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2 definitions found
 for Cambodia
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a nation in southeastern Asia; was part of Indochina under
           French rule until 1946 [syn: Cambodia, Kingdom of
           Cambodia, Kampuchea]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Cambodia
                              Background: Following a five-year struggle,
                                          Communist Khmer Rouge forces
                                          captured Phnom Penh in 1975 and
                                          ordered the evacuation of all cities
                                          and towns; over 1 million displaced
                                          people died from execution or
                                          enforced hardships. A 1978
                                          Vietnamese invasion drove the Khmer
                                          Rouge into the countryside and
                                          touched off 13 years of fighting.
                                          UN-sponsored elections in 1993
                                          helped restore some semblance of
                                          normalcy, as did the rapid
                                          diminishment of the Khmer Rouge in
                                          the mid-1990s. A coalition
                                          government, formed after national
                                          elections in 1998, brought renewed
                                          political stability and the
                                          surrender of remaining Khmer Rouge
     Geography Cambodia
                                Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the
                                          Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand,
                                          Vietnam, and Laos
                  Geographic coordinates: 13 00 N, 105 00 E
                          Map references: Southeast Asia
                                    Area: total: 181,040 sq km
                                          land: 176,520 sq km
                                          water: 4,520 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Oklahoma
                         Land boundaries: total: 2,572 km
                                          border countries: Laos 541 km,
                                          Thailand 803 km, Vietnam 1,228 km
                               Coastline: 443 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May
                                          to November); dry season (December
                                          to April); little seasonal
                                          temperature variation
                                 Terrain: mostly low, flat plains; mountains
                                          in southwest and north
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m
                                          highest point: Phnum Aoral 1,810 m
                       Natural resources: timber, gemstones, some iron ore,
                                          manganese, phosphates, hydropower
                                Land use: arable land: 20.96%
                                          permanent crops: 0.61%
                                          other: 78.43% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 2,700 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: monsoonal rains (June to November);
                                          flooding; occasional droughts
            Environment - current issues: illegal logging activities
                                          throughout the country and strip
                                          mining for gems in the western
                                          region along the border with
                                          Thailand have resulted in habitat
                                          loss and declining biodiversity (in
                                          particular, destruction of mangrove
                                          swamps threatens natural fisheries);
                                          soil erosion; in rural areas, a
                                          majority of the population does not
                                          have access to potable water; toxic
                                          waste delivery from Taiwan sparked
                                          unrest in Kampong Saom
                                          (Sihanoukville) in December 1998
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine
                                          Life Conservation, Ozone Layer
                                          Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical
                                          Timber 94, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: Law of the
                                          Sea, Marine Dumping
                        Geography - note: a land of paddies and forests
                                          dominated by the Mekong River and
                                          Tonle Sap
     People Cambodia
                              Population: 12,775,324
                                          note: estimates for this country
                                          explicitly take into account the
                                          effects of excess mortality due to
                                          AIDS; this can result in lower life
                                          expectancy, higher infant mortality
                                          and death rates, lower population
                                          and growth rates, and changes in the
                                          distribution of population by age
                                          and sex than would otherwise be
                                          expected (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 40.7% (male 2,646,883;
                                          female 2,550,015)
                                          15-64 years: 55.8% (male 3,373,692;
                                          female 3,758,736)
                                          65 years and over: 3.5% (male
                                          182,149; female 263,849) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 2.24% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 32.93 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 10.51 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.94 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 64 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 57.1 years
                                          female: 59.5 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 54.81 years
                    Total fertility rate: 4.66 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 4.04% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 220,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 14,000 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Cambodian(s)
                                          adjective: Cambodian
                           Ethnic groups: Khmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese
                                          1%, other 4%
                               Religions: Theravada Buddhist 95%, other 5%
                               Languages: Khmer (official) 95%, French,
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 35%
                                          male: 48%
                                          female: 22% (1990 est.)
     Government Cambodia
                            Country name: conventional long form: Kingdom of
                                          conventional short form: Cambodia
                                          local short form: Kampuchea
                                          local long form: Preahreacheanachakr
                                          former: Khmer Republic, Kampuchea
                         Government type: multiparty democracy under a
                                          constitutional monarchy established
                                          in September 1993
                                 Capital: Phnom Penh
                Administrative divisions: 20 provinces (khett, singular and
                                          plural) and 4 municipalities*
                                          (krong, singular and plural);
                                          Banteay Mean Cheay, Batdambang,
                                          Kampong Cham, Kampong Chhnang,
                                          Kampong Spoe, Kampong Thum, Kampot,
                                          Kandal, Kaoh Kong, Keb*, Kracheh,
                                          Mondol Kiri, Otdar Mean Cheay,
                                          Pailin*, Phnum Penh*, Pouthisat,
                                          Preah Seihanu* (Sihanoukville),
                                          Preah Vihear, Prey Veng, Rotanah
                                          Kiri, Siem Reab, Stoeng Treng, Svay
                                          Rieng, Takev
                            Independence: 9 November 1953 (from France)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 9 November (1953)
                            Constitution: promulgated 21 September 1993
                            Legal system: primarily a civil law mixture of
                                          French-influenced codes from the
                                          United Nations Transitional
                                          Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC)
                                          period, royal decrees, and acts of
                                          the legislature, with influences of
                                          customary law and remnants of
                                          communist legal theory; increasing
                                          influence of common law in recent
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: King Norodom
                                          SIHANOUK (reinstated 24 September
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          HUN SEN (since 30 November 1998) and
                                          Deputy Prime Ministers SAR KHENG
                                          (since NA) and TOL LAH (since NA)
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the monarch
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                                          chosen by a Royal Throne Council;
                                          prime minister appointed by the
                                          monarch after a vote of confidence
                                          by the National Assembly
                      Legislative branch: bicameral consists of the National
                                          Assembly (122 seats; members elected
                                          by popular vote to serve five-year
                                          terms) and the Senate (61 seats; two
                                          members appointed by the monarch,
                                          two elected by the National
                                          Assembly, and 57 elected by
                                          "functional constituencies"; members
                                          serve five-year terms)
                                          elections: National Assembly - last
                                          held 26 July 1998 (next to be held
                                          NA July 2003); Senate - last held 2
                                          March 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)
                                          election results: National Assembly
                                          - percent of vote by party - CPP
                                          41%, FUNCINPEC 32%, SRP 14%, other
                                          13%; seats by party - CPP 64,
                                          FUNCINPEC 43, SRP 15; Senate -
                                          percent of vote by party - NA%;
                                          seats by party - CPP 31, FUNCINPEC
                                          21, SRP 7, other 2
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Council of the Magistracy
                                          (provided for in the constitution
                                          and formed in December 1997);
                                          Supreme Court (and lower courts)
                                          exercises judicial authority
           Political parties and leaders: Buddhist Liberal Party or BLP [IENG
                                          MOULY]; Cambodian Pracheachon Party
                                          or Cambodian People's Party or CPP
                                          [CHEA SIM]; Khmer Citizen Party or
                                          KCP [NGUON SOEUR]; National United
                                          Front for an Independent, Neutral,
                                          Peaceful, and Cooperative Cambodia
                                          or FUNCINPEC [Prince NORODOM
                                          RANARIDDH]; Sam Rangsi Party or SRP
                                          (formerly Khmer Nation Party or KNP)
                                          [SAM RANGSI]
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization ACCT, ARF, AsDB, ASEAN, CCC, CP,
                           participation: ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO,
                                          ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO,
                                          IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM
                                          (observer), ISO (subscriber), ITU,
                                          NAM, OPCW (signatory), PCA, UN,
                                          UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU,
                                          WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador ROLAND
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 726-8381
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 726-7742
                                          chancery: 4500 16th Street NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20011
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Kent M.
                                      US: WIEDEMANN
                                          embassy: 16-18 Mongkol lem St. 228,
                                          Phnom Penh
                                          mailing address: Box P, APO AP 96546
                                          telephone: [855] (23) 216-436
                                          FAX: [855] (23) 216-437
                        Flag description: three horizontal bands of blue
                                          (top), red (double width), and blue
                                          with a white three-towered temple
                                          representing Angkor Wat outlined in
                                          black in the center of the red band
     Economy Cambodia
                      Economy - overview: Cambodia's economy slowed
                                          dramatically in 1997-98 due to the
                                          regional economic crisis, civil
                                          violence, and political infighting.
                                          Foreign investment and tourism fell
                                          off. In 1999, the first full year of
                                          peace in 30 years, progress was made
                                          on economic reforms and growth
                                          resumed at 5%. GDP growth for 2000
                                          had been projected to reach 5.5%,
                                          but the worst flooding in 70 years
                                          severely damaged agricultural crops,
                                          and high oil prices hurt industrial
                                          production, and growth for the year
                                          is estimated at only 4%. In 2001,
                                          severe floods damaged an estimated
                                          15% of the area devoted to rice.
                                          Tourism now is Cambodia's fastest
                                          growing industry, with arrivals up
                                          34% in 2000 and up another 40% in
                                          2001 before the September 11
                                          terrorist attacks in the US. The
                                          long-term development of the economy
                                          after decades of war remains a
                                          daunting challenge. The population
                                          lacks education and productive
                                          skills, particularly in the poverty-
                                          ridden countryside, which suffers
                                          from an almost total lack of basic
                                          infrastructure. Fear of renewed
                                          political instability and corruption
                                          within the government discourage
                                          foreign investment and delay foreign
                                          aid. On the brighter side, the
                                          government is addressing these
                                          issues with assistance from
                                          bilateral and multilateral donors.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $18.7
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 5.3% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,500
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 50%
                                          industry: 15%
                                          services: 35% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 36% (1997 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 2.9%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 33.8% (1997)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 40.4 (1997)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.6% (2000 est.)
                             Labor force: 6 million (1998 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 80% (2001 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 2.8% (1999 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $363 million
                                          expenditures: $532 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $225 million (2000 est.)
                              Industries: tourism, garments, rice milling,
                                          fishing, wood and wood products,
                                          rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 132 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 62.12%
                                          hydro: 37.88%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 122.76 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: rice, rubber, corn, vegetables
                                 Exports: $1.05 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: timber, garments, rubber, rice, fish
                      Exports - partners: US 46.4%, Vietnam 26.1%, Germany
                                          5.6%, Singapore 5.0%, UK 3.9% (2000)
                                 Imports: $1.4 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: petroleum products, cigarettes,
                                          gold, construction materials,
                                          machinery, motor vehicles
                      Imports - partners: Singapore 22.5%, Thailand 19.8%,
                                          Hong Kong 15.6%, China 4.9%, Vietnam
                                          4.9% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $829 million (1999 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $548 million pledged in grants and
                                          concessional loans for 2001 by
                                          international donors
                                Currency: riel (KHR)
                           Currency code: KHR
                          Exchange rates: riels per US dollar - 3,895.0
                                          (January 2002), 3,918.5 (2001),
                                          3,840.8 (2000), 3,807.8 (1999),
                                          3,744.4 (1998), 2,946.3 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Cambodia
          Telephones - main lines in use: 21,800 (mid-1998)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 80,000 (2000)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: adequate
                                          landline and/or cellular service in
                                          Phnom Penh and other provincial
                                          cities; rural areas have little
                                          telephone service
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: adequate but
                                          expensive landline and cellular
                                          service available to all countries
                                          from Phnom Penh and major provincial
                                          cities; satellite earth station - 1
                                          Intersputnik (Indian Ocean region)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 7, FM 3, shortwave 3 (1999)
                                  Radios: 1.34 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 5 (1999)
                             Televisions: 94,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .kh
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2000)
                          Internet users: 6,000 (2001)
     Transportation Cambodia
                                Railways: total: 603 km
                                          narrow gauge: 603 km 1.000-m gauge
                                          (2001 est.)
                                Highways: total: 35,769 km
                                          paved: 4,165 km
                                          unpaved: 31,604 km (1997)
                               Waterways: 3,700 km
                                          note: navigable all year to craft
                                          drawing 0.6 m or less; 282 km
                                          navigable to craft drawing as much
                                          as 1.8 m
                       Ports and harbors: Kampong Saom (Sihanoukville),
                                          Kampot, Krong Kaoh Kong, Phnom Penh
                         Merchant marine: total: 404 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 1,889,404 GRT/2,740,232 DWT
                                          ships by type: bulk 37, cargo 312,
                                          chemical tanker 2, combination bulk
                                          5, container 7, liquefied gas 1,
                                          livestock carrier 2, multi-
                                          functional large-load carrier 1,
                                          passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker
                                          15, refrigerated cargo 10, roll on/
                                          roll off 9, short-sea passenger 2
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Aruba 1, Belize 8,
                                          British Virgin Islands 1, Bulgaria
                                          3, China 21, Cyprus 15, Denmark 1,
                                          Egypt 7, Estonia 1, Georgia 1,
                                          Germany 1, Greece 12, Honduras 5,
                                          Hong Kong 12, Iceland 1, Indonesia
                                          2, Iran 1, Ireland 1, Italy 1, Japan
                                          5, Jordan 1, Latvia 2, Lebanon 5,
                                          Liberia 5, Lithuania 1, Malta 1,
                                          Netherlands 1, Norway 2, Panama 7,
                                          Romania 4, Russia 67, Saint Kitts
                                          and Nevis 10, Saint Vincent and the
                                          Grenadines 4, Singapore 15, South
                                          Korea 24, Syria 13, Thailand 1,
                                          Turkey 22, Ukraine 13, United Arab
                                          Emirates 2, United Kingdom 1, United
                                          States 5, Vietnam 2, Virgin Islands
                                          (UK) 1 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 20 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 5
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 15
                                          under 914 m: 1 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 13
                               Heliports: 2 (2001)
     Military Cambodia
                       Military branches: Royal Cambodian Armed Forces (RCAF):
                                          Army, Navy, Air Force
        Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 2,990,790 (2002
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 1,673,713 (2002
                                 service: est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 162,643 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $112 million (FY01 est.)
       Military expenditures - percent of 3% (FY01 est.)
     Transnational Issues Cambodia
                Disputes - international: demarcation of boundaries with
                                          Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam is
                                          nearing completion; accuses Thailand
                                          of moving or destroying boundary
                                          markers and encroachment, of not
                                          respecting its claims, and of
                                          sealing off access to the Preah
                                          Vihear temple ruin awarded to
                                          Cambodia by the ICJ in 1962; accuses
                                          Vietnam of territorial encroachments
                                          and initiating armed border
                                          incidents in seven provinces,
                                          despite substantial demarcation
                                          efforts to date; disputes several
                                          offshore islands with Vietnam, which
                                          prevents delimitation of a maritime
                           Illicit drugs: possible money laundering;
                                          narcotics-related corruption
                                          reportedly involving some in the
                                          government, military, and police;
                                          possible small-scale opium, heroin,
                                          and amphetamine production; large
                                          producer of cannabis for the
                                          international market

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