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5 definitions found
 for settlement
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Settlement \Set"tle*ment\, n.
     1. The act of setting, or the state of being settled.
        Specifically: 
        [1913 Webster]
        (a) Establishment in life, in business, condition, etc.;
            ordination or installation as pastor.
            [1913 Webster]
  
                  Every man living has a design in his head upon
                  wealth power, or settlement in the world.
                                                    --L'Estrange.
            [1913 Webster]
        (b) The act of peopling, or state of being peopled; act of
            planting, as a colony; colonization; occupation by
            settlers; as, the settlement of a new country.
            [1913 Webster]
        (c) The act or process of adjusting or determining;
            composure of doubts or differences; pacification;
            liquidation of accounts; arrangement; adjustment; as,
            settlement of a controversy, of accounts, etc.
            [1913 Webster]
        (d) Bestowal, or giving possession, under legal sanction;
            the act of giving or conferring anything in a formal
            and permanent manner.
            [1913 Webster]
  
                  My flocks, my fields, my woods, my pastures
                  take,
                  With settlement as good as law can make.
                                                    --Dryden.
            [1913 Webster]
        (e) (Law) A disposition of property for the benefit of
            some person or persons, usually through the medium of
            trustees, and for the benefit of a wife, children, or
            other relatives; jointure granted to a wife, or the
            act of granting it.
            [1913 Webster]
  
     2. That which settles, or is settled, established, or fixed.
        Specifically: 
        [1913 Webster]
        (a) Matter that subsides; settlings; sediment; lees;
            dregs. [Obs.]
            [1913 Webster]
  
                  Fuller's earth left a thick settlement.
                                                    --Mortimer.
            [1913 Webster]
        (b) A colony newly established; a place or region newly
            settled; as, settlement in the West.
            [1913 Webster]
        (c) That which is bestowed formally and permanently; the
            sum secured to a person; especially, a jointure made
            to a woman at her marriage; also, in the United
            States, a sum of money or other property formerly
            granted to a pastor in additional to his salary.
            [1913 Webster]
  
     3. (Arch.)
        (a) The gradual sinking of a building, whether by the
            yielding of the ground under the foundation, or by the
            compression of the joints or the material.
        (b) pl. Fractures or dislocations caused by settlement.
            [1913 Webster]
  
     4. (Law) A settled place of abode; residence; a right growing
        out of residence; legal residence or establishment of a
        person in a particular parish or town, which entitles him
        to maintenance if a pauper, and subjects the parish or
        town to his support. --Blackstone. Bouvier.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Act of settlement (Eng. Hist.), the statute of 12 and 13
        William III, by which the crown was limited to the present
        reigning house (the house of Hanover). --Blackstone.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  settlement
      n 1: a body of people who settle far from home but maintain ties
           with their homeland; inhabitants remain nationals of their
           home state but are not literally under the home state's
           system of government; "the American colony in Paris" [syn:
           colony, settlement]
      2: a community of people smaller than a town [syn: village,
         small town, settlement]
      3: a conclusive resolution of a matter and disposition of it
      4: the act of colonizing; the establishment of colonies; "the
         British colonization of America" [syn: colonization,
         colonisation, settlement]
      5: something settled or resolved; the outcome of decision
         making; "they finally reached a settlement with the union";
         "they never did achieve a final resolution of their
         differences"; "he needed to grieve before he could achieve a
         sense of closure" [syn: settlement, resolution,
         closure]
      6: an area where a group of families live together
      7: termination of a business operation by using its assets to
         discharge its liabilities [syn: liquidation, settlement]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  271 Moby Thesaurus words for "settlement":
     abalienation, abatement of differences, absolute indication,
     absolute interest, accommodation, acquitment, acquittal,
     acquittance, adjustment, affirmation, agreement, alienation, ally,
     amortization, amortizement, anchorage, appanage, arbitration,
     archduchy, archdukedom, arrangement, ashram, assignation,
     assignment, bargain, bargain and sale, barter, benefit, bequeathal,
     binder, body, body politic, buffer state, burden of proof, camp,
     captive nation, cash, cash payment, caste, cession, chieftaincy,
     chieftainry, choice, city-state, claim, clan, class, clearance,
     clearing, closing, colonization, colony, common, commonweal,
     commonwealth, commune, community, composition,
     composition of differences, compromise, concession, conclusion,
     conclusive evidence, conferment, conferral, confirmation,
     consignation, consignment, contingent interest, conveyance,
     conveyancing, cop-out, country, county, damning evidence, deal,
     debt service, deciding, decision, deeding, defrayal, defrayment,
     deliverance, delivery, demise, demonstration, deposit,
     desertion of principle, determination, disbursal, discharge,
     disposal, disposition, doling out, domain, dominion, dot, dower,
     down payment, dowry, duchy, dukedom, earldom, earnest,
     earnest money, easement, economic class, elimination, empeoplement,
     empery, empire, encampment, endogamous group, endowment,
     enfeoffment, equitable interest, equity, establishment, estate,
     evasion of responsibility, exchange, extended family, family,
     fixation, foundation, free city, gens, give-and-take, giving,
     giving way, grand duchy, hamlet, hire purchase, hire purchase plan,
     holding, inauguration, incontrovertible evidence,
     indisputable evidence, inhabitancy, inhabitation, inhabiting,
     initiation, installation, installment, installment plan, interest,
     interest payment, investiture, investment, ironclad proof,
     jointure, kingdom, kinship group, land, lease and release,
     legal jointure, limitation, liquidation, lodgment, mandant,
     mandate, mandated territory, mandatee, mandatory, marriage portion,
     moiety, monthly payments, mooring, mutual concession, nation,
     nationality, never-never, nuclear family, occupancy, occupation,
     onus, onus probandi, order, outpost, part, paying, paying off,
     paying out, paying up, payment, payment in kind, payoff,
     peoplement, peopling, percentage, phratria, phratry, phyle,
     plantation, polis, polity, population, portion, possession, post,
     power, prepayment, principality, principate, proof, protectorate,
     province, puppet government, puppet regime, quarterly payments,
     quietus, quittance, rapprochement, realm, reconciliation,
     regular payments, remittance, republic, residence, resolution,
     retirement, right, right of entry, sale, satellite, satisfaction,
     sealing, selection, seneschalty, setting, settling, showdown,
     signature, signing, sinking-fund payment, social class, society,
     solemnization, sovereign nation, spot cash, stabilization, stake,
     state, strict settlement, subcaste, sultanate, superpower,
     sure sign, surrender, terms, territory, thirds, title, toparchia,
     toparchy, totem, trading, transfer, transference, transmission,
     transmittal, trust, understanding, unmistakable sign, use,
     vested interest, vesting, village, weekly payments, working-out,
     yielding
  
  

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  SETTLEMENT, domicil. The right which a person has of being considered as 
  resident of a particular place. 
       2. It is obtained in various ways, to wit: 1. By birth. 2. By the legal 
  settlement of the father, in the case of minor children. 3. By marriage. 4. 
  By continued residence. 5. By the payment of requisite taxes. 6. By the 
  lawful exercise of a public office. 7. By hiring and service for a year. 8. 
  By serving an apprenticeship; and perhaps some others which depend upon the 
  local statutes of the different states. Vide 1 Bl. Com. 363; 1 Dougl. 9; 2 
  Watts' Rep. 44, 342; 2 Penna. R. 432; 5 Serg. & Rawle, 417; 2 Yeates' R. 51; 
  5 Binn. R. 81; 3 Binn. R.. 22; 6 Serg. & Rawle, 103, 565; 10 Serg. & Rawle, 
  179. Vide Domicil. 
  
  

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  SETTLEMENT, contracts. The conveyance of an estate, for the benefit of some 
  person or persons. 
       2. It is usually made on the prospect of marriage for the benefit of 
  the married pair, or one of them, or for the benefit of some other persons, 
  as their children. Such settlements vest the property in trustees upon 
  specified terms, usually for the benefit of the husband and wife during 
  their joint lives, and then for the benefit of the survivor for life, and 
  afterwards for the benefit of children. Ante-nuptial agreements of this kind 
  will be enforced in equity by a specific performance of them, provided they 
  are fair and valid, and the intention of the parties is consistent with the 
  principles and policy of law. Settlements after marriage, if made in 
  pursuance of an agreement in writing entered into prior to the marriage, are 
  valid, both against creditors and purchasers. 
       4. When made without consideration, after marriage, and the property of 
  the husband is settled upon his wife and children, the settlement will be 
  valid against subsequent creditors, if, at the time of the settlement being 
  made, he was not indebted; but, if he was then indebted, it will be void as 
  to the creditors existing at the time of the settlement; 3 John. Ch. R. 481; 
  8 Wheat. R. 229; unless in cases where the husband received a fair 
  consideration in value of the thing settled, so as to repel the presumption 
  of fraud. 2 Ves. 16 10 Ves. 139. Vide 1 Madd. Ch. 459; 1 Chit. Pr. 57; 2 
  Kent, Com. 145; 2 Supp. to Ves. jr. 80, 375; Rob. Fr. Conv. 188. See Atherl. 
  on Mar. passim. 
       5. The term settlement is also applied to an agreement by which two or 
  more persons, who have dealings together, so far arrange their accounts, as 
  to ascertain the balance due from one to the other; and settlement sometimes 
  signifies a payment in full. 
  
  

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