The DICT Development Group

Search for:
Search type:

Database copyright information
Server information

3 definitions found
 for Burundi
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Burundi \Burundi\ Burundian \Burundian\adj.
     1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Burundi; as, the
        Burundi capital.
        [WordNet 1.5]
     2. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the Burundian
        people; as, the Burundian population.
        [WordNet 1.5]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      adj 1: of or relating to or characteristic of Burundi or its
             people; "the Burundi capital" [syn: Burundi,
      n 1: a landlocked republic in east central Africa on the
           northeastern shore of Lake Tanganyika [syn: Burundi,
           Republic of Burundi]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Burundi
                              Background: Burundi's first democratically
                                          elected president was assassinated
                                          in October 1993 after only four
                                          months in office. Since then, some
                                          200,000 Burundians have perished in
                                          widespread, often intense ethnic
                                          violence between Hutu and Tutsi
                                          factions. Hundreds of thousands have
                                          been internally displaced or have
                                          become refugees in neighboring
                                          countries. Burundian troops, seeking
                                          to secure their borders, intervened
                                          in the conflict in the Democratic
                                          Republic of the Congo in 1998. More
                                          recently, many of these troops have
                                          been redeployed back to Burundi to
                                          deal with periodic upsurges in rebel
                                          activity. A new transitional
                                          government, inaugurated on 1
                                          November 2001, was to be the first
                                          step towards holding national
                                          elections in three years. However,
                                          the unwillingness of the Hutu rebels
                                          to enact a cease fire with Bujumbura
                                          continues to obstruct prospects for
                                          a sustainable peace.
     Geography Burundi
                                Location: Central Africa, east of Democratic
                                          Republic of the Congo
                  Geographic coordinates: 3 30 S, 30 00 E
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 27,830 sq km
                                          water: 2,180 sq km
                                          land: 25,650 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland
                         Land boundaries: total: 974 km
                                          border countries: Democratic
                                          Republic of the Congo 233 km, Rwanda
                                          290 km, Tanzania 451 km
                               Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
                         Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
                                 Climate: equatorial; high plateau with
                                          considerable altitude variation (772
                                          m to 2,670 m above sea level);
                                          average annual temperature varies
                                          with altitude from 23 to 17 degrees
                                          centigrade but is generally moderate
                                          as the average altitude is about
                                          1,700 m; average annual rainfall is
                                          about 150 cm; wet seasons from
                                          February to May and September to
                                          November, and dry seasons from June
                                          to August and December to January
                                 Terrain: hilly and mountainous, dropping to a
                                          plateau in east, some plains
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Lake Tanganyika 772 m
                                          highest point: Mount Heha 2,670 m
                       Natural resources: nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides,
                                          peat, cobalt, copper, platinum (not
                                          yet exploited), vanadium, arable
                                          land, hydropower
                                Land use: arable land: 29.98%
                                          permanent crops: 12.85%
                                          other: 57.17% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 740 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: flooding, landslides, drought
            Environment - current issues: soil erosion as a result of
                                          overgrazing and the expansion of
                                          agriculture into marginal lands;
                                          deforestation (little forested land
                                          remains because of uncontrolled
                                          cutting of trees for fuel); habitat
                                          loss threatens wildlife populations
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification,
                                          Endangered Species, Hazardous
                                          Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
                                          signed, but not ratified: Law of the
                                          Sea, Nuclear Test Ban
                        Geography - note: landlocked; straddles crest of the
                                          Nile-Congo watershed; the Kagera,
                                          which drains into Lake Victoria, is
                                          the most remote headstream of the
                                          White Nile
     People Burundi
                              Population: 6,373,002
                                          note: estimates for this country
                                          explicitly take into account the
                                          effects of excess mortality due to
                                          AIDS; this can result in lower life
                                          expectancy, higher infant mortality
                                          and death rates, lower population
                                          and growth rates, and changes in the
                                          distribution of population by age
                                          and sex than would otherwise be
                                          expected (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 46.5% (male 1,497,865;
                                          female 1,466,455)
                                          15-64 years: 50.7% (male 1,592,253;
                                          female 1,640,254)
                                          65 years and over: 2.8% (male
                                          71,915; female 104,260) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 2.36% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 39.87 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 16.3 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.99 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 69.97 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 45.94 years
                                          female: 46.83 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 45.08 years
                    Total fertility rate: 6.07 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 11.32% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 360,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 39,000 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Burundian(s)
                                          adjective: Burundi
                           Ethnic groups: Hutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic)
                                          14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans
                                          3,000, South Asians 2,000
                               Religions: Christian 67% (Roman Catholic 62%,
                                          Protestant 5%), indigenous beliefs
                                          23%, Muslim 10%
                               Languages: Kirundi (official), French
                                          (official), Swahili (along Lake
                                          Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 35.3%
                                          male: 49.3%
                                          female: 22.5% (1995 est.)
     Government Burundi
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Burundi
                                          local short form: Burundi
                                          local long form: Republika y'u
                                          former: Urundi
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: Bujumbura
                Administrative divisions: 16 provinces; Bubanza, Bujumbura,
                                          Bururi, Cankuzo, Cibitoke, Gitega,
                                          Karuzi, Kayanza, Kirundo, Makamba,
                                          Muramvya, Muyinga, Mwaro, Ngozi,
                                          Rutana, Ruyigi
                            Independence: 1 July 1962 (from UN trusteeship
                                          under Belgian administration)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 1 July (1962)
                            Constitution: 13 March 1992; provided for
                                          establishment of a plural political
                                          system; supplanted on 6 June 1998 by
                                          a Transitional Constitution which
                                          enlarged the National Assembly and
                                          created two vice presidents
                            Legal system: based on German and Belgian civil
                                          codes and customary law; has not
                                          accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: NA years of age; universal adult
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Pierre
                                          BUYOYA (a Tutsi, was sworn in as
                                          president of a transition government
                                          on 1 November 2001; he is scheduled
                                          to hold office for 18 months before
                                          transferring power to his vice
                                          president, a Hutu); Vice President
                                          Domitien NDAYIZEYE (since 1 November
                                          head of government: President Pierre
                                          BUYOYA (a Tutsi, was sworn in as
                                          president of a transition government
                                          on 1 November 2001; he is scheduled
                                          to hold office for 18 months before
                                          transferring power to his vice
                                          president, a Hutu); Vice President
                                          Domitien NDAYIZEYE (since 1 November
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by president
                                          elections: NA; current president
                                          assumed power following a coup on 25
                                          July 1996 in which former President
                                          NTIBANTUNGANYA was overthrown
                      Legislative branch: bicameral, consists of a National
                                          Assembly or Assemblee Nationale
                                          (expanded from 121 to approximately
                                          140 seats under the transitional
                                          government inaugurated 1 November
                                          2001; members are elected by popular
                                          vote to serve five-year terms) and a
                                          Senate (54 seats; term length is
                                          undefined, the current senators will
                                          likely serve out the three-year
                                          transition period)
                                          elections: last held 29 June 1993
                                          (next was scheduled to be held in
                                          1998, but were suspended by
                                          presidential decree in 1996;
                                          elections are planned to follow the
                                          completion of the three-year
                                          transitional government)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - FRODEBU 71.04%, UPRONA
                                          21.4%, other 7.56%; seats by party -
                                          FRODEBU 65, UPRONA 16, civilians 27,
                                          other parties 13
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme;
                                          Constitutional Court; Courts of
                                          Appeal (there are three in separate
                                          locations); Tribunals of First
                                          Instance (17 at the province level
                                          and 123 small local tribunals)
           Political parties and leaders: the two national, mainstream,
                                          governing parties are: Unity for
                                          National Progress or UPRONA [Luc
                                          RUKINGAMA, president]; Burundi
                                          Democratic Front or FRODEBU [Jean
                                          MINANI, president]
                                          note: a multiparty system was
                                          introduced after 1998, included are:
                                          Burundi African Alliance for the
                                          Salvation or ABASA [Terrence
                                          NSANZE]; Rally for Democracy and
                                          Economic and Social Development or
                                          RADDES [Joseph NZENZIMANA]; Party
                                          for National Redress or PARENA
                                          [Jean-Baptiste BAGAZA]; People's
                                          Reconciliation Party or PRP [Mathias
            Political pressure groups and Loosely organized Hutu and Tutsi
                                 leaders: militias, often affiliated with Hutu
                                          and Tutsi extremist parties or
                                          subordinate to government security
               International organization ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, CEEAC, CEPGL,
                           participation: ECA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM,
                                          IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF,
                                          Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAU, OPCW,
                                          UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO,
                                          WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Thomas
                                          chancery: Suite 212, 2233 Wisconsin
                                          Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20007
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 342-2578
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 342-2574
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Mary
                                      US: Carlin YATES
                                          embassy: Avenue des Etats-Unis,
                                          mailing address: B. P. 1720,
                                          telephone: [257] 223454
                                          FAX: [257] 222926
                        Flag description: divided by a white diagonal cross
                                          into red panels (top and bottom) and
                                          green panels (hoist side and outer
                                          side) with a white disk superimposed
                                          at the center bearing three red six-
                                          pointed stars outlined in green
                                          arranged in a triangular design (one
                                          star above, two stars below)
     Economy Burundi
                      Economy - overview: Burundi is a landlocked, resource-
                                          poor country with an underdeveloped
                                          manufacturing sector. The economy is
                                          predominantly agricultural with
                                          roughly 90% of the population
                                          dependent on subsistence
                                          agriculture. Its economic health
                                          depends on the coffee crop, which
                                          accounts for 80% of foreign exchange
                                          earnings. The ability to pay for
                                          imports therefore rests largely on
                                          the vagaries of the climate and the
                                          international coffee market. Since
                                          October 1993 the nation has suffered
                                          from massive ethnic-based violence
                                          which has resulted in the death of
                                          more than 200,000 persons and the
                                          displacement of about 800,000
                                          others. Only one in four children go
                                          to school, and more than one in ten
                                          adults has HIV/AIDS. Foods,
                                          medicines, and electricity remain in
                                          short supply. Doubts regarding the
                                          sustainability of peace continue to
                                          impede development. A Geneva donors'
                                          conference in November 2001 brought
                                          $800 million in pledges, and an IMF-
                                          staff-monitored program could lead
                                          to a further agreement in 2002.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $3.7
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 1.4% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $600 (2001
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 50%
                                          industry: 18%
                                          services: 32% (2001 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 70% (2001 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 3.4%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 26.6% (1992)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 33.3 (1992)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 14% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 1.9 million
             Labor force - by occupation: NA
                       Unemployment rate: NA%
                                  Budget: revenues: $125 million
                                          expenditures: $176 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2000 est.)
                              Industries: light consumer goods such as
                                          blankets, shoes, soap; assembly of
                                          imported components; public works
                                          construction; food processing
       Industrial production growth rate: 6.3% (1999 est.)
                Electricity - production: 148 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 0.68%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          hydro: 99.32%
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 166.64 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 29 million kWh
                                          note: supplied by the Democratic
                                          Republic of the Congo (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: coffee, cotton, tea, corn, sorghum,
                                          sweet potatoes, bananas, manioc
                                          (tapioca); beef, milk, hides
                                 Exports: $24 million (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: coffee, tea, sugar, cotton, hides
                      Exports - partners: EU 52.5%, US 11.5%, Kenya 11.5%,
                                          Switzerland 4.9% (2000 est.)
                                 Imports: $125 million (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: capital goods, petroleum products,
                      Imports - partners: EU 37.6%, Tanzania 10.3%, Zambia
                                          4.3%, India 3.4%, China 3.4% (2000
                         Debt - external: $1.12 billion (2001 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $74 million (1999)
                                Currency: Burundi franc (BIF)
                           Currency code: BIF
                          Exchange rates: Burundi francs per US dollar -
                                          865.14 (January 2002), 830.35
                                          (2001), 720.67 (2000), 563.56
                                          (1999), 477.77 (1998), 352.35 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Burundi
          Telephones - main lines in use: 20,000 (2000)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 16,300 (2000)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: primitive system
                                          domestic: sparse system of open
                                          wire, radiotelephone communications,
                                          and low-capacity microwave radio
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 4, shortwave 1 (2001)
                                  Radios: 440,000 (2001)
           Television broadcast stations: 1 (2001)
                             Televisions: 25,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .bi
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: 2,000 (2000)
     Transportation Burundi
                                           Railways: 0 km
                                           Highways: total: 14,480 km
                                                     paved: 1,028 km
                                                     unpaved: 13,452 km (1996)
                                          Waterways: Lake Tanganyika
                                  Ports and harbors: Bujumbura
                                           Airports: 7 (2001)
                      Airports - with paved runways: total: 1
                                                     over 3,047 m: 1 (2001)
                    Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 6
                                                     914 to 1,523 m: 3
                                                     under 914 m: 3 (2001)
     Military Burundi
                       Military branches: Army (including naval and air
                                          units), Gendarmerie
        Military manpower - military age: 16 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 1,439,032 (2002
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 752,584 (2002 est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 79,360 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $36.9 million (FY01)
       Military expenditures - percent of 5.3% (FY01)
     Transnational Issues Burundi
                Disputes - international: Tutsi, Hutu, and other conflicting
                                          ethnic groups, political rebels, and
                                          various government forces continue
                                          fighting in Great Lakes region,
                                          transcending the boundaries of
                                          Burundi, Democratic Republic of the
                                          Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda

Contact=webmaster@dict.org Specification=RFC 2229