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2 definitions found
 for Botswana
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a landlocked republic in south-central Africa that became
           independent from British control in the 1960s [syn:
           Botswana, Republic of Botswana]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Botswana
                              Background: Formerly the British protectorate of
                                          Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its
                                          new name upon independence in 1966.
                                          The economy, one of the most robust
                                          on the continent, is dominated by
                                          diamond mining.
     Geography Botswana
                                Location: Southern Africa, north of South
                  Geographic coordinates: 22 00 S, 24 00 E
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 600,370 sq km
                                          water: 15,000 sq km
                                          land: 585,370 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Texas
                         Land boundaries: total: 4,013 km
                                          border countries: Namibia 1,360 km,
                                          South Africa 1,840 km, Zimbabwe 813
                               Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
                         Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
                                 Climate: semiarid; warm winters and hot
                                 Terrain: predominantly flat to gently rolling
                                          tableland; Kalahari Desert in
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: junction of the
                                          Limpopo and Shashe Rivers 513 m
                                          highest point: Tsodilo Hills 1,489 m
                       Natural resources: diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda
                                          ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver
                                Land use: arable land: 0.61%
                                          permanent crops: 0.01%
                                          other: 99.39% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 10 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: periodic droughts; seasonal August
                                          winds blow from the west, carrying
                                          sand and dust across the country,
                                          which can obscure visibility
            Environment - current issues: overgrazing; desertification;
                                          limited fresh water resources
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of
                                          the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone
                                          Layer Protection, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: landlocked; population concentrated
                                          in eastern part of the country
     People Botswana
                              Population: 1,591,232
                                          note: estimates for this country
                                          explicitly take into account the
                                          effects of excess mortality due to
                                          AIDS; this can result in lower life
                                          expectancy, higher infant mortality
                                          and death rates, lower population
                                          and growth rates, and changes in the
                                          distribution of population by age
                                          and sex than would otherwise be
                                          expected (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 40% (male 319,988;
                                          female 316,961)
                                          15-64 years: 55.8% (male 428,638;
                                          female 458,777)
                                          65 years and over: 4.2% (male
                                          26,965; female 39,903) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.18% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 28.04 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 26.26 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.95 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 64.72 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 35.29 years
                                          female: 35.43 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 35.15 years
                    Total fertility rate: 3.6 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 35.8% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 290,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 24,000 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Motswana (singular), Batswana
                                          adjective: Motswana (singular),
                                          Batswana (plural)
                           Ethnic groups: Tswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga
                                          11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including
                                          Kgalagadi and white 7%
                               Religions: indigenous beliefs 85%, Christian
                               Languages: English (official), Setswana
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 69.8%
                                          male: 80.5%
                                          female: 59.9% (1995 est.)
     Government Botswana
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Botswana
                                          former: Bechuanaland
                         Government type: parliamentary republic
                                 Capital: Gaborone
                Administrative divisions: 10 districts and four town
                                          councils*; Central, Chobe,
                                          Francistown*, Gaborone*, Ghanzi,
                                          Kgalagadi, Kgatleng, Kweneng,
                                          Lobatse*, Ngamiland, North-East,
                                          Selebi-Pikwe*, South-East, Southern
                            Independence: 30 September 1966 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Independence Day (Botswana Day), 30
                                          September (1966)
                            Constitution: March 1965, effective 30 September
                            Legal system: based on Roman-Dutch law and local
                                          customary law; judicial review
                                          limited to matters of
                                          interpretation; has not accepted
                                          compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Festus
                                          MOGAE (since 1 April 1998) and Vice
                                          President Seretse Ian KHAMA (since
                                          13 July 1998); note - the president
                                          is both the chief of state and head
                                          of government
                                          head of government: President Festus
                                          MOGAE (since 1 April 1998) and Vice
                                          President Seretse Ian KHAMA (since
                                          13 July 1998); note - the president
                                          is both the chief of state and head
                                          of government
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          elections: president elected by the
                                          National Assembly for a five-year
                                          term; election last held 16 October
                                          1999 (next to be held NA October
                                          2004); vice president appointed by
                                          the president
                                          election results: Festus MOGAE
                                          elected president; percent of
                                          National Assembly vote - 54.3%
                      Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament consists of the
                                          House of Chiefs (a largely advisory
                                          15-member body consisting of the
                                          chiefs of the eight principal
                                          tribes, four elected subchiefs, and
                                          three members selected by the other
                                          12 members) and the National
                                          Assembly (44 seats, 40 members are
                                          directly elected by popular vote and
                                          4 are appointed by the majority
                                          party; members serve five-year
                                          elections: National Assembly
                                          elections last held 16 October 1999
                                          (next to be held NA October 2004)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - BDP 54.3%, BNF 24.7%, other
                                          21%; seats by party - BDP 33, BNF 6,
                                          other 1
                         Judicial branch: High Court; Court of Appeal;
                                          Magistrates' Courts (one in each
           Political parties and leaders: Botswana Democratic Party or BDP
                                          [Festus MOGAE]; Botswana National
                                          Front or BNF [Otswoletse MOUPO];
                                          Botswana Congress Party or BCP
                                          [Otiandisa KOOSQLEDSE]; Botswana
                                          Alliance Movement or BAM [Ephraim
                                          Lepetu SETSHWAELO]
                                          note: a number of minor parties
                                          joined forces in 1999 to form the
                                          BAM but did not capture any
                                          parliamentary seats; the BAM parties
                                          are: the United Action Party
                                          [Ephraim Lepetu SETSHWAELO], the
                                          Independence Freedom Party or IFP
                                          [Motsamai MPHO], and the Botswana
                                          Progressive Union [D. K. KWELE]
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77,
                           participation: IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD,
                                          IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC,
                                          ISO, ITU, NAM, OAU, OPCW, SACU,
                                          SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO,
                                          UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO,
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Kgosi
                                          SEEPAPITSO IV
                                          chancery: 1531-1533 New Hampshire
                                          Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 244-4164
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 244-4990
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador John E.
                                      US: LANGE
                                          embassy: address NA, Gaborone
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 90,
                                          telephone: [267] 353982
                                          FAX: [267] 312782
                        Flag description: light blue with a horizontal white-
                                          edged black stripe in the center
     Economy Botswana
                      Economy - overview: Botswana has maintained one of the
                                          world's highest growth rates since
                                          independence in 1966. Through fiscal
                                          discipline and sound management,
                                          Botswana has transformed itself from
                                          one of the poorest countries in the
                                          world to a middle-income country
                                          with a per capita GDP of $7,800 in
                                          2001. Two major investment services
                                          rank Botswana as the best credit
                                          risk in Africa. Diamond mining has
                                          fueled much of expansion and
                                          currently accounts for more than
                                          one-third of GDP and for four-fifths
                                          of export earnings. Tourism,
                                          subsistence farming, and cattle
                                          raising are other key sectors. On
                                          the downside, the government must
                                          deal with high rates of unemployment
                                          and poverty. Unemployment officially
                                          is 21%, but unofficial estimates
                                          place it closer to 40%. HIV/AIDS
                                          infection rates are the highest in
                                          the world and threaten Botswana's
                                          impressive economic gains.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $12.4
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 4.7% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $7,800
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 4%
                                          industry: 44% (including 36% mining)
                                          services: 52% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 47% (2000 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 6.6% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 264,000 formal sector employees
             Labor force - by occupation: NA
                       Unemployment rate: 40% (official rate is 21%) (2001
                                  Budget: revenues: $2.3 billion
                                          expenditures: $2.4 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (FY01/02)
                              Industries: diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda
                                          ash, potash; livestock processing;
       Industrial production growth rate: 2.4% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 500 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 1.451 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 986 million kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: livestock, sorghum, maize, millet,
                                          beans, sunflowers, groundnuts
                                 Exports: $2.5 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: diamonds 80%, copper, nickel, soda
                                          ash, meat, textiles (2001)
                      Exports - partners: EFTA 85%, Southern African Customs
                                          Union (SACU) 10%, Zimbabwe 2% (1999)
                                 Imports: $2.1 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, machinery, electrical
                                          goods, transport equipment,
                                          textiles, fuel and petroleum
                                          products, wood and paper products,
                                          metal and metal products (2000)
                      Imports - partners: Southern African Customs Union
                                          (SACU) 77%, EFTA 9%, Zimbabwe 4%
                         Debt - external: $325 million (2001)
                Economic aid - recipient: $73 million (1995)
                                Currency: pula (BWP)
                           Currency code: BWP
                          Exchange rates: pulas per US dollar - 6.8353
                                          (January 2002), 5.8412 (2001),
                                          5.1018 (2000), 4.6244 (1999), 4.2259
                                          (1998), 3.6508 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
     Communications Botswana
          Telephones - main lines in use: 150,000 (2000)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 200,000 (2000)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: the system is
                                          expanding with the growth of mobile
                                          cellular service and participation
                                          in regional development
                                          domestic: small system of open-wire
                                          lines, microwave radio relay links,
                                          and a few radiotelephone
                                          communication stations; mobile
                                          cellular service is growing fast
                                          international: two international
                                          exchanges; digital microwave radio
                                          relay links to Namibia, Zambia,
                                          Zimbabwe, and South Africa;
                                          satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat
                                          (Indian Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 8, FM 13, shortwave 4 (2001)
                                  Radios: 252,720 (2000)
           Television broadcast stations: 1 (2001)
                             Televisions: 31,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .bw
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 11 (2001)
                          Internet users: 33,000 (2001)
     Transportation Botswana
                                 Railways: total: 888 km
                                           narrow gauge: 888 km 1.067-m gauge
                                           (2000 est.)
                                 Highways: total: 10,217 km
                                           paved: 5,620 km
                                           unpaved: 4,597 km (1999)
                                Waterways: none
                        Ports and harbors: none
                                 Airports: 92 (2001)
            Airports - with paved runways: total: 11
                                           2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
                                           1,524 to 2,437 m: 8
                                           914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
          Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 81
                                           1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
                                           914 to 1,523 m: 56
                                           under 914 m: 22 (2001)
     Military Botswana
                       Military branches: Botswana Defense Force (including
                                          Army and Air Wing), Botswana
                                          National Police
        Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 384,888 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 202,685 (2002 est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 19,479 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $135 million (FY01/02)
       Military expenditures - percent of 3.5% (FY01/02)
     Transnational Issues Botswana
                                                Disputes - international: none

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