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4 definitions found
 for Belgium
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a monarchy in northwestern Europe; headquarters for the
           European Union and for the North Atlantic Treaty
           Organization [syn: Belgium, Kingdom of Belgium,

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Belgium
                              Background: Belgium became independent from the
                                          Netherlands in 1830 and was occupied
                                          by Germany during World Wars I and
                                          II. It has prospered in the past
                                          half century as a modern,
                                          technologically advanced European
                                          state and member of NATO and the EU.
                                          Tensions between the Dutch-speaking
                                          Flemings of the north and the
                                          French-speaking Walloons of the
                                          south have led in recent years to
                                          constitutional amendments granting
                                          these regions formal recognition and
     Geography Belgium
                                Location: Western Europe, bordering the North
                                          Sea, between France and the
                  Geographic coordinates: 50 50 N, 4 00 E
                          Map references: Europe
                                    Area: total: 30,510 sq km
                                          land: 30,230 sq km
                                          water: 280 sq km
                      Area - comparative: about the size of Maryland
                         Land boundaries: total: 1,385 km
                                          border countries: France 620 km,
                                          Germany 167 km, Luxembourg 148 km,
                                          Netherlands 450 km
                               Coastline: 66 km
                         Maritime claims: continental shelf: median line with
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          exclusive fishing zone: median line
                                          with neighbors (extends about 68 km
                                          from coast)
                                 Climate: temperate; mild winters, cool
                                          summers; rainy, humid, cloudy
                                 Terrain: flat coastal plains in northwest,
                                          central rolling hills, rugged
                                          mountains of Ardennes Forest in
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: North Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Signal de Botrange
                                          694 m
                       Natural resources: coal, natural gas
                                Land use: arable land: 25%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          note: includes Luxembourg (1998
                                          other: 75%
                          Irrigated land: 40 sq km (includes Luxembourg) (1998
                         Natural hazards: flooding is a threat in areas of
                                          reclaimed coastal land, protected
                                          from the sea by concrete dikes
            Environment - current issues: the environment is exposed to
                                          intense pressures from human
                                          activities: urbanization, dense
                                          transportation network, industry,
                                          intense animal breeding and crop
                                          cultivation; air and water pollution
                                          also have repercussions for
                                          neighboring countries; uncertainties
                                          regarding federal and regional
                                          responsibilities (now resolved) have
                                          slowed progress in tackling
                                          environmental challenges
              Environment - international party to: Air Pollution, Air
                              agreements: Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air
                                          Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-
                                          Volatile Organic Compounds, Air
                                          Pollution-Sulphur 85, Antarctic-
                                          Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-
                                          Marine Living Resources, Antarctic
                                          Seals, Antarctic Treaty,
                                          Biodiversity, Climate Change,
                                          Desertification, Endangered Species,
                                          Environmental Modification,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea,
                                          Marine Dumping, Marine Life
                                          Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban,
                                          Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
                                          Pollution, Tropical Timber 83,
                                          Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: Air
                                          Pollution-Persistent Organic
                                          Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto
                        Geography - note: crossroads of Western Europe;
                                          majority of West European capitals
                                          within 1,000 km of Brussels, the
                                          seat of both the European Union and
     People Belgium
                              Population: 10,274,595 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 17.3% (male 911,729;
                                          female 871,470)
                                          15-64 years: 65.6% (male 3,395,885;
                                          female 3,341,536)
                                          65 years and over: 17.1% (male
                                          716,673; female 1,037,302) (2002
                  Population growth rate: 0.15% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 10.58 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 10.08 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0.97 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.96 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 4.64 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 78.13 years
                                          female: 81.62 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 74.8 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.61 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.15% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 7,700 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: less than 100 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Belgian(s)
                                          adjective: Belgian
                           Ethnic groups: Fleming 58%, Walloon 31%, mixed or
                                          other 11%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 75%, Protestant or
                                          other 25%
                               Languages: Dutch 60%, French 40%, German less
                                          than 1%, legally bilingual (Dutch
                                          and French)
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 98%
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
     Government Belgium
                            Country name: conventional long form: Kingdom of
                                          conventional short form: Belgium
                                          local short form: Belgique/Belgie
                                          local long form: Royaume de
                                          Belgique/Koninkrijk Belgie
                         Government type: federal parliamentary democracy
                                          under a constitutional monarch
                                 Capital: Brussels
                Administrative divisions: 10 provinces (French: provinces,
                                          singular - province; Dutch:
                                          provincien, singular - provincie)
                                          and 1 region* (French: region;
                                          Dutch: gewest); Antwerpen, Brabant
                                          Wallon, Brussels* (Bruxelles),
                                          Hainaut, Liege, Limburg, Luxembourg,
                                          Namur, Oost-Vlaanderen, Vlaams-
                                          Brabant, West-Vlaanderen
                            Independence: 4 October 1830 a provisional
                                          government declared independence
                                          from the Netherlands; 21 July 1831
                                          the ascension of King Leopold I to
                                          the throne
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 21 July (1831)
                            Constitution: 7 February 1831, last revised 14
                                          July 1993; parliament approved a
                                          constitutional package creating a
                                          federal state
                            Legal system: civil law system influenced by
                                          English constitutional theory;
                                          judicial review of legislative acts;
                                          accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction,
                                          with reservations
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and
                        Executive branch: chief of state: King ALBERT II
                                          (since 9 August 1993); Heir Apparent
                                          Prince PHILIPPE, son of the monarch
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Guy VERHOFSTADT (since 13 July 1999)
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the monarch and
                                          approved by Parliament
                                          elections: none; the monarchy is
                                          hereditary; prime minister appointed
                                          by the monarch and then approved by
                                          note: government coalition - VLD,
                                          PRL, PS, SP, AGALEV, and ECOLO
                      Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament consists of a
                                          Senate or Senaat in Dutch, Senat in
                                          French (71 seats; 40 members are
                                          directly elected by popular vote, 31
                                          are indirectly elected; members
                                          serve four-year terms) and a Chamber
                                          of Deputies or Kamer van
                                          Volksvertegenwoordigers in Dutch,
                                          Chambre des Representants in French
                                          (150 seats; members are directly
                                          elected by popular vote on the basis
                                          of proportional representation to
                                          serve four-year terms)
                                          elections: Senate and Chamber of
                                          Deputies - last held 13 June 1999
                                          (next to be held in NA 2003)
                                          note: as a result of the 1993
                                          constitutional revision that
                                          furthered devolution into a federal
                                          state, there are now three levels of
                                          government (federal, regional, and
                                          linguistic community) with a complex
                                          division of responsibilities; this
                                          reality leaves six governments each
                                          with its own legislative assembly;
                                          for other acronyms of the listed
                                          parties see the Political parties
                                          and leaders entry
                                          election results: Senate - percent
                                          of vote by party - VLD 15.4%, CVP
                                          14.7%, PRL 10.6%, PS 9.7%, VB 9.4%,
                                          SP 8.9%, ECOLO 7.4%, AGALEV 7.1%,
                                          PSC 6.0%, VU 5.1%; seats by party -
                                          VLD 11, CVP 10, PS 10, PRL 9, VB 6,
                                          SP 6, ECOLO 6, AGALEV 5, PSC 5, VU
                                          3; Chamber of Deputies - percent of
                                          vote by party - VLD 14.3%, CVP
                                          14.1%, PS 10.2%, PRL 10.1%, VB 9.9%,
                                          SP 9.5%, ECOLO 7.4%, AGALEV 7.0%,
                                          PSC 5.9%, VU 5.6%; seats by party -
                                          VLD 23, CVP 22, PS 19, PRL 18, VB
                                          15, SP 14, ECOLO 11, PSC 10, AGALEV
                                          9, VU 8, FN 1
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Justice or Hof van
                                          Cassatie (in Dutch) or Cour de
                                          Cassation (in French) (judges are
                                          appointed for life by the monarch,
                                          although selected by the Government)
           Political parties and leaders: AGALEV (Flemish Greens) [Jos
                                          GEYSELS]; Christian Democrats and
                                          Flemish or CD & V [Stefaan DE
                                          CLERCK, president]; note - used to
                                          be the Flemish Christian Democrats
                                          or CVP; ECOLO (Francophone Greens)
                                          [no president; led by three person
                                          federal secretariat]; Flemish
                                          Liberal Democrats or VLD [Karel DE
                                          GUCHT, president]; Francophone
                                          Christian Democrats or PSC (Social
                                          Christian Party) [Joelle MILQUET,
                                          president]; Francophone Liberal
                                          Reformation Party or PRL [Daniel
                                          DUCARME, president]; Francophone
                                          Socialist Party or PS [Elio DI RUPO,
                                          president]; National Front or FN
                                          [Daniel FERET]; New Flemish Alliance
                                          or NVA [Geert BOURGEOIS]; note -
                                          split from Volksunie or VB; Social
                                          Progressive Alternative Party or
                                          SP.A [Patrick JANSSENS, president];
                                          note - was Flemish Socialist Party
                                          or SP; Spirit [Annemie VAN DE
                                          CASTEELE]; note - split from
                                          Volksunie or VU; Vlaams Blok or VB
                                          [Frank VANHECKE]; other minor
            Political pressure groups and Christian and Socialist Trade
                                 leaders: Unions; Federation of Belgian
                                          Industries; numerous other
                                          associations representing bankers,
                                          manufacturers, middle-class
                                          artisans, and the legal and medical
                                          professions; various organizations
                                          represent the cultural interests of
                                          Flanders and Wallonia; various peace
                                          groups such as Pax Christi and
                                          groups representing immigrants
               International organization ACCT, AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group,
                           participation: Benelux, BIS, CCC, CE, CERN, EAPC,
                                          EBRD, ECE, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO,
                                          G- 9, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO,
                                          ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD,
                                          IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO,
                                          Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU,
                                          MINURSO, MONUC, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS
                                          (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA,
                                          UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO,
                                          UNMIK, UNMOGIP, UNMOP, UNRWA, UNTSO,
                                          UPU, WADB (nonregional), WCL, WEU,
                                          WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO, ZC
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Alexis
                                          chancery: 3330 Garfield Street NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20008
                                          consulate(s) general: Atlanta,
                                          Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 333-3079
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 333-6900
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Stephen
                                      US: Franklin BRAUER
                                          embassy: 27 Boulevard du Regent, B-
                                          1000 Brussels
                                          mailing address: PSC 82, Box 002,
                                          APO AE 09710
                                          telephone: [32] (2) 508-2111
                                          FAX: [32] (2) 511-2725
                        Flag description: three equal vertical bands of black
                                          (hoist side), yellow, and red; the
                                          design was based on the flag of
     Economy Belgium
                      Economy - overview: This modern private enterprise
                                          economy has capitalized on its
                                          central geographic location, highly
                                          developed transport network, and
                                          diversified industrial and
                                          commercial base. Industry is
                                          concentrated mainly in the populous
                                          Flemish area in the north. With few
                                          natural resources, Belgium must
                                          import substantial quantities of raw
                                          materials and export a large volume
                                          of manufactures, making its economy
                                          unusually dependent on the state of
                                          world markets. About three-quarters
                                          of its trade is with other EU
                                          countries. Belgium's public debt is
                                          expected to fall to about 100% of
                                          GDP in 2002, and the government has
                                          succeeded in balancing its budget.
                                          Belgium, together with 11 of its EU
                                          partners, began circulating euro
                                          currency in January 2002. Economic
                                          growth in 2001 dropped sharply due
                                          to the global economic slowdown.
                                          Prospects for 2002 depend largely on
                                          recovery in the EU and the US.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $267.7
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 1.1% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $26,100
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 1.4%
                                          industry: 24%
                                          services: 74.6% (2000)
           Population below poverty line: 4%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 3.7%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 20.2% (1992)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 25 (1992)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.4% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 4.44 million (2001)
             Labor force - by occupation: services 73%, industry 25%,
                                          agriculture 2% (1999 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 6.8% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $113.44 billion
                                          expenditures: $106 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $7.17 billion (2000)
                              Industries: engineering and metal products,
                                          motor vehicle assembly, processed
                                          food and beverages, chemicals, basic
                                          metals, textiles, glass, petroleum,
       Industrial production growth rate: 4.5% (2000 est.)
                Electricity - production: 79.348 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 40.31%
                                          hydro: 0.57%
                                          other: 1.46% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 57.66%
               Electricity - consumption: 78.13 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 7.309 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 11.645 billion kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: sugar beets, fresh vegetables,
                                          fruits, grain, tobacco; beef, veal,
                                          pork, milk
                                 Exports: $160.3 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Exports - commodities: machinery and equipment, chemicals,
                                          diamonds, metals and metal products
                      Exports - partners: EU 74% (France 18%, Germany 17%,
                                          Netherlands 13%, UK 10%), US 6%
                                 Imports: $154 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, chemicals,
                                          metals and metal products
                      Imports - partners: EU 68% (Germany 17%, Netherlands
                                          17%, France 13%, UK 9%) (2000)
                         Debt - external: $28.3 billion (1999 est.)
                    Economic aid - donor: ODA, $764 million (1997)
                                Currency: euro (EUR); Belgian franc (BEF)
                                          note: on 1 January 1999, the
                                          European Monetary Union introduced
                                          the euro as a common currency to be
                                          used by financial institutions of
                                          member countries; on 1 January 2002,
                                          the euro became the sole currency
                                          for everyday transactions within the
                                          member countries
                           Currency code: EUR; BEF
                          Exchange rates: euros per US dollar - 1.1324
                                          (January 2002), 1.1175 (2001),
                                          1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999);
                                          Belgian francs per US dollar - 34.77
                                          (January 1999), 36.229 (1998),
                                          35.774 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Belgium
          Telephones - main lines in use: 4.769 million (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 974,494 (1997)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: highly
                                          developed, technologically advanced,
                                          and completely automated domestic
                                          and international telephone and
                                          telegraph facilities
                                          domestic: nationwide cellular
                                          telephone system; extensive cable
                                          network; limited microwave radio
                                          relay network
                                          international: 5 submarine cables;
                                          satellite earth stations - 2
                                          Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) and 1
                Radio broadcast stations: FM 79, AM 7, shortwave 1 (1998)
                                  Radios: 8.075 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 25 (plus 10 repeaters) (1997)
                             Televisions: 4.72 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .be
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 61 (2000)
                          Internet users: 2.807 million (2001)
     Transportation Belgium
                                Railways: total: 3,422 km
                                          standard gauge: 3,422 km 1.435-
                                          m gauge (2,517 km electrified; 2,563
                                          km double-tracked) (2001)
                                Highways: total: 145,774 km
                                          paved: 116,182 km (including 1,674
                                          km of expressways)
                                          unpaved: 29,592 km (1999)
                               Waterways: 1,570 km (route length in regular
                                          commercial use) (2001)
                               Pipelines: crude oil 161 km; petroleum products
                                          1,167 km; natural gas 3,300 km
                       Ports and harbors: Antwerp (one of the world's busiest
                                          ports), Brugge, Gent, Hasselt,
                                          Liege, Mons, Namur, Oostende,
                         Merchant marine: total: 20 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 31,362 GRT/54,058 DWT
                                          ships by type: cargo 6, chemical
                                          tanker 9, petroleum tanker 5,
                                          includes some foreign-owned ships
                                          registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Finland 1, Netherlands
                                          3 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 42 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 24
                                          over 3,047 m: 6
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 8
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1
                                          under 914 m: 6 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 18
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 2
                                          under 914 m: 16 (2001)
                               Heliports: 1 (2001)
     Military Belgium
                       Military branches: Army, Navy, Air Components, National
        Military manpower - military age: 19 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 2,508,557 (2002
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 2,070,016 (2002
                                 service: est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 63,247 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $3,076.5 million (FY01/02)
       Military expenditures - percent of 1.4% (FY01/02)
     Transnational Issues Belgium
                Disputes - international: none
                           Illicit drugs: growing producer of synthetic drugs;
                                          transit point for US-bound ecstasy;
                                          source of precursor chemicals for
                                          South American cocaine processors;
                                          transshipment point for cocaine,
                                          heroin, hashish, and marijuana
                                          entering Western Europe

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Belgium, IL -- U.S. village in Illinois
     Population (2000):    466
     Housing Units (2000): 202
     Land area (2000):     0.423193 sq. miles (1.096066 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    0.423193 sq. miles (1.096066 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            04689
     Located within:       Illinois (IL), FIPS 17
     Location:             40.062286 N, 87.638895 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):    
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
      Belgium, IL

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Belgium, WI -- U.S. village in Wisconsin
     Population (2000):    1678
     Housing Units (2000): 592
     Land area (2000):     1.442838 sq. miles (3.736934 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    1.442838 sq. miles (3.736934 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            06150
     Located within:       Wisconsin (WI), FIPS 55
     Location:             43.500735 N, 87.846897 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     53004
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
      Belgium, WI

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