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3 definitions found
 for temperament
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Temperament \Tem"per*a*ment\, n. [L. temperamentum a mixing in
     due proportion, proper measure, temperament: cf. F.
     temp['e]rament. See Temper, v. t.]
     1. Internal constitution; state with respect to the relative
        proportion of different qualities, or constituent parts.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The common law . . . has reduced the kingdom to its
              just state and temperament.           --Sir M. Hale.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Due mixture of qualities; a condition brought about by
        mutual compromises or concessions. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]
  
              However, I forejudge not any probable expedient, any
              temperament that can be found in things of this
              nature, so disputable on their side.  --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. The act of tempering or modifying; adjustment, as of
        clashing rules, interests, passions, or the like; also,
        the means by which such adjustment is effected.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Wholesome temperaments of the rashness of popular
              assemblies.                           --Sir J.
                                                    Mackintosh.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Condition with regard to heat or cold; temperature. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Bodies are denominated "hot" and "cold" in
              proportion to the present temperament of that part
              of our body to which they are applied. --Locke.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. (Mus.) A system of compromises in the tuning of organs,
        pianofortes, and the like, whereby the tones generated
        with the vibrations of a ground tone are mutually modified
        and in part canceled, until their number reduced to the
        actual practicable scale of twelve tones to the octave.
        This scale, although in so far artificial, is yet closely
        suggestive of its origin in nature, and this system of
        tuning, although not mathematically true, yet satisfies
        the ear, while it has the convenience that the same twelve
        fixed tones answer for every key or scale, C[sharp]
        becoming identical with D[flat], and so on.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. (Physiol.) The peculiar physical and mental character of
        an individual, in olden times erroneously supposed to be
        due to individual variation in the relations and
        proportions of the constituent parts of the body,
        especially of the fluids, as the bile, blood, lymph, etc.
        Hence the phrases, bilious or choleric temperament,
        sanguine temperament, etc., implying a predominance of one
        of these fluids and a corresponding influence on the
        temperament.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Equal temperament (Mus.), that in which the variations from
        mathematically true pitch are distributed among all the
        keys alike.
  
     Unequal temperament (Mus.), that in which the variations
        are thrown into the keys least used.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  temperament
      n 1: your usual mood; "he has a happy disposition" [syn:
           disposition, temperament]
      2: excessive emotionalism or irritability and excitability
         (especially when displayed openly)
      3: an adjustment of the intervals (as in tuning a keyboard
         instrument) so that the scale can be used to play in
         different keys

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  93 Moby Thesaurus words for "temperament":
     animus, aptitude, bent, bias, body-build, brand, cast, character,
     characteristic, characteristics, chromatic scale, compass,
     complexion, composition, constituents, constitution, crasis,
     dharma, diapason, diathesis, disposition, dodecuple scale,
     eccentricity, enharmonic scale, ethos, fiber, frame, gamut, genius,
     grain, great scale, habit, hue, humor, humors, idiosyncrasy, ilk,
     inclination, individualism, individuality, kidney, kind, leaning,
     major scale, make, makeup, melodic minor, mental set, mentality,
     mettle, mind, mind-set, minor scale, mold, nature, octave scale,
     pentatonic scale, personality, physique, predilection,
     predisposition, preference, proclivity, propensity, property,
     quality, range, register, scale, set, slant, somatotype, sort,
     spirit, stamp, strain, streak, stripe, suchness, system, temper,
     tendency, tenor, tone, tuning, turn, turn of mind, twist, type,
     vein, warp, way, whole-tone scale
  
  

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