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 for copyright
From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (30 December 2018) :

      The exclusive rights of the owner of the copyright on
     a work to make and distribute copies, prepare derivative
     works, and perform and display the work in public (these last
     two mainly apply to plays, films, dances and the like, but
     could also apply to software).
     A work, including a piece of software, is under copyright by
     default in most coutries, whether of not it displays a
     copyright notice.  However, a copyright notice may make it
     easier to assert ownership.  The copyright owner is the person
     or company whose name appears in the copyright notice on the
     box, or the disk or the screen or wherever.  Most countries
     have agreed to uphold each others' copyrights.
     A copyright notice has three parts.  The first can be either the
     copyright symbol (a letter C in a circle), the word "Copyright"
     or the abbreviation "Copr".  Only the first of these is recognised
     internationally and the common ASCII rendering "(C)" is not
     valid anywhere.  This is followed by the name of the copyright
     holder and the year of publication.  The year should be the year
     of _first_ publication, it is not necessary as some believe to
     update this every year to the current year.  Copyright protection
     in most countries extends for 50 years after the author's death.
     Originally, most of the computer industry assumed that only
     the program's underlying instructions were protected under
     copyright law but, beginning in the early 1980s, a series of
     lawsuits involving the video screens of game programs extended
     protections to the appearance of programs.
     Use of copyright to restrict redistribution is immoral,
     unethical and illegitimate.  It is a result of brainwashing by
     monopolists and corporate interests and it violates everyone's
     rights.  Such use of copyrights and patents hamper
     technological progress by making a naturally abundant resource
     scarce.  Many, from communists to right wing libertarians, are
     trying to abolish intellectual property myths.
     See also public domain, copyleft, software law.
     Universal Copyright Convention
     http://copyright.gov/)">US Copyright Office (http://copyright.gov/).
     Usenet newsgroup: news:misc.legal.computing.
     [Is this definition correct in the UK?  In the US?  Anywhere?]

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