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3 definitions found
 for Bolivia
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a landlocked republic in central South America; Simon
           Bolivar founded Bolivia in 1825 after winning independence
           from Spain [syn: Bolivia, Republic of Bolivia]
      2: a form of canasta in which sequences can be melded

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Bolivia
                              Background: Bolivia, named after independence
                                          fighter Simon BOLIVAR, broke away
                                          from Spanish rule in 1825; much of
                                          its subsequent history has consisted
                                          of a series of nearly 200 coups and
                                          counter-coups. Comparatively
                                          democratic civilian rule was
                                          established in the 1980s, but
                                          leaders have faced difficult
                                          problems of deep-seated poverty,
                                          social unrest, and drug production.
                                          Current goals include attracting
                                          foreign investment, strengthening
                                          the educational system, continuing
                                          the privatization program, and
                                          waging an anticorruption campaign.
     Geography Bolivia
                                Location: Central South America, southwest of
                  Geographic coordinates: 17 00 S, 65 00 W
                          Map references: South America
                                    Area: total: 1,098,580 sq km
                                          water: 14,190 sq km
                                          land: 1,084,390 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly less than three times the
                                          size of Montana
                         Land boundaries: total: 6,743 km
                                          border countries: Argentina 832 km,
                                          Brazil 3,400 km, Chile 861 km,
                                          Paraguay 750 km, Peru 900 km
                               Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
                         Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
                                 Climate: varies with altitude; humid and
                                          tropical to cold and semiarid
                                 Terrain: rugged Andes Mountains with a
                                          highland plateau (Altiplano), hills,
                                          lowland plains of the Amazon Basin
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Rio Paraguay 90 m
                                          highest point: Nevado Sajama 6,542 m
                       Natural resources: tin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc,
                                          tungsten, antimony, silver, iron,
                                          lead, gold, timber, hydropower
                                Land use: arable land: 1.73%
                                          permanent crops: 0.21%
                                          other: 98.06% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 1,280 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: flooding in the northeast (March-
            Environment - current issues: the clearing of land for
                                          agricultural purposes and the
                                          international demand for tropical
                                          timber are contributing to
                                          deforestation; soil erosion from
                                          overgrazing and poor cultivation
                                          methods (including slash-and-burn
                                          agriculture); desertification; loss
                                          of biodiversity; industrial
                                          pollution of water supplies used for
                                          drinking and irrigation
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification,
                                          Endangered Species, Hazardous
                                          Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test
                                          Ban, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber
                                          83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified:
                                          Environmental Modification, Marine
                                          Dumping, Marine Life Conservation,
                                          Ozone Layer Protection
                        Geography - note: landlocked; shares control of Lago
                                          Titicaca, world's highest navigable
                                          lake (elevation 3,805 m), with Peru
     People Bolivia
                              Population: 8,445,134 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 37.8% (male 1,626,596;
                                          female 1,565,124)
                                          15-64 years: 57.7% (male 2,383,852;
                                          female 2,491,823)
                                          65 years and over: 4.5% (male
                                          169,583; female 208,156) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.69% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 26.41 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 8.05 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: -1.42 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.98 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 57.52 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 64.42 years
                                          female: 67.1 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 61.86 years
                    Total fertility rate: 3.37 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.1% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 4,200 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 380 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Bolivian(s)
                                          adjective: Bolivian
                           Ethnic groups: Quechua 30%, mestizo (mixed white
                                          and Amerindian ancestry) 30%, Aymara
                                          25%, white 15%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 95%, Protestant
                                          (Evangelical Methodist)
                               Languages: Spanish (official), Quechua
                                          (official), Aymara (official)
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 83.1%
                                          male: 90.5%
                                          female: 76% (1995 est.)
     Government Bolivia
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          conventional short form: Bolivia
                                          local long form: Republica de
                                          local short form: Bolivia
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: La Paz (seat of government); Sucre
                                          (legal capital and seat of
                Administrative divisions: 9 departments (departamentos,
                                          singular - departamento);
                                          Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Beni, La
                                          Paz, Oruro, Pando, Potosi, Santa
                                          Cruz, Tarija
                            Independence: 6 August 1825 (from Spain)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 6 August (1825)
                            Constitution: 2 February 1967; revised in August
                            Legal system: based on Spanish law and Napoleonic
                                          Code; has not accepted compulsory
                                          ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal and
                                          compulsory (married); 21 years of
                                          age, universal and compulsory
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Jorge
                                          Fernando QUIROGA Ramirez (since 7
                                          August 2001); Vice President NA;
                                          note - the president is both the
                                          chief of state and head of
                                          note: Vice President Jorge Fernando
                                          QUIROGA Ramirez assumed the
                                          presidency upon the resignation in
                                          August 2001 of former President Hugo
                                          BANZER Suarez for health reasons
                                          head of government: President Jorge
                                          Fernando QUIROGA Ramirez (since 7
                                          August 2001); Vice President NA;
                                          note - the president is both the
                                          chief of state and head of
                                          note: Vice President Jorge Fernando
                                          QUIROGA Ramirez assumed the
                                          presidency upon the resignation in
                                          August 2001 of former President Hugo
                                          BANZER Suarez for health reasons
                                          elections: president and vice
                                          president elected on the same ticket
                                          by popular vote for five-year terms;
                                          election last held 1 June 1997 (next
                                          to be held 30 June 2002)
                                          election results: Hugo BANZER Suarez
                                          elected president; percent of vote -
                                          Hugo BANZER Suarez (ADN) 22%; Jaime
                                          PAZ Zamora (MIR) 17%, Juan Carlos
                                          DURAN (MNR) 18%, Ivo KULJIS (UCS)
                                          16%, Remedios LOZA (CONDEPA) 17%; no
                                          candidate received a majority of the
                                          popular vote; Hugo BANZER Suarez won
                                          a congressional runoff election on 5
                                          August 1997 after forming a
                                          "megacoalition" with MIR, UCS,
                                          CONDEPA, NFR, and former Christian
                                          Democratic Party (PDC); resigned 7
                                          August 2001 and was succeeded by
                                          Vice President Jorge Fernando
                                          QUIROGA Ramirez who is serving out
                                          BANZER's term; QUIROGA will step
                                          down in August 2002 when the new
                                          president is chosen by Congress, a
                                          result of no candidate winning a
                                          majority in the 30 June 2002
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                      Legislative branch: bicameral National Congress or
                                          Congreso Nacional consists of
                                          Chamber of Senators or Camara de
                                          Senadores (27 seats; members are
                                          directly elected by popular vote to
                                          serve five-year terms) and Chamber
                                          of Deputies or Camara de Diputados
                                          (130 seats; members are directly
                                          elected by popular vote to serve
                                          five-year terms; note - some members
                                          are drawn from party lists, thus not
                                          directly elected)
                                          election results: Chamber of
                                          Senators - percent of vote by party
                                          - NA%; seats by party - ADN 11, MIR
                                          7, MNR 4, CONDEPA 3, UCS 2; Chamber
                                          of Deputies - percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - MNR
                                          26, MIR 24, ADN 20, UCS 20, CONDEPA
                                          19, NFR 11, MBL 5, IU 4, FSB 1
                                          elections: Chamber of Senators and
                                          Chamber of Deputies - last held 1
                                          June 1997 (next to be held NA June
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Corte Suprema
                                          (judges appointed for 10-year terms
                                          by National Congress); District
                                          Courts (one in each department);
                                          provincial and local courts (to try
                                          minor cases)
           Political parties and leaders: Bolivian Socialist Falange or FSB
                                          [Otto RICHTER]; Civic Solidarity
                                          Union or UCS [Johnny FERNANDEZ];
                                          Conscience of the Fatherland or
                                          CONDEPA [Remedios LOZA Alvarado];
                                          Free Bolivia Movement or MBL [Franz
                                          BARRIOS]; Movement of the
                                          Revolutionary Left or MIR [Jaime PAZ
                                          Zamora]; Nationalist Democratic
                                          Action or ADN [Jorge Fernando
                                          QUIROGA Ramirez]; Nationalist
                                          Revolutionary Movement or MNR
                                          [Gonzalo SANCHEZ DE LOZADA]; New
                                          Republican Force or NFR [Manfred
                                          REYES-VILLA]; United Left or IU
                                          [Marcos DOMIC]
                                          note: the ADN, MIR, and UCS comprise
                                          the ruling coalition
            Political pressure groups and Cocalero Groups; indigenous
                                 leaders: organizations; labor unions; Sole
                                          Confederation of Campesino Workers
                                          of Bolivia or CSUTCB [Felipe QUISPE]
               International organization CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA,
                           participation: IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC,
                                          IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC,
                                          IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU, LAES,
                                          LAIA, Mercosur (associate), MONUC,
                                          NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN,
                                          UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO,
                                          UNTAET, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO,
                                          WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Marlene
                                          FERNANDEZ del Granado
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 328-3712
                                          consulate(s) general: Miami, New
                                          York, and San Francisco
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 483-4410
                                          chancery: 3014 Massachusetts Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20008
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador V.
                                      US: Manuel ROCHA
                                          embassy: Avenida Arce 2780, San
                                          Jorge, La Paz
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 425, La
                                          Paz; APO AA 34032
                                          telephone: [591] 243-3812
                                          FAX: [591] (2) 433854
                        Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of red
                                          (top), yellow, and green with the
                                          coat of arms centered on the yellow
                                          band; similar to the flag of Ghana,
                                          which has a large black five-pointed
                                          star centered in the yellow band
     Economy Bolivia
                      Economy - overview: Bolivia, long one of the poorest and
                                          least developed Latin American
                                          countries, has made considerable
                                          progress toward the development of a
                                          market-oriented economy. Successes
                                          under President SANCHEZ DE LOZADA
                                          (1993-97) included the signing of a
                                          free trade agreement with Mexico and
                                          becoming an associate member of the
                                          Southern Cone Common Market
                                          (Mercosur), as well as the
                                          privatization of the state airline,
                                          telephone company, railroad,
                                          electric power company, and oil
                                          company. Growth slowed in 1999, in
                                          part due to tight government budget
                                          policies, which limited needed
                                          appropriations for anti-poverty
                                          programs, and the fallout from the
                                          Asian financial crisis. In 2000,
                                          major civil disturbances in April,
                                          and again in September and October,
                                          held down overall growth to 2.5%.
                                          Bolivia's GDP failed to grow in 2001
                                          due to the global slowdown and
                                          laggard domestic activity. Growth is
                                          expected to pick up in 2002, but the
                                          fiscal deficit and debt burden will
                                          remain high.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $21.4
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 0% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $2,600
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 14%
                                          industry: 31%
                                          services: 55% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 70% (1999 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 0.5%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 45.7% (1997)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 58.9 (1997)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 2.5 million
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture NA%, industry NA%,
                                          services NA%
                       Unemployment rate: 7.6% (2000)
                                          note: widespread underemployment
                                  Budget: revenues: $4 billion
                                          expenditures: $4 billion, including
                                          capital expenditures of $NA (2002
                              Industries: mining, smelting, petroleum, food
                                          and beverages, tobacco, handicrafts,
       Industrial production growth rate: 3.9% (1998)
                Electricity - production: 3.87 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 48.37%
                                          hydro: 50.13%
                                          other: 1.5% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 3.605 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 5 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 11 million kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: soybeans, coffee, coca, cotton,
                                          corn, sugarcane, rice, potatoes;
                                 Exports: $1.2 billion (2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: soybeans, natural gas, zinc, gold,
                      Exports - partners: US 32%, Colombia 18%, UK 15%, Brazil
                                          15%, Peru 6% (2000)
                                 Imports: $1.5 billion (2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: capital goods, raw materials and
                                          semi-manufactures, chemicals,
                                          petroleum, food
                      Imports - partners: US 24%, Argentina 17%, Brazil 15%,
                                          Chile 9%, Peru 5 (2000)
                         Debt - external: $5.8 billion (2001 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $588 million (1997)
                                Currency: boliviano (BOB)
                           Currency code: BOB
                          Exchange rates: bolivianos per US dollar - 6.8613
                                          (January 2002), 6.6069 (2001),
                                          6.1835 (2000), 5.8124 (1999), 5.5101
                                          (1998), 5.2543 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Bolivia
          Telephones - main lines in use: 327,600 (1996)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 116,000 (1997)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: new subscribers
                                          face bureaucratic difficulties; most
                                          telephones are concentrated in La
                                          Paz and other cities; mobile
                                          cellular telephone use expanding
                                          domestic: primary trunk system,
                                          which is being expanded, employs
                                          digital microwave radio relay; some
                                          areas are served by fiber-optic
                                          cable; mobile cellular systems are
                                          being expanded
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 171, FM 73, shortwave 77 (1999)
                                  Radios: 5.25 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 48 (1997)
                             Televisions: 900,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .bo
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 9 (2000)
                          Internet users: 78,000 (2000)
     Transportation Bolivia
                                Railways: total: 3,691 km
                                          narrow gauge: 3,652 km 1.000-
                                          m gauge; 39 km 0.760-m gauge (13 km
                                          electrified) (1995 est.)
                                Highways: total: 49,400 km
                                          paved: 2,500 km (including 30 km of
                                          unpaved: 46,900 km (1996)
                               Waterways: 10,000 km (commercially navigable)
                               Pipelines: crude oil 1,800 km; petroleum
                                          products 580 km; natural gas 1,495
                       Ports and harbors: Puerto Aguirre (on the Paraguay/
                                          Parana waterway, at the Bolivia/
                                          Brazil border); also, Bolivia has
                                          free port privileges in maritime
                                          ports in Argentina, Brazil, Chile,
                                          and Paraguay
                         Merchant marine: total: 36 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 196,399 GRT/320,137 DWT
                                          ships by type: bulk 3, cargo 15,
                                          chemical tanker 2, container 1,
                                          petroleum tanker 13, roll on/roll
                                          off 2
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          Belize 2, China 2, Cuba 1, Cyprus 1,
                                          Egypt 1, Honduras 1, Latvia 2,
                                          Liberia 2, Panama 1, Saint Vincent
                                          and the Grenadines 1, Saudi Arabia
                                          1, Singapore 1, South Korea 3,
                                          Switzerland 1, Ukraine 1, United
                                          Arab Emirates 5, United States 1
                                          (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 1,109 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 13
                                          over 3,047 m: 4
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 3
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 1,096
                                          over 3,047 m: 1
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 4
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 65
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 236
                                          under 914 m: 790 (2001)
     Military Bolivia
                       Military branches: Army (Ejercito Boliviano), Navy
                                          (Fuerza Naval, includes Marines),
                                          Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Boliviana),
                                          National Police Force (Policia
                                          Nacional de Bolivia)
        Military manpower - military age: 19 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 2,062,321 (2002
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 1,343,755 (2002
                                 service: est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 90,120 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $147 million (FY99)
       Military expenditures - percent of 1.8% (FY99)
     Transnational Issues Bolivia
                Disputes - international: continues to demand a sovereign
                                          corridor to the South Pacific Ocean
                                          since the Atacama region was lost to
                                          Chile in 1884
                           Illicit drugs: world's third-largest cultivator of
                                          coca (after Colombia and Peru) with
                                          an estimated 19,900 hectares under
                                          cultivation in July 2001, stable
                                          from July 2000 levels; intermediate
                                          coca products and cocaine exported
                                          to or through Colombia, Brazil,
                                          Argentina, and Chile to the US and
                                          other international drug markets;
                                          eradication and alternative crop
                                          programs under the QUIROGA
                                          administration has kept pace with
                                          farmers' attempts to increase
                                          cultivation after significant
                                          reductions in 1998 and 1999

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Bolivia, NC -- U.S. town in North Carolina
     Population (2000):    148
     Housing Units (2000): 77
     Land area (2000):     0.658647 sq. miles (1.705888 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    0.658647 sq. miles (1.705888 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            06820
     Located within:       North Carolina (NC), FIPS 37
     Location:             34.069119 N, 78.147755 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     28422
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
      Bolivia, NC

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