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4 definitions found
 for Brazil
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: the largest Latin American country and the largest
           Portuguese speaking country in the world; located in the
           central and northeastern part of South America; world's
           leading coffee exporter [syn: Brazil, Federative
           Republic of Brazil, Brasil]
      2: three-sided tropical American nut with white oily meat and
         hard brown shell [syn: brazil nut, brazil]

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (30 December 2018) :

     An operating system from Acorn Computers used on an ARM
     card which could be fitted to an IBM PC.  There was also an
     ARM second processor for the BBC Microcomputer which used
     Brazil.  Never used on the Archimedes(?).

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Brazil
                              Background: Following three centuries under the
                                          rule of Portugal, Brazil became an
                                          independent nation in 1822. By far
                                          the largest and most populous
                                          country in South America, Brazil has
                                          overcome more than half a century of
                                          military intervention in the
                                          governance of the country to pursue
                                          industrial and agricultural growth
                                          and development of the interior.
                                          Exploiting vast natural resources
                                          and a large labor pool, Brazil
                                          became South America's leading
                                          economic power by the 1970s. Highly
                                          unequal income distribution remains
                                          a pressing problem.
     Geography Brazil
                                Location: Eastern South America, bordering the
                                          Atlantic Ocean
                  Geographic coordinates: 10 00 S, 55 00 W
                          Map references: South America
                                    Area: total: 8,511,965 sq km
                                          land: 8,456,510 sq km
                                          note: includes Arquipelago de
                                          Fernando de Noronha, Atol das Rocas,
                                          Ilha da Trindade, Ilhas Martin Vaz,
                                          and Penedos de Sao Pedro e Sao Paulo
                                          water: 55,455 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than the US
                         Land boundaries: total: 14,691 km
                                          border countries: Argentina 1,224
                                          km, Bolivia 3,400 km, Colombia 1,643
                                          km, French Guiana 673 km, Guyana
                                          1,119 km, Paraguay 1,290 km, Peru
                                          1,560 km, Suriname 597 km, Uruguay
                                          985 km, Venezuela 2,200 km
                               Coastline: 7,491 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200 NM or to edge
                                          of the continental margin
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: mostly tropical, but temperate in
                                 Terrain: mostly flat to rolling lowlands in
                                          north; some plains, hills,
                                          mountains, and narrow coastal belt
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Pico da Neblina 3,014
                       Natural resources: bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese,
                                          nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin,
                                          uranium, petroleum, hydropower,
                                Land use: arable land: 6.3%
                                          permanent crops: 1.42%
                                          other: 92.28% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 26,560 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: recurring droughts in northeast;
                                          floods and occasional frost in south
            Environment - current issues: deforestation in Amazon Basin
                                          destroys the habitat and endangers a
                                          multitude of plant and animal
                                          species indigenous to the area;
                                          there is a lucrative illegal
                                          wildlife trade; air and water
                                          pollution in Rio de Janeiro, Sao
                                          Paulo, and several other large
                                          cities; land degradation and water
                                          pollution caused by improper mining
                                          activities; wetland degradation;
                                          severe oil spills
              Environment - international party to: Antarctic-Environmental
                              agreements: Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living
                                          Resources, Antarctic Seals,
                                          Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity,
                                          Climate Change, Desertification,
                                          Endangered Species, Environmental
                                          Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law
                                          of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear
                                          Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection,
                                          Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83,
                                          Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands,
                                          signed, but not ratified: Climate
                                          Change-Kyoto Protocol
                        Geography - note: largest country in South America;
                                          shares common boundaries with every
                                          South American country except Chile
                                          and Ecuador
     People Brazil
                              Population: 176,029,560
                                          note: Brazil took an intercensal
                                          count in August 1996 which reported
                                          a population of 157,079,573; that
                                          figure was about 5% lower than
                                          projections by the US Census Bureau,
                                          which is close to the implied
                                          underenumeration of 4.6% for the
                                          1991 census; estimates for this
                                          country explicitly take into account
                                          the effects of excess mortality due
                                          to AIDS; this can result in lower
                                          life expectancy, higher infant
                                          mortality and death rates, lower
                                          population and growth rates, and
                                          changes in the distribution of
                                          population by age and sex than would
                                          otherwise be expected (July 2002
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 28% (male 25,140,954;
                                          female 24,199,276)
                                          15-64 years: 66.4% (male 57,424,151;
                                          female 59,409,928)
                                          65 years and over: 5.6% (male
                                          3,992,017; female 5,863,234) (2002
                  Population growth rate: 0.87% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 18.08 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 9.32 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -0.03 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.97 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 35.87 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 63.55 years
                                          female: 67.91 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 59.4 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.05 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.57% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 540,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 18,000 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Brazilian(s)
                                          adjective: Brazilian
                           Ethnic groups: white (includes Portuguese, German,
                                          Italian, Spanish, Polish) 55%, mixed
                                          white and black 38%, black 6%, other
                                          (includes Japanese, Arab,
                                          Amerindian) 1%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic (nominal) 80%
                               Languages: Portuguese (official), Spanish,
                                          English, French
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 83.3%
                                          male: 83.3%
                                          female: 83.2% (1995 est.)
     Government Brazil
                            Country name: conventional long form: Federative
                                          Republic of Brazil
                                          conventional short form: Brazil
                                          local short form: Brasil
                                          local long form: Republica
                                          Federativa do Brasil
                         Government type: federative republic
                                 Capital: Brasilia
                Administrative divisions: 26 states (estados, singular -
                                          estado) and 1 federal district*
                                          (distrito federal); Acre, Alagoas,
                                          Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara,
                                          Distrito Federal*, Espirito Santo,
                                          Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato
                                          Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para,
                                          Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco, Piaui,
                                          Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte,
                                          Rio Grande do Sul, Rondonia,
                                          Roraima, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo,
                                          Sergipe, Tocantins
                            Independence: 7 September 1822 (from Portugal)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 7 September (1822)
                            Constitution: 5 October 1988
                            Legal system: based on Roman codes; has not
                                          accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: voluntary between 16 and 18 years of
                                          age and over 70; compulsory over 18
                                          and under 70 years of age
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Fernando
                                          Henrique CARDOSO (since 1 January
                                          1995); Vice President Marco MACIEL
                                          (since 1 January 1995); note - the
                                          president is both the chief of state
                                          and head of government
                                          election results: Fernando Henrique
                                          CARDOSO reelected president; percent
                                          of vote - 53%
                                          elections: president and vice
                                          president elected on the same ticket
                                          by popular vote for four-year terms;
                                          election last held 4 October 1998
                                          (next to be held 6 October 2002)
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          head of government: President
                                          Fernando Henrique CARDOSO (since 1
                                          January 1995); Vice President Marco
                                          MACIEL (since 1 January 1995); note
                                          - the president is both the chief of
                                          state and head of government
                      Legislative branch: bicameral National Congress or
                                          Congresso Nacional consists of the
                                          Federal Senate or Senado Federal (81
                                          seats; three members from each state
                                          or federal district elected
                                          according to the principle of
                                          majority to serve eight-year terms;
                                          one-third elected after a four-year
                                          period, two-thirds elected after the
                                          next four-year period) and the
                                          Chamber of Deputies or Camara dos
                                          Deputados (513 seats; members are
                                          elected by proportional
                                          representation to serve four-year
                                          election results: Federal Senate -
                                          percent of vote by party - NA%;
                                          seats by party PMBD 27, PFL 20, PSDB
                                          16, PT 7, PPB 5, PSB 3, PDT 2, PPS
                                          1; Chamber of Deputies - percent of
                                          vote by party - NA%; seats by party
                                          - PFL 106, PSDB 99, PMDB 82, PPB 60,
                                          PT 58, PTB 31, PDT 25, PSB 19, PL
                                          12, PCdoB 7, other 14
                                          note: Federal Senate - seats by
                                          party (as of January 2002) - PMDB
                                          24, PFL 18, PSDB 13, PT 7, PDT 5,
                                          PSB 4, PTB 4, PPB 2, PPS 2, PL 1,
                                          independent 1; Chamber of Deputies -
                                          seats by party (as of January 2002)
                                          - PFL 96, PSDB 93, PMDB 90, PT 59,
                                          PPB 49, PTB 33, PL 24, PDT 17, PSB
                                          16, PPS 13, PCdoB 10, other 13
                                          elections: Federal Senate - last
                                          held 4 October 1998 for one-third of
                                          the Senate (next to be held 6
                                          October 2002 for two-thirds of the
                                          Senate); Chamber of Deputies - last
                                          held 4 October 1998 (next to be held
                                          6 October 2002)
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Federal Tribunal (11
                                          ministers are appointed by the
                                          president and confirmed by the
                                          Senate); Higher Tribunal of Justice;
                                          Regional Federal Tribunals (judges
                                          are appointed for life)
           Political parties and leaders: Brazilian Democratic Movement Party
                                          or PMDB [Michel TEMER, president];
                                          Brazilian Labor Party or PTB [Jose
                                          Carlos MARTINEZ, president];
                                          Brazilian Social Democracy Party or
                                          PSDB [Senator Jose ANIBAL,
                                          president]; Brazilian Socialist
                                          Party or PSB [Miguel ARRAES,
                                          president]; Brazilian Progressive
                                          Party or PPB [Paulo Salim MALUF];
                                          Communist Party of Brazil or PCdoB
                                          [Renato RABELLO, chairman];
                                          Democratic Labor Party or PDT
                                          [Leonel BRIZOLA, president]; Liberal
                                          Front Party or PFL [Jorge
                                          BORNHAUSEN, president]; Liberal
                                          Party or PL [Deputy Valdemar COSTA
                                          Neto, president]; Popular Socialist
                                          Party or PPS [Senator Roberto
                                          FREIRE, president]; Worker's Party
                                          or PT [Jose DIRCEU, president]
            Political pressure groups and left wing of the Catholic Church,
                                 leaders: Landless Worker's Movement, and
                                          labor unions allied to leftist
                                          Worker's Party are critical of
                                          government's social and economic
               International organization AfDB, BIS, CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-15, G-
                           participation: 19, G-24, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD,
                                          ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD,
                                          IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO,
                                          Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO,
                                          ITU, LAES, LAIA, Mercosur, NAM
                                          (observer), NSG, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW,
                                          PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR,
                                          UNIDO, UNITAR, UNMOP, UNMOVIC,
                                          UNTAET, UNU, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO,
                                          WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Rubens
                                          Antonio BARBOSA
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 238-2827
                                          consulate(s) general: Boston,
                                          Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles,
                                          Miami, New York, and San Francisco
                                          chancery: 3006 Massachusetts Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20008
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 238-2700
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Donna
                                      US: J. HRINAK
                                          embassy: Avenida das Nacoes, Quadra
                                          801, Lote 3, Distrito Federal Cep
                                          70403-900, Brasilia
                                          mailing address: Unit 3500, APO AA
                                          telephone: [55] (061) 321-7272
                                          FAX: [55] (061) 225-9136
                                          consulate(s) general: Rio de
                                          Janeiro, Sao Paulo
                                          consulate(s): Recife
                        Flag description: green with a large yellow diamond in
                                          the center bearing a blue celestial
                                          globe with 27 white five-pointed
                                          stars (one for each state and the
                                          Federal District) arranged in the
                                          same pattern as the night sky over
                                          Brazil; the globe has a white
                                          equatorial band with the motto ORDEM
                                          E PROGRESSO (Order and Progress)
     Economy Brazil
                      Economy - overview: Possessing large and well-developed
                                          agricultural, mining, manufacturing,
                                          and service sectors, Brazil's
                                          economy outweighs that of all other
                                          South American countries and is
                                          expanding its presence in world
                                          markets. The maintenance of large
                                          current account deficits via capital
                                          account surpluses became problematic
                                          as investors became more risk averse
                                          to emerging market exposure as a
                                          consequence of the Asian financial
                                          crisis in 1997 and the Russian bond
                                          default in August 1998. After
                                          crafting a fiscal adjustment program
                                          and pledging progress on structural
                                          reform, Brazil received a $41.5
                                          billion IMF-led international
                                          support program in November 1998. In
                                          January 1999, the Brazilian Central
                                          Bank announced that the real would
                                          no longer be pegged to the US
                                          dollar. This devaluation helped
                                          moderate the downturn in economic
                                          growth in 1999 that investors had
                                          expressed concerns about over the
                                          summer of 1998, and the country
                                          posted moderate GDP growth. Economic
                                          growth slowed considerably in 2001 -
                                          to less than 2% - because of a
                                          slowdown in major markets and the
                                          hiking of interest rates by the
                                          Central Bank to combat inflationary
                                          pressures. Investor confidence was
                                          strong at yearend 2001, in part
                                          because of the strong recovery in
                                          the trade balance.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $1.34
                                          trillion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 1.9% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $7,400
                                          (2000 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 9%
                                          industry: 32%
                                          services: 59% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 22% (1998 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 1%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 46.7% (1997)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 59.1 (1997)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 7.7% (2001)
                             Labor force: 79 million (1999 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: services 53%, agriculture 23%,
                                          industry 24%
                       Unemployment rate: 6.4% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $100.6 billion
                                          expenditures: $91.6 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2000)
                              Industries: textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement,
                                          lumber, iron ore, tin, steel,
                                          aircraft, motor vehicles and parts,
                                          other machinery and equipment
       Industrial production growth rate: 1% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 342.302 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 5.85%
                                          other: 3.74% (2000)
                                          hydro: 88.97%
                                          nuclear: 1.44%
               Electricity - consumption: 360.641 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 42.3 billion kWh
                                          note: supplied by Paraguay (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: coffee, soybeans, wheat, rice, corn,
                                          sugarcane, cocoa, citrus; beef
                                 Exports: $57.8 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: manufactures, iron ore, soybeans,
                                          footwear, coffee, autos
                      Exports - partners: US 24.4%, Argentina 11.2%, Germany
                                          8.7%, Japan 5.5%, Italy 3.9%,
                                          Netherlands (2001)
                                 Imports: $57.7 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, chemical
                                          products, oil, electricity, autos
                                          and auto parts
                      Imports - partners: US 23.2%, Argentina 11.2%, Germany
                                          8.7%, Japan 5.5%, Italy 3.9% (2001)
                         Debt - external: $251 billion (2001)
                Economic aid - recipient: NA
                                Currency: real (BRL)
                           Currency code: BRL
                          Exchange rates: reals per US dollar - 2.378 (January
                                          2002), 2.358 (2001), 1.830 (2000),
                                          1.815 (1999), 1.161 (1998), 1.078
                                          note: from October 1994 through 14
                                          January 1999, the official rate was
                                          determined by a managed float; since
                                          15 January 1999, the official rate
                                          floats independently with respect to
                                          the US dollar
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Brazil
          Telephones - main lines in use: 17.039 million (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 4.4 million (1997)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: good working
                                          domestic: extensive microwave radio
                                          relay system and a domestic
                                          satellite system with 64 earth
                                          international: 3 coaxial submarine
                                          cables; satellite earth stations - 3
                                          Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean), 1
                                          Inmarsat (Atlantic Ocean region
                                          east), connected by microwave relay
                                          system to Mercosur Brazilsat B3
                                          satellite earth station
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 1,365, FM 296, shortwave 161 (of
                                          which 91 are collocated with AM
                                          stations) (1999)
                                  Radios: 71 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 138 (1997)
                             Televisions: 36.5 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .br
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 50 (2000)
                          Internet users: 11.94 million (2001)
     Transportation Brazil
                                Railways: total:
                                          broad gauge: 5,679 km 1.600-m gauge
                                          (1,199 km electrified)
                                          narrow gauge: 24,666 km 1.000-
                                          m gauge (930 km electrified)
                                          dual gauge: 336 km 1.000-m and
                                          1.600-m gauges (three rails)
                                          standard gauge: 194 km 1.440-m gauge
                                          note: in addition to the interurban
                                          routes itemized above, Brazil has
                                          247.8 km of suburban railway
                                          consisting of 170.8 km of 1.600-
                                          m gauge (75 km electrified) and 77
                                          km of 1.000-m gauge (1999 est.)
                                Highways: total: 1.98 million km
                                          paved: 184,140 km
                                          unpaved: 1,795,860 km (1996)
                               Waterways: 50,000 km
                               Pipelines: crude oil 2,980 km; petroleum
                                          products 4,762 km; natural gas 4,246
                                          km (1998)
                       Ports and harbors: Belem, Fortaleza, Ilheus, Imbituba,
                                          Manaus, Paranagua, Porto Alegre,
                                          Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande,
                                          Salvador, Santos, Vitoria
                         Merchant marine: total: 165 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 3,662,570 GRT/5,875,933 DWT
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Chile 2, Germany 6,
                                          Greece 1, Monaco 1 (2002 est.)
                                          ships by type: bulk 32, cargo 25,
                                          chemical tanker 5, combination ore/
                                          oil 9, container 12, liquefied gas
                                          11, multi-functional large-load
                                          carrier 1, passenger/cargo 5,
                                          petroleum tanker 54, roll on/roll
                                          off 10, short-sea passenger 1
                                Airports: 3,365 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 627
                                          over 3,047 m: 6
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 21
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 153
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 407
                                          under 914 m: 40 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 2,738
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 72
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1,316
                                          under 914 m: 1,350 (2001)
     Military Brazil
                       Military branches: Brazilian Army, Brazilian Navy
                                          (includes naval air and marines),
                                          Brazilian Air Force, Federal Police
        Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 48,859,610 (2002
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 32,743,504 (2002
                                 service: est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 1,762,740 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $13.408 billion (FY99)
       Military expenditures - percent of 1.9% (FY99)
     Transnational Issues Brazil
                Disputes - international: uncontested dispute with Uruguay
                                          over islands in the Rio Quarai (Rio
                                          Cuareim) and the Arroio Invernada
                                          (Arroyo de la Invernada)
                           Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis; minor
                                          coca cultivation in the Amazon
                                          region, used for domestic
                                          consumption; government has a large-
                                          scale eradication program to control
                                          cannabis; important transshipment
                                          country for Colombian and Peruvian
                                          cocaine headed for the US and
                                          Europe; also used by traffickers as
                                          a way station for narcotics air
                                          transshipments between Peru and
                                          Colombia; upsurge in drug-related
                                          violence and weapons smuggling;
                                          important market for Colombian,
                                          Bolivian, and Peruvian cocaine

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Brazil, IN -- U.S. city in Indiana
     Population (2000):    8188
     Housing Units (2000): 3740
     Land area (2000):     3.341280 sq. miles (8.653876 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.028175 sq. miles (0.072973 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    3.369455 sq. miles (8.726849 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            07174
     Located within:       Indiana (IN), FIPS 18
     Location:             39.525030 N, 87.127380 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     47834
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
      Brazil, IN

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