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3 definitions found
 for terpene
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Terpene \Ter"pene\, n. [See Turpentine.] (Chem.)
     Any one of a series of isomeric hydrocarbons of pleasant
     aromatic odor, occurring especially in coniferous plants and
     represented by oil of turpentine, but including also certain
     hydrocarbons found in some essential oils.
     [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Turpentine \Tur"pen*tine\ (t[^u]r"p[e^]n*t[imac]n), n. [F.
     t['e]r['e]benthine, OF. also turbentine; cf. Pr. terebentina,
     terbentina, It. terebentina, trementina; fr. L. terebinthinus
     of the turpentine tree, from terebinthus the turpentine tree.
     Gr. tere`binqos, te`rminqos. See Terebinth.]
     A semifluid or fluid oleoresin, primarily the exudation of
     the terebinth, or turpentine, tree ({Pistacia Terebinthus),
     a native of the Mediterranean region. It is also obtained
     from many coniferous trees, especially species of pine,
     larch, and fir.
     [1913 Webster]
     Note: There are many varieties of turpentine. Chian
           turpentine is produced in small quantities by the
           turpentine tree ({Pistacia Terebinthus). Venice,
           Swiss, or larch turpentine, is obtained from Larix
           Europaea. It is a clear, colorless balsam, having a
           tendency to solidify. Canada turpentine, or Canada
           balsam, is the purest of all the pine turpentines (see
           under Balsam). The Carpathian and Hungarian varieties
           are derived from Pinus Cembra and Pinus Mugho.
           Carolina turpentine, the most abundant kind, comes from
           the long-leaved pine ({Pinus palustris). Strasburg
           turpentine is from the silver fir ({Abies pectinata).
           [1913 Webster]
     Oil of turpentine (Chem.), a colorless oily hydrocarbon,
        C10H16, of a pleasant aromatic odor, obtained by the
        distillation of crude turpentine. It is used in making
        varnishes, in medicine, etc. It is the type of the
        terpenes and is related to cymene. Called also
        terebenthene, terpene, etc.
     Turpentine moth (Zool.), any one of several species of
        small tortricid moths whose larvae eat the tender shoots
        of pine and fir trees, causing an exudation of pitch or
     Turpentine tree (Bot.), the terebinth tree, the original
        source of turpentine. See Turpentine, above.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: an unsaturated hydrocarbon obtained from plants

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