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2 definitions found
 for tangential stress
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Shear \Shear\, n. [AS. sceara. See Shear, v. t.]
     1. A pair of shears; -- now always used in the plural, but
        formerly also in the singular. See Shears.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              On his head came razor none, nor shear. --Chaucer.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Short of the wool, and naked from the shear.
                                                    --Dryden.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. A shearing; -- used in designating the age of sheep.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              After the second shearing, he is a two-shear ram; .
              . . at the expiration of another year, he is a
              three-shear ram; the name always taking its date
              from the time of shearing.            --Youatt.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. (Engin.) An action, resulting from applied forces, which
        tends to cause two contiguous parts of a body to slide
        relatively to each other in a direction parallel to their
        plane of contact; -- also called shearing stress, and
        tangential stress.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. (Mech.) A strain, or change of shape, of an elastic body,
        consisting of an extension in one direction, an equal
        compression in a perpendicular direction, with an
        unchanged magnitude in the third direction.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Shear blade, one of the blades of shears or a shearing
        machine.
  
     Shear hulk. See under Hulk.
  
     Shear steel, a steel suitable for shears, scythes, and
        other cutting instruments, prepared from fagots of
        blistered steel by repeated heating, rolling, and tilting,
        to increase its malleability and fineness of texture.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Tangential \Tan*gen"tial\, a. (Geom.)
     Of or pertaining to a tangent; in the direction of a tangent.
     [1913 Webster]
  
     Tangential force (Mech.), a force which acts on a moving
        body in the direction of a tangent to the path of the
        body, its effect being to increase or diminish the
        velocity; -- distinguished from a normal force, which acts
        at right angles to the tangent and changes the direction
        of the motion without changing the velocity.
  
     Tangential stress. (Engin.) See Shear, n., 3.
        [1913 Webster]

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