abolished in
                                          March 2001
                                          election results: Assembly (then
                                          referred to as the House of
                                          Representatives) - percent of vote
                                          by party - NA%; seats by party - HDZ
                                          46, SDP 44, HSLS 24, HSS 17, HSP/
                                          HKDU 5, IDS 4, HNS 2, independents
                                          4, minority representatives 5
                                          elections: Assembly - last held 2-
                                          3 January 2000 (next to be held in
                                          the fall of 2003)
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court; Constitutional Court;
                                          judges for both courts appointed for
                                          eight-year terms by the Judicial
                                          Council of the Republic, which is
                                          elected by the House of
           Political parties and leaders: Alliance of Croatian Coast and
                                          Mountains Department or PGS [Luciano
                                          SUSANJ]; Croatian Christian
                                          Democratic Union or HKDU [Marko
                                          VESELICA]; Croatian Democratic Union
                                          or HDZ [Ivo SANADER]; Croatian Party
                                          of Rights or HSP [Dobroslav PARAGA];
                                          Croatian Peasant Party or HSS
                                          [Zlatko TOMCIC]; Croatian People's
                                          Party or HNS [Vesna PUSIC]; Croatian
                                          Social Liberal Party or HSLS [Drazen
                                          BUDISA]; Croatian True Revival Party
                                          or HIP [Miroslav TUDJMAN];
                                          Independent Democratic Serb Party or
                                          SDSS [Vojislav STANIMIROVIC];
                                          Istrian Democratic Assembly or IDS
                                          [Ivan JAKOVCIC]; Liberal Party or LP
                                          [leader NA]; Social Democratic Party
                                          of Croatia or SDP [Ivica RACAN]
                                          note: the Social Democratic Party or
                                          SDP and the Croatian Social Liberal
                                          Party or HSLS formed a coalition as
                                          did the HSS, HNS, LP, and IDS, which
                                          together defeated the Croatian
                                          Democratic Union or HDZ in the 2000
                                          lower house parliamentary election;
                                          the IDS subsequently left the
                                          governing coalition in June 2001
                                          over its inability to win greater
                                          autonomy for Istria
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization BIS, CCC, CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, ECE,
                           participation: FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU,
                                          ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO,
                                          ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM,
                                          ISO, ITU, NAM (observer), OAS
                                          (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP,
                                          UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO,
                                          UNMEE, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO,
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Ivan
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 588-8936
                                          consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los
                                          Angeles, New York
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 588-5899
                                          chancery: 2343 Massachusetts Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20008
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador
                                      US: Lawrence G. ROSSIN
                                          embassy: Andrije Hebranga 2, 10000
                                          mailing address: use street address
                                          telephone: [385] (1) 661-2200
                                          FAX: [385] (1) 661-2373
                        Flag description: red, white, and blue horizontal
                                          bands with Croatian coat of arms
                                          (red and white checkered)
     Economy Croatia
                      Economy - overview: Before the dissolution of
                                          Yugoslavia, the Republic of Croatia,
                                          after Slovenia, was the most
                                          prosperous and industrialized area,
                                          with a per capita output perhaps
                                          one-third above the Yugoslav
                                          average. The economy emerged from
                                          its mild recession in 2000 with
                                          tourism the main factor, but massive
                                          structural unemployment remains a
                                          key negative element. The
                                          government's failure to press the
                                          economic reforms needed to spur
                                          growth is largely the result of
                                          coalition politics and public
                                          resistance, particularly from the
                                          trade unions, to measures that would
                                          cut jobs, wages, or social benefits.
                                          As a result, the country is likely
                                          to experience only moderate growth
                                          without disciplined fiscal and
                                          structural reform.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $36.1
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 4% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $8,300
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 10%
                                          industry: 33%
                                          services: 57% (2001 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 3.7%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 23.3% (1998)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 29 (1998)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 5% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 1.7 million (2001)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture NA%, industry NA%,
                                          services NA%
                       Unemployment rate: 23% (December 2001)
                                  Budget: revenues: $8.6 billion
                                          expenditures: $9 billion, including
                                          capital expenditures of $NA (2001
                              Industries: chemicals and plastics, machine
                                          tools, fabricated metal,
                                          electronics, pig iron and rolled
                                          steel products, aluminum, paper,
                                          wood products, construction
                                          materials, textiles, shipbuilding,
                                          petroleum and petroleum refining,
                                          food and beverages; tourism
       Industrial production growth rate: 6% (2001)
                Electricity - production: 10.578 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 44.76%
                                          hydro: 55.22%
                                          other: 0.02% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 12.638 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 900 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 3.7 billion kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: wheat, corn, sugar beets, sunflower
                                          seed, barley, alfalfa, clover,
                                          olives, citrus, grapes, soybeans,
                                          potatoes; livestock, dairy products
                                 Exports: $4.5 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Exports - commodities: transport equipment, textiles,
                                          chemicals, foodstuffs, fuels
                      Exports - partners: Italy 24%, Germany 15%, Bosnia and
                                          Herzegovina 12%, Slovenia 9%,
                                          Austria 5.8% (2001 est.)
                                 Imports: $8.4 billion (c.i.f., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery, transport and electrical
                                          equipment, chemicals, fuels and
                                          lubricants, foodstuffs
                      Imports - partners: Italy 17%, Germany 16.9%, Slovenia
                                          7.9%, Russia 7.5%, Austria 7% (2001
                         Debt - external: $11 billion (2001)
                Economic aid - recipient: $NA
                                Currency: kuna (HRK)
                           Currency code: HRK
                          Exchange rates: kuna per US dollar - 8.452 (January
                                          2002), 8.340 (2001), 8.277 (2000),
                                          7.112 (1999), 6.362 (1998), 6.101
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Croatia
          Telephones - main lines in use: 1,721,139 (2000)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 1.3 million (2001)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: NA
                                          domestic: reconstruction plan calls
                                          for replacement of all analog
                                          circuits with digital and enlarging
                                          the network; a backup will be
                                          included in the plan for the main
                                          international: digital international
                                          service is provided through the main
                                          switch in Zagreb; Croatia
                                          participates in the Trans-Asia-
                                          Europe (TEL) fiber-optic project
                                          which consists of two fiber-optic
                                          trunk connections with Slovenia and
                                          a fiber-optic trunk line from Rijeka
                                          to Split and Dubrovnik; Croatia is
                                          also investing in ADRIA 1, a joint
                                          fiber-optic project with Germany,
                                          Albania, and Greece (2000)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 16, FM 98, shortwave 5 (1999)
                                  Radios: 1.51 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 36 (plus 321 repeaters) (September
                             Televisions: 1.22 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .hr
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 9 (2000)
                          Internet users: 200,000 (2001)
     Transportation Croatia
                                Railways: total: 2,726 km
                                          standard gauge: 2,726 km 1.435-
                                          m gauge (NA electrified) (2000)
                                Highways: total: 28,009 km
                                          paved: 23,695 km (including 330 km
                                          of expressways)
                                          unpaved: 4,314 km (2001)
                               Waterways: 785 km
                                          note: (perennially navigable; large
                                          sections of Sava blocked by downed
                                          bridges, silt, and debris)
                               Pipelines: crude oil 670 km; petroleum products
                                          20 km; natural gas 310 km (1992)
                       Ports and harbors: Dubrovnik, Dugi Rat, Omisalj, Ploce,
                                          Pula, Rijeka, Sibenik, Split,
                                          Vukovar (inland waterway port on
                                          Danube), Zadar
                         Merchant marine: total: 49 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 681,465 GRT/1,076,315 DWT
                                          note: includes a foreign-owned ship
                                          registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Hong Kong 1 (2002 est.)
                                          ships by type: bulk 14, cargo 13,
                                          chemical tanker 1, combination bulk
                                          5, container 1, multi-functional
                                          large-load carrier 3, passenger 1,
                                          petroleum tanker 2, refrigerated
                                          cargo 2, roll on/roll off 4, short-
                                          sea passenger 3
                                Airports: 67 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 22
                                          over 3,047 m: 2
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 6
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 4
                                          under 914 m: 8 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 45
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 7
                                          under 914 m: 37 (2001)
                               Heliports: 1 (2001)
     Military Croatia
                       Military branches: Ground Forces (Hrvatska Vojska, HV),
                                          Naval Forces, Air and Air Defense
        Military manpower - military age: 19 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 1,086,578 (2002
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 860,497 (2002 est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 30,037 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $520 million (2002 est.)
       Military expenditures - percent of 2.39% (2002 est.)
     Transnational Issues Croatia
                Disputes - international: Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina
                                          continue discussions on the disputed
                                          boundary in the Una River near
                                          Kostajnica, Hrvatska Dubica, and
                                          Zeljava; Bosnia and Herzegovina also
                                          protests Croatian claim to the tip
                                          of the Klek Peninsula and several
                                          islands near Neum; Hungary opposes
                                          Croatian plan to build a hydropower
                                          dam on the boundary stream Drava;
                                          Slovenia and Croatia have not
                                          obtained parliamentary ratification
                                          of 2001 land and maritime boundary
                                          treaty which cedes villages on the
                                          Dragonja River and Sveta Gera
                                          (Trdinov Peak) to Croatia, and most
                                          of Pirin Bay to Slovenia, but
                                          restricts Slovenian access to the
                                          open sea; Croatia and Yugoslavia
                                          continue to discuss disputed
                                          Prevlaka Peninsula and control over
                                          the Gulf of Kotor despite imminent
                                          UN intention to withdraw observer
                                          mission (UNMOP); Croatia and Italy
                                          are still trying to resolve
                                          bilateral property and ethnic
                                          minority rights dating from World
                                          War II
                           Illicit drugs: transit point along the Balkan route
                                          for Southwest Asian heroin to
                                          Western Europe; has been used as a
                                          transit point for maritime shipments
                                          of South American cocaine bound for
                                          Western Europe

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