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2 definitions found
 for Burkina Faso
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Burkina Faso
      n 1: a desperately poor landlocked country in western Africa;
           was formerly Upper Volta under French rule but gained
           independence in 1960 [syn: Burkina Faso, Upper Volta]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Burkina Faso
     Introduction Burkina Faso
                               Background: Independence from France came to
                                           Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta)
                                           in 1960. Governmental instability
                                           during the 1970s and 1980s was
                                           followed by multiparty elections in
                                           the early 1990s. Several hundred
                                           thousand farm workers migrate south
                                           every year to Cote d'Ivoire and
     Geography Burkina Faso
                                Location: Western Africa, north of Ghana
                  Geographic coordinates: 13 00 N, 2 00 W
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 274,200 sq km
                                          water: 400 sq km
                                          land: 273,800 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Colorado
                         Land boundaries: total: 3,193 km
                                          border countries: Benin 306 km, Cote
                                          d'Ivoire 584 km, Ghana 549 km, Mali
                                          1,000 km, Niger 628 km, Togo 126 km
                               Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
                         Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
                                 Climate: tropical; warm, dry winters; hot,
                                          wet summers
                                 Terrain: mostly flat to dissected, undulating
                                          plains; hills in west and southeast
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Mouhoun (Black Volta)
                                          River 200 m
                                          highest point: Tena Kourou 749 m
                       Natural resources: manganese, limestone, marble; small
                                          deposits of gold, antimony, copper,
                                          nickel, bauxite, lead, phosphates,
                                          zinc, silver
                                Land use: arable land: 12.43%
                                          permanent crops: 0.18%
                                          other: 87.39% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 250 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: recurring droughts
            Environment - current issues: recent droughts and desertification
                                          severely affecting agricultural
                                          activities, population distribution,
                                          and the economy; overgrazing; soil
                                          degradation; deforestation
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine
                                          Life Conservation, Ozone Layer
                                          Protection, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: Law of the
                                          Sea, Nuclear Test Ban
                        Geography - note: landlocked savanna cut by the three
                                          principal rivers of the Black, Red,
                                          and White Voltas
     People Burkina Faso
                              Population: 12,603,185
                                          note: estimates for this country
                                          explicitly take into account the
                                          effects of excess mortality due to
                                          AIDS; this can result in lower life
                                          expectancy, higher infant mortality
                                          and death rates, lower population
                                          and growth rates, and changes in the
                                          distribution of population by age
                                          and sex than would otherwise be
                                          expected (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 47.3% (male 3,007,675;
                                          female 2,960,697)
                                          15-64 years: 49.8% (male 3,000,411;
                                          female 3,271,594)
                                          65 years and over: 2.9% (male
                                          151,976; female 210,832) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 2.64% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 44.34 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 17.07 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -0.84 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.96 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 105.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 46.11 years
                                          female: 46.78 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 45.45 years
                    Total fertility rate: 6.26 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 6.44% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 350,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 43,000 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Burkinabe (singular and
                                          adjective: Burkinabe
                           Ethnic groups: Mossi over 40%, Gurunsi, Senufo,
                                          Lobi, Bobo, Mande, Fulani
                               Religions: indigenous beliefs 40%, Muslim 50%,
                                          Christian (mainly Roman Catholic)
                               Languages: French (official), native African
                                          languages belonging to Sudanic
                                          family spoken by 90% of the
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 36% (2001)
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
     Government Burkina Faso
                            Country name: conventional long form: none
                                          conventional short form: Burkina
                                          former: Upper Volta, Republic of
                                          Upper Volta
                         Government type: parliamentary republic
                                 Capital: Ouagadougou
                Administrative divisions: 30 provinces; Bam, Bazega,
                                          Bougouriba, Boulgou, Boulkiemde,
                                          Ganzourgou, Gnagna, Gourma, Houe,
                                          Kadiogo, Kenedougou, Komoe, Kossi,
                                          Kouritenga, Mouhoun, Namentenga,
                                          Naouri, Oubritenga, Oudalan,
                                          Passore, Poni, Sanguie, Sanmatenga,
                                          Seno, Sissili, Soum, Sourou, Tapoa,
                                          Yatenga, Zoundweogo
                                          note: a new electoral code was
                                          approved by the National Assembly in
                                          January 1997; the number of
                                          administrative provinces was
                                          increased from 30 to 45 (Bale, Bam,
                                          Banwa, Bazega, Bougouriba, Boulgou,
                                          Boulkiemde, Comoe, Ganzourgou,
                                          Gnagna, Gourma, Houet, Ioba,
                                          Kadiogo, Kenedougou, Komandjari,
                                          Kompienga, Kossi, Koupelogo,
                                          Kouritenga, Kourweogo, Leraba,
                                          Loroum, Mouhoun, Nahouri,
                                          Namentenga, Nayala, Naumbiel,
                                          Oubritenga, Oudalan, Passore, Poni,
                                          Samentenga, Sanguie, Seno, Sissili,
                                          Soum, Sourou, Tapoa, Tuy, Yagha,
                                          Yatenga, Ziro, Zondomo, Zoundweogo),
                                          however, this change has not yet
                                          been confirmed by the US Board on
                                          Geographic Names
                            Independence: 5 August 1960 (from France)
                        National holiday: Republic Day, 11 December (1958)
                            Constitution: 2 June 1991 approved by referendum;
                                          11 June 1991 formally adopted
                            Legal system: based on French civil law system and
                                          customary law
                                Suffrage: universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Blaise
                                          COMPAORE (since 15 October 1987)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Ernest Paramanga YONLI (since 6
                                          November 2000)
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the president on the
                                          recommendation of the prime minister
                                          election results: Blaise COMPAORE
                                          reelected president with 87.5%
                                          percent of the vote
                                          note: President COMPAORE faces an
                                          increasingly well-coordinated
                                          opposition; recent charges against a
                                          former member of his Presidential
                                          Guard in the 1998 assassination of a
                                          newspaper editor signify an attempt
                                          to defuse chronic areas of
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 15 November 1998
                                          (next to be held NA 2005); in April
                                          2000, the constitution was amended
                                          reducing the presidential term from
                                          seven to five years, enforceable as
                                          of 2005, and allowing the president
                                          to be reelected only once; it is
                                          unclear whether this amendment will
                                          be applied retroactively or not;
                                          prime minister appointed by the
                                          president with the consent of the
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or
                                          Assemblee Nationale (111 seats;
                                          members are elected by popular vote
                                          to serve five-year terms)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - CDP
                                          57, RDA-ADF 17, PDP/PS 10, CFD 5,
                                          PAI 5, others 17
                                          elections: National Assembly
                                          election last held 5 May 2002 (next
                                          to be held NA May 2007)
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court; Appeals Court
           Political parties and leaders: African Democratic Rally-Alliance
                                          for Democracy and Federation or RDA-
                                          ADF [Herman YAMEOGO]; Confederation
                                          for Federation and Democracy or CFD
                                          [Amadou Diemdioda DICKO]; Congress
                                          for Democracy and Progress or CDP
                                          [Roch Marc-Christian KABORE];
                                          Movement for Tolerance and Progress
                                          or MTP [Noyabtigungu Congo KABORE];
                                          Party for African Independence or
                                          PAI [Philippe OUEDRAOGO]; Party for
                                          Democracy and Progress or PDP
                                          [Joseph KI-ZERBO]; Union of Greens
                                          for the Development of Burkina Faso
                                          or UVDB [Ram OVEDRAGO]
            Political pressure groups and Burkinabe General Confederation of
                                 leaders: Labor or CGTB; Burkinabe Movement
                                          for Human Rights or MBDHP; Group of
                                          14 February; National Confederation
                                          of Burkinabe Workers or CNTB;
                                          National Organization of Free Unions
                                          or ONSL; watchdog/political action
                                          groups throughout the country in
                                          both organizations and communities
               International organization ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS,
                           participation: Entente, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD,
                                          ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB,
                                          IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF,
                                          Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO
                                          (subscriber), ITU, MONUC, NAM, OAU,
                                          OIC, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
                                          UNIDO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU,
                                          WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO,
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Tertius
                                          chancery: 2340 Massachusetts Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20008
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 667-1882
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 332-5577
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Jimmy
                                      US: J. KOLKER
                                          embassy: 2440 Ouagadougou Place,
                                          mailing address: 01 B. P. 35,
                                          Ouagadougou 01
                                          telephone: [226] 306723
                                          FAX: [226] 303890
                        Flag description: two equal horizontal bands of red
                                          (top) and green with a yellow five-
                                          pointed star in the center; uses the
                                          popular pan-African colors of
     Economy Burkina Faso
                      Economy - overview: One of the poorest countries in the
                                          world, landlocked Burkina Faso has a
                                          high population density, few natural
                                          resources, and a fragile soil. About
                                          90% of the population is engaged in
                                          (mainly subsistence) agriculture,
                                          which is highly vulnerable to
                                          variations in rainfall. Industry
                                          remains dominated by unprofitable
                                          government-controlled corporations.
                                          Following the African franc currency
                                          devaluation in January 1994 the
                                          government updated its development
                                          program in conjunction with
                                          international agencies, and exports
                                          and economic growth have increased.
                                          Maintenance of macroeconomic
                                          progress depends on continued low
                                          inflation, reduction in the trade
                                          deficit, and reforms designed to
                                          encourage private investment.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $12.8
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 4.7% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,040
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 31%
                                          industry: 28%
                                          services: 41% (2000)
           Population below poverty line: 45% (2001 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 2.2%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 39.5% (1994)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 48.2 (1994)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.5% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 5 million (1999)
                                          note: a large part of the male labor
                                          force migrates annually to
                                          neighboring countries for seasonal
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 90% (2000 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: NA%
                                  Budget: revenues: $316 million
                                          expenditures: $NA, including capital
                                          expenditures of $NA (2001)
                              Industries: cotton lint, beverages, agricultural
                                          processing, soap, cigarettes,
                                          textiles, gold
       Industrial production growth rate: 14% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 282 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 70.92%
                                          hydro: 29.08%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 262.26 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: peanuts, shea nuts, sesame, cotton,
                                          sorghum, millet, corn, rice;
                                 Exports: $265 million (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: cotton, animal products, gold
                      Exports - partners: Venezuela 14.7%, Benelux 12.2%,
                                          Italy 9.6%, France 7.0% (2000)
                                 Imports: $580 million (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: capital goods, food products,
                      Imports - partners: Cote d'Ivoire 25.1%, Venezuela
                                          23.4%, France 17.0% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $1.5 billion (1999)
                Economic aid - recipient: $484.1 million (1995)
                                Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine
                                          franc (XOF); note - responsible
                                          authority is the Central Bank of the
                                          West African States
                           Currency code: XOF
                          Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine
                                          francs (XOF) per US dollar - 742.79
                                          (January 2002), 733.04 (2001),
                                          711.98 (2000), 615.70 (1999), 589.95
                                          (1998), 583.67 (1997); note - from 1
                                          January 1999, the XOF is pegged to
                                          the euro at a rate of 655.957 XOF
                                          per euro
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Burkina Faso
            Telephones - main lines in use: 53,200 (2000)
              Telephones - mobile cellular: 25,200 (2000)
                          Telephone system: general assessment: all services
                                            only fair
                                            domestic: microwave radio relay,
                                            open wire, and radiotelephone
                                            communication stations
                                            international: satellite earth
                                            station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic
                  Radio broadcast stations: AM 3, FM 17, shortwave 3 (2002)
                                    Radios: 394,020 (2000)
             Television broadcast stations: 1 (2001)
                               Televisions: 131,340 (2002)
                     Internet country code: .bf
         Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 4 (2001)
                            Internet users: 10,000 (2001)
     Transportation Burkina Faso
                                Railways: total: 622 km (517 km from
                                          Ouagadougou to the Cote d'Ivoire
                                          border and 105 km from Ouagadougou
                                          to Kaya)
                                          narrow gauge: 622 km 1.000-m gauge
                                          (1995 est.)
                                Highways: total: 12,506 km
                                          paved: 2,001 km
                                          unpaved: 10,505 km (1996)
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: none
                                Airports: 33 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 2
                                          over 3,047 m: 1
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 31
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 12
                                          under 914 m: 16 (2001)
     Military Burkina Faso
                         Military branches: Army, Air Force, National
                                            Gendarmerie, National Police,
                                            People's Militia
          Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 2,688,072 (2002
       Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 1,379,010 (2002
                                   service: est.)
             Military expenditures - dollar $40.1 million (FY01)
         Military expenditures - percent of 1.4% (FY01)
     Transnational Issues Burkina Faso
                  Disputes - international: two villages are in dispute with

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