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2 definitions found
 for turning pair
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Pair \Pair\ (p[^a]r), n. [F. paire, LL. paria, L. paria, pl. of
     par pair, fr. par, adj., equal. Cf. Apparel, Par
     equality, Peer an equal.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. A number of things resembling one another, or belonging
        together; a set; as, a pair or flight of stairs. "A pair
        of beads." --Chaucer. --Beau. & Fl. "Four pair of stairs."
        --Macaulay.
  
     Note: [Now mostly or quite disused.]
           [1913 Webster]
  
                 Two crowns in my pocket, two pair of cards.
                                                    --Beau. & Fl.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Two things of a kind, similar in form, suited to each
        other, and intended to be used together; as, a pair of
        gloves or stockings; a pair of shoes.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Two of a sort; a span; a yoke; a couple; a brace; as, a
        pair of horses; a pair of oxen.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. A married couple; a man and wife. "A happy pair."
        --Dryden. "The hapless pair." --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. A single thing, composed of two pieces fitted to each
        other and used together; as, a pair of scissors; a pair of
        pants; a pair of tongs; a pair of bellows.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. Two members of opposite parties or opinion, as in a
        parliamentary body, who mutually agree not to vote on a
        given question (in order, for example, to allow the
        members to be absent during the vote without affecting the
        outcome of the vote), or on issues of a party nature
        during a specified time; as, there were two pairs on the
        final vote. [Parliamentary Cant]
  
     Note: A member who is thus paired with one who would have
           voted oppositely is said to be paired for or paired
           against a measure, depending on the member's position.
           [1913 Webster +PJC]
  
     7. (Kinematics) In a mechanism, two elements, or bodies,
        which are so applied to each other as to mutually
        constrain relative motion.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Pairs are named in accordance with the kind of motion
           they permit; thus, a journal and its bearing form a
           turning pair, a cylinder and its piston a sliding
           pair, a screw and its nut a twisting pair, etc. Any
           pair in which the constraining contact is along lines
           or at points only (as a cam and roller acting
           together), is designated a higher pair; any pair
           having constraining surfaces which fit each other (as a
           cylindrical pin and eye, a screw and its nut, etc.), is
           called a lower pair.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Pair royal (pl. Pairs Royal) three things of a sort; --
        used especially of playing cards in some games, as
        cribbage; as three kings, three "eight spots" etc. Four of
        a kind are called a double pair royal. "Something in his
        face gave me as much pleasure as a pair royal of naturals
        in my own hand." --Goldsmith. "That great pair royal of
        adamantine sisters [the Fates]." --Quarles. [Written
        corruptly parial and prial.]
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Syn: Pair, Flight, Set.
  
     Usage: Originally, pair was not confined to two things, but
            was applied to any number of equal things (pares),
            that go together. Ben Jonson speaks of a pair (set) of
            chessmen; also, he and Lord Bacon speak of a pair
            (pack) of cards. A "pair of stairs" is still in
            popular use, as well as the later expression, "flight
            of stairs."
            [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Turning \Turn"ing\, n.
     1. The act of one who, or that which, turns; also, a winding;
        a bending course; a flexure; a meander.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Through paths and turnings often trod by day.
                                                    --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. The place of a turn; an angle or corner, as of a road.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              It is preached at every turning.      --Coleridge.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Deviation from the way or proper course. --Harmar.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Turnery, or the shaping of solid substances into various
        forms by means of a lathe and cutting tools.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. pl. The pieces, or chips, detached in the process of
        turning from the material turned; -- usually used in the
        plural.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. (Mil.) A maneuver by which an enemy or a position is
        turned.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Turning and boring mill, a kind of lathe having a vertical
        spindle and horizontal face plate, for turning and boring
        large work.
  
     Turning bridge. See the Note under Drawbridge.
  
     Turning engine, an engine lathe.
  
     Turning lathe, a lathe used by turners to shape their work.
        
  
     Turning pair. See the Note under Pair, n.
  
     Turning point, the point upon which a question turns, and
        which decides a case.
        [1913 Webster]

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