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2 definitions found
 for Andorra
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a small republic in the eastern Pyrenees between Spain and
           France [syn: Andorra, Principality of Andorra]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

     Introduction Andorra
                              Background: Long isolated and impoverished,
                                          mountainous Andorra has achieved
                                          considerable prosperity since World
                                          War II through its tourist industry.
                                          Many immigrants (legal and illegal)
                                          are attracted to the thriving
                                          economy with its lack of income
     Geography Andorra
                                Location: Southwestern Europe, between France
                                          and Spain
                  Geographic coordinates: 42 30 N, 1 30 E
                          Map references: Europe
                                    Area: total: 468 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 468 sq km
                      Area - comparative: 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: total: 120.3 km
                                          border countries: France 56.6 km,
                                          Spain 63.7 km
                               Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
                         Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
                                 Climate: temperate; snowy, cold winters and
                                          warm, dry summers
                                 Terrain: rugged mountains dissected by narrow
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Riu Runer 840 m
                                          highest point: Coma Pedrosa 2,946 m
                       Natural resources: hydropower, mineral water, timber,
                                          iron ore, lead
                                Land use: arable land: 2.22%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 97.78% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: avalanches
            Environment - current issues: deforestation; overgrazing of
                                          mountain meadows contributes to soil
                                          erosion; air pollution; wastewater
                                          treatment and solid waste disposal
              Environment - international party to: Hazardous Wastes
                              agreements: signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: landlocked; straddles a number of
                                          important crossroads in the Pyrenees
     People Andorra
                              Population: 68,403 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 15.2% (male 5,456;
                                          female 4,951)
                                          15-64 years: 71.9% (male 25,855;
                                          female 23,311)
                                          65 years and over: 12.9% (male
                                          4,425; female 4,405) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.11% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 9.97 births/1,000 population (2002
                              Death rate: 5.57 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                      Net migration rate: 6.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 1 male(s)/female
                                          total population: 1.09 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 4.07 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 83.48 years
                                          female: 86.58 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 80.58 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.26 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Andorran(s)
                                          adjective: Andorran
                           Ethnic groups: Spanish 43%, Andorran 33%,
                                          Portuguese 11%, French 7%, other 6%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic (predominant)
                               Languages: Catalan (official), French,
                                Literacy: definition: NA
                                          total population: 100%
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
     Government Andorra
                            Country name: conventional long form: Principality
                                          of Andorra
                                          conventional short form: Andorra
                                          local short form: Andorra
                                          local long form: Principat d'Andorra
                         Government type: parliamentary democracy (since March
                                          1993) that retains as its heads of
                                          state a coprincipality; the two
                                          princes are the president of France
                                          and bishop of Seo de Urgel, Spain,
                                          who are represented locally by
                                          coprinces' representatives
                                 Capital: Andorra la Vella
                Administrative divisions: 7 parishes (parroquies, singular -
                                          parroquia); Andorra la Vella,
                                          Canillo, Encamp, La Massana,
                                          Escaldes-Engordany, Ordino, Sant
                                          Julia de Loria
                            Independence: 1278 (was formed under the joint
                                          suzerainty of France and Spain)
                        National holiday: Our Lady of Meritxell Day, 8
                                          September (1278)
                            Constitution: Andorra's first written constitution
                                          was drafted in 1991; approved by
                                          referendum 14 March 1993; came into
                                          force 4 May 1993
                            Legal system: based on French and Spanish civil
                                          codes; no judicial review of
                                          legislative acts; has not accepted
                                          compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: French Coprince
                                          Jacques CHIRAC (since 17 May 1995),
                                          represented by Frederic de SAINT-
                                          SERNIN (since NA); Spanish Coprince
                                          Episcopal Monseigneur Joan MARTI
                                          Alanis (since 31 January 1971),
                                          represented by Nemesi MARQUES OSTE
                                          (since NA)
                                          elections: Executive Council
                                          president elected by the General
                                          Council and formally appointed by
                                          the coprinces for a four-year term;
                                          election last held 4 March 2001
                                          (next to be held NA 2005)
                                          election results: Marc FORNE Molne
                                          elected executive council president;
                                          percent of General Council vote -
                                          cabinet: Executive Council or Govern
                                          designated by the Executive Council
                                          head of government: Executive
                                          Council President Marc FORNE Molne
                                          (since 21 December 1994)
                      Legislative branch: unicameral General Council of the
                                          Valleys or Consell General de las
                                          Valls (28 seats; members are elected
                                          by direct popular vote, 14 from a
                                          single national constituency and 14
                                          to represent each of the 7 parishes;
                                          members serve four-year terms)
                                          elections: last held 4 March 2001
                                          (next to be held NA March 2005)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - PLA 46.1%, PSD 30%, PD
                                          23.8%, other 0.1%; seats by party -
                                          PLA 15, PSD 6, PD 5, independents 2
                         Judicial branch: Tribunal of Judges or Tribunal de
                                          Batlles; Tribunal of the Courts or
                                          Tribunal de Corts; Supreme Court of
                                          Justice of Andorra or Tribunal
                                          Superior de Justicia d'Andorra;
                                          Supreme Council of Justice or
                                          Consell Superior de la Justicia;
                                          Fiscal Ministry or Ministeri Fiscal;
                                          Constitutional Tribunal or Tribunal
           Political parties and leaders: Democratic Party or PD (formerly
                                          part of National Democratic Group or
                                          AND) [leader NA]; Liberal Party of
                                          Andorra or PLA [Marc Forne MOLNE]
                                          (used to be Liberal Union or UL);
                                          National Democratic Initiative or
                                          IDN [Vincenc MATEU Zamora]; New
                                          Democracy or ND [Jaume BARTOMEU
                                          Cassany]; Social Democratic Party or
                                          PSD (formerly part of National
                                          Democratic Group of AND) [leader
                                          NA]; Union of the People of Ordino
                                          (Unio Parroquial d'Ordino) or UPO
                                          [Simo DURO Coma]
                                          note: there are two other small
            Political pressure groups and NA
               International organization CCC, CE, ECE, ICAO, ICRM, IFRCS,
                           participation: Interpol, IOC, ITU, OSCE, UN,
                                          UNESCO, WHO, WIPO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador
                                          (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Jelena
                                          V. PIA-COMELLA
                                          chancery: 2 United Nations Plaza,
                                          25th Floor, New York, NY 10017
                                          FAX: [1] (212) 750-6630
                                          telephone: [1] (212) 750-8064
       Diplomatic representation from the the US does not have an embassy in
                                      US: Andorra; the US Ambassador to Spain
                                          is accredited to Andorra; US
                                          interests in Andorra are represented
                                          by the Consulate General's office in
                                          Barcelona (Spain); mailing address:
                                          Paseo Reina Elisenda, 23, 08034
                                          Barcelona, Spain; telephone: (3493)
                                          280-2227; FAX: (3493) 205-7705
                        Flag description: three equal vertical bands of blue
                                          (hoist side), yellow, and red with
                                          the national coat of arms centered
                                          in the yellow band; the coat of arms
                                          features a quartered shield; similar
                                          to the flags of Chad and Romania,
                                          which do not have a national coat of
                                          arms in the center, and the flag of
                                          Moldova, which does bear a national
     Economy Andorra
                      Economy - overview: Tourism, the mainstay of Andorra's
                                          tiny, well-to-do economy, accounts
                                          for roughly 80% of GDP. An estimated
                                          9 million tourists visit annually,
                                          attracted by Andorra's duty-free
                                          status and by its summer and winter
                                          resorts. Andorra's comparative
                                          advantage has recently eroded as the
                                          economies of neighboring France and
                                          Spain have been opened up, providing
                                          broader availability of goods and
                                          lower tariffs. The banking sector,
                                          with its "tax haven" status, also
                                          contributes substantially to the
                                          economy. Agricultural production is
                                          limited - only 2% of the land is
                                          arable - and most food has to be
                                          imported. The principal livestock
                                          activity is sheep raising.
                                          Manufacturing output consists mainly
                                          of cigarettes, cigars, and
                                          furniture. Andorra is a member of
                                          the EU Customs Union and is treated
                                          as an EU member for trade in
                                          manufactured goods (no tariffs) and
                                          as a non-EU member for agricultural
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $1.3
                                          billion (2000 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 3.8% (2000 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $19,000
                                          (2000 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NA%
                                          industry: NA%
                                          services: NA%
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4.3% (2000)
                             Labor force: 33,000 (2001 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 1%, industry 21%,
                                          services 78% (2000 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 0%
                                  Budget: revenues: $385 million
                                          expenditures: $342 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (1997)
                              Industries: tourism (particularly skiing),
                                          cattle raising, timber, tobacco,
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: NA%
                                          other: NA%
                                          nuclear: NA%
                                          hydro: NA%
               Electricity - consumption: NA kWh
                   Electricity - exports: NA kWh
                   Electricity - imports: NA kWh
                                          note: most electricity supplied by
                                          Spain and France; Andorra generates
                                          a small amount of hydropower
                  Agriculture - products: small quantities of tobacco, rye,
                                          wheat, barley, oats, vegetables;
                                 Exports: $58 million (f.o.b., 1998)
                   Exports - commodities: tobacco products, furniture
                      Exports - partners: France 34%, Spain 58% (1998)
                                 Imports: $1.077 billion (c.i.f., 1998)
                   Imports - commodities: consumer goods, food, electricity
                      Imports - partners: Spain 48%, France 35%, US 2.3%
                         Debt - external: $NA
                Economic aid - recipient: none
                                Currency: euro (EUR); French franc (FRF);
                                          Spanish peseta (ESP)
                           Currency code: EUR; FRF; ESP
                          Exchange rates: euros per US dollar - 1.1324
                                          (January 2002), 1.1175 (2001),
                                          1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999); French
                                          francs per US dollar - 5.8995
                                          (1998), 5.8367 (1997); Spanish
                                          pesetas per US dollar - 149.40
                                          (1998), 146.41 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
     Communications Andorra
           Telephones - main lines in use: 32,946 (December 1998)
             Telephones - mobile cellular: 14,117 (December 1998)
                         Telephone system: general assessment: NA
                                           domestic: modern system with
                                           microwave radio relay connections
                                           between exchanges
                                           international: landline circuits to
                                           France and Spain
                 Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 15, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                   Radios: 16,000 (1997)
            Television broadcast stations: 0 (1997)
                              Televisions: 27,000 (1997)
                    Internet country code: .ad
        Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                           Internet users: 24,500 (2001)
     Transportation Andorra
                                          Railways: 0 km
                                          Highways: total: 269 km
                                                    paved: 198 km
                                                    unpaved: 71 km (1994 est.)
                                         Waterways: none
                                 Ports and harbors: none
                                          Airports: none (2001)
     Military Andorra
                         Military branches: no regular military forces, but
                                            there is a police force
                           Military - note: defense is the responsibility of
                                            France and Spain
     Transnational Issues Andorra
                  Disputes - international: border is undemarcated in sections

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