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3 definitions found
 for soldier crab
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Soldier \Sol"dier\, n. [OE. souldier, soudiour, souder, OF.
     soldier, soldoier, soldeier, sodoier, soudoier, soudier, fr.
     L. solidus a piece of money (hence applied to the pay of a
     soldier), fr. solidus solid. See Solid, and cf. Sold, n.]
     1. One who is engaged in military service as an officer or a
        private; one who serves in an army; one of an organized
        body of combatants.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              I am a soldier and unapt to weep.     --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Especially, a private in military service, as
        distinguished from an officer.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              It were meet that any one, before he came to be a
              captain, should have been a soldier.  --Spenser.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. A brave warrior; a man of military experience and skill,
        or a man of distinguished valor; -- used by way of
        emphasis or distinction. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. (Zool.) The red or cuckoo gurnard ({Trigla pini.) [Prov.
        Eng.]
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. (Zool.) One of the asexual polymorphic forms of white
        ants, or termites, in which the head and jaws are very
        large and strong. The soldiers serve to defend the nest.
        See Termite.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Soldier beetle (Zool.), an American carabid beetle
        ({Chauliognathus Americanus) whose larva feeds upon other
        insects, such as the plum curculio.
  
     Soldier bug (Zool.), any hemipterous insect of the genus
        Podisus and allied genera, as the spined soldier bug
        ({Podius spinosus). These bugs suck the blood of other
        insects.
  
     Soldier crab (Zool.)
        (a) The hermit crab.
        (b) The fiddler crab.
  
     Soldier fish (Zool.), a bright-colored etheostomoid fish
        ({Etheostoma coeruleum) found in the Mississippi River;
        -- called also blue darter, and rainbow darter.
  
     Soldier fly (Zool.), any one of numerous species of small
        dipterous flies of the genus Stratyomys and allied
        genera. They are often bright green, with a metallic
        luster, and are ornamented on the sides of the back with
        markings of yellow, like epaulets or shoulder straps.
  
     Soldier moth (Zool.), a large geometrid moth ({Euschema
        militaris), having the wings bright yellow with bluish
        black lines and spots.
  
     Soldier orchis (Bot.), a kind of orchis ({Orchis
        militaris).
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Hermit \Her"mit\, n. [OE. ermite, eremite, heremit, heremite, F.
     hermite, ermite, L. eremita, Gr. ?, fr. ? lonely, solitary.
     Cf. Eremite.]
     1. A person who retires from society and lives in solitude; a
        recluse; an anchoret; especially, one who so lives from
        religious motives.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              He had been Duke of Savoy, and after a very glorious
              reign, took on him the habit of a hermit, and
              retired into this solitary spot.      --Addison.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. A beadsman; one bound to pray for another. [Obs.] "We rest
        your hermits." --Shak.
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     3. (Cookery) A spiced molasses cookie, often containing
        chopped raisins and nuts.
        [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
  
     Hermit crab (Zool.), a marine decapod crustacean of the
        family Pagurid[ae]. The species are numerous, and belong
        to many genera. Called also soldier crab. The hermit
        crabs usually occupy the dead shells of various univalve
        mollusks. See Illust. of Commensal.
  
     Hermit thrush (Zool.), an American thrush ({Turdus
        Pallasii), with retiring habits, but having a sweet song.
        
  
     Hermit warbler (Zool.), a California wood warbler
        ({Dendroica occidentalis), having the head yellow, the
        throat black, and the back gray, with black streaks.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Fiddler \Fid"dler\, n. [AS. fi[eth]elere.]
     1. One who plays on a fiddle or violin.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Zool.) A burrowing crab of the genus Gelasimus, of many
        species. The male has one claw very much enlarged, and
        often holds it in a position similar to that in which a
        musician holds a fiddle, hence the name; -- called also
        fiddler crab, calling crab, soldier crab, and
        fighting crab.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. (Zool.) The common European sandpiper ({Tringoides
        hypoleucus); -- so called because it continually
        oscillates its body.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Fiddler crab. (Zool.) See Fiddler, n., 2.
        [1913 Webster]

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