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5 definitions found
 for Canada
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Canada \Ca*[~n]a"da\, n. [Sp.]
     1. A small ca[~n]on; a narrow valley or glen; also, but less
        frequently, an open valley. [Local, Western U. S.]
        [1913 Webster]
     2. A dry riverbed.

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Canada \Can"a*da\, n.
     A country in North America, bordering the United States on
     the north. It is a federation which includes English-speaking
     provinces and the French-speaking Province of Quebec.
     [1913 Webster +PJC]
     Canada balsam. See under Balsam.
     Canada goose. (Zool.) See Wild goose.
     Canada jay. See Whisky Jack.
     Canada lynx. (Zool.) See Lynx.
     Canada lily. (Bot.) a plant of eastern North America
        ({Lilium canadense) having yellow or orange flowers with
        dark spots; called also meadow lily. --RHUD
     Canada porcupine (Zool.) See Porcupine, and Urson.
     Canada rice (Bot.) See under Rick.
     Canada robin (Zool.), the cedar bird.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a nation in northern North America; the French were the
           first Europeans to settle in mainland Canada; "the border
           between the United States and Canada is the longest
           unguarded border in the world"

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (30 December 2018) :

     Country with domain "ca".

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Canada
                              Background: A land of vast distances and rich
                                          natural resources, Canada became a
                                          self-governing dominion in 1867
                                          while retaining ties to the British
                                          crown. Economically and
                                          technologically the nation has
                                          developed in parallel with the US,
                                          its neighbor to the south across an
                                          unfortified border. Its paramount
                                          political problem continues to be
                                          the relationship of the province of
                                          Quebec, with its French-speaking
                                          residents and unique culture, to the
                                          remainder of the country.
     Geography Canada
                                Location: Northern North America, bordering
                                          the North Atlantic Ocean on the
                                          east, North Pacific Ocean on the
                                          west, and the Arctic Ocean on the
                                          north, north of the conterminous US
                  Geographic coordinates: 60 00 N, 95 00 W
                          Map references: North America
                                    Area: total: 9,976,140 sq km
                                          land: 9,220,970 sq km
                                          water: 755,170 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly larger than the US
                         Land boundaries: total: 8,893 km
                                          border countries: US 8,893 km
                                          (includes 2,477 km with Alaska)
                               Coastline: 243,791 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200 NM or to the
                                          edge of the continental margin
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: varies from temperate in south to
                                          subarctic and arctic in north
                                 Terrain: mostly plains with mountains in west
                                          and lowlands in southeast
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Mount Logan 5,959 m
                       Natural resources: iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper,
                                          gold, lead, molybdenum, potash,
                                          silver, fish, timber, wildlife,
                                          coal, petroleum, natural gas,
                                Land use: arable land: 4.94%
                                          permanent crops: 0.02%
                                          other: 95.04% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 7,200 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: continuous permafrost in north is a
                                          serious obstacle to development;
                                          cyclonic storms form east of the
                                          Rocky Mountains, a result of the
                                          mixing of air masses from the
                                          Arctic, Pacific, and North American
                                          interior, and produce most of the
                                          country's rain and snow east of the
            Environment - current issues: air pollution and resulting acid
                                          rain severely affecting lakes and
                                          damaging forests; metal smelting,
                                          coal-burning utilities, and vehicle
                                          emissions impacting on agricultural
                                          and forest productivity; ocean
                                          waters becoming contaminated due to
                                          agricultural, industrial, mining,
                                          and forestry activities
              Environment - international party to: Air Pollution, Air
                              agreements: Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air
                                          Pollution-Persistent Organic
                                          Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur
                                          85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94,
                                          Antarctic-Marine Living Resources,
                                          Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty,
                                          Biodiversity, Climate Change,
                                          Desertification, Endangered Species,
                                          Environmental Modification,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping,
                                          Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer
                                          Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical
                                          Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94,
                                          signed, but not ratified: Air
                                          Pollution-Volatile Organic
                                          Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental
                                          Protocol, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine
                                          Life Conservation
                        Geography - note: second-largest country in world
                                          (after Russia); strategic location
                                          between Russia and US via north
                                          polar route; approximately 85% of
                                          the population is concentrated
                                          within 300 km of the US/Canada
     People Canada
                              Population: 31,902,268 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 18.7% (male 3,059,023;
                                          female 2,910,203)
                                          15-64 years: 68.4% (male 10,975,701;
                                          female 10,857,869)
                                          65 years and over: 12.9% (male
                                          1,743,654; female 2,355,818) (2002
                  Population growth rate: 0.96% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 11.09 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 7.54 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 6.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.98 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 4.95 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 79.69 years
                                          female: 83.25 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 76.3 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.6 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.3% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 49,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 400 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Canadian(s)
                                          adjective: Canadian
                           Ethnic groups: British Isles origin 28%, French
                                          origin 23%, other European 15%,
                                          Amerindian 2%, other, mostly Asian,
                                          African, Arab 6%, mixed background
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 46%, Protestant 36%,
                                          other 18%
                                          note: based on the 1991 census
                               Languages: English 59.3% (official), French
                                          23.2% (official), other 17.5%
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 97% (1986 est.)
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
     Government Canada
                            Country name: conventional long form: none
                                          conventional short form: Canada
                         Government type: confederation with parliamentary
                                 Capital: Ottawa
                Administrative divisions: 10 provinces and 3 territories*;
                                          Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba,
                                          New Brunswick, Newfoundland and
                                          Labrador, Northwest Territories*,
                                          Nova Scotia, Nunavut*, Ontario,
                                          Prince Edward Island, Quebec,
                                          Saskatchewan, Yukon Territory*
                            Independence: 1 July 1867 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Canada Day, 1 July (1867)
                            Constitution: 17 April 1982 (Constitution Act);
                                          originally, the machinery of the
                                          government was set up in the British
                                          North America Act of 1867; charter
                                          of rights and unwritten customs
                            Legal system: based on English common law, except
                                          in Quebec, where civil law system
                                          based on French law prevails;
                                          accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction,
                                          with reservations
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II
                                          (since 6 February 1952), represented
                                          by Governor General Adrienne
                                          CLARKSON (since 7 October 1999)
                                          elections: none; the monarchy is
                                          hereditary; governor general
                                          appointed by the monarch on the
                                          advice of the prime minister for a
                                          five-year term; following
                                          legislative elections, the leader of
                                          the majority party in the House of
                                          Commons is automatically designated
                                          by the governor general to become
                                          prime minister
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Jean CHRETIEN (since 4 November
                                          1993); Deputy Prime Minister John
                                          MANLEY (since NA January 2002)
                                          cabinet: Federal Ministry chosen by
                                          the prime minister from among the
                                          members of his own party sitting in
                      Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament or Parlement
                                          consists of the Senate or Senat
                                          (members appointed by the governor
                                          general with the advice of the prime
                                          minister and serve until reaching 75
                                          years of age ; its normal limit is
                                          104 senators) and the House of
                                          Commons or Chambre des Communes (301
                                          seats; members elected by direct,
                                          popular vote to serve five-year
                                          elections: House of Commons - last
                                          held 27 November 2000 (next to be
                                          held by 2005)
                                          election results: House of Commons -
                                          percent of vote by party - Liberal
                                          Party 41%, Conservative Alliance
                                          26%, Bloc Quebecois 11%, New
                                          Democratic Party 9%, Progressive
                                          Conservative Party 12%; seats by
                                          party - Liberal Party 172,
                                          Conservative Alliance 66, Bloc
                                          Quebecois 38, New Democratic Party
                                          13, Progressive Conservative Party
                                          12; note - percent of vote by party
                                          as of January 2002 - Liberal Party
                                          51%, Canadian Alliance 10%, Bloc
                                          Quebecois 10%, New Democratic Party
                                          9%, Progressive Conservative Party
                                          18%; seats by party - Liberal Party
                                          172, Canadian Alliance 66, Bloc
                                          Quebecois 38, New Democratic Party
                                          13, Progressive Conservative Party
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Canada (judges are
                                          appointed by the prime minister
                                          through the governor general);
                                          Federal Court of Canada; Federal
                                          Court of Appeal; Provincial Courts
                                          (these are named variously Court of
                                          Appeal, Court of Queens Bench,
                                          Superior Court, Supreme Court, and
                                          Court of Justice)
           Political parties and leaders: Bloc Quebecois [Gilles DUCEPPE];
                                          Canadian Alliance [Stephen HARPER];
                                          Liberal Party [Jean CHRETIEN]; New
                                          Democratic Party [Alexa McDONOUGH];
                                          Progressive Conservative Party [Joe
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization ACCT, AfDB, APEC, ARF (dialogue
                           participation: partner), AsDB, ASEAN (dialogue
                                          partner), Australia Group, BIS, C,
                                          CCC, CDB, CE (observer), EAPC, EBRD,
                                          ECE, ECLAC, ESA (cooperating state),
                                          FAO, G- 7, G- 8, G-10, IADB, IAEA,
                                          IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA,
                                          IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO,
                                          IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO,
                                          ITU, MINURCA, MIPONUH, MONUC, NAM
                                          (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS, OECD,
                                          OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNAMSIL,
                                          UNCTAD, UNDOF, UNESCO, UNFICYP,
                                          UNHCR, UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOP,
                                          UNMOVIC, UNTSO, UNU, UPU, WCL, WFTU,
                                          WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Michael
                                          F. KERGIN
                                          chancery: 501 Pennsylvania Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20001
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 682-7726
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 682-1740
                                          consulate(s) general: Atlanta,
                                          Boston, Buffalo, Chicago, Dallas,
                                          Detroit, Los Angeles, Minneapolis,
                                          New York, and Seattle
                                          consulate(s): Miami, Princeton, San
                                          Francisco, and San Jose
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Paul
                                      US: CELLUCCI
                                          embassy: 490 Sussex Drive, Ottawa,
                                          Ontario K1N 1G8
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 5000,
                                          Ogdensburg, NY 13669-0430
                                          telephone: [1] (613) 238-5335, 4470
                                          FAX: [1] (613) 238-5720
                                          consulate(s) general: Calgary,
                                          Halifax, Montreal, Quebec, Toronto,
                                          and Vancouver
                        Flag description: three vertical bands of red (hoist
                                          side), white (double width, square),
                                          and red with a red maple leaf
                                          centered in the white band
     Economy Canada
                      Economy - overview: As an affluent, high-tech industrial
                                          society, Canada today closely
                                          resembles the US in its market-
                                          oriented economic system, pattern of
                                          production, and high living
                                          standards. Since World War II, the
                                          impressive growth of the
                                          manufacturing, mining, and service
                                          sectors has transformed the nation
                                          from a largely rural economy into
                                          one primarily industrial and urban.
                                          The 1989 US-Canada Free Trade
                                          Agreement (FTA) and 1994 North
                                          American Free Trade Agreement
                                          (NAFTA) (which includes Mexico)
                                          touched off a dramatic increase in
                                          trade and economic integration with
                                          the US. As a result of the close
                                          cross-border relationship, the
                                          economic downturn in the United
                                          States in 2001 had a negative impact
                                          on the Canadian economy. Real growth
                                          averaged nearly 3% during 1993-2000,
                                          but declined in 2001. Unemployment
                                          is up, with contraction in the
                                          manufacturing and natural resource
                                          sectors. Nevertheless, with its
                                          great natural resources, skilled
                                          labor force, and modern capital
                                          plant Canada enjoys solid economic
                                          prospects. Two shadows loom, the
                                          first being the continuing
                                          constitutional impasse between
                                          English- and French-speaking areas,
                                          which has been raising the
                                          possibility of a split in the
                                          federation. Another long-term
                                          concern is the flow south to the US
                                          of professionals lured by higher
                                          pay, lower taxes, and the immense
                                          high-tech infrastructure.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $875
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 1.9% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $27,700
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 2%
                                          industry: 29%
                                          services: 69% (2001 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 2.8%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 23.8% (1994)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 31.5 (1994)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.8% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 16.4 million (2001 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: services 74%, manufacturing 15%,
                                          construction 5%, agriculture 3%,
                                          other 3% (2000)
                       Unemployment rate: 7.2% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $178.6 billion
                                          expenditures: $161.4 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (FY00/01 est.)
                              Industries: transportation equipment, chemicals,
                                          processed and unprocessed minerals,
                                          food products; wood and paper
                                          products; fish products, petroleum
                                          and natural gas
       Industrial production growth rate: 0.5% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 576.218 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 25.3%
                                          hydro: 61.22%
                                          other: 1.56% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 11.92%
               Electricity - consumption: 499.766 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 48.802 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 12.685 billion kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: wheat, barley, oilseed, tobacco,
                                          fruits, vegetables; dairy products;
                                          forest products; fish
                                 Exports: $273.8 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: motor vehicles and parts, industrial
                                          machinery, aircraft,
                                          telecommunications equipment;
                                          chemicals, plastics, fertilizers;
                                          wood pulp, timber, crude petroleum,
                                          natural gas, electricity, aluminum
                      Exports - partners: US 86%, Japan 3%, UK, Germany, South
                                          Korea, Netherlands, China (1999)
                                 Imports: $238.3 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, motor
                                          vehicles and parts, crude oil,
                                          chemicals, electricity, durable
                                          consumer goods
                      Imports - partners: US 74%, EU 9%, Japan 3% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $1.9 billion (2000)
                    Economic aid - donor: ODA, $1.3 billion (1999)
                                Currency: Canadian dollar (CAD)
                           Currency code: CAD
                          Exchange rates: Canadian dollars per US dollar -
                                          1.6003 (January 2002), 1.5488
                                          (2001), 1.4851 (2000), 1.4857
                                          (1999), 1.4835 (1998), 1.3846 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
     Communications Canada
          Telephones - main lines in use: 18.5 million (1999)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 4.207 million (1997)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: excellent
                                          service provided by modern
                                          domestic: domestic satellite system
                                          with about 300 earth stations
                                          international: 5 coaxial submarine
                                          cables; satellite earth stations - 5
                                          Intelsat (4 Atlantic Ocean and 1
                                          Pacific Ocean) and 2 Intersputnik
                                          (Atlantic Ocean region)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 535, FM 53, shortwave 6 (1998)
                                  Radios: 32.3 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 80 (plus many repeaters) (1997)
                             Televisions: 21.5 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .ca
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 760 (2000 est.)
                          Internet users: 14.44 million (2001)
     Transportation Canada
                                Railways: total: 36,114 km
                                          standard gauge: 36,114 km 1.435-
                                          m gauge (156 km electrified)
                                          note: Canada has two major
                                          transcontinental freight railway
                                          systems: Canadian National
                                          (privatized November 1995) and
                                          Canadian Pacific Railway; passenger
                                          service is provided by the
                                          government-operated firm VIA, which
                                          has no trackage of its own (2000
                                Highways: total: 901,902 km
                                          paved: 318,371 km (including 16,571
                                          km of expressways)
                                          unpaved: 583,531 km (1999)
                               Waterways: 3,000 km (including Saint Lawrence
                               Pipelines: crude and refined oil 23,564 km;
                                          natural gas 74,980 km
                       Ports and harbors: Becancour (Quebec), Churchill,
                                          Halifax, Hamilton, Montreal, New
                                          Westminster, Prince Rupert, Quebec,
                                          Saint John (New Brunswick), St.
                                          John's (Newfoundland), Sept Isles,
                                          Sydney, Trois-Rivieres, Thunder Bay,
                                          Toronto, Vancouver, Windsor
                         Merchant marine: total: 122 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 1,797,240 GRT/2,680,223 DWT
                                          ships by type: barge carrier 1, bulk
                                          66, cargo 13, chemical tanker 5,
                                          combination bulk 2, passenger 2,
                                          passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker
                                          18, railcar carrier 2, roll on/roll
                                          off 8, short-sea passenger 3,
                                          specialized tanker 1
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Germany 3, Monaco 16,
                                          United Kingdom 1, United States 1
                                          (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 1,419 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 519
                                          over 3,047 m: 18
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 16
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 244
                                          under 914 m: 90 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 151
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 900
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 74
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 364
                                          under 914 m: 462 (2001)
                               Heliports: 18 (2001)
     Military Canada
                       Military branches: Canadian Armed Forces (comprising
                                          Land Forces Command, Maritime
                                          Command, Air Command, Communications
                                          Command, Training Command)
        Military manpower - military age: 17 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 8,361,475 (2002
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 7,139,068 (2002
                                 service: est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 217,516 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $7,860.5 million (FY01/02)
       Military expenditures - percent of 1.1% (FY01/02)
     Transnational Issues Canada
                Disputes - international: maritime boundary disputes with the
                                          US (Dixon Entrance, Beaufort Sea,
                                          Strait of Juan de Fuca, Machias Seal
                           Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis for the
                                          domestic drug market; use of
                                          hydroponics technology permits
                                          growers to plant large quantities of
                                          high-quality marijuana indoors;
                                          transit point for heroin and cocaine
                                          entering the US market

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