The DICT Development Group

Search for:
Search type:

Database copyright information
Server information

3 definitions found
 for Chile
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Chili \Chil"i\, n. [Sp. chili, chile.]
     A kind of red pepper. See Capsicum [Written also chilli
     and chile.]
     [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a republic in southern South America on the western slopes
           of the Andes on the south Pacific coast [syn: Chile,
           Republic of Chile]
      2: very hot and finely tapering pepper of special pungency [syn:
         chili, chili pepper, chilli, chilly, chile]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Chile
                               Background: A three-year-old Marxist government
                                           was overthrown in 1973 by a
                                           dictatorial military regime led by
                                           Augusto PINOCHET, who ruled until a
                                           freely elected president was
                                           installed in 1990. Sound economic
                                           policies, first implemented by the
                                           PINOCHET dictatorship, led to
                                           unprecedented growth in 1991-97 and
                                           have helped secure the country's
                                           commitment to democratic and
                                           representative government.
     Geography Chile
                                Location: Southern South America, bordering
                                          the South Atlantic Ocean and South
                                          Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and
                  Geographic coordinates: 30 00 S, 71 00 W
                          Map references: South America
                                    Area: total: 756,950 sq km
                                          land: 748,800 sq km
                                          note: includes Easter Island (Isla
                                          de Pascua) and Isla Sala y Gomez
                                          water: 8,150 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than twice the size
                                          of Montana
                         Land boundaries: total: 6,171 km
                                          border countries: Argentina 5,150
                                          km, Bolivia 861 km, Peru 160 km
                               Coastline: 6,435 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200/350 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: temperate; desert in north;
                                          Mediterranean in central region;
                                          cool and damp in south
                                 Terrain: low coastal mountains; fertile
                                          central valley; rugged Andes in east
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Nevado Ojos del
                                          Salado 6,880 m
                       Natural resources: copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates,
                                          precious metals, molybdenum,
                                Land use: arable land: 2.65%
                                          permanent crops: 0.42%
                                          other: 96.93% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 18,000 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: severe earthquakes; active
                                          volcanism; tsunamis
            Environment - current issues: widespread deforestation and mining
                                          threaten natural resources; air
                                          pollution from industrial and
                                          vehicle emissions; water pollution
                                          from raw sewage
              Environment - international party to: Antarctic-Environmental
                              agreements: Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living
                                          Resources, Antarctic Seals,
                                          Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity,
                                          Climate Change, Desertification,
                                          Endangered Species, Environmental
                                          Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law
                                          of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone
                                          Layer Protection, Ship Pollution,
                                          Wetlands, Whaling
                                          signed, but not ratified: Climate
                                          Change-Kyoto Protocol, Nuclear Test
                        Geography - note: strategic location relative to sea
                                          lanes between Atlantic and Pacific
                                          Oceans (Strait of Magellan, Beagle
                                          Channel, Drake Passage); Atacama
                                          Desert is one of world's driest
     People Chile
                              Population: 15,498,930 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 26.9% (male 2,127,696;
                                          female 2,033,201)
                                          15-64 years: 65.6% (male 5,070,476;
                                          female 5,103,490)
                                          65 years and over: 7.5% (male
                                          482,846; female 681,221) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.09% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 16.46 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 5.59 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.98 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 9.12 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.14 years
                                          female: 79.62 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 72.83 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.13 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.19% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 15,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 1,000 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Chilean(s)
                                          adjective: Chilean
                           Ethnic groups: white and white-Amerindian 95%,
                                          Amerindian 3%, other 2%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 89%, Protestant 11%,
                                          Jewish NEGL%
                               Languages: Spanish
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 95.2%
                                          male: 95.4%
                                          female: 95% (1995 est.)
     Government Chile
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Chile
                                          local long form: Republica de Chile
                                          local short form: Chile
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: Santiago
                Administrative divisions: 13 regions (regiones, singular -
                                          region); Aisen del General Carlos
                                          Ibanez del Campo, Antofagasta,
                                          Araucania, Atacama, Bio-Bio,
                                          Coquimbo, Libertador General
                                          Bernardo O'Higgins, Los Lagos,
                                          Magallanes y de la Antartica
                                          Chilena, Maule, Region Metropolitana
                                          (Santiago), Tarapaca, Valparaiso
                                          note: the US does not recognize
                                          claims to Antarctica
                            Independence: 18 September 1810 (from Spain)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 18 September
                            Constitution: 11 September 1980, effective 11
                                          March 1981, amended 30 July 1989,
                                          1993, and 1997
                            Legal system: based on Code of 1857 derived from
                                          Spanish law and subsequent codes
                                          influenced by French and Austrian
                                          law; judicial review of legislative
                                          acts in the Supreme Court; has not
                                          accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                          note: Chile is in the process of
                                          completely overhauling its criminal
                                          justice system; a new, US-style
                                          adversarial system is being
                                          gradually implemented throughout the
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Ricardo
                                          LAGOS Escobar (since 11 March 2000);
                                          note - the president is both the
                                          chief of state and head of
                                          head of government: President
                                          Ricardo LAGOS Escobar (since 11
                                          March 2000); note - the president is
                                          both the chief of state and head of
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          election results: Ricardo LAGOS
                                          Escobar elected president; percent
                                          of vote - Ricardo LAGOS Escobar
                                          51.32%, Joaquin LAVIN 48.68%
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a six-year term;
                                          election last held 12 December 1999,
                                          with runoff election held 16 January
                                          2000 (next to be held NA December
                      Legislative branch: bicameral National Congress or
                                          Congreso Nacional consists of the
                                          Senate or Senado (49 seats, 38
                                          elected by popular vote, 9
                                          designated members, and 2 former
                                          presidents who serve six-year terms
                                          and are senators for life); elected
                                          members serve eight-year terms (one-
                                          half elected every four years) and
                                          the Chamber of Deputies or Camara de
                                          Diputados (120 seats; members are
                                          elected by popular vote to serve
                                          four-year terms)
                                          election results: Senate - percent
                                          of vote by party - NA%; seats by
                                          party - CPD 20 (PDC 12, PS 5, PPD
                                          3), UDI 9, RN 7, independents 2;
                                          Chamber of Deputies - percent of
                                          vote by party - NA; seats by party -
                                          CPD 63 (PDC 24, PPD 21, PS 11, PRSD
                                          6,), UDI 35, RN 22, independent 1
                                          elections: Senate - last held 16
                                          December 2001 (next to be held NA
                                          December 2005); Chamber of Deputies
                                          - last held 16 December 2001 (next
                                          to be held NA December 2005)
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Corte Suprema
                                          (judges are appointed by the
                                          president and ratified by the Senate
                                          from lists of candidates provided by
                                          the court itself; the president of
                                          the Supreme Court is elected by the
                                          21-member court); Constitutional
           Political parties and leaders: Center-Center Union Party or UCCP
                                          [Francisco Javier ERRAZURIZ];
                                          Christian Democratic Party or PDC
                                          [Patricia ALYWIN]; Coalition of
                                          Parties for Democracy
                                          ("Concertacion") or CPD - including
                                          PDC, PS, PPD, PRSD; Independent
                                          Democratic Union or UDI [Pablo
                                          LONGUEIRA]; National Renewal or RN
                                          [Alberto CARDEMIL]; Party for
                                          Democracy or PPD [Guido GIRARDI];
                                          Radical Social Democratic Party or
                                          PRSD [Anselmo SULE]; Socialist Party
                                          or PS [Ricardo NUNEZ]
            Political pressure groups and revitalized university student
                                 leaders: federations at all major
                                          universities; Roman Catholic Church;
                                          United Labor Central or CUT includes
                                          trade unionists from the country's
                                          five largest labor confederations
               International organization APEC, CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-15, G-77,
                           participation: IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU,
                                          ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO,
                                          ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM,
                                          ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA, Mercosur
                                          (associate), NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW,
                                          PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR,
                                          UNIDO, UNITAR, UNMIBH, UNMOGIP,
                                          UNTAET, UNTSO, UNU, UPU, WCL, WFTU,
                                          WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Andres
                                          chancery: 1732 Massachusetts Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20036
                                          consulate(s) general: Chicago,
                                          Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New
                                          York, Philadelphia, San Francisco,
                                          and San Juan (Puerto Rico)
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 887-5579
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 785-1746
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador
                                      US: (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Philip
                                          S. GOLDBERG
                                          embassy: Avenida Andres Bello 2800,
                                          Las Condes, Santiago
                                          mailing address: APO AA 34033
                                          telephone: [56] (2) 232-2600
                                          FAX: [56] (2) 330-3710
                        Flag description: two equal horizontal bands of white
                                          (top) and red; there is a blue
                                          square the same height as the white
                                          band at the hoist-side end of the
                                          white band; the square bears a white
                                          five-pointed star in the center;
                                          design was based on the US flag
     Economy Chile
                      Economy - overview: Chile has a market-oriented economy
                                          characterized by a high level of
                                          foreign trade. During the early
                                          1990s, Chile's reputation as a role
                                          model for economic reform was
                                          strengthened when the democratic
                                          government of Patricio AYLWIN -
                                          which took over from the military in
                                          1990 - deepened the economic reform
                                          initiated by the military
                                          government. Growth in real GDP
                                          averaged 8% during 1991-97, but fell
                                          to half that level in 1998 because
                                          of tight monetary policies
                                          implemented to keep the current
                                          account deficit in check and because
                                          of lower export earnings - the
                                          latter a product of the global
                                          financial crisis. A severe drought
                                          exacerbated the recession in 1999,
                                          reducing crop yields and causing
                                          hydroelectric shortfalls and
                                          electricity rationing, and Chile
                                          experienced negative economic growth
                                          for the first time in more than 15
                                          years. Despite the effects of the
                                          recession, Chile maintained its
                                          reputation for strong financial
                                          institutions and sound policy that
                                          have given it the strongest
                                          sovereign bond rating in South
                                          America. By the end of 1999, exports
                                          and economic activity had begun to
                                          recover, and growth rebounded to
                                          5.4% in 2000. Unemployment remains
                                          stubbornly high, however, putting
                                          pressure on President LAGOS to
                                          improve living standards. The
                                          Argentine financial meltdown has put
                                          pressure on the Chilean peso and is
                                          slowing the country's economic
                                          growth. Meanwhile, Chile and the US
                                          are conducting negotiations for a
                                          free trade agreement.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $153
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 3.1% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $10,000
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 8%
                                          industry: 38%
                                          services: 54% (2000)
           Population below poverty line: 22% (1998 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 1.2%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 41.3% (1998)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 57.5 (1996)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.5% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 5.9 million (2000 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 14%, industry 27%,
                                          services 59% (1997 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 10.1% (2001)
                                  Budget: revenues: $17 billion
                                          expenditures: $17 billion, including
                                          capital expenditures of $NA (2001
                              Industries: copper, other minerals, foodstuffs,
                                          fish processing, iron and steel,
                                          wood and wood products, transport
                                          equipment, cement, textiles
       Industrial production growth rate: 2.5% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 39.577 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 51.17%
                                          hydro: 46.36%
                                          other: 2.47% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 37.897 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 1.09 billion kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: wheat, corn, grapes, beans, sugar
                                          beets, potatoes, fruit; beef,
                                          poultry, wool; fish; timber
                                 Exports: $18.5 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Exports - commodities: copper, fish, fruits, paper and
                                          pulp, chemicals
                      Exports - partners: US 17%, Japan 14%, UK 6%, Brazil 5%,
                                          China 5% (2000)
                                 Imports: $18 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: consumer goods, chemicals, motor
                                          vehicles, fuels, electrical
                                          machinery, heavy industrial
                                          machinery, food
                      Imports - partners: US 19%, Argentina 16%, Brazil 7%,
                                          China 6%, Japan 4% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $39.6 billion (2001)
                Economic aid - recipient: ODA, $40 million (2001 est.)
                                Currency: Chilean peso (CLP)
                           Currency code: CLP
                          Exchange rates: Chilean pesos per US dollar - 651.90
                                          (January 2002), 618.70 (2001),
                                          535.47 (2000), 508.78 (1999), 460.29
                                          (1998), 419.30 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Chile
           Telephones - main lines in use: 2.603 million (1998)
             Telephones - mobile cellular: 944,225 (1998)
                         Telephone system: general assessment: modern system
                                           based on extensive microwave radio
                                           relay facilities
                                           domestic: extensive microwave radio
                                           relay links; domestic satellite
                                           system with 3 earth stations
                                           international: satellite earth
                                           stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic
                 Radio broadcast stations: AM 180 (eight inactive), FM 64,
                                           shortwave 17 (one inactive) (1998)
                                   Radios: 5.18 million (1997)
            Television broadcast stations: 63 (plus 121 repeaters) (1997)
                              Televisions: 3.15 million (1997)
                    Internet country code: .cl
        Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 7 (2000)
                           Internet users: 1.75 million (2001)
     Transportation Chile
                                Railways: total: 6,702 km
                                          broad gauge: 2,831 km 1.676-m gauge
                                          (1,317 km electrified)
                                          narrow gauge: 117 km 1.067-m gauge
                                          (28 km electrified); 3,754 km 1.000-
                                          m gauge (37 km electrified) (2000
                                Highways: total: 79,800 km
                                          paved: 11,012 km
                                          unpaved: 68,788 km (1996)
                               Waterways: 725 km
                               Pipelines: crude oil 755 km; petroleum products
                                          785 km; natural gas 320 km
                       Ports and harbors: Antofagasta, Arica, Chanaral,
                                          Coquimbo, Iquique, Puerto Montt,
                                          Punta Arenas, San Antonio, San
                                          Vicente, Talcahuano, Valparaiso
                         Merchant marine: total: 47 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 669,670 GRT/931,647 DWT
                                          ships by type: bulk 11, cargo 4,
                                          chemical tanker 10, container 5,
                                          liquefied gas 2, passenger 3,
                                          petroleum tanker 4, roll on/roll off
                                          5, vehicle carrier 3, includes a
                                          foreign-owned ship registered here
                                          as a flag of convenience:
                                          Netherlands 1 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 363 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 70
                                          over 3,047 m: 6
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 6
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 20
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 22
                                          under 914 m: 16 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 293
                                          over 3,047 m: 1
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 4
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 11
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 60
                                          under 914 m: 217 (2001)
     Military Chile
                        Military branches: Army of the Nation, National Navy
                                           (including naval air, coast guard,
                                           and marines), Air Force of the
                                           Nation, Chilean Carabineros
                                           (National Police), Investigations
         Military manpower - military age: 19 years of age (2002 est.)
         Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 4,104,197 (2002
      Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 3,034,912 (2002
                                  service: est.)
              Military manpower - reaching males: 136,830 (2002 est.)
                    military age annually:
            Military expenditures - dollar $2.5 billion (FY99)
        Military expenditures - percent of 3.1% (FY99)
     Transnational Issues Chile
                Disputes - international: Bolivia continues to demand a
                                          sovereign corridor to the South
                                          Pacific Ocean since the Atacama
                                          region was lost to Chile in 1884;
                                          territorial claim in Antarctica
                                          (Chilean Antarctic Territory)
                                          partially overlaps Argentine and
                                          British claims; dispute with Peru
                                          over the economic zone delimited by
                                          the maritime boundary
                           Illicit drugs: a growing transshipment country for
                                          cocaine destined for the US and
                                          Europe; economic prosperity has made
                                          Chile more attractive to traffickers
                                          seeking to launder drug profits;
                                          imported precursors passed on to
                                          Bolivia; domestic cocaine
                                          consumption is rising

Contact=webmaster@dict.org Specification=RFC 2229