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 for Ashmore and Cartier Islands
From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Ashmore and Cartier Islands
     Introduction Ashmore and Cartier Islands
                              Background: These uninhabited islands came under
                                          Australian authority in 1931; formal
                                          administration began two years
                                          later. Ashmore Reef supports a rich
                                          and diverse avian and marine
                                          habitat; in 1983 it became a
                                          National Nature Reserve. Cartier
                                          Island, a former bombing range, is
                                          now a marine reserve.
     Geography Ashmore and Cartier Islands
                                Location: Southeastern Asia, islands in the
                                          Indian Ocean, northwest of Australia
                  Geographic coordinates: 12 14 S, 123 05 E
                          Map references: Southeast Asia
                                    Area: total: 5 sq km
                                          note: includes Ashmore Reef (West,
                                          Middle, and East Islets) and Cartier
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 5 sq km
                      Area - comparative: about eight times the size of The
                                          Mall in Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 74.1 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 12 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200-m depth or to
                                          the depth of exploitation
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: tropical
                                 Terrain: low with sand and coral
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: unnamed location 3 m
                       Natural resources: fish
                                Land use: arable land: 0%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 100% (all grass and sand)
                                          (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: surrounded by shoals and reefs that
                                          can pose maritime hazards
            Environment - current issues: NA
                        Geography - note: Ashmore Reef National Nature Reserve
                                          established in August 1983
     People Ashmore and Cartier Islands
                               Population: no indigenous inhabitants
                                           note: Indonesian fishermen are
                                           allowed access to the lagoon and
                                           fresh waster at Ashmore Reef's West
                   Population growth rate: NA
                            People - note: the landing of illegal immigrants
                                           from Indonesia's Rote Island has
                                           become an ongoing problem
     Government Ashmore and Cartier Islands
                            Country name: conventional long form: Territory of
                                          Ashmore and Cartier Islands
                                          conventional short form: Ashmore and
                                          Cartier Islands
                       Dependency status: territory of Australia; administered
                                          by the Australian Department of
                                          Transport and Regional Services
                            Legal system: the laws of the Commonwealth of
                                          Australia and the laws of the
                                          Northern Territory of Australia,
                                          where applicable, apply
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none (territory of Australia)
       Diplomatic representation from the none (territory of Australia)
                        Flag description: the flag of Australia is used
     Economy Ashmore and Cartier Islands
                                      Economy - overview: no economic activity
     Transportation Ashmore and Cartier Islands
                                      Waterways: none
                              Ports and harbors: none; offshore anchorage only
     Military Ashmore and Cartier Islands
                           Military - note: defense is the responsibility of
                                            Australia; periodic visits by the
                                            Royal Australian Navy and Royal
                                            Australian Air Force

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