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4 definitions found
 for variance
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Variance \Va"ri*ance\, n. [L. variantia.]
     1. The quality or state of being variant; change of
        condition; variation.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Difference that produces dispute or controversy;
        disagreement; dissension; discord; dispute; quarrel.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              That which is the strength of their amity shall
              prove the immediate author of their variance.
                                                    --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. (Law) A disagreement or difference between two parts of
        the same legal proceeding, which, to be effectual, ought
        to agree, -- as between the writ and the declaration, or
        between the allegation and the proof. --Bouvier.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. (Statistics) The expected value of the square of the
        deviation from the mean of a randomly distributed
        variable; the second moment about the mean. This is also
        the square of the standard deviation.
        [PJC]
  
     At variance, in disagreement; in a state of dissension or
        controversy; at enmity. "What cause brought him so soon at
        variance with himself?" --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  variance
      n 1: an event that departs from expectations [syn:
           discrepancy, variance, variant]
      2: discord that splits a group [syn: division, variance]
      3: the second moment around the mean; the expected value of the
         square of the deviations of a random variable from its mean
         value
      4: a difference between conflicting facts or claims or opinions;
         "a growing divergence of opinion" [syn: discrepancy,
         disagreement, divergence, variance]
      5: the quality of being subject to variation [syn:
         variability, variableness, variance] [ant:
         invariability, invariableness, invariance]
      6: an official dispensation to act contrary to a rule or
         regulation (typically a building regulation); "a zoning
         variance"
      7: an activity that varies from a norm or standard; "any
         variation in his routine was immediately reported" [syn:
         variation, variance]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  107 Moby Thesaurus words for "variance":
     agreement to disagree, alienation, antagonism, apostasy, argument,
     argumentation, at variance, change, clashing, conflict, contention,
     contradiction, contrariety, contrast, controversy, counter-culture,
     cross-purposes, debate, departure, deviation, difference,
     difference of opinion, difficulty, disaccord, disaccordance,
     disagreement, disapprobation, disapproval, disconformity,
     discongruity, discord, discordance, discordancy, discrepancy,
     discreteness, disharmony, disparity, dispute, dissatisfaction,
     dissension, dissent, dissentience, dissidence, dissimilarity,
     dissonance, distinction, distinctness, disunion, disunity,
     divergence, divergency, diversity, dividedness, division,
     dropping out, faction, far cry, fluctuation, heterogeneity,
     in disagreement, in dispute, inaccordance, incompatibility,
     incongruity, inconsistency, inconsonance, inequality,
     inharmoniousness, inharmony, irreconcilability, jarring,
     minority opinion, misunderstanding, mixture, negation,
     nonagreement, nonassent, nonconcurrence, nonconformity, nonconsent,
     odds, opposition, oppugnancy, otherness, polarization, quarrel,
     recusance, recusancy, rejection, repudiation, repugnance, rift,
     schism, secession, separateness, separation, severing, strife,
     unconformity, underground, unharmoniousness, unlikeness,
     unorthodoxy, variation, variegation, variety, withdrawal
  
  

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  VARIANCE, pleading, evidence. A disagreement or difference between two parts 
  of the same legal proceeding, which ought to agree together. Variances are 
  between the writ and the declaration, and between the declaration and the 
  evidence. 
       2.-1. When the variance is a matter of substance, as if the writ sounds 
  in contract, and the other in tort, and e converso, or if the writ demands 
  one thing or subject, and the declaration another, advantage may be taken of 
  it, even in arrest of judgment; for it is the writ which gives authority to 
  the court to proceed in any given suit, and, therefore, the court can have 
  no authority to hear and determine a cause substantially different from that 
  in the writ. Hob. 279; Cro. Eliz. 722. But if the variance is in matter of 
  mere form, as in time or place, when that circumstance is immaterial, 
  advantage can only be taken of it by plea in abatement. Yelv. 120; Latch. 
  173; Bac. Ab. Abatement, I; Gould, Pl. c. 5, Sec. 98 1 Chit. Pl. 438. 
       3.-2. A variance by disagreement in some particular point or points 
  only between the allegation and the evidence, when upon a material point, is 
  as fatal to the party on whom the proof lies, as a total failure of 
  evidence. For example; the plaintiff declared in covenant for not repairing, 
  pursuant to the covenant in a lease, and stated the covenant, as a covenant 
  to "repair when and as need should require;" and issue was joined on a 
  traverse of the deed alleged. The plaintiff at the trial produced the deed 
  in proof, and it appeared that the covenant was to "repair when and as need 
  should require, and at farthest after notice:" the latter words having been 
  omitted in the declaration. This was held to be a variance, because the 
  additional words were material, and qualified the effect of the contract. 7 
  Taunt. 385. But a variance in mere form or in matter quite immaterial, will 
  not be regarded. Str. 690. Vide 1 Vin. Ab. 41; 12 Vin. Ab. 63; 21 Vin. Ab. 
  538 Com. Dig. Abatement, G 8, H 7; Id.; Amendment, D 7, 8, V 3: Bail, R 7; 
  Obligation, B 4; Pleader, C 14, 15, L 24, 30; Record, C, D, F; Phil. Ev. 
  Index, 11. t. Stark. Ev. Index, h.t., Roscoe's Ev. Index, h.t.; 18 E. C. L. 
  R. 139, 149, 153 1 Dougl. 194; 2 Salk. 659; Harr. Dig. h.t. Chit. Pl. Index, 
  h.t.; United States Dig. Pleading II, d and e; Bouv. Inst. Index: h.t. 
  
  

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