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3 definitions found
 for Argentina
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Argentina \Argentina\ n.
     1. 1 a country in South America, bordering Chile and Bolivia.
     Syn: the Argentine
          [WordNet 1.5]
     2. 1 type genus of the Argentinidae: argentines.
     Syn: genus Argentina
          [WordNet 1.5]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a republic in southern South America; second largest
           country in South America [syn: Argentina, Argentine
      2: type genus of the Argentinidae: argentines [syn: Argentina,
         genus Argentina]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Argentina
                              Background: Following independence from Spain in
                                          1816, Argentina experienced periods
                                          of internal political conflict
                                          between conservatives and liberals
                                          and between civilian and military
                                          factions. After World War II, a long
                                          period of Peronist authoritarian
                                          rule and interference in subsequent
                                          governments was followed by a
                                          military junta that took power in
                                          1976. Democracy returned in 1983,
                                          and numerous elections since then
                                          have underscored Argentina's
                                          progress in democratic
     Geography Argentina
                                Location: Southern South America, bordering
                                          the South Atlantic Ocean, between
                                          Chile and Uruguay
                  Geographic coordinates: 34 00 S, 64 00 W
                          Map references: South America
                                    Area: total: 2,766,890 sq km
                                          land: 2,736,690 sq km
                                          water: 30,200 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly less than three-tenths the
                                          size of the US
                         Land boundaries: total: 9,665 km
                                          border countries: Bolivia 832 km,
                                          Brazil 1,224 km, Chile 5,150 km,
                                          Paraguay 1,880 km, Uruguay 579 km
                               Coastline: 4,989 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200 NM or to the
                                          edge of the continental margin
                                 Climate: mostly temperate; arid in southeast;
                                          subantarctic in southwest
                                 Terrain: rich plains of the Pampas in
                                          northern half, flat to rolling
                                          plateau of Patagonia in south,
                                          rugged Andes along western border
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Salinas Chicas -40 m
                                          (located on Peninsula Valdes)
                                          highest point: Cerro Aconcagua 6,960
                       Natural resources: fertile plains of the Pampas, lead,
                                          zinc, tin, copper, iron ore,
                                          manganese, petroleum, uranium
                                Land use: arable land: 9.14%
                                          permanent crops: 0.8%
                                          other: 90.06% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 15,610 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: San Miguel de Tucuman and Mendoza
                                          areas in the Andes subject to
                                          earthquakes; pamperos are violent
                                          windstorms that can strike the
                                          Pampas and northeast; heavy flooding
            Environment - current issues: environmental problems (urban and
                                          rural) typical of an industrializing
                                          economy such as deforestation, soil
                                          degradation, desertification, air
                                          pollution, and water pollution
                                          note: Argentina is a world leader in
                                          setting voluntary greenhouse gas
              Environment - international party to: Antarctic-Environmental
                              agreements: Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living
                                          Resources, Antarctic Seals,
                                          Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity,
                                          Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification,
                                          Endangered Species, Environmental
                                          Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law
                                          of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear
                                          Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection,
                                          Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
                                          signed, but not ratified: Marine
                                          Life Conservation
                        Geography - note: second-largest country in South
                                          America (after Brazil); strategic
                                          location relative to sea lanes
                                          between the South Atlantic and the
                                          South Pacific Oceans (Strait of
                                          Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake
                                          Passage); Cerro Aconcagua is South
                                          America's tallest mountain, while
                                          the Valdes Peninsula is the lowest
                                          point on the continent
     People Argentina
                              Population: 37,812,817 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 26.3% (male 5,090,046;
                                          female 4,854,761)
                                          15-64 years: 63.2% (male 11,968,135;
                                          female 11,937,709)
                                          65 years and over: 10.5% (male
                                          1,636,332; female 2,325,834) (2002
                  Population growth rate: 1.13% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 18.23 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 7.57 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 0.63 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/
                                          total population: 0.98 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 17.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 75.48 years
                                          female: 79.03 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 72.1 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.41 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.69% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 130,000 (1999 est.)
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 1,800 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Argentine(s)
                                          adjective: Argentine
                           Ethnic groups: white (mostly Spanish and Italian)
                                          97%, mestizo, Amerindian, or other
                                          nonwhite groups 3%
                               Religions: nominally Roman Catholic 92% (less
                                          than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%,
                                          Jewish 2%, other 4%
                               Languages: Spanish (official), English,
                                          Italian, German, French
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 96.2%
                                          male: 96.2%
                                          female: 96.2% (1995 est.)
     Government Argentina
                            Country name: conventional long form: Argentine
                                          conventional short form: Argentina
                                          local short form: Argentina
                                          local long form: Republica Argentina
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: Buenos Aires
                Administrative divisions: 23 provinces (provincias, singular -
                                          provincia), and 1 autonomous city*
                                          (distrito federal); Buenos Aires,
                                          Buenos Aires Capital Federal*,
                                          Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Cordoba,
                                          Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa,
                                          Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza,
                                          Misiones, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta,
                                          San Juan, San Luis, Santa Cruz,
                                          Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero,
                                          Tierra del Fuego - Antartida e Islas
                                          del Atlantico Sur, Tucuman
                                          note: the US does not recognize any
                                          claims to Antarctica
                            Independence: 9 July 1816 (from Spain)
                        National holiday: Revolution Day, 25 May (1810)
                            Constitution: 1 May 1853; revised August 1994
                            Legal system: mixture of US and West European
                                          legal systems; has not accepted
                                          compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Eduardo
                                          Alberto DUHALDE (since 2 January
                                          2002); note - selected by National
                                          Congress in aftermath of resignation
                                          of former President DE LA RUA on 20
                                          December 2001 and resignations of
                                          others who briefly held the office
                                          following DE LA RUA's departure;
                                          Vice President Carlos "Chacho"
                                          ALVAREZ resigned 6 October 2000 and
                                          the post remains vacant; note - the
                                          president is both the chief of state
                                          and head of government
                                          head of government: President
                                          Eduardo Alberto DUHALDE (since 2
                                          January 2002); note - selected by
                                          National Congress in aftermath of
                                          resignation of former President DE
                                          LA RUA on 20 December 2001 and
                                          resignations of others who briefly
                                          held the office following DE LA
                                          RUA's departure; Vice President
                                          Carlos "Chacho" ALVAREZ resigned 6
                                          October 2000 and the post remains
                                          vacant; note - the president is both
                                          the chief of state and head of
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          election results: Fernando DE LA RUA
                                          elected president; percent of vote -
                                          48.5% ; Vice President Carlos
                                          "Chacho" ALVAREZ resigned 6 October
                                          2000 and a replacement was not
                                          named; DE LA RUA resigned 20
                                          December 2001; following a series of
                                          interim presidents, Eduardo Alberto
                                          DUHALDE was selected president by
                                          the National Congress on 1 January
                                          elections: president and vice
                                          president elected on the same ticket
                                          by popular vote for four-year terms;
                                          election last held 24 October 1999
                                          (next to be held NA October 2003)
                      Legislative branch: bicameral National Congress or
                                          Congreso Nacional consists of the
                                          Senate (72 seats; formerly, three
                                          members appointed by each of the
                                          provincial legislatures; presently
                                          transitioning to one-third of the
                                          members being elected every two
                                          years to six-year terms) and the
                                          Chamber of Deputies (257 seats; one-
                                          half of the members elected every
                                          two years to four-year terms)
                                          election results: Senate - percent
                                          of vote by bloc or party - NA%;
                                          seats by bloc or party -
                                          Justicialist (Peronist) 40, UCR 24,
                                          provincial parties 6, Frepaso 1, ARI
                                          1; Chamber of Deputies - percent of
                                          vote by bloc or party - NA%; seats
                                          by bloc or party - Justicialist
                                          (Peronist) 113, UCR 74, provincial
                                          parties 27, Frepaso 17, ARI 17, AR 9
                                          elections: Senate - last held 14
                                          October 2001 (next to be held NA
                                          October 2003); Chamber of Deputies -
                                          last held 14 October 2001 (next to
                                          be held NA October 2003)
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (the
                                          nine Supreme Court judges are
                                          appointed by the president with
                                          approval by the Senate)
           Political parties and leaders: Action for the Republic or AR
                                          [Domingo CAVALLO]; Alternative for a
                                          Republic of Equals or ARI [Elisa
                                          CARRIO]; Front for a Country in
                                          Solidarity or Frepaso (a four-party
                                          coalition) [Dario Pedro ALESSANDRO];
                                          Justicialist Party or PJ [Carlos
                                          Saul MENEM] (Peronist umbrella
                                          political organization); Radical
                                          Civic Union or UCR [Angel ROZAS];
                                          several provincial parties
            Political pressure groups and Argentine Association of
                                 leaders: Pharmaceutical Labs (CILFA);
                                          Argentine Industrial Union
                                          (manufacturers' association);
                                          Argentine Rural Society (large
                                          landowners' association); business
                                          organizations; General Confederation
                                          of Labor or CGT (Peronist-leaning
                                          umbrella labor organization);
                                          Peronist-dominated labor movement;
                                          Roman Catholic Church; students
               International organization AfDB, Australia Group, BCIE, BIS,
                           participation: CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-6, G-15, G-19, G-
                                          24, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO,
                                          ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC,
                                          IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol,
                                          IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA,
                                          Mercosur, MINURSO, MIPONUH, MTCR,
                                          NSG, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN,
                                          UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR,
                                          UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK,
                                          UNMOP, UNMOVIC, UNTSO, UNU, UPU,
                                          WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO,
                                          WTrO, ZC
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Diego
                                          Ramiro GUELAR
                                          chancery: 1600 New Hampshire Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20009
                                          consulate(s) general: Atlanta,
                                          Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles,
                                          Miami, New York
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 332-3171
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 238-6400
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador James
                                      US: D. WALSH
                                          embassy: Avenida Colombia 4300,
                                          C1425GMN Buenos Aires
                                          mailing address: international mail:
                                          use street address; APO address:
                                          Unit 4334, APO AA 34034
                                          telephone: [54] (11) 5777-4533
                                          FAX: [54] (11) 5511-4240
                        Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of
                                          light blue (top), white, and light
                                          blue; centered in the white band is
                                          a radiant yellow sun with a human
                                          face known as the Sun of May
     Economy Argentina
                      Economy - overview: Argentina benefits from rich natural
                                          resources, a highly literate
                                          population, an export-oriented
                                          agricultural sector, and a
                                          diversified industrial base.
                                          However, when President Carlos MENEM
                                          took office in 1989, the country had
                                          piled up huge external debts,
                                          inflation had reached 200% per
                                          month, and output was plummeting. To
                                          combat the economic crisis, the
                                          government embarked on a path of
                                          trade liberalization, deregulation,
                                          and privatization. In 1991, it
                                          implemented radical monetary reforms
                                          which pegged the peso to the US
                                          dollar and limited the growth in the
                                          monetary base by law to the growth
                                          in reserves. Inflation fell sharply
                                          in subsequent years. In 1995, the
                                          Mexican peso crisis produced capital
                                          flight, the loss of banking system
                                          deposits, and a severe, but short-
                                          lived, recession; a series of
                                          reforms to bolster the domestic
                                          banking system followed. Real GDP
                                          growth recovered strongly, reaching
                                          8% in 1997. In 1998, international
                                          financial turmoil caused by Russia's
                                          problems and increasing investor
                                          anxiety over Brazil produced the
                                          highest domestic interest rates in
                                          more than three years, halving the
                                          growth rate of the economy.
                                          Conditions worsened in 1999 with GDP
                                          falling by 3%. President Fernando DE
                                          LA RUA, who took office in December
                                          1999, sponsored tax increases and
                                          spending cuts to reduce the deficit,
                                          which had ballooned to 2.5% of GDP
                                          in 1999. Growth in 2000 was a
                                          negative 0.5%, as both domestic and
                                          foreign investors remained skeptical
                                          of the government's ability to pay
                                          debts and maintain the peso's fixed
                                          exchange rate with the US dollar.
                                          The economic situation worsened
                                          still further in 2001 with the
                                          widening of spreads on Argentine
                                          bonds, massive withdrawals from the
                                          banks, and a further decline in
                                          consumer and investor confidence.
                                          Government efforts to achieve a
                                          "zero deficit", to stabilize the
                                          banking system, and to restore
                                          economic growth proved inadequate in
                                          the face of the mounting economic
                                          problems. At the start of 2002,
                                          newly elected president Eduardo
                                          DUHALDE met with IMF officials to
                                          secure an additional $20 billion
                                          loan, but immediate action seemed
                                          unlikely. The peso's peg to the
                                          dollar was abandoned in January
                                          2002, and the peso was floated from
                                          the dollar in February; inflation
                                          picked up rapidly.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $453
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: -4.6% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $12,000
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 6%
                                          industry: 28%
                                          services: 66% (2001 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 37% (2001 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 15 million (1999)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture NA%, industry NA%,
                                          services NA%
                       Unemployment rate: 25% (yearend 2001)
                                  Budget: revenues: $44 billion
                                          expenditures: $48 billion, including
                                          capital expenditures of $NA (2000
                              Industries: food processing, motor vehicles,
                                          consumer durables, textiles,
                                          chemicals and petrochemicals,
                                          printing, metallurgy, steel
       Industrial production growth rate: 1% (2000 est.)
                Electricity - production: 82.802 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 51.81%
                                          hydro: 40.67%
                                          other: 0.29% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 7.23%
               Electricity - consumption: 80.806 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 3.7 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 7.5 billion kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: sunflower seeds, lemons, soybeans,
                                          grapes, corn, tobacco, peanuts, tea,
                                          wheat; livestock
                                 Exports: $26.5 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: edible oils, fuels and energy,
                                          cereals, feed, motor vehicles
                      Exports - partners: Brazil 26.5%, US 11.8%, Chile 10.6%,
                                          Spain 3.5% (2000)
                                 Imports: $23.8 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, motor
                                          vehicles, chemicals, metal
                                          manufactures, plastics
                      Imports - partners: Brazil 25.1%, US 18.7%, Germany 5%,
                                          China 4.6% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $155 billion (2001 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $10 billion (2001 est.)
                                Currency: Argentine peso (ARS)
                           Currency code: ARS
                          Exchange rates: Argentine pesos per US dollar -
                                          1.33325 (January 2002), 1.000 (1997-
                                          2001); note - fixed rate pegged to
                                          the US dollar was abandoned in
                                          January 2002; peso now floats
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Argentina
          Telephones - main lines in use: 7.5 million (1998)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 3 million (December 1999)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: by opening the
                                          telecommunications market to
                                          competition and foreign investment
                                          with the "Telecommunications
                                          Liberalization Plan of 1998",
                                          Argentina encouraged the growth of
                                          modern telecommunication technology;
                                          fiber-optic cable trunk lines are
                                          being installed between all major
                                          cities; the major networks are
                                          entirely digital and the
                                          availability of telephone service is
                                          being improved; however, telephone
                                          density is presently minimal, and
                                          making telephone service universally
                                          available will take some time
                                          domestic: microwave radio relay,
                                          fiber-optic cable, and a domestic
                                          satellite system with 40 earth
                                          stations serve the trunk network;
                                          more than 110,000 pay telephones are
                                          installed and mobile telephone use
                                          is rapidly expanding
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 8 Intelsat (Atlantic
                                          Ocean); Atlantis II and Unisur
                                          submarine cables; two international
                                          gateways near Buenos Aires (1999)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 260 (including 10 inactive
                                          stations), FM NA (probably more than
                                          1,000, mostly unlicensed), shortwave
                                          6 (1998)
                                  Radios: 24.3 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 42 (plus 444 repeaters) (1997)
                             Televisions: 7.95 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .ar
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 33 (2000)
                          Internet users: 3.88 million (2001)
     Transportation Argentina
                                Railways: total: 33,744 km (167 km
                                          broad gauge: 20,594 km 1.676-m gauge
                                          (141 km electrified)
                                          standard gauge: 2,739 km 1.435-
                                          m gauge (26 km electrified)
                                          narrow gauge: 10,154 km 1.000-
                                          m gauge; 257 km 0.750-m gauge (2000
                                Highways: total: 215,434 km
                                          paved: 63,553 km (including 734 km
                                          of expressways)
                                          unpaved: 151,881 km (1998 est.)
                               Waterways: 10,950 km
                               Pipelines: crude oil 4,090 km; petroleum
                                          products 2,900 km; natural gas 9,918
                       Ports and harbors: Bahia Blanca, Buenos Aires, Comodoro
                                          Rivadavia, Concepcion del Uruguay,
                                          La Plata, Mar del Plata, Necochea,
                                          Rio Gallegos, Rosario, Santa Fe,
                         Merchant marine: total: 24 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 147,505 GRT/222,500 DWT
                                          ships by type: cargo 9, petroleum
                                          tanker 10, railcar carrier 1,
                                          refrigerated cargo 2, roll on/roll
                                          off 1, short-sea passenger 1,
                                          includes some foreign-owned ships
                                          registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: United Arab Emirates 1,
                                          Uruguay 1 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 1,369 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 144
                                          over 3,047 m: 4
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 26
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 60
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 45
                                          under 914 m: 9 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 1,225
                                          over 3,047 m: 2
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 53
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 598
                                          under 914 m: 570 (2001)
     Military Argentina
                       Military branches: Argentine Army, Navy of the
                                          Argentine Republic (includes naval
                                          aviation and Marines), Coast Guard,
                                          Argentine Air Force, National
                                          Gendarmerie, National Aeronautical
                                          Police Force
        Military manpower - military age: 20 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 9,521,633 (2002
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 7,721,219 (2002
                                 service: est.)
             Military manpower - reaching males: 335,085 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $4.3 billion (FY99)
       Military expenditures - percent of 1.3% (FY00)
     Transnational Issues Argentina
                Disputes - international: claims UK-administered Falkland
                                          Islands (Islas Malvinas); claims UK-
                                          administered South Georgia and the
                                          South Sandwich Islands; territorial
                                          claim in Antarctica partially
                                          overlaps British and Chilean claims
                           Illicit drugs: used as a transshipment country for
                                          cocaine headed for Europe and the
                                          US; increasing use as a money-
                                          laundering center; domestic
                                          consumption of drugs in urban
                                          centers is increasing

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