The DICT Development Group

Search for:
Search type:

Database copyright information
Server information

2 definitions found
 for Comoros
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a country on the Comoro Islands [syn: Comoros, Federal
           Islamic Republic of the Comoros]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Comoros
                              Background: Unstable Comoros has endured 19
                                          coups or attempted coups since
                                          gaining independence from France in
                                          1975. In 1997, the islands of
                                          Anjouan and Moheli declared their
                                          independence from Comoros. In 1999,
                                          military chief Col. AZALI seized
                                          power. He has pledged to resolve the
                                          secessionist crisis through a
                                          confederal arrangement named the
                                          2000 Fomboni Accord. In December
                                          2001, voters approved a new
                                          constitution and presidential
                                          elections took place in the spring
                                          of 2002.
     Geography Comoros
                                Location: Southern Africa, group of islands in
                                          the Mozambique Channel, about two-
                                          thirds of the way between northern
                                          Madagascar and northern Mozambique
                  Geographic coordinates: 12 10 S, 44 15 E
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 2,170 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 2,170 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly more than 12 times the size
                                          of Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 340 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical marine; rainy season
                                          (November to May)
                                 Terrain: volcanic islands, interiors vary
                                          from steep mountains to low hills
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Le Kartala 2,360 m
                       Natural resources: NEGL
                                Land use: arable land: 34.98%
                                          permanent crops: 17.94%
                                          other: 47.09% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: cyclones possible during rainy
                                          season (December to April); Le
                                          Kartala on Grand Comore is an active
            Environment - current issues: soil degradation and erosion results
                                          from crop cultivation on slopes
                                          without proper terracing;
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of
                                          the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection,
                                          Ship Pollution, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: important location at northern end
                                          of Mozambique Channel
     People Comoros
                              Population: 614,382 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 42.9% (male 132,013;
                                          female 131,282)
                                          15-64 years: 54.2% (male 164,245;
                                          female 168,793)
                                          65 years and over: 2.9% (male 8,588;
                                          female 9,461) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 2.99% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 39.01 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 9.1 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: NEGL migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.99 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 81.79 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 60.79 years
                                          female: 63.09 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 58.56 years
                    Total fertility rate: 5.26 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.12% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Comoran(s)
                                          adjective: Comoran
                           Ethnic groups: Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha,
                               Religions: Sunni Muslim 98%, Roman Catholic 2%
                               Languages: Arabic (official), French
                                          (official), Shikomoro (a blend of
                                          Swahili and Arabic)
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 57.3%
                                          male: 64.2%
                                          female: 50.4% (1995 est.)
     Government Comoros
                            Country name: conventional long form: Federal
                                          Islamic Republic of the Comoros
                                          conventional short form: Comoros
                                          local short form: Comores
                                          local long form: Republique Federale
                                          Islamique des Comores
                         Government type: independent republic
                                 Capital: Moroni
                Administrative divisions: 3 islands; Grande Comore (Njazidja),
                                          Anjouan (Nzwani), and Moheli
                                          (Mwali); note - there are also four
                                          municipalities named Domoni,
                                          Fomboni, Moroni, and Moutsamoudou
                            Independence: 6 July 1975 (from France)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 6 July (1975)
                            Constitution: 23 December 2001
                                          note: a Transitional National Unity
                                          Government (GUNT) was formed on 20
                                          January 2002 following the passing
                                          of the new constitution; the GUNT
                                          governed until the presidential
                                          elections on 14 April 2002
                            Legal system: French and Muslim law in a new
                                          consolidated code
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President AZALI
                                          Assoumani (since 26 May 2002); note
                                          - AZALI Assoumani became president
                                          on 6 May 1999 after a bloodless coup
                                          on 30 April 1999; on 16 January
                                          2002, President AZALI resigned his
                                          position to run in the 14 April 2002
                                          presidential elections; during that
                                          time, Prime Minister Hamada Madi
                                          BOLERO served as interim president
                                          election results: President AZALI
                                          Assoumani elected president with 75%
                                          of the vote
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 14 April 2002
                                          (next to be held NA April 2007);
                                          prime minister appointed by the
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Hamada Madi BOLERO (since NA
                                          November 2000); note - on 16 January
                                          2002, President AZALI resigned his
                                          position to run in the 14 April 2002
                                          presidential elections; Prime
                                          Minister Hamada Madi BOLERO was
                                          appointed interim president and
                                          Djaffar SALIM interim deputy prime
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the president
                      Legislative branch: bicameral legislature consists of
                                          the Senate (15 seats - five from
                                          each island); members selected by
                                          regional councils for six-year
                                          terms) and a Federal Assembly or
                                          Assemblee Federale (42 seats;
                                          members elected by popular vote to
                                          serve five-year terms); note - the
                                          Federal Assembly was dissolved
                                          following the coup of 30 April 1999
                                          elections: Federal Assembly - last
                                          held 1 and 8 December 1996 (next to
                                          be held NA)
                                          note: the constitution stipulates
                                          that only parties that win six seats
                                          in the Federal Assembly (two from
                                          each island) are permitted to be in
                                          the opposition, but if no party
                                          accomplishes that, the second most
                                          successful party will be in the
                                          opposition; in the elections of
                                          December 1996 the FNJ appeared to
                                          qualify as opposition
                                          election results: Federal Assembly -
                                          percent of vote by party - NA%;
                                          seats by party - RND 39, FNJ 3,
                                          independent 1
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Cour Supremes (two
                                          members appointed by the president,
                                          two members elected by the Federal
                                          Assembly, one elected by the Council
                                          of each island, and others are
                                          former presidents of the republic)
           Political parties and leaders: Front National pour la Justice or
                                          FNJ (Islamic party in opposition)
                                          [Ahmed Abdallah MOHAMED, Ahmed
                                          ABOUBACAR, Soidiki M'BAPANOZA];
                                          Rassemblement National pour le
                                          Development or RND (party of the
                                          government) [Ali Bazi SELIM]
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AL, CCC,
                           participation: ECA, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO,
                                          ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS
                                          (associate), ILO, IMF, IMO, InOC,
                                          Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber),
                                          ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW
                                          (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
                                          UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WMO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador-
                                          designate Ahmed DJABIR (ambassador
                                          to the US and Canada and permanent
                                          representative to the UN)
                                          telephone: [1] (212) 972-8010 and
                                          FAX: [1] (212) 983-4712 and 715-0699
                                          chancery: (temporary) care of the
                                          Permanent Mission of the Federal and
                                          Islamic Republic of the Comoros to
                                          the United Nations, 420 East 50th
                                          Street, New York, NY 10022
       Diplomatic representation from the the US does not have an embassy in
                                      US: Comoros; the ambassador to Mauritius
                                          is accredited to Comoros
                        Flag description: four equal horizontal bands of
                                          yellow (top), white, red, and blue
                                          with a green isosceles triangle
                                          based on the hoist; centered within
                                          the triangle is a white crescent
                                          with the convex side facing the
                                          hoist and four white, five-pointed
                                          stars placed vertically in a line
                                          between the points of the crescent;
                                          the horizontal bands and the four
                                          stars represent the four main
                                          islands of the archipelago - Mwali,
                                          Njazidja, Nzwani, and Mayotte (a
                                          territorial collectivity of France,
                                          but claimed by Comoros); the
                                          crescent, stars, and color green are
                                          traditional symbols of Islam
     Economy Comoros
                      Economy - overview: One of the world's poorest
                                          countries, Comoros is made up of
                                          three islands that have inadequate
                                          transportation links, a young and
                                          rapidly increasing population, and
                                          few natural resources. The low
                                          educational level of the labor force
                                          contributes to a subsistence level
                                          of economic activity, high
                                          unemployment, and a heavy dependence
                                          on foreign grants and technical
                                          assistance. Agriculture, including
                                          fishing, hunting, and forestry,
                                          contributes 40% to GDP, employs 80%
                                          of the labor force, and provides
                                          most of the exports. The country is
                                          not self-sufficient in food
                                          production; rice, the main staple,
                                          accounts for the bulk of imports.
                                          The government is struggling to
                                          upgrade education and technical
                                          training, to privatize commercial
                                          and industrial enterprises, to
                                          improve health services, to
                                          diversify exports, to promote
                                          tourism, and to reduce the high
                                          population growth rate. Increased
                                          foreign support is essential if the
                                          goal of 4% annual GDP growth is to
                                          be met. Remittances from 150,000
                                          Comorans abroad help supplement GDP.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $424
                                          million (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 1% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $710 (2001
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 40%
                                          industry: 4%
                                          services: 56% (2001 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 60% (2001 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.5% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 144,500 (1996 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 80%
                       Unemployment rate: 20% (1996 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $27.6 million
                                          expenditures: $NA, including capital
                                          expenditures of $NA (2001 est.)
                              Industries: tourism, perfume distillation
       Industrial production growth rate: -2% (1999 est.)
                Electricity - production: 19 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 89.47%
                                          hydro: 10.53%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 17.67 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: vanilla, cloves, perfume essences,
                                          copra, coconuts, bananas, cassava
                                 Exports: $35.3 million (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: vanilla, ylang-ylang, cloves,
                                          perfume oil, copra
                      Exports - partners: France 46%, US 18%, Singapore 18%,
                                          Germany 9% (1999)
                                 Imports: $44.9 million (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: rice and other foodstuffs, consumer
                                          goods; petroleum products, cement,
                                          transport equipment
                      Imports - partners: France 34%, South Africa 14%, Kenya
                                          7%, Pakistan 4% (1999)
                         Debt - external: $225 million (yearend 2000 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $10 million (2001 est.)
                                Currency: Comoran franc (KMF)
                           Currency code: KMF
                          Exchange rates: Comoran francs per US dollar -
                                          557.09 (January 2002), 549.78
                                          (2001), 533.98 (2000), 461.77
                                          (1999), 442.46 (1998), 437.75 (1997)
                                          note: prior to January 1999, the
                                          official rate was pegged to the
                                          French franc at 75 Comoran francs
                                          per French franc; since 1 January
                                          1999, the Comoran franc is pegged to
                                          the euro at a rate of 491.9677
                                          Comoran francs per euro
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Comoros
          Telephones - main lines in use: 7,000 (2000)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: NA
                        Telephone system: general assessment: sparse system of
                                          microwave radio relay and HF
                                          radiotelephone communication
                                          domestic: HF radiotelephone
                                          communications and microwave radio
                                          international: HF radiotelephone
                                          communications to Madagascar and
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 4, shortwave 1 (2001)
                                  Radios: 90,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: NA
                             Televisions: 1,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .km
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: 1,500 (2001)
     Transportation Comoros
                                  Railways: 0 km
                                  Highways: total: 880 km
                                            paved: 673 km
                                            unpaved: 207 km (1996)
                                 Waterways: none
                         Ports and harbors: Fomboni, Moroni, Moutsamoudou
                           Merchant marine: total: 6 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                            totaling 139,779 GRT/205,369 DWT
                                            ships by type: cargo 6
                                            note: includes some foreign-owned
                                            ships registered here as a flag of
                                            convenience: Malta 1, Pakistan 1,
                                            Turkey 1 (2002 est.)
                                  Airports: 4 (2001)
             Airports - with paved runways: total: 4
                                            2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                            914 to 1,523 m: 3 (2001)
     Military Comoros
                       Military branches: Comoran Security Force
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 145,509 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 86,455 (2002 est.)
           Military expenditures - dollar $6 million (FY01)
       Military expenditures - percent of 3% (FY01)
     Transnational Issues Comoros
                 Disputes - international: claims French-administered Mayotte;
                                           the island of Anjouan (Nzwani) has
                                           moved to secede from Comoros again
                                           after recent military coup

Contact=webmaster@dict.org Specification=RFC 2229