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3 definitions found
 for Brunei
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Brunei \Brunei\ n.
     a sultanate in Northwestern Borneo.
     [WordNet 1.5]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a sultanate in northwestern Borneo; became independent of
           Great Britain in 1984 [syn: Brunei, Negara Brunei

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Brunei
                              Background: The Sultanate of Brunei's heyday
                                          occurred between the 15th and 17th
                                          centuries, when its control extended
                                          over coastal areas of northwest
                                          Borneo and the southern Philippines.
                                          Brunei subsequently entered a period
                                          of decline brought on by internal
                                          strife over royal succession,
                                          colonial expansion of European
                                          powers, and piracy. In 1888, Brunei
                                          became a British protectorate;
                                          independence was achieved in 1984.
                                          Brunei benefits from extensive
                                          petroleum and natural gas fields,
                                          the source of one of the highest per
                                          capita GDPs in the less developed
                                          countries. The same family has now
                                          ruled Brunei for over six centuries.
     Geography Brunei
                                Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the
                                          South China Sea and Malaysia
                  Geographic coordinates: 4 30 N, 114 40 E
                          Map references: Southeast Asia
                                    Area: total: 5,770 sq km
                                          water: 500 sq km
                                          land: 5,270 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Delaware
                         Land boundaries: total: 381 km
                                          border countries: Malaysia 381 km
                               Coastline: 161 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM or
                                          to median line
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; hot, humid, rainy
                                 Terrain: flat coastal plain rises to
                                          mountains in east; hilly lowland in
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Bukit Pagon 1,850 m
                       Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, timber
                                Land use: arable land: 0.57%
                                          permanent crops: 0.76%
                                          other: 98.67% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 10 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: typhoons, earthquakes, and severe
                                          flooding are very rare
            Environment - current issues: seasonal smoke/haze resulting from
                                          forest fires in Indonesia
              Environment - international party to: Endangered Species, Law of
                              agreements: the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection,
                                          Ship Pollution
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: close to vital sea lanes through
                                          South China Sea linking Indian and
                                          Pacific Oceans; two parts physically
                                          separated by Malaysia; almost an
                                          enclave of Malaysia
     People Brunei
                              Population: 350,898 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 30.2% (male 54,038;
                                          female 51,833)
                                          15-64 years: 67% (male 125,051;
                                          female 110,257)
                                          65 years and over: 2.8% (male 4,609;
                                          female 5,110) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 2.06% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 20.06 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 3.38 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 3.91 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.1 male(s)/female
                                          (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 13.95 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.06 years
                                          female: 76.56 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 71.68 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.4 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.2% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ less than 100 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Bruneian(s)
                                          adjective: Bruneian
                           Ethnic groups: Malay 67%, Chinese 15%, indigenous
                                          6%, other 12%
                               Religions: Muslim (official) 67%, Buddhist 13%,
                                          Christian 10%, indigenous beliefs
                                          and other 10%
                               Languages: Malay (official), English, Chinese
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 88.2%
                                          male: 92.6%
                                          female: 83.4% (1995 est.)
     Government Brunei
                            Country name: conventional long form: Negara
                                          Brunei Darussalam
                                          conventional short form: Brunei
                         Government type: constitutional sultanate
                                 Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan
                Administrative divisions: 4 districts (daerah-daerah, singular
                                          - daerah); Belait, Brunei and Muara,
                                          Temburong, Tutong
                            Independence: 1 January 1984 (from UK)
                        National holiday: National Day, 23 February (1984);
                                          note - 1 January 1984 was the date
                                          of independence from the UK, 23
                                          February 1984 was the date of
                                          independence from British protection
                            Constitution: 29 September 1959 (some provisions
                                          suspended under a State of Emergency
                                          since December 1962, others since
                                          independence on 1 January 1984)
                            Legal system: based on English common law; for
                                          Muslims, Islamic Shari'a law
                                          supersedes civil law in a number of
                                Suffrage: none
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Sultan and Prime
                                          Minister Sir HASSANAL Bolkiah (since
                                          5 October 1967); note - the monarch
                                          is both the chief of state and head
                                          of government
                                          head of government: Sultan and Prime
                                          Minister Sir HASSANAL Bolkiah (since
                                          5 October 1967); note - the monarch
                                          is both the chief of state and head
                                          of government
                                          cabinet: Council of Cabinet
                                          Ministers appointed and presided
                                          over by the monarch; deals with
                                          executive matters; note - there is
                                          also a Religious Council (members
                                          appointed by the monarch) that
                                          advises on religious matters, a
                                          Privy Council (members appointed by
                                          the monarch) that deals with
                                          constitutional matters, and the
                                          Council of Succession (members
                                          appointed by the monarch) that
                                          determines the succession to the
                                          throne if the need arises
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Council or
                                          Majlis Masyuarat Megeri (a privy
                                          council that serves only in a
                                          consultative capacity; NA seats;
                                          members appointed by the monarch)
                                          elections: last held in March 1962
                                          note: in 1970 the Council was
                                          changed to an appointive body by
                                          decree of the monarch; an elected
                                          Legislative Council is being
                                          considered as part of constitutional
                                          reform, but elections are unlikely
                                          for several years
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court (chief justice and
                                          judges are sworn in by the monarch
                                          for three-year terms)
           Political parties and leaders: Brunei Solidarity National Party or
                                          PPKB in Malay [Haji Mohd HATTA bin
                                          Haji Zainal Abidin, president]; the
                                          PPKB is the only legal political
                                          party in Brunei; it was registered
                                          in 1985, but became largely inactive
                                          after 1988, it was revived in 1995
                                          and again in 1998; it has less than
                                          200 registered party members; other
                                          parties include Brunei People's
                                          Party or PRB (banned in 1962) and
                                          Brunei National Democratic Party
                                          (registered in May 1965,
                                          deregistered by the Brunei
                                          Government in 1988)
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization APEC, ARF, ASEAN, C, CCC, ESCAP, G-
                           participation: 77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDB, IFRCS,
                                          IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO
                                          (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OIC,
                                          OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UPU, WHO, WIPO,
                                          WMO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador PUTEH
                                          ibni Mohammad Alam
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 885-0560
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 237-1838
                                          chancery: 3520 International Court
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20008
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Sylvia
                                      US: Gaye STANFIELD
                                          embassy: Third Floor, Teck Guan
                                          Plaza, Jalan Sultan, Bandar Seri
                                          mailing address: PSC 470 (BSB), FPO
                                          AP 96507
                                          telephone: [673] (2) 229670
                                          FAX: [673] (2) 225293
                        Flag description: yellow with two diagonal bands of
                                          white (top, almost double width) and
                                          black starting from the upper hoist
                                          side; the national emblem in red is
                                          superimposed at the center; the
                                          emblem includes a swallow-tailed
                                          flag on top of a winged column
                                          within an upturned crescent above a
                                          scroll and flanked by two upraised
     Economy Brunei
                      Economy - overview: This small, wealthy economy is a
                                          mixture of foreign and domestic
                                          entrepreneurship, government
                                          regulation, welfare measures, and
                                          village tradition. Crude oil and
                                          natural gas production account for
                                          nearly half of GDP. Per capita GDP
                                          is far above most other Third World
                                          countries, and substantial income
                                          from overseas investment supplements
                                          income from domestic production. The
                                          government provides for all medical
                                          services and subsidizes rice and
                                          housing. Brunei's leaders are
                                          concerned that steadily increased
                                          integration in the world economy
                                          will undermine internal social
                                          cohesion although it became a more
                                          prominent player by serving as
                                          chairman for the 2000 APEC (Asian
                                          Pacific Economic Cooperation) forum.
                                          Plans for the future include
                                          upgrading the labor force, reducing
                                          unemployment, strengthening the
                                          banking and tourist sectors, and, in
                                          general, further widening the
                                          economic base beyond oil and gas.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $6.2
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 3% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $18,000
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 5%
                                          industry: 45%
                                          services: 50% (2001 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1% (1999 est.)
                             Labor force: 143,400 (1999 est.); note - includes
                                          foreign workers and military
                                          note: temporary residents make up
                                          41% of labor force (1991)
             Labor force - by occupation: government 48%, production of oil,
                                          natural gas, services, and
                                          construction 42%, agriculture,
                                          forestry, and fishing 10% (1999
                       Unemployment rate: 10% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $2.5 billion
                                          expenditures: $2.6 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $1.35 billion (1997 est.)
                              Industries: petroleum, petroleum refining,
                                          liquefied natural gas, construction
       Industrial production growth rate: 4% (1997 est.)
                Electricity - production: 2.22 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 2.065 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: rice, vegetables, fruits, chickens,
                                          water buffalo
                                 Exports: $3 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: crude oil, natural gas, refined
                      Exports - partners: Japan 42%, US 17%, South Korea 14%,
                                          Thailand 3% (1999)
                                 Imports: $1.4 billion (c.i.f., 2000 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment,
                                          manufactured goods, food, chemicals
                      Imports - partners: Singapore 34%, UK 15%, Malaysia 15%,
                                          US 5% (1999)
                         Debt - external: $0
                Economic aid - recipient: $4.3 million (1995)
                                Currency: Bruneian dollar (BND)
                           Currency code: BND
                          Exchange rates: Bruneian dollars per US dollar -
                                          1.8388 (January 2002), 1.8917
                                          (2001), 1.7240 (2000), 1.6950
                                          (1999), 1.6736 (1998), 1.4848
                                          (1997); note - the Bruneian dollar
                                          is at par with the Singapore dollar
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Brunei
          Telephones - main lines in use: 79,000 (1996)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 43,524 (1996)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: service
                                          throughout country is excellent;
                                          international service good to
                                          Europe, US, and East Asia
                                          domestic: every service available
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Indian
                                          Ocean and 1 Pacific Ocean); digital
                                          submarine cable links to Malaysia,
                                          Singapore, and Philippines (2001)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 3, FM 10, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 329,000 (1998)
           Television broadcast stations: 2 (1997)
                             Televisions: 201,900 (1998)
                   Internet country code: .bn
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2000)
                          Internet users: 28,000 (2001)
     Transportation Brunei
                                Railways: total: 13 km (private line)
                                          narrow gauge: 13 km 0.610-m gauge
                                          (2001 est.)
                                Highways: total: 1,712 km
                                          paved: 1,284 km
                                          unpaved: 428 km (1996)
                               Waterways: 209 km; navigable by craft drawing
                                          less than 1.2 m
                               Pipelines: crude oil 135 km; petroleum products
                                          418 km; natural gas 920 km
                       Ports and harbors: Bandar Seri Begawan, Kuala Belait,
                                          Muara, Seria, Tutong
                         Merchant marine: total: 7 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 348,476 GRT/340,635 DWT
                                          ships by type: liquefied gas 7
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: United Kingdom 7 (2002
                                Airports: 2 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 1
                                          over 3,047 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
                               Heliports: 3 (2001)
     Military Brunei
                       Military branches: Land Forces, Navy, Air Force, Royal
                                          Brunei Police
        Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 108,921 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 62,864 (2002 est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 3,005 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $343 million (FY98)
       Military expenditures - percent of 5.1% (FY98)
     Transnational Issues Brunei
                Disputes - international: Brunei established an exclusive
                                          economic fishing zone encompassing
                                          Louisa Reef in southern Spratly
                                          Islands in 1984, but makes no public
                                          territorial claim to the offshore
                           Illicit drugs: drug trafficking and illegally
                                          importing controlled substances are
                                          serious offenses in Brunei and carry
                                          a mandatory death penalty

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