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3 definitions found
 for Bahrain
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Bahrain \Bahrain\ n.
     1. an island in the Persian Gulf.
     Syn: Bahrein.
          [WordNet 1.5]
     2. an island country in the Persian Gulf.
     Syn: Bahrein.
          [WordNet 1.5]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: an island in the Persian Gulf [syn: Bahrain, Bahrain
           Island, Bahrein, Bahrein Island]
      2: an island country in the Persian Gulf off the coast of Saudi
         Arabia; oil revenues funded progressive programs until
         reserves were exhausted in 1970s [syn: Bahrain, State of
         Bahrain, Bahrein]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Bahrain
                              Background: Bahrain's small size and central
                                          location among Persian Gulf
                                          countries require it to play a
                                          delicate balancing act in foreign
                                          affairs among its larger neighbors.
                                          Possessing minimal oil reserves,
                                          Bahrain has turned to petroleum
                                          processing and refining, and has
                                          transformed itself into an
                                          international banking center. The
                                          new amir is pushing economic and
                                          political reforms, and has worked to
                                          improve relations with the Shi'a
                                          community. In February 2001,
                                          Bahraini voters approved a
                                          referendum on the National Action
                                          Charter - the centerpiece of the
                                          amir's political liberalization
     Geography Bahrain
                                Location: Middle East, archipelago in the
                                          Persian Gulf, east of Saudi Arabia
                  Geographic coordinates: 26 00 N, 50 33 E
                          Map references: Middle East
                                    Area: total: 665 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 665 sq km
                      Area - comparative: 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 161 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          continental shelf: extending to
                                          boundaries to be determined
                                 Climate: arid; mild, pleasant winters; very
                                          hot, humid summers
                                 Terrain: mostly low desert plain rising
                                          gently to low central escarpment
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
                                          highest point: Jabal ad Dukhan 122 m
                       Natural resources: oil, associated and nonassociated
                                          natural gas, fish, pearls
                                Land use: arable land: 4.35%
                                          permanent crops: 4.35%
                                          other: 91.3% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 50 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: periodic droughts; dust storms
            Environment - current issues: desertification resulting from the
                                          degradation of limited arable land,
                                          periods of drought, and dust storms;
                                          coastal degradation (damage to
                                          coastlines, coral reefs, and sea
                                          vegetation) resulting from oil
                                          spills and other discharges from
                                          large tankers, oil refineries, and
                                          distribution stations; lack of
                                          freshwater resources, groundwater
                                          and seawater are the only sources
                                          for all water needs
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Hazardous
                                          Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer
                                          Protection, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: close to primary Middle Eastern
                                          petroleum sources; strategic
                                          location in Persian Gulf, which much
                                          of Western world's petroleum must
                                          transit to reach open ocean
     People Bahrain
                              Population: 656,397
                                          note: includes 228,424 non-nationals
                                          (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 29.2% (male 97,022;
                                          female 94,605)
                                          15-64 years: 67.7% (male 261,919;
                                          female 182,727)
                                          65 years and over: 3.1% (male
                                          10,230; female 9,894) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.67% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 19.53 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 3.95 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 1.09 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.43 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 1.03 male(s)/
                                          total population: 1.29 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 19.18 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 73.47 years
                                          female: 75.96 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 71.05 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.75 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.15% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Bahraini(s)
                                          adjective: Bahraini
                           Ethnic groups: Bahraini 63%, Asian 19%, other Arab
                                          10%, Iranian 8%
                               Religions: Shi'a Muslim 70%, Sunni Muslim 30%
                               Languages: Arabic, English, Farsi, Urdu
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 88.5%
                                          male: 91.6%
                                          female: 84.2% (2002 est.)
     Government Bahrain
                            Country name: conventional long form: Kingdom of
                                          conventional short form: Bahrain
                                          local short form: Al Bahrayn
                                          former: Dilmun
                                          local long form: Mamlakat al Bahrayn
                         Government type: constitutional hereditary monarchy
                                 Capital: Manama
                Administrative divisions: 12 municipalities (manatiq, singular
                                          - mintaqah); Al Hadd, Al Manamah, Al
                                          Mintaqah al Gharbiyah, Al Mintaqah
                                          al Wusta, Al Mintaqah ash
                                          Shamaliyah, Al Muharraq, Ar Rifa' wa
                                          al Mintaqah al Janubiyah, Jidd Hafs,
                                          Madinat Hamad, Madinat 'Isa, Juzur
                                          Hawar, Sitrah
                                          note: all municipalities
                                          administered from Manama
                            Independence: 15 August 1971 (from UK)
                        National holiday: National Day, 16 December (1971);
                                          note - 15 August 1971 is the date of
                                          independence from the UK, 16
                                          December 1971 is the date of
                                          independence from British protection
                            Constitution: adopted late December 2000; Bahrani
                                          voters approved on 13-14 February
                                          2001 a referendum on legislative
                                          changes (revised constitution calls
                                          for a partially elected legislature,
                                          a constitutional monarchy, and an
                                          independent judiciary)
                            Legal system: based on Islamic law and English
                                          common law
                                Suffrage: none
                        Executive branch: chief of state: King HAMAD bin Isa
                                          Al Khalifa (since 6 March 1999);
                                          Heir Apparent Crown Prince SALMAN
                                          bin Hamad (son of the monarch, born
                                          21 October 1969)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          KHALIFA bin Salman Al Khalifa (since
                                          NA 1971)
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          elections: none; the monarchy is
                                          hereditary; prime minister appointed
                                          by the monarch
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly was
                                          dissolved 26 August 1975 and
                                          legislative powers were assumed by
                                          the Cabinet; appointed Advisory
                                          Council established 16 December
                                          1992; the National Action Charter
                                          created a bicameral legislature on
                                          23 December 2000; approved by
                                          referendum of 14 February 2001
                         Judicial branch: High Civil Appeals Court
           Political parties and leaders: political parties prohibited but
                                          politically oriented nongovernment
                                          organizations are allowed
            Political pressure groups and Shi'a activists fomented unrest
                                 leaders: sporadically in 1994-97, demanding
                                          the return of an elected National
                                          Assembly and an end to unemployment;
                                          several small, clandestine leftist
                                          and Islamic fundamentalist groups
                                          are active
               International organization ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, CCC, ESCWA,
                           participation: FAO, G-77, GCC, IBRD, ICAO, ICC,
                                          ICRM, IDB, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO,
                                          IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO
                                          (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAPEC,
                                          OIC, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
                                          UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO,
                                          WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Khalifa
                                          bin Ali bin Rashid AL KHALIFA
                                          chancery: 3502 International Drive
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20008
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 362-2192
                                          consulate(s) general: New York
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 342-0741
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Ronald
                                      US: E. NEUMANN
                                          embassy: Building #979, Road 3119
                                          (next to Al-Ahli Sports Club), Block
                                          321, Zinj District, Manama
                                          mailing address: American Embassy
                                          Manama, PSC 451, FPO AE 09834-5100;
                                          international mail: American
                                          Embassy, Box 26431, Manama
                                          telephone: [973] 273-300
                                          FAX: [973] 272-594
                        Flag description: red with a white serrated band
                                          (eight white points) on the hoist
     Economy Bahrain
                      Economy - overview: In Bahrain, petroleum production and
                                          refining account for about 60% of
                                          export receipts, 60% of government
                                          revenues, and 30% of GDP. With its
                                          highly developed communication and
                                          transport facilities, Bahrain is
                                          home to numerous multinational firms
                                          with business in the Gulf. Bahrain
                                          is dependent on Saudi Arabia for oil
                                          revenue granted as aid. A large
                                          share of exports consists of
                                          petroleum products made from
                                          refining imported crude.
                                          Construction proceeds on several
                                          major industrial projects.
                                          Unemployment, especially among the
                                          young, and the depletion of oil and
                                          underground water resources are
                                          major long-term economic problems.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $8.4
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 4% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $13,000
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 1%
                                          industry: 35%
                                          services: 64% (2001 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.5% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 295,000 (1998 est.)
                                          note: 44% of the population in the
                                          15-64 age group is non-national
                                          (July 1998 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: industry, commerce, and service 79%,
                                          government 20%, agriculture 1% (1997
                       Unemployment rate: 15% (1998 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $1.8 billion
                                          expenditures: $2.2 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $700 million (2002 est.)
                              Industries: petroleum processing and refining,
                                          aluminum smelting, offshore banking,
                                          ship repairing; tourism
       Industrial production growth rate: 2% (2000 est.)
                Electricity - production: 5.765 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 5,361.45 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: fruit, vegetables; poultry, dairy
                                          products; shrimp, fish
                                 Exports: $5.5 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Exports - commodities: petroleum and petroleum products,
                                          aluminum, textiles
                      Exports - partners: India 8.4%, US 3.9%, Saudi Arabia
                                          3.4%, Japan 2.8%, South Korea 2.1%
                                 Imports: $4.5 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: crude oil, machinery, chemicals
                      Imports - partners: Saudi Arabia 28.7%, US 12.5%, UK
                                          6.6%, France 6%, Japan 4% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $2.8 billion (2000)
                Economic aid - recipient: $48.4 million (1995)
                                Currency: Bahraini dinar (BHD)
                           Currency code: BHD
                          Exchange rates: Bahraini dinars per US dollar -
                                          0.3760 (fixed rate pegged to the US
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Bahrain
          Telephones - main lines in use: 152,000 (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 58,543 (1997)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: modern system
                                          domestic: modern fiber-optic
                                          integrated services; digital network
                                          with rapidly growing use of mobile
                                          cellular telephones
                                          international: tropospheric scatter
                                          to Qatar and UAE; microwave radio
                                          relay to Saudi Arabia; submarine
                                          cable to Qatar, UAE, and Saudi
                                          Arabia; satellite earth stations - 2
                                          Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1
                                          Indian Ocean) and 1 Arabsat (1997)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 3, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 338,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 4 (1997)
                             Televisions: 275,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .bh
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: 105,000 (2001)
     Transportation Bahrain
                                Railways: 0 km
                                Highways: 3,164 km
                                          paved: 2,433 km
                                          unpaved: 731 km
                                          note: a paved causeway links Bahrain
                                          and Saudi Arabia
                               Waterways: none
                               Pipelines: crude oil 56 km; petroleum products
                                          16 km; natural gas 32 km
                       Ports and harbors: Manama, Mina' Salman, Sitrah
                         Merchant marine: total: 8 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 270,784 GRT/384,561 DWT
                                          ships by type: bulk 2, cargo 4,
                                          container 2, includes a foreign-
                                          owned ship registered here as a flag
                                          of convenience: Kuwait 1 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 4 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 3
                                          over 3,047 m: 2 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2001)
                               Heliports: 1 (2001)
     Military Bahrain
                       Military branches: Bahrain Defense Forces (BDF)
                                          comprising Ground Force (includes
                                          Air Defense), Navy, Air Force, Coast
                                          Guard, Police Force, Amiri Guards,
                                          National Guard
        Military manpower - military age: 15 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 222,572 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 121,955 (2002 est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 5,926 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $526.2 million (FY01)
       Military expenditures - percent of 6.7% (FY01)
     Transnational Issues Bahrain
                                                Disputes - international: none

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