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 for C spring
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  C \C\ (s[=e])
     1. C is the third letter of the English alphabet. It is from
        the Latin letter C, which in old Latin represented the
        sounds of k, and g (in go); its original value being the
        latter. In Anglo-Saxon words, or Old English before the
        Norman Conquest, it always has the sound of k. The Latin C
        was the same letter as the Greek [Gamma], [gamma], and
        came from the Greek alphabet. The Greeks got it from the
        Ph[oe]nicians. The English name of C is from the Latin
        name ce, and was derived, probably, through the French.
        Etymologically C is related to g, h, k, q, s (and other
        sibilant sounds). Examples of these relations are in L.
        acutus, E. acute, ague; E. acrid, eager, vinegar; L.
        cornu, E. horn; E. cat, kitten; E. coy, quiet; L. circare,
        OF. cerchier, E. search.
        [1913 Webster]
     Note: See Guide to Pronunciation, [sect][sect] 221-228.
           [1913 Webster]
     2. (Mus.)
        (a) The keynote of the normal or "natural" scale, which
            has neither flats nor sharps in its signature; also,
            the third note of the relative minor scale of the
        (b) C after the clef is the mark of common time, in which
            each measure is a semibreve (four fourths or
            crotchets); for alla breve time it is written ?.
        (c) The "C clef," a modification of the letter C, placed
            on any line of the staff, shows that line to be middle
            [1913 Webster]
     3. As a numeral, C stands for Latin centum or 100, CC for
        200, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
     C spring, a spring in the form of the letter C.
        [1913 Webster]

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