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3 definitions found
 for spirit of salt
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Salt \Salt\, n. [AS. sealt; akin to OS. & OFries. salt, D. zout,
     G. salz, Icel., Sw., & Dan. salt, L. sal, Gr. ?, Russ. sole,
     Ir. & Gael. salann, W. halen, of unknown origin. Cf. Sal,
     Salad, Salary, Saline, Sauce, Sausage.]
     1. The chloride of sodium, a substance used for seasoning
        food, for the preservation of meat, etc. It is found
        native in the earth, and is also produced, by evaporation
        and crystallization, from sea water and other water
        impregnated with saline particles.
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     2. Hence, flavor; taste; savor; smack; seasoning.
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              Though we are justices and doctors and churchmen . .
              . we have some salt of our youth in us. --Shak.
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     3. Hence, also, piquancy; wit; sense; as, Attic salt.
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     4. A dish for salt at table; a saltcellar.
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              I out and bought some things; among others, a dozen
              of silver salts.                      --Pepys.
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     5. A sailor; -- usually qualified by old. [Colloq.]
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              Around the door are generally to be seen, laughing
              and gossiping, clusters of old salts. --Hawthorne.
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     6. (Chem.) The neutral compound formed by the union of an
        acid and a base; thus, sulphuric acid and iron form the
        salt sulphate of iron or green vitriol.
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     Note: Except in case of ammonium salts, accurately speaking,
           it is the acid radical which unites with the base or
           basic radical, with the elimination of hydrogen, of
           water, or of analogous compounds as side products. In
           the case of diacid and triacid bases, and of dibasic
           and tribasic acids, the mutual neutralization may vary
           in degree, producing respectively basic, neutral, or
           acid salts. See Phrases below.
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     7. Fig.: That which preserves from corruption or error; that
        which purifies; a corrective; an antiseptic; also, an
        allowance or deduction; as, his statements must be taken
        with a grain of salt.
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              Ye are the salt of the earth.         --Matt. v. 13.
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     8. pl. Any mineral salt used as an aperient or cathartic,
        especially Epsom salts, Rochelle salt, or Glauber's salt.
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     9. pl. Marshes flooded by the tide. [Prov. Eng.]
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     Above the salt, Below the salt, phrases which have
        survived the old custom, in the houses of people of rank,
        of placing a large saltcellar near the middle of a long
        table, the places above which were assigned to the guests
        of distinction, and those below to dependents, inferiors,
        and poor relations. See Saltfoot.
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              His fashion is not to take knowledge of him that is
              beneath him in clothes. He never drinks below the
              salt.                                 --B. Jonson.
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     Acid salt (Chem.)
        (a) A salt derived from an acid which has several
            replaceable hydrogen atoms which are only partially
            exchanged for metallic atoms or basic radicals; as,
            acid potassium sulphate is an acid salt.
        (b) A salt, whatever its constitution, which merely gives
            an acid reaction; thus, copper sulphate, which is
            composed of a strong acid united with a weak base, is
            an acid salt in this sense, though theoretically it is
            a neutral salt.
     Alkaline salt (Chem.), a salt which gives an alkaline
        reaction, as sodium carbonate.
     Amphid salt (Old Chem.), a salt of the oxy type, formerly
        regarded as composed of two oxides, an acid and a basic
        oxide. [Obsolescent]
     Basic salt (Chem.)
        (a) A salt which contains more of the basic constituent
            than is required to neutralize the acid.
        (b) An alkaline salt.
     Binary salt (Chem.), a salt of the oxy type conveniently
        regarded as composed of two ingredients (analogously to a
        haloid salt), viz., a metal and an acid radical.
     Double salt (Chem.), a salt regarded as formed by the union
        of two distinct salts, as common alum, potassium aluminium
        sulphate. See under Double.
     Epsom salts. See in the Vocabulary.
     Essential salt (Old Chem.), a salt obtained by
        crystallizing plant juices.
     Ethereal salt. (Chem.) See under Ethereal.
     Glauber's salt or Glauber's salts. See in Vocabulary.
     Haloid salt (Chem.), a simple salt of a halogen acid, as
        sodium chloride.
     Microcosmic salt. (Chem.). See under Microcosmic.
     Neutral salt. (Chem.)
        (a) A salt in which the acid and base (in theory)
            neutralize each other.
        (b) A salt which gives a neutral reaction.
     Oxy salt (Chem.), a salt derived from an oxygen acid.
     Per salt (Old Chem.), a salt supposed to be derived from a
        peroxide base or analogous compound. [Obs.]
     Permanent salt, a salt which undergoes no change on
        exposure to the air.
     Proto salt (Chem.), a salt derived from a protoxide base or
        analogous compound.
     Rochelle salt. See under Rochelle.
     Salt of amber (Old Chem.), succinic acid.
     Salt of colcothar (Old Chem.), green vitriol, or sulphate
        of iron.
     Salt of hartshorn. (Old Chem.)
        (a) Sal ammoniac, or ammonium chloride.
        (b) Ammonium carbonate. Cf. Spirit of hartshorn, under
     Salt of lemons. (Chem.) See Salt of sorrel, below.
     Salt of Saturn (Old Chem.), sugar of lead; lead acetate; --
        the alchemical name of lead being Saturn.
     Salt of Seignette. Same as Rochelle salt.
     Salt of soda (Old Chem.), sodium carbonate.
     Salt of sorrel (Old Chem.), acid potassium oxalate, or
        potassium quadroxalate, used as a solvent for ink stains;
        -- so called because found in the sorrel, or Oxalis. Also
        sometimes inaccurately called salt of lemon.
     Salt of tartar (Old Chem.), potassium carbonate; -- so
        called because formerly made by heating cream of tartar,
        or potassium tartrate. [Obs.]
     Salt of Venus (Old Chem.), blue vitriol; copper sulphate;
        -- the alchemical name of copper being Venus.
     Salt of wisdom. See Alembroth.
     Sedative salt (Old Med. Chem.), boric acid.
     Sesqui salt (Chem.), a salt derived from a sesquioxide base
        or analogous compound.
     Spirit of salt. (Chem.) See under Spirit.
     Sulpho salt (Chem.), a salt analogous to an oxy salt, but
        containing sulphur in place of oxygen.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Spirit \Spir"it\, n. [OF. espirit, esperit, F. esprit, L.
     spiritus, from spirare to breathe, to blow. Cf. Conspire,
     Expire, Esprit, Sprite.]
     1. Air set in motion by breathing; breath; hence, sometimes,
        life itself. [Obs.] "All of spirit would deprive."
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              The mild air, with season moderate,
              Gently attempered, and disposed eo well,
              That still it breathed foorth sweet spirit.
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     2. A rough breathing; an aspirate, as the letter h; also, a
        mark to denote aspiration; a breathing. [Obs.]
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              Be it a letter or spirit, we have great use for it.
                                                    --B. Jonson.
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     3. Life, or living substance, considered independently of
        corporeal existence; an intelligence conceived of apart
        from any physical organization or embodiment; vital
        essence, force, or energy, as distinct from matter.
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     4. The intelligent, immaterial and immortal part of man; the
        soul, in distinction from the body in which it resides;
        the agent or subject of vital and spiritual functions,
        whether spiritual or material.
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              There is a spirit in man; and the inspiration of the
              Almighty giveth them understanding.   --Job xxxii.
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              As the body without the spirit is dead, so faith
              without works is dead also.           --James ii.
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              Spirit is a substance wherein thinking, knowing,
              doubting, and a power of moving, do subsist.
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     5. Specifically, a disembodied soul; the human soul after it
        has left the body.
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              Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was,
              and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.
                                                    --Eccl. xii.
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              Ye gentle spirits far away,
              With whom we shared the cup of grace. --Keble.
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     6. Any supernatural being, good or bad; an apparition; a
        specter; a ghost; also, sometimes, a sprite,; a fairy; an
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              Whilst young, preserve his tender mind from all
              impressions of spirits and goblins in the dark.
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     7. Energy, vivacity, ardor, enthusiasm, courage, etc.
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              "Write it then, quickly," replied Bede; and
              summoning all his spirits together, like the last
              blaze of a candle going out, he indited it, and
              expired.                              --Fuller.
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     8. One who is vivacious or lively; one who evinces great
        activity or peculiar characteristics of mind or temper;
        as, a ruling spirit; a schismatic spirit.
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              Such spirits as he desired to please, such would I
              choose for my judges.                 --Dryden.
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     9. Temper or disposition of mind; mental condition or
        disposition; intellectual or moral state; -- often in the
        plural; as, to be cheerful, or in good spirits; to be
        downhearted, or in bad spirits.
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              God has . . . made a spirit of building succeed a
              spirit of pulling down.               --South.
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              A perfect judge will read each work of wit
              With the same spirit that its author writ. --Pope.
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     10. Intent; real meaning; -- opposed to the letter, or to
         formal statement; also, characteristic quality,
         especially such as is derived from the individual genius
         or the personal character; as, the spirit of an
         enterprise, of a document, or the like.
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     11. Tenuous, volatile, airy, or vapory substance, possessed
         of active qualities.
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               All bodies have spirits . . . within them. --Bacon.
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     12. Any liquid produced by distillation; especially, alcohol,
         the spirits, or spirit, of wine (it having been first
         distilled from wine): -- often in the plural.
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     13. pl. Rum, whisky, brandy, gin, and other distilled liquors
         having much alcohol, in distinction from wine and malt
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     14. (Med.) A solution in alcohol of a volatile principle. Cf.
         Tincture. --U. S. Disp.
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     15. (Alchemy) Any one of the four substances, sulphur, sal
         ammoniac, quicksilver, or arsenic (or, according to some,
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               The four spirits and the bodies seven. --Chaucer.
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     16. (Dyeing) Stannic chloride. See under Stannic.
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     Note: Spirit is sometimes joined with other words, forming
           compounds, generally of obvious signification; as,
           spirit-moving, spirit-searching, spirit-stirring, etc.
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     Astral spirits, Familiar spirits, etc. See under
        Astral, Familiar, etc.
     Animal spirits.
         (a) (Physiol.) The fluid which at one time was supposed
             to circulate through the nerves and was regarded as
             the agent of sensation and motion; -- called also the
             nervous fluid, or nervous principle.
         (b) Physical health and energy; frolicsomeness;
     Ardent spirits, strong alcoholic liquors, as brandy, rum,
        whisky, etc., obtained by distillation.
     Holy Spirit, or The Spirit (Theol.), the Spirit of God,
        or the third person of the Trinity; the Holy Ghost. The
        spirit also signifies the human spirit as influenced or
        animated by the Divine Spirit.
     Proof spirit. (Chem.) See under Proof.
     Rectified spirit (Chem.), spirit rendered purer or more
        concentrated by redistillation, so as to increase the
        percentage of absolute alcohol.
     Spirit butterfly (Zool.), any one of numerous species of
        delicate butterflies of tropical America belonging to the
        genus Ithomia. The wings are gauzy and nearly destitute
        of scales.
     Spirit duck. (Zool.)
         (a) The buffle-headed duck.
         (b) The golden-eye.
     Spirit lamp (Art), a lamp in which alcohol or methylated
        spirit is burned.
     Spirit level. See under Level.
     Spirit of hartshorn. (Old Chem.) See under Hartshorn.
     Spirit of Mindererus (Med.), an aqueous solution of acetate
        of ammonium; -- named after R. Minderer, physician of
     Spirit of nitrous ether (Med. Chem.), a pale yellow liquid,
        of a sweetish taste and a pleasant ethereal odor. It is
        obtained by the distillation of alcohol with nitric and
        sulphuric acids, and consists essentially of ethyl nitrite
        with a little acetic aldehyde. It is used as a
        diaphoretic, diuretic, antispasmodic, etc. Called also
        sweet spirit of niter.
     Spirit of salt (Chem.), hydrochloric acid; -- so called
        because obtained from salt and sulphuric acid. [Obs.]
     Spirit of sense, the utmost refinement of sensation. [Obs.]
     Spirits of turpentine, or Spirit of turpentine (Chem.),
        rectified oil of turpentine, a transparent, colorless,
        volatile, and very inflammable liquid, distilled from the
        turpentine of the various species of pine; camphine. It is
        commonly used to remove paint from surfaces, or to dissole
        oil-based paint. See Camphine.
     Spirit of vitriol (Chem.), sulphuric acid; -- so called
        because formerly obtained by the distillation of green
        vitriol. [Obs.]
     Spirit of vitriolic ether (Chem.) ethyl ether; -- often but
        incorrectly called sulphuric ether. See Ether. [Obs.]
     Spirits of wine, or Spirit of wine (Chem.), alcohol; --
        so called because formerly obtained by the distillation of
     Spirit rapper, one who practices spirit rapping; a "medium"
        so called.
     Spirit rapping, an alleged form of communication with the
        spirits of the dead by raps. See Spiritualism, 3.
     Sweet spirit of niter. See Spirit of nitrous ether,
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     Syn: Life; ardor; energy; fire; courage; animatioon;
          cheerfulness; vivacity; enterprise.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Muriatic \Mu`ri*at"ic\, a. [L. muriaticus pickled, from muria
     brine: cf. F. muriatique.] (Chem.)
     Of, pertaining to, or obtained from, sea salt, or from
     chlorine, one of the constituents of sea salt; hydrochloric.
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     Muriatic acid, hydrochloric acid, HCl; -- formerly called
        also marine acid, and spirit of salt. See
        hydrochloric, and the Note under Muriate.
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